HOTSPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY
concept of hot spots in biodiversity was developed in
the year 1988 by Norman Myes.
"hot spots are the richest and the most threatened
reservoirs of plant and animal life on earth".
This concept was developed on the basis of two
important consideration (i) The species which are not
founds elsewhere and (ii) difference of loss of habitat.
to this concept 25 hot spots have been
identified for conservation of biodiversity.
Amongst these, 15 hot spots have tropical forest in
Mediterranean typed zones and the rest are present in
India has two hot spots. These are Western Ghats and
Eastern Himalayas. Both of these areas are inhabited
by a variety of flowering
plants, reptiles, mammals, amphibian and butter flies.