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Normandy landings

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  • 1. D-Day :NormandyLandings
  • 2. May 6 1944, the allied forces were ready to liberateFrance from German controlThe plan was to conduct landings on the beaches ofNormandyThis was codenamed Operation OverlordWould be later known as the largest amphibiousinvasion in history
  • 3. To land and secure five beaches, spanning 50 milesalong the coast of NormandyTo liberate France from German occupation, then tomake their way on to Germany to end Hitler’s reign Pictured here are Stalin, Roosevelt , and Churchill planning for the landings
  • 4. Allied forces knew that Hitler was prepared for a beachassault, so Operation Bodyguard was created.It was to make Hitler think that they weregoing to be attacking the Pas de Calais. Hitlersent a large force to defend the Pas de Calaisand did not realize the diversion untilit was too late.Plan :To build up fake armies and equipment Rubber inflatable tanks were used like this oneto fool Germans reconnaissance into thinkinga attack was imminent Decoy aircraft were also used
  • 5. Although the Germans thought that the Allies were going to attack Pas de Calais, Hitler set up defense along the coast for security. He sent his best general Rommel to ensure the beachfronts were secure. There were many reinforced pillboxes, machine gun nests, anti tank, AA cannons and light artillery as well as mines placed underwater.“ Rommel inspecting defenses “They built around 15,00 fortifications and defenses” German defense battery
  • 6. The Landings were split into two different phases;Operation Neptune (By sea & land) the assault phase, andby air. By Air :Allied paratroopers take off to Normandy and theair assault successfully lands 24,000American, British and Canadian troopsAllied bombers were also scheduled to beginbombing runs at 0500 hours (5 am) Paratroopers get ready to deployThe paratroopers came from many forces such as the 1st CanadianParachute Battalion, the US 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions and theBritish Special Air ServiceMain job was to capture bridges to eliminate possibilities of German counter attacks
  • 7. Operation NeptuneThe Allied soldiers arrived to the beaches inthe largest fleet of ships ever (7000)Within a few hours 5,000 Allied casualties andonly 1,200 German casualtiesOmaha beach had the highest casualties,Juno beach following with second highest andUtah beach with the lightest casualties Landing forces at beach head
  • 8. Sword Beach: The 1st Special Service Brigade arrived with low casualties but failed to complete some objectivesJuno Beach: The Canadian Forces that were at Juno landed 30,000 men and were one of the most successful, and the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division pushed further into France than any other Allied force, despite having faced strong resistance at by elements of the German 21stGold Beach: 25,000 men were landed, but with heavy casualtiesOmaha Beach: Landed 50,000 men but the heavy resistance only left 2 surviving tanks out of 16. All objectives were completed thoughUtah Beach: The landing crafts were pushed to a wrong location because of a strong current. They were pushed to a less defended position and the only casualties were 197 out of the 23,000 landed Canadian troops approaching Juno beach
  • 9. By the end of D-Day, the Allies landed 130,000 men by land and 29,000 by airFrance was liberated because of the Landings and the Allies would advance through Europe liberating other countriesThe Normandy Landings was a turning point in the war and caused Germany to surrender in 1945 Alfred Jodl signs an unconditional German surrender, thus ending WWII
  • 10. Casualties on both sides was approximately 425,000 men-2700 British-946 Canadians-6603 Americans-German Casualties unknown, but estimated between 4000-9000