• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Nosocomialinfection 110410074447-phpapp01
 

Nosocomialinfection 110410074447-phpapp01

on

  • 366 views

مدخل مبسط لعدوى المستشفيات

مدخل مبسط لعدوى المستشفيات

Statistics

Views

Total Views
366
Views on SlideShare
366
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Nosocomialinfection 110410074447-phpapp01 Nosocomialinfection 110410074447-phpapp01 Presentation Transcript

    • NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION AMARJIT SINGH MHS1007002
    • INTRODUCTION Infections that are a result of treatment in a hospital or a health care unit. They appear 48 hours or more after hospital admission or within 30 days after discharge. Nosocomial Infections are also known as Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI’s)
    • NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS IN DEVELOPED NATIONS In U.S. around 1.7 million HAI’s occur each year and 99,000 people lose their lives. In Europe around 25,000 deaths occur each year. Overall there are about 2 million annual cases of HAI’s in developed nations. Frequency of HAI’s in developed nations is 5-10%. It accounts for annual cost of $4.5 - $11 billions in U.S.
    • NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS IN INDIA In India Nosocomial Infection rate is at over 25%. Frequency is 1 in every 4 patients admitted into the Hospital. 1/3rd of all such infections are preventable. Responsible for more mortality than any other form of accidental death.
    • ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE Pathogens that cause nosocomial infections have a high level of resistance to antibiotic treatments and are more difficult to treat. Some of the major concerns are:  Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)  Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus  Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
    • COMMON SOURCES OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION Contaminated Air, Water, Food and Medicine. Used Equipment and Instruments. Soiled Linen. Hospital Waste (Bio Medical Waste).
    • COMMON SITES OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS Patients admitted in ICU’s. Patients in Labour Room. Patients undergoing invasive procedures. Patients on Immuno-suppressive drugs. Young children and Elderly patients.
    • RISK FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS Long Hospital Stay. Use of Indwelling Catheters. Failure of Health-Care Worker to wash hands. Over use of Antibiotics (Bacterial Resistance). Mechanical Ventilation. Intravenous Catheters.
    • MOST COMMON TYPES OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS Surgical Wounds. Urinary Tract Infections (UTI’s). Lower Respiratory Tract Infections. Gastroenteritis. Meningitis.
    • NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION DATAGIVEN BY PGI, CHANDIGARH (2006) In Burn’s Unit -36.2% infections per 1000 patient days. In Renal Transplant Unit -58 patients out of 100. Ventilated associated -30.7% per 1000 ventilator days. Pneumonia Gynecology Department -15% of UTI’s. 9% of wound infections.
    • NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS CAUSE INCREASE IN COST Cost of additional stay in Hospital. Cost of drugs. Delayed discharge.
    • PREVENTION OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONSHand washing and use of gloves by medical staff.Avoiding hand contact with exposed membranes like conjunctiva or nasal areas.Ventilators sterilization.Vaccinate certain patients against particular pathogens.