Transition to a low carbon economy:
the case of Croatia in cultural heritage
UNESCO School in South East Europe
Sustainabl...
Low-emission Development Strategy
(LEDS)
1. Framework for the Low-emission Development Strategy of
Croatia until 2050
2. L...
Low-emission Development Strategy
(LEDS)
Strategy potential:
• Investments
• Industrial sector growth
• New business devel...
Low-emission Development Strategy
(LEDS)
Uncertanties:
• Economic crisis
• Global impact of shale gas
• Commercialization ...
Low-emission Development Strategy
(LEDS)
NATIONAL
COMITEE FOR
MITIGATION ON
CLIMATE CHANGE

TECHNICAL AND
LOGISTIC SUPPORT...
CO2 emission by source (Croatia)
Energy
Industry (energy)
Transport
Households services
Agriculture
Industrial process
Oth...
Low-emission Development Strategy
(LEDS)
Consultations
• First workshop
• Sectoral workshops
• Literature and expert discu...
Sectoral workshops (LEDS)

•Team work
•GHG reduction
•SWOT analysis
•Measures
•Priorities
•Financial models
Sectoral workshops (LEDS)
Measure analysis
•Costs
•GHG reduction potential
•New jobs
•Cost-benefit
•Impact on health
•Impa...
Croatia with “Scenario –80%” (2050)
2030

2050

%

%

Energy facilities

-58

-92

Industry

-43

-83

Transport

20

-54
...
Croatia with “Scenario –80%” (2050)
Instruments
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Legislation
Standards
Emission Trading Scheme
Subsidies
Education and promotion
Free market
Ins...
Conclusion (LEDS)
• Goals can be met by using existing and predictable
new technologies
• Significant changes in all secto...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
National Energy Efficiency Programme
• 10,000 facilities in registry
• Energy Management Inf...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
•
•
•
•
•

15% of all public buildings is protected heritage building
23% is located in prot...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Realized measures (House in Order):

• Energy audits for 28 protected heritage buildings
(po...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Potential measures (House in Order):
• Switch to natural gas or RES (55% of heritage buildin...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Mary’s palace Lužnica
• Geothermal energy (heat pumps)
• Energy savings 259,776 kWh/year
• C...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Initiative “Croatian castles”
Castles of North-western Croatia (300)
• 12% in excelent condi...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Initiative “Croatian castles”
• Enhance cooperation between stakeholders (NGOs,
government, ...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
French pavilion, Zagreb
After reconstruction:
- savings 327,000 kWh/year
Heritage buildings in Croatia
City walls lighting, Dubrovnik
• After reconstruction: savings 397,320 kWh/year and
47,400 E...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Vitid’s skyscraper, Zagreb
•
•
•
•

Poor condition, lack of maintenance
Current state: 182 k...
Heritage buildings in Croatia
Elementary school Marin Getaldid, Dubrovnik
• Electricity used for heating (120,000 kWh/year...
The best way to predict future
is to create it
Peter F. Drucker
founder of modern management
Thank you!
Mislav Kirac
mislav.kirac@undp.org
www.undp.hr
References
Energy audits and energy certification of residential building Laginjina 9, Zagreb (Vitid
skyscraper), Planetar...
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Transition to a low carbon economy: the case of Croatia in cultural heritage

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Author: Mislav Kirac (UNDP Croatia)

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Transition to a low carbon economy: the case of Croatia in cultural heritage

  1. 1. Transition to a low carbon economy: the case of Croatia in cultural heritage UNESCO School in South East Europe Sustainable energy governance in UNESCO World Heritage Sites Dubrovnik, Croatia 29 September – 4 October 2013
  2. 2. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) 1. Framework for the Low-emission Development Strategy of Croatia until 2050 2. Low-emission Development Strategy of Croatia Framework defines: • Goals • Vision • Priorities • Instruments • Strategy development process • Indicators
  3. 3. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Strategy potential: • Investments • Industrial sector growth • New business development • Competitive economy • New jobs LEDS include: • Kyoto Protocol, EU 20-20-20 • Preliminary EU goal for 2030 • Framework for Low Carbon Development (2050)
  4. 4. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Uncertanties: • Economic crisis • Global impact of shale gas • Commercialization of CCS technologies • Nuclear energy utilization • Development of new technologies
  5. 5. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) NATIONAL COMITEE FOR MITIGATION ON CLIMATE CHANGE TECHNICAL AND LOGISTIC SUPPORT United Nations Development Programme in Croatia (UNDP) RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION EXTERNAL EXPERTISE Ministry of Enviornment and Nature Protection EXPERTS, INSTITUTES, FACULTIES, NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS MEDIA AND PUBLIC
  6. 6. CO2 emission by source (Croatia) Energy Industry (energy) Transport Households services Agriculture Industrial process Other
  7. 7. Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Consultations • First workshop • Sectoral workshops • Literature and expert discussions • Second workshop Analysis • Sector analysis • Scenario projections • Multicriterial analysis • Evaluation of instruments Framework for the Low-emission Development Strategy Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection Action plan for air protection, ozone layer and mitigation of climate change
  8. 8. Sectoral workshops (LEDS) •Team work •GHG reduction •SWOT analysis •Measures •Priorities •Financial models
  9. 9. Sectoral workshops (LEDS) Measure analysis •Costs •GHG reduction potential •New jobs •Cost-benefit •Impact on health •Impact for rural development
  10. 10. Croatia with “Scenario –80%” (2050) 2030 2050 % % Energy facilities -58 -92 Industry -43 -83 Transport 20 -54 Households and services -37 -88 Agriculture -36 -42 Other -72 -70 Total -38 -76
  11. 11. Croatia with “Scenario –80%” (2050)
  12. 12. Instruments • • • • • • • Legislation Standards Emission Trading Scheme Subsidies Education and promotion Free market Instutuional framework for inter-sectoral sinergy
  13. 13. Conclusion (LEDS) • Goals can be met by using existing and predictable new technologies • Significant changes in all sectors are needed • Instruments have to be numerous • Political will is essential • Behavior change is foundation for success
  14. 14. Heritage buildings in Croatia National Energy Efficiency Programme • 10,000 facilities in registry • Energy Management Information System • 14,000 public servants educated
  15. 15. Heritage buildings in Croatia • • • • • 15% of all public buildings is protected heritage building 23% is located in protected area Energy consumption: 229 mil. kWh/year GHG emission: 67,500 tCO2/year Energy costs: 14 mil EUR/year
  16. 16. Heritage buildings in Croatia Realized measures (House in Order): • Energy audits for 28 protected heritage buildings (potential savings 200,000 EUR/year) • Education for more than 14,000 public servants • Free EE measures in 14 heritage buildings –savings 80,000 EUR/year • EE measures in 17 heritage buildings – savings 50,000 EUR/year + further potential of 20,000 EUR/year • Smart metering in 20 heritage buildings for live tracking of energy consumption
  17. 17. Heritage buildings in Croatia Potential measures (House in Order): • Switch to natural gas or RES (55% of heritage buildings have >15 year old boiler) • Water saving equipment – only 11% of heritage buildings have some water saving equipment • Lighting – 23% of heritage buildings have incandescent bulbs in majority • Thermal isolation on roof – 82% of heritage buildings don’t have thermal isolation on roof
  18. 18. Heritage buildings in Croatia Mary’s palace Lužnica • Geothermal energy (heat pumps) • Energy savings 259,776 kWh/year • Cost 200,000 EUR
  19. 19. Heritage buildings in Croatia Initiative “Croatian castles” Castles of North-western Croatia (300) • 12% in excelent condition • 43% in good condition • 45% in poor condition
  20. 20. Heritage buildings in Croatia Initiative “Croatian castles” • Enhance cooperation between stakeholders (NGOs, government, owners, investors...) • Finding models for revitalization of castles (EU funds)
  21. 21. Heritage buildings in Croatia French pavilion, Zagreb After reconstruction: - savings 327,000 kWh/year
  22. 22. Heritage buildings in Croatia City walls lighting, Dubrovnik • After reconstruction: savings 397,320 kWh/year and 47,400 EUR/year (80% reduction)
  23. 23. Heritage buildings in Croatia Vitid’s skyscraper, Zagreb • • • • Poor condition, lack of maintenance Current state: 182 kWh/m2 (E) Optimal reconstruction: 74 kWh/m2 (C) = 60% reduction Full-scale reconstruction: 47 kWh/m2 (B) = 75% reduction
  24. 24. Heritage buildings in Croatia Elementary school Marin Getaldid, Dubrovnik • Electricity used for heating (120,000 kWh/year) • Suggested: heat pump heating • Result: 4 times less electricity consumption, investment costs 17,000 EUR, return on investment in less than 3 years
  25. 25. The best way to predict future is to create it Peter F. Drucker founder of modern management
  26. 26. Thank you! Mislav Kirac mislav.kirac@undp.org www.undp.hr
  27. 27. References Energy audits and energy certification of residential building Laginjina 9, Zagreb (Vitid skyscraper), Planetaris Ltd 2013 Marino Grozdek, Leon Lepoša, Izvještaj o provedenom energetskom pregledu objekta: OSNOVNA ŠKOLA MARINA GETALDIĆA, Dubrovnik Provedba mjera energetske učinkovitosti u Zagrebačkoj županiji, www.zagrebackazupanija.hr Marko Križanec, Marko Bačid, “Lighting of protected historical city centres” Movie: http://dotsub.com/view/cfccb28e-00ae-4e0f-8c46-e040bc737c08

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