LEST WE FORGET BY: Moustafa KazanCourse: Canadian History Teacher: R. Collishaw
Personal Information• Name: Aitkenhead, Lloyd Duncan• Age:19 years old , died on the 18th of July, 1944• Address: 837 Carling Ave. Ottawa, Ontario.• Social status: single• Physical Characteristics: 5’11” in height 127 in weight colour of eyes is blue• Personality: Keen and has ability to make good soldier.
Military Service Information• Rank: Private/Unknown• Date of Enlistment: 11-5-42• Place of Enlistment: Connaught Ranges, ON
Reason for Participating• It seems that Lloyd Duncan wasn’t interested in schoolwork. (He ran away from school)• He participated in the army for the sake of adventure. He wanted to try a different style of life where he could face some risks despite the danger.• Keen to enlist in the army without a promising job after discharge.
His Journey in the WarAitkenhead’s journey was from:• Place of enlistment Connaught ranges from 12-5-1942
His Journey in the War• He went to Sussex from 25,8,1942 until 5,9,1942
His Journey in the War• Dartmouth: A college in New Hampshire from 8-9-1942 until 24-9-1942
His Journey in the War• He was sent to UK on the 24th of September, 1942 until the 19th of February, 1944
His Journey in the War• He was sent to France on the 6th of July,1944 and got killed there in action.
Several Canadian Soldiers were killed in France during WW II
D-DAY On the sixth of June 1944, the largest sea-borne invasion in history, the D-Day landingsinvolved more than 156,000 troops from the United Kingdom , Canada, the United States andthe forces of the Free French. Nearly 7,000 vessels of all types were involved, of which morethan 4,000 were landing craft. The operation was supported by approximately 12,000 aircraft,a task which included flying sorties, dropping of bombs, and the transportation of parachutetroops. The objective of the invasion and the creation of a lodgement in Western Europe was longheld and thought essential to the defeat of Germany. Since 1942, plans had been drawn andre-drawn, eventually emerging as "Operation Neptune", the assault phase, and "OperationOverlord", the invasion itself. The site chosen for the landing was the Caen area of theNormandy coast, approximately 350 kilometres southwest of Calais, where the Germanswaited in anticipation, fooled by the Allies deception operations. While this site wouldrequire a lengthier and more hazardous passage for the invading fleet, those landing wouldfind the beaches more accommodating and the enemy defences lighter. The invasion planscalled for a wide landing in which five infantry divisions, each assigned a specific beach,would wade ashore along an eighty kilometre stretch of the Normandy coast. Units of the 1stCanadian Army would join with the British Second Army in forming the left side of theassault, while the 1st United States Army would take the right. They would be preceded bythree airborne divisions, including members of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion, allintended to impede German movements, thereby allowing the establishment of a beachhead.
D-DAY• Two brigades of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisions were to land in the first wave at Juno Beach, one of the two most heavily fortified beaches targeted in the assault. The Canadian units were tasked with establishing a beachhead, capturing the three small towns which lay directly behind it, and then advancing inland to take a position on the high ground west of the city of Caen. More than 15,000 Canadians would take part as actual members of the landing force, while the remaining elements of the First Canadian Army would be expected to move in on Normandy in the weeks that followed. Although the location of the landing was a surprise, the Germans, weakened after five years of war and battered by the Soviets, were well aware that an invasion was imminent. In 1942, as the planning of an invasion was in its earliest stages, they had began working on the "Atlantic Wall", an extensive system of coastal fortifications, in anticipation of such an attack. Stretching from the Atlantic border between France and Spain to Norway, the wall consisted of artillery, mines, wire, bunkers, mortar pits, beach obstacles and machine gun nests. In early 1944, under the direction of Field marshal Erwin Rommel, the wall had been strengthened further through the construction of a line of reinforced, concrete pillboxes.
Invasion of D-day• The D-Day invasion was to have taken place on June 5th, but storms forced a postponement, despite the fact that several ships were already at sea. Meteorologists predicted only marginally better weather for the following day, and the decision to proceed fell to Supreme Commander of Allied Forces Dwight Eisenhower. He recognized that, given the tides, another month would pass before conditions were again right for invasion. This judgement, questioned privately by some commanders, was shown to increase the element of surprise. The Germans were certain that no invasion could take place for at least several days, and Rommel himself saw the inclement weather as an opportunity to take a few days of leave. Rommel was with his family when, in the early morning hours of June 6th, the first Allied forces reached Normandy. Paratroopers, including 450 Canadians, landed behind the Atlantic Wall. Though greatly outnumbered, the paratroopers managed to create havoc and confusion within the German ranks, and a headquarter was seized, a bridge destroyed, and transportation links severed.
As this was taking place, Canadian landing craft were approaching the Normandy coast. Atjust after 8 oclock, the Regina Rifles became the first to land. Their advance on the beach wassupported by tanks from the 1st Hussars. Many of the German fortifications had survivedbombardment, but together, the tanks and infantry managed to fight their way from the beachto the town of Courseulles-sur-Mer, and by late that afternoon, had started to advanceinland. Supported by naval gunfire, the Victorias Canadian Scottish landed succesfully atMike sector, and members of the Royal Winnipeg Rifles came under enemy gunfire while stillfar offshore. Many were killed as they left the landing craft. Some of those who made it toland managed to advance past the beach defences, where they occupied the nearby coastalvillages. If anything, the Nan sector proved less inviting as bombardment from the Channelhad failed to dent German defences. One particular concrete bunker destroyed several tanks ofthe Fort Garry Horse, and brought heavy casualties to the North Shore Regiment before beingsilenced.
It was in this sector that the Queens Own Rifles received the worst battering of any Canadianunit. Although their landing was to have been preceded by tanks, this was no possible due tohigh waves. The Queens Own arrived at the beach more than half an hour behindschedule. Although they arrived pretty much intact, the killing began almost immediately. Withno cover, the Canadians were forced to scramble from the shoreline to the seawall, a distanceof more than 180 meters. Two thirds of their number were cut down by a German 88mmgun. A second company of the Queens Own had the misfortune of hitting the beach directlyopposite a German strongpoint. Half of those who landed were killed before the Germansthemselves became casualties. The experience of the Queens Own stands in contrast withthreat of the Canadian Scottish, who arrived in the second wave. While the Canadian Scottishsuffered fewer casualties than any other battalion, their fellow reserve unit, Le Regiment de laChaudières, were not so fortunate. As they approached the coast, the Chaudières landing craftstruck a concealed mine. As a result, the Quebec regiment had no choice but to abandon theirequipment and attempt a swim to shore.Of the Canadian units involved in the invasion, only one managed to reach their D-Dayobjective. Nevertheless, they had left the first line of enemy defences in ruins. As dusk set, theCanadians had advanced farther inland than any other of the invading forces. Three hundredand forty Canadians died, with another 574 wounded, and forty seven taken prisoners.
What was happening where he diedAt sea and in the air, Canada also played a major role in Allied victory duringthe war. Thousands of tonnes of essential supplies, cargo and war materialswere shepherded across the ocean by Canadian naval vessels, always at riskfrom German submarines, the weather, and the sea itself. The Royal CanadianAir Force provided aircraft and pilots during Britains darkest hour, when theGermans attempted to occupy the island. Countless more Canadian air forcepersonnel served in bombers, with the coastal patrols, or in a ground crewcapacity. At home, Canada provided training and facilities for thousands ofAllied aircrew, as well as producing war materials which included explosives,tanks, ships and aircraft. Many prisoners of war were also housed in Canada.By the time the war had ended in 1945, 42,000 Canadians had died on land, atsea, or in the air and Aitkenhead was one of those who died and got buried withall his secrets like his rank and other things. Thousands more had beenwounded, or taken prisoners. This information shows the large role played bythe Canadian military during the Second World War. Many people wronglybelieve we were merely a part of Britain, however, we were not. Canadascontribution is often overlooked by historians of the Second World War.
• Aitkenhead joined the army but unfortunately he got killed after 2 years of enlistement