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Transition to a low carbon economy: the case of Croatia in cultural heritage

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Author: Mislav Kirac (UNDP Croatia)

Author: Mislav Kirac (UNDP Croatia)

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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  • 1. Transition to a low carbon economy: the case of Croatia in cultural heritage UNESCO School in South East Europe Sustainable energy governance in UNESCO World Heritage Sites Dubrovnik, Croatia 29 September – 4 October 2013
  • 2. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) 1. Framework for the Low-emission Development Strategy of Croatia until 2050 2. Low-emission Development Strategy of Croatia Framework defines: • Goals • Vision • Priorities • Instruments • Strategy development process • Indicators
  • 3. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Strategy potential: • Investments • Industrial sector growth • New business development • Competitive economy • New jobs LEDS include: • Kyoto Protocol, EU 20-20-20 • Preliminary EU goal for 2030 • Framework for Low Carbon Development (2050)
  • 4. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Uncertanties: • Economic crisis • Global impact of shale gas • Commercialization of CCS technologies • Nuclear energy utilization • Development of new technologies
  • 5. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) NATIONAL COMITEE FOR MITIGATION ON CLIMATE CHANGE TECHNICAL AND LOGISTIC SUPPORT United Nations Development Programme in Croatia (UNDP) RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION EXTERNAL EXPERTISE Ministry of Enviornment and Nature Protection EXPERTS, INSTITUTES, FACULTIES, NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS MEDIA AND PUBLIC
  • 6. CO2 emission by source (Croatia) Energy Industry (energy) Transport Households services Agriculture Industrial process Other
  • 7. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Consultations • First workshop • Sectoral workshops • Literature and expert discussions • Second workshop Analysis • Sector analysis • Scenario projections • Multicriterial analysis • Evaluation of instruments Framework for the Low-emission Development Strategy Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection Action plan for air protection, ozone layer and mitigation of climate change
  • 8. Sectoral workshops (LEDS) •Team work •GHG reduction •SWOT analysis •Measures •Priorities •Financial models
  • 9. Sectoral workshops (LEDS) Measure analysis •Costs •GHG reduction potential •New jobs •Cost-benefit •Impact on health •Impact for rural development
  • 10. Croatia with “Scenario –80%” (2050) 2030 2050 % % Energy facilities -58 -92 Industry -43 -83 Transport 20 -54 Households and services -37 -88 Agriculture -36 -42 Other -72 -70 Total -38 -76
  • 11. Croatia with “Scenario –80%” (2050)
  • 12. Instruments • • • • • • • Legislation Standards Emission Trading Scheme Subsidies Education and promotion Free market Instutuional framework for inter-sectoral sinergy
  • 13. Conclusion (LEDS) • Goals can be met by using existing and predictable new technologies • Significant changes in all sectors are needed • Instruments have to be numerous • Political will is essential • Behavior change is foundation for success
  • 14. Heritage buildings in Croatia National Energy Efficiency Programme • 10,000 facilities in registry • Energy Management Information System • 14,000 public servants educated
  • 15. Heritage buildings in Croatia • • • • • 15% of all public buildings is protected heritage building 23% is located in protected area Energy consumption: 229 mil. kWh/year GHG emission: 67,500 tCO2/year Energy costs: 14 mil EUR/year
  • 16. Heritage buildings in Croatia Realized measures (House in Order): • Energy audits for 28 protected heritage buildings (potential savings 200,000 EUR/year) • Education for more than 14,000 public servants • Free EE measures in 14 heritage buildings –savings 80,000 EUR/year • EE measures in 17 heritage buildings – savings 50,000 EUR/year + further potential of 20,000 EUR/year • Smart metering in 20 heritage buildings for live tracking of energy consumption
  • 17. Heritage buildings in Croatia Potential measures (House in Order): • Switch to natural gas or RES (55% of heritage buildings have >15 year old boiler) • Water saving equipment – only 11% of heritage buildings have some water saving equipment • Lighting – 23% of heritage buildings have incandescent bulbs in majority • Thermal isolation on roof – 82% of heritage buildings don’t have thermal isolation on roof
  • 18. Heritage buildings in Croatia Mary’s palace Lužnica • Geothermal energy (heat pumps) • Energy savings 259,776 kWh/year • Cost 200,000 EUR
  • 19. Heritage buildings in Croatia Initiative “Croatian castles” Castles of North-western Croatia (300) • 12% in excelent condition • 43% in good condition • 45% in poor condition
  • 20. Heritage buildings in Croatia Initiative “Croatian castles” • Enhance cooperation between stakeholders (NGOs, government, owners, investors...) • Finding models for revitalization of castles (EU funds)
  • 21. Heritage buildings in Croatia French pavilion, Zagreb After reconstruction: - savings 327,000 kWh/year
  • 22. Heritage buildings in Croatia City walls lighting, Dubrovnik • After reconstruction: savings 397,320 kWh/year and 47,400 EUR/year (80% reduction)
  • 23. Heritage buildings in Croatia Vitid’s skyscraper, Zagreb • • • • Poor condition, lack of maintenance Current state: 182 kWh/m2 (E) Optimal reconstruction: 74 kWh/m2 (C) = 60% reduction Full-scale reconstruction: 47 kWh/m2 (B) = 75% reduction
  • 24. Heritage buildings in Croatia Elementary school Marin Getaldid, Dubrovnik • Electricity used for heating (120,000 kWh/year) • Suggested: heat pump heating • Result: 4 times less electricity consumption, investment costs 17,000 EUR, return on investment in less than 3 years
  • 25. The best way to predict future is to create it Peter F. Drucker founder of modern management
  • 26. Thank you! Mislav Kirac mislav.kirac@undp.org www.undp.hr
  • 27. References Energy audits and energy certification of residential building Laginjina 9, Zagreb (Vitid skyscraper), Planetaris Ltd 2013 Marino Grozdek, Leon Lepoša, Izvještaj o provedenom energetskom pregledu objekta: OSNOVNA ŠKOLA MARINA GETALDIĆA, Dubrovnik Provedba mjera energetske učinkovitosti u Zagrebačkoj županiji, www.zagrebackazupanija.hr Marko Križanec, Marko Bačid, “Lighting of protected historical city centres” Movie: http://dotsub.com/view/cfccb28e-00ae-4e0f-8c46-e040bc737c08