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La relance de l’efficacité énergétique en Europe


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Table-ronde sur "La relance de l'efficacité énergétique en Europe" : relancer, mais aussi financer !

Avec :
Francisco Zuloloaga
Luca Bergamaschi
Adrian Joyce
Antongiulio Marin
Michel Lepetit
Matthieu Auzanneau

Ateliers du Shift du 11 décembre 2014

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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La relance de l’efficacité énergétique en Europe

  1. 1. Table-ronde : « La relance de l’efficacité énergétique en Europe » Partie 1 : Relancer l’efficacité énergétique en Europe Partie 2 : Financer l’efficacité énergétique des bâtiments en Europe
  2. 2. Partie 1 : Relancer l’efficacité énergétique en Europe Francisco Zuloaga Associate, Energy Efficiency Program European Climate Foundation Luca Bergamaschi Researcher Think-tank E3G Matthieu Auzanneau (modérateur) Chargé des affaires publiques et de la prospective The Shift Project Adrian Joyce Secretary General EuroACE
  3. 3. LA RELANCE DE L’EFFICACITÉ ÉNERGÉTIQUE EN EUROPE Les Ateliers du Shift 11 December 2014 Francisco R. Zuloaga
  4. 4. Au menu 1. Contexte 2. Politiques européennes d’efficacité énergétique. 3. Quoi de neuf à Bruxelles ?
  5. 5. 1. Contexte
  6. 6. The European Climate Foundation (ECF) • Née en 2008 • Fondation privée • 25 million € budget annuel
  7. 7. Le psychologue de l’Europe L’EFFICACITÉ ÉNERGÉTIQUE EST LA RÉPONSE... ...QUELLE EST VOTRE QUESTION ? • 239 milliards €/an économisés (1000€ par ménage) en 2030. • 2 million nouveux emplois • Economies de 50 milliards € en importations d’énergie. Indépendence complete du gaz russe.
  8. 8. La Cendrillon des politiques énergétiques • Malgré bénéfices multiples, EE souvent pas prioritaire • Commence à changer, réel intérêt pour l’efficacité énergétique (AIE, G20, UE, FR, etc.) ➜Réalités économiques, environnementales, sociales ; ➜Lobbying plus sophistiqué : coalitions ; nouveau “récit”...
  9. 9. Coalition for Energy Savings (Bruxelles)
  10. 10. Energy Bill Revolution Campaign (UK)
  11. 11. Nouveau “récit” • EE : investissement, pas une dépense. • Bâtiment = infrastructure. Chaque £ investie par le Gouvernement Britannique dans un programme de rénovation de bâtiments crée : •3,20£ de PIB •1,27£ d’impôts
  12. 12. 2. Politiques européennes d’efficacité énergétique
  13. 13. Climat-énergie : 2020 vs 2030 Source: European Commission
  14. 14. Objectif EE : peut mieux faire… Source: European commission
  15. 15. Quelles batailles EE en 2015-2016 ? • Transposition + mise en œuvre des politiques européennes. • Révision des directives Écoconception et Étiquetage énergétique. • Gouvernance des objectifs climat-énergie 2030. • Union Energétique. et encore… • Refonte de l’EPBD • Révision des articles 3 & 7 de l’EED. • Décision sur le partage de l’effort 2021-2030 dans les secteurs non-ETS.
  16. 16. Des instruments qui fonctionnent • Directive Écoconception • Directive Étiquetage Énergétique Source: à partir des données de la Commission Européenne + • 22 mesures éco-conception ; 11 étiquettes-énergie. • Aujourd’hui : 216 €/an par ménage Européen en économies. • En 2020 (?), jusqu’à : • 350 €/an économies par ménage ; • 56 Mtoe/an et 380TWh/an ; • 40% de l’objectif EE 2020.
  17. 17. Éco-conception et étiquetage énergétique en 2015 • Programme éco-conception 2015-2017  quels nouveux produits ? • Refonte de la Directive Étiquetage Énergétique – retour à A-G ?
  18. 18. 3. Quoi de neuf à Bruxelles ?
  19. 19. News from the Brussels bubble • Nouvelle Commission ➜Déréglementation. ➜Transparence des rdv avec la Commission. ➜Plan d’investissement Juncker. • Nouveau Parlement ➜Plus extrême ? • Le Conseil ➜Changements des règles de vote
  20. 20. Conclusion
  21. 21. Conclusion • Intérêt croissant pour l’EE. • Pas en route pour atteindre les objectifs européens d’EE. • Les instruments existent, il suffit d’une bonne mise en œuvre.
  22. 22. Merci !!
  23. 23. Delivering energy security and growth through energy efficiency Luca Bergamaschi, E3G December 2014
  24. 24. About E3G December 2014 E3G 24 • E3G independent, non-profit organisation working to accelerate the transition to sustainable development • Founded in 2004 • Offices in London, Brussels, Berlin and Washington DC • Programmes in China, Columbia, Peru and South Africa • Current Funding: – 80% grant funding from foundations and governments – 20% advisory work for foundations, governments, NGOs
  25. 25. Four core points 1. EU faces rising security, economic and climate risks. These are systemic and driven by territorial disputes, instability in the Middle East and North Africa, slow or zero recovery of the EU economy, rising of new economic competitive powers, and visible impact of climate-induced extreme weather events. 2. Managing risks require to implement strategies that maximises EU value. Currently they lack coherence and risk wasting public and private money on expensive but underutilised infrastructure project. 3. Energy efficiency is a game changer for lowering dependency on fuel imports, driving economic growth, and increase competitiveness of EU industry. However, too little has been achieved so far due to high political and financial barriers. 4. Capturing potential benefits requires on-going structural reforms. Deep reforms are needed on fiscal rules, public investment priorities, finance to support investment, new markets for EE goods and demand side services, institutions and governance to deal with risks and implement reforms. Agreeing strong efficiency target in 2030 package would be the beginning of this process. December 2014 E3G 25
  26. 26. EU biggest importer of energy in the world • Over half of Europe’s energy is imported, including 90% of oil, 66% of gas, and 62% of coal • 26% of coal, 34% of crude oil and 32% gas come from Russia • Energy dependency is growing. In 1990 it stood at 40% compared to 54% in 2013. December 2014 E3G 26
  27. 27. Economic and social impact • In 2011, import values equal 6.2% of EU GDP. In 2013, EU import bill was €543 billion. • Huge financial flow leaves EU economy, which loses control of prices. In Germany, the price of heating oil tripled, natural gas has doubled, and electricity rose by 75%. • In 2012, 56 million Europeans were in fuel poverty driven by high heating costs of inefficient buildings. • Less leverage to invest today. Level of EU private and public investment today is one third of pre-crisis (2007) level December 2014 E3G 27
  28. 28. Energy efficiency (EE) as first response • An EU-wide building retrofit programme could cut gas use by an amount equal to 80% of Russian imports • Ambitious energy efficiency refurbishment programmes could save up to €500 per year to each EU citizen by 2030 • An EU-wide industrial efficiency programme allows energy intensive and non-energy intensive industries to produce more using lowered energy inputs. Cost effective technologies can reduce heat loss by 66%, cut energy bills by 75%, and save energy equivalent to 15% of 2011 Russian gas imports December 2014 E3G 28
  29. 29. EE as first response • These are “cost-effective” meaning that the costs of investment is offset by savings  Delivering the 20% EE target by 2020 would cut energy bills by an annual €200 billion, equivalent to financial savings of up to € 1,000 per household every year  Savings during 2020-2030 are estimated to be between €1 and €2 trillion.  40% target would increase EU GDP by 4.5% in 2030 (€457 billion) and increase sectoral employment: construction (+20%), engineering (+4%) & manufacturing (+2%) • BMUB/Frauhofer ISI indicates that development of EU demand side electricity markets could cut gas use in the power sector equivalent to 75% of Russian imports December 2014 E3G 29
  30. 30. Are we on track? • EU not on track. Projections indicate the 2020 target will be miss by 2-3%. • 1/3 of energy savings due to economic crisis. Only 10-12% savings will be delivered through EE savings. • New EE target is the weakest element of the 2030 package. Current approach mean only 10- 12% final energy savings will be delivered by 2030 December 2014 E3G 30
  31. 31. The Politics of EE • EE measures require high upfront capital costs, creating high financial and political barriers. • There are fears that EE will weaken carbon price. Reality is that 2/3 of savings are in non-ETS sector so little impact if EE measures targeted on buildings and transport. • EE benefits not yet fully understood or misunderstood and instrumentally used (UK vacuum cleaner) • Current economic thinking one of the biggest barrier. Focus on short term costs and budget rules block investment in productive investment • Affordability put at stake by ungrounded competitiveness fear from Big industry. Overcapacity and poor past investment plan are bigger obstacle than energy prices December 2014 E3G 31
  32. 32. The Politics of 2030 framework September 2014 E3G 32
  33. 33. CEE most inefficient economies and most exposure on gas security E3G - Third Generation Environmentalism 33
  34. 34. Systemic approach to making best-value choices on infrastructure funding December 2014 E3G 34 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Projected EU gas demand to 2030 (bcm) Energy efficiency target met European Commission reference scenario PCI evaluation scenario
  35. 35. What needs to happen: two steps 1. Definitions matter. Review proposed EE 2030 target with aim of stress testing ambitions and baselines in order to deliver existing cost effective saving.  Current target leaves >50% of Europe’s cost effective energy saving potential untapped 2. New Commission should launch review of remaining market, economic, financial, institutional and governance barriers and proposed structural reforms to address them December 2014 E3G 35
  36. 36. Market, Economic and Financial Reforms December 2014 E3G 36 • Deliver a single market for building products and service standards through standardisation of certification. • Raise ambition through product standards. Implement the next wave of the Ecodesign and Energy Labelling Directive • Secure the benefit of demand side management through developing functional demand side electricity markets • Create sufficient scope of public investment: Relax Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance rule on debt and deficit restrictions to allow public spending on energy efficiency as a means of boosting growth • Reprioritise public funds to where they deliver greatest value for money. Reallocate CEF from transport to energy and create conditionality on EE delivery
  37. 37. Thank you! For more information visit Or drop me an email at December 2014 E3G 37
  38. 38. A Presentation to the: Ateliers du Shift Paris 11th December 2014 Adrian Joyce Secretary General Boosting Energy Efficiency in the EU (Buildings)
  39. 39. The European Alliance of Companies for Energy Efficiency in Buildings EuroACE More than 300,000 More than 770 Photos sourced from Norwegian Turkish Chamber of Commerce and SPS Commerce
  40. 40. Scale of the Opportunity 210 Million Buildings; Area of Occupied Space Equivalent to Size of Belgium; 90% Still Used in 2050 Impact on Energy Use 40% of EU Primary Energy Use 36% of Energy-Related CO2 Emissions Technologies Exist Today Reduction of 80% in Energy Use is Possible With Current Technologies and Processes EU Buildings Sector
  41. 41. Share of Buildings in EU Energy Use Highest Share of Energy Use = Highest Savings Potential
  42. 42. Energy Efficiency Directive Adopted 2012; Transposition to national level slow; Renovation of buildings: Articles 4 and 5; Energy Performance Directive Adopted 2010; New Build; nZEB; Certificates; 7 Member States in Court for non-implementation However Adopted EU Energy Efficiency Policy Currently Falls Short of Adopted 2020 Targets EU Regulatory Framework
  43. 43. EED: Renovation Roadmaps
  44. 44. EPBD: Value of EPCs
  45. 45. Huge Untapped Potential Two-thirds of the economic potential to improve energy efficiency remains untapped in the period to 2035 unless policy activity increases
  46. 46. The Fraunhofer ISI Report on 2030 Sectoral Cost-Effective Contributions = 40% Savings in Overall Demand 61% 38% 41% 26% 40%
  47. 47. Increased Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions Range 49% to 61% Increased Share of Renewables Range 35% to 48% Impact of 40% Target in 2030
  48. 48. Benefits of Renovation for the EU New Direct Local Jobs: 2 million Local, Permanent Jobs in Construction; This Leads to over 6 million Total New Jobs Public Finances: €39bn per year Boost to Public Finances in 2020 Rising to €78bn per year by 2030 Boost to EU GDP: 0.7% per year Estimate Increase in Construction Output is in the Range €670 to €830bn per year (from 2020)
  49. 49. Energy Imports to the EU Example: Gas Dependence of the EU
  50. 50. European Energy Dependence Day Energy Dependence is Growing Based on Statistics from Eurostat of the overall dependence of the EU on energy imports
  51. 51. Annual Cost of Energy Imports €421 billion per year = €1.15 billion per day! Impact on Member States Balance of Trade
  52. 52. European Energy Dependence Day Pushed Back! Imagine: Capture These Savings in 2014 €335 billion in reduced expenditure compared to 2011
  53. 53. Financing Energy Efficiency Measures Interim Report April 2014 Energy Efficiency – The First Fuel for the EU Economy Strong Regulatory Stability Builds Confidence – Better More Complete Implementation and Enforcement
  54. 54. Political Priority – Deep Renovation Reduced Energy Imports Millions of Jobs Billions in Financial ReturnsWe are in this together!
  55. 55. National Implementation Workshops Nine countries already – 2 per year; In 2015 hope to visit Italy and Poland Regulatory Work Revise EPBD; Introduce mandatory renovation requirements; Collect data on implementation Renovate Europe Campaign Political communications; Reduce energy demand by 80% by 2050; Supporters in EU Parliament: 79 EuroACE Key Actions
  56. 56. EuroACE Rond Point Schuman, 6 - 8th floor B-1040 Brussels Tel: +32 (0) 2 639 10 10 Email: 56 Thank You for Your Attention!
  57. 57. Partie 2 : Financer l’efficacité énergétique des bâtiments en Europe Antongiulio Marin Policy Officer, DG Climate Action, European Commission Michel Lepetit Vice-Président / Pilote du projet SFTE The Shift Project Matthieu Auzanneau (modérateur) Chargé des affaires publiques et de la prospective The Shift Project
  58. 58. Private Financing for Energy Efficiency Financial instrument PF4EE Antongiulio Marin DG CLIMA – Policy officer
  59. 59. PF4EE: Objectives 1. To make energy efficiency lending a more sustainable activity across European financial institutions (FIs); 2. To encourage private commercial banks and other financial intermediaries to address the energy efficiency sector as a distinct market segment; 3. To increase lending for energy efficiency in response to priorities identified by Member States’ National Energy Efficiency Action Plans.
  60. 60. PF4EE: Structure
  61. 61. PF4EE on webpages :