Fight against illicit traffic of             cultural property in             South-East Europe             Gaziantep, Tur...
A presentation from Adalberto Biasiotti, UNESCO expert on the protection of cultural heritage from criminal attacks11/12/2...
Some first hand experiences   Pompeii excavations security manager for 10    years   2011 mission to Egypt with an Inter...
   Kuwait National Museum11/12/2012          copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM   4
    2003 - 2004 Mission to USA, to advise on security     matters for the North Carolina Museum of Arts    11/12/2012    ...
2003 - Mission  to Iran, at   Persepolis,   Teheran ed   Isfahan11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM   6
    Protection of Niavaran Palace, Teheran, private     residence of Reza Pahlavi    11/12/2012          copyright 2007 -...
    2005 – Assistance in protecting the Iraqi cultural     heritage    11/12/2012           copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti-...
   2005 – UNESCO publishes the multilingual      handbook for museum security officers     Now translated in 7 languages...
2005 –Mission to Egypt, Cairo, to advise on the security     project of the National Museum of the Egyptian     Civilizati...
   From 1997 to 2008 - Security consultant at Pompeii    archaeological sites11/12/2012           copyright 2007 - A.Bias...
Pompeii main video control                      room                                                               1211/12...
Distributed instrusion detection           systems within excavations11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM...
   A Pompeii special project – the only one     “archeoambulanza” in the world                                        cop...
    The archeo bike – electric motor powered,     with extinguisher and first aid kit on board                           ...
How to protect open air                 archaeological excavations   Many problems and few solutions - Palmyra    11/12/2...
   Many problems and few solutions – Leptis     Magna11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   17
   Many problems and few solutions – Heraclea11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   18
   Many problems and few solutions – Skupi11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   19
   Many problems and few solutions – Stobi11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   20
   Many problems and few solutions – Zeugma11/12/2012        copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   21
   Often the site is far away form cities or villages   Often the excavations are moving from an area    to the next one...
Such a guard post in quite       insecure and even dangerous11/12/2012      copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   23
11/12/2012   copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   24
What about guards on site? Very dangerous for guards and artefacts!   Guards attacked in Saqqara plains, Egypt, 201111/12...
   Guards attacked in Luxor, West Bank, Egypt,    201111/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   26
   Many precious    artefacts robbed at    gunpoint11/12/2012          copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   27
We face three challenges:   Create a border around the site, to keep animals    away, to reduce the false alarm ratio   ...
First step: erect a fence all aroud the site       The fence shall stop animals, not intruders   No good;    expensive, d...
   No good:    strong, but    expensive and    may be    difficult to    relocate11/12/2012          copyright 2007 - A. ...
   Good: not    expensive    and easy to    relocate11/12/2012        copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   31
Intrusion detection   The detectors shall be wireless type, as cabling    is very expensive and inflexible   The detecto...
And now the intrusion detectors          and control units   Control unit   Remote control   Outdoor IR detector   Out...
The outdoor IR detector isthe most important component   Range about 24 meters   Useful battery life about 5 years   Appro...
It is not enough to detect an    intrusion: you should be able to     send an alarm to police forces   You may use a conv...
The telephone cable, if available, may be            easily sabotaged11/12/2012     copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM  ...
The GSM connection if available,     may be easily sabotaged11/12/2012   copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   37
By far the best solution is thesatellite telephone ; many products and services are available and the          cost is rea...
Power supply problems   No problem with wireless detectors and control    unit   No problem with GSM and PSTL connection...
11/12/2012   copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   40
ONE QUESTION FOR YOU         ALLDo you think that a siren may11/12/2012 be useful, even in a almost        deserted site? ...
If a local guard post is active   Be sure the guards have a fully functional    channel of communication with police   T...
BE CAREFUL     If you store      excavated  artefacts on site,  you need special      protection11/12/2012         copyrig...
11/12/2012   copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM   44
How to protect an excavated       artefacts storage area, on site   Install a good quality steel door   Install a good q...
If possible, do not leave    excavated artefacts on site, unless you are at a very advanced stage, and you are able to set...
As money is always scarce, here is a realistic budget   Perimeter fence per meter- € 30   5 barrier IR detectors, with 5...
And now, a last word of caution   Develop, in agreement with local police forces, an    intervention plan, in case of ala...
Thank you, and please do your best   to protect world cultural heritage!11/12/2012    copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM...
TIEM – Teamwork for integrated emergency     management – South East Europe11/12/2012         copyright 2007 - A. Biasiott...
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Adalberto Biasiotti - Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe. Gaziantep, Turkey, 19-21 November 2012

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Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe.
Gaziantep, Turkey, 19-21 November 2012.
Link: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/venice/about-this-office/single-view/news/building_capacities_for_the_fight_against_the_illicit_trafficking_of_cultural_property_
in_south_east_europe/

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Adalberto Biasiotti - Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe. Gaziantep, Turkey, 19-21 November 2012

  1. 1. Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe Gaziantep, Turkey 19-21 November 201211/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 1
  2. 2. A presentation from Adalberto Biasiotti, UNESCO expert on the protection of cultural heritage from criminal attacks11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 2
  3. 3. Some first hand experiences Pompeii excavations security manager for 10 years 2011 mission to Egypt with an Interpol agent Various missions in South East Europe and Mediterranean and Arabic countries Member of European Union standards committees11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 3
  4. 4.  Kuwait National Museum11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 4
  5. 5.  2003 - 2004 Mission to USA, to advise on security matters for the North Carolina Museum of Arts 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 5
  6. 6. 2003 - Mission to Iran, at Persepolis, Teheran ed Isfahan11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 6
  7. 7.  Protection of Niavaran Palace, Teheran, private residence of Reza Pahlavi 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 7
  8. 8.  2005 – Assistance in protecting the Iraqi cultural heritage 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 8
  9. 9.  2005 – UNESCO publishes the multilingual handbook for museum security officers  Now translated in 7 languages copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti-11/12/2012 9 TIEM
  10. 10. 2005 –Mission to Egypt, Cairo, to advise on the security project of the National Museum of the Egyptian Civilization –opening end 201211/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 10
  11. 11.  From 1997 to 2008 - Security consultant at Pompeii archaeological sites11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 11
  12. 12. Pompeii main video control room 1211/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti - TIEM 12
  13. 13. Distributed instrusion detection systems within excavations11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti- TIEM 13
  14. 14.  A Pompeii special project – the only one “archeoambulanza” in the world copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti-11/12/2012 14 TIEM
  15. 15.  The archeo bike – electric motor powered, with extinguisher and first aid kit on board copyright 2007 - A.Biasiotti-11/12/2012 15 TIEM
  16. 16. How to protect open air archaeological excavations Many problems and few solutions - Palmyra 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 16
  17. 17.  Many problems and few solutions – Leptis Magna11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 17
  18. 18.  Many problems and few solutions – Heraclea11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 18
  19. 19.  Many problems and few solutions – Skupi11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 19
  20. 20.  Many problems and few solutions – Stobi11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 20
  21. 21.  Many problems and few solutions – Zeugma11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 21
  22. 22.  Often the site is far away form cities or villages Often the excavations are moving from an area to the next one Often there is no electriciy Often no guards are available on site, or, if on site, are unprotected from assaults Often police forces may require some time to arrive on site Often there are no reliable means for transmitting an alarm11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 22
  23. 23. Such a guard post in quite insecure and even dangerous11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 23
  24. 24. 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 24
  25. 25. What about guards on site? Very dangerous for guards and artefacts! Guards attacked in Saqqara plains, Egypt, 201111/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 25
  26. 26.  Guards attacked in Luxor, West Bank, Egypt, 201111/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 26
  27. 27.  Many precious artefacts robbed at gunpoint11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 27
  28. 28. We face three challenges: Create a border around the site, to keep animals away, to reduce the false alarm ratio Detect an intruder Send an intrusion alarm to a police controlled site or to a local guard post11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 28
  29. 29. First step: erect a fence all aroud the site The fence shall stop animals, not intruders No good; expensive, difficul to relocate and may be blown away from strong winds 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 29
  30. 30.  No good: strong, but expensive and may be difficult to relocate11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 30
  31. 31.  Good: not expensive and easy to relocate11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 31
  32. 32. Intrusion detection The detectors shall be wireless type, as cabling is very expensive and inflexible The detectors shall be battery powered, with many years useful life, due to lack of electricity The control unit shall be battery powered, with many years useful life The installation shall be fast and easy to relocate, carried out by unskilled personnel11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 32
  33. 33. And now the intrusion detectors and control units Control unit Remote control Outdoor IR detector Outdoor siren11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 33
  34. 34. The outdoor IR detector isthe most important component Range about 24 meters Useful battery life about 5 years Appropriate for outdoor installation even in cold and warm environment Easy set up Distance between the detector and the control unit about 200 metres A repeater may increase the distance11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 34
  35. 35. It is not enough to detect an intrusion: you should be able to send an alarm to police forces You may use a conventional telephone cable connection You may use a GSM connection You may use a Satellite telephone connection11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 35
  36. 36. The telephone cable, if available, may be easily sabotaged11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 36
  37. 37. The GSM connection if available, may be easily sabotaged11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 37
  38. 38. By far the best solution is thesatellite telephone ; many products and services are available and the cost is reasonable11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 38
  39. 39. Power supply problems No problem with wireless detectors and control unit No problem with GSM and PSTL connection With satellite connection you may need a supplementary phtovoltaic panel, with a surface of about one square metre11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 39
  40. 40. 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 40
  41. 41. ONE QUESTION FOR YOU ALLDo you think that a siren may11/12/2012 be useful, even in a almost deserted site? copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 41
  42. 42. If a local guard post is active Be sure the guards have a fully functional channel of communication with police The guards have been properly trained and instructed on alarm and emergency procedures A simulation is carried out at least every week The first two simulations shall be prearranged; thereafter, no advance notice of the ongoing simulation shall be given11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 42
  43. 43. BE CAREFUL If you store excavated artefacts on site, you need special protection11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 43
  44. 44. 11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 44
  45. 45. How to protect an excavated artefacts storage area, on site Install a good quality steel door Install a good quality chain and padlock (not the Chinese ones!!) Install a wireless volumetric detector and a wireless contact on the steel door Keep a detailed and updated list of stored items (better if with a picture)11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 45
  46. 46. If possible, do not leave excavated artefacts on site, unless you are at a very advanced stage, and you are able to set up an Antiquarium, duly protected and manned11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 46
  47. 47. As money is always scarce, here is a realistic budget Perimeter fence per meter- € 30 5 barrier IR detectors, with 5 years battery- € 200 ea. One control unit , with 5 years battery, with GSM and PSTL connection- € 500 One satellite telephone, connected to the control unit, with some traffic included and photovoltaic power supply- € 1300 One steel door with quality padlock - € 12011/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 47
  48. 48. And now, a last word of caution Develop, in agreement with local police forces, an intervention plan, in case of alarm Agree the intrevention procedures, roads and paths to block, to follow and to monitor Update the local police forces if you modify the excavation area or if you open new access path or roads, or new storage areas Exchange cellular phone numbers between chief of police and chief or arheologists Invite the police forces to visit the site at least once per week11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 48
  49. 49. Thank you, and please do your best to protect world cultural heritage!11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 49
  50. 50. TIEM – Teamwork for integrated emergency management – South East Europe11/12/2012 copyright 2007 - A. Biasiotti - TIEM 50

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