sustainable urban design
prof. Riza atiq
Prepared By:Prepared By:
 AFAQ AHMED P71060AFAQ AHMED P71060
 DUAA YIHEYA P7107...
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
Stockholm Is the capital of Sweden
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
Stockholm is located on Sweden's south-central east coast
where Lake Malaren meets the Baltic Sea
Ove...
Sustainable Development
Environment Economical Social
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
Economy
• Stockholm is Sweden's financial center Major Swedish
banks, such as Swedbank .The majority of people in
Stockhol...
Nature conservation is an important piece of sustainability, and should
benefit both humans and the environment
-Adapt the...
Planning History
• Planning has a long history in the Swedish society; the first planning
laws were drawn up in the 19th c...
Timeline of Planning History
• 1930s - Stockholm begins planning for a radial development pattern
with green “wedges” in b...
Transportation
• Stockholm has an extensive public transport system. It consists of
• the Stockholm commuter rail
• The St...
Stockholm
Tunne lban
atrain
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
Greater
Stockholm's
commuter train
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
Stockholm ring road
WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
Planning :is a Cooperative Process
• Even during Stockholm’s most rapid period of growth, the City managed
urban developme...
Plan for Density
• In Stockholm, dense areas that are established as targets for growth in
the City Plan are given extra a...
Sector Opportunities:Sustainable Construction
• Large domestic city development project (80,000 new apartments)
• Large in...
Sector opportunities: New Fuels
• New generation of gas vehicles (Volvo, Scania, etc.)
• Biogas use in diesel motors (dual...
Sector opportunities: Renewable Energy
• Sweden is set to have up to 49% renewable energy by 2020
• Key sources of renewab...
Sector opportunities: Water Technologies
• High performance of water management systems:
– low costs of production and dis...
Recent investments
• Scandinavian Biogas (Ir) expands with a 50m investment in biogas plan
in Stockholm, based on all frac...
Afaq ahmed p71060
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Afaq ahmed p71060

624 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Afaq ahmed p71060

  1. 1. sustainable urban design prof. Riza atiq Prepared By:Prepared By:  AFAQ AHMED P71060AFAQ AHMED P71060  DUAA YIHEYA P71078DUAA YIHEYA P71078
  2. 2. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM Stockholm Is the capital of Sweden
  3. 3. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM Stockholm is located on Sweden's south-central east coast where Lake Malaren meets the Baltic Sea Over 30% of the city area is made up of waterways and another 30% is made up of parks and green spaces in 2009 Stockholm was awarded title of (first European Green Capital by the European Commission)
  4. 4. Sustainable Development Environment Economical Social WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  5. 5. Economy • Stockholm is Sweden's financial center Major Swedish banks, such as Swedbank .The majority of people in Stockholm work in the service industry which accounts for roughly 85% of jobs in Stockholm. The significant number of jobs created in high technology companies large employers include IBM ,Ericsson, and Electrolux WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  6. 6. Nature conservation is an important piece of sustainability, and should benefit both humans and the environment -Adapt the urban structure to the geographical constraints—Adapt the urban structure to the geographical constraints— urban development occurred in natural depressions of the land, withurban development occurred in natural depressions of the land, with aradial metro system running through each neighborhood andaradial metro system running through each neighborhood and suburban townsuburban town -This radial development pattern leaves green “wedges” in between the urban areas—which form a system of parks and open spaces that make a region wide system linked by paths and green arterials -The nodes of urban development along the public transportation system need to be dense, mixed-use, and walk able, - Open space planning requires cooperation between involved municipalities, regional entities, and the national government. Ecological and Social planning development WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  7. 7. Planning History • Planning has a long history in the Swedish society; the first planning laws were drawn up in the 19th century. In Sweden, planning is largely done by local governments, Sweden’s planning system has three main elements: 1. Democratic and decentralized decision-making, 2. Competing interests are balanced, 3. Ecological and social needs and values are taken into account WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  8. 8. Timeline of Planning History • 1930s - Stockholm begins planning for a radial development pattern with green “wedges” in between • 1945 - 20 year master plan for Stockholm crafted • 1952 - Metro network begins to be developed, new neighborhoods follow this network • 1987 - Urban Planning and Building Act revised, now cities are required to create a comprehensive plan (non-binding) • 1995 - Sweden joins the European Union • 1999 – City Plan 99 sets forth the “Build the City Inwards” plan for infill development • 2001 - Stockholm County Council approves its first spatial regional development plan for the greater Stockholm region. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  9. 9. Transportation • Stockholm has an extensive public transport system. It consists of • the Stockholm commuter rail • The Stockholm Metro (Tunnelbana). WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  10. 10. Stockholm Tunne lban atrain WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  11. 11. Greater Stockholm's commuter train WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  12. 12. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  13. 13. Stockholm ring road WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  14. 14. Planning :is a Cooperative Process • Even during Stockholm’s most rapid period of growth, the City managed urban development according to their comprehensive plan. • -This plan was not legally binding, but was followed both within the City of Stockholm and its adjacent suburban towns. • -The reason that municipalities in the greater Stockholm region follow these non-binding plans is because they are created during a consensus- based process where private organizations, public agencies, and citizens are involved. • - This approach results in a plan that reflects an integration of these various perspectives. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  15. 15. Plan for Density • In Stockholm, dense areas that are established as targets for growth in the City Plan are given extra attention, as planners craft detailed development plans that mandate the type, form, and timing of development in that area. Then, as long as a development proposal meets the established plan’s criteria, it is automatically approved. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  16. 16. Sector Opportunities:Sustainable Construction • Large domestic city development project (80,000 new apartments) • Large infrastructure investments (€ 30 billion by 2030) • Large number of well established companies in sustainable infrastructure and construction • High prosperity in exemplary developments with high sustainability performance • World´s best example of large scale sustainable district (Hammarby Sjöstaden: 25,000 inhabitants, 5,000 foreign experts/year on visits ) • Specialised research in sustainable infrastructure and urban environment (KTH, IVL, Stockholm Institute, Universities in Linköping, Uppsala, Stockholm) WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  17. 17. Sector opportunities: New Fuels • New generation of gas vehicles (Volvo, Scania, etc.) • Biogas use in diesel motors (dual fuel) • Growing number of alternatively driven vehicles (including heavy transports) • Development of new infrastructure for bio gas and natural gas (Fortum) • Strong public demand - Stockholm will increase production 10 times in 5 years • Several investments planned in the region (Fortum, Käppala, Scandinavian Biogas) • All vehicles in the inner city to change to renewable fuels in 2010 • Target: decrease CO2 emissions from 4 to 3 tonnes/year and inhabitant 2010 • Examples of investors: Scandinavian Biogas (Iceland), Swedish Biofuels, Chemrec (USA-Sweden) WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  18. 18. Sector opportunities: Renewable Energy • Sweden is set to have up to 49% renewable energy by 2020 • Key sources of renewable energy – Solar cells: only 40 000 households out of 2 million have solar cells today – Wind power: large amount of planned investments – Biogas: change of public and private transport to renewable fuels • Europe’s first fuel cell for buildings (ABB) • Large energy companies co-owned by municipalities are changing equipment and fuels, investing in CO2 neutral heat and power generation ( Fortum) • Specialised research: wave power ( Uppsala University, Ångström laboratory), investments from national and private sources, hydrogen technology research (KTH) • Examples of investors: Fortum (Finland), EON (Germany), Vesta (Denmark), Chromogenics (USA), Climatewell (Spain) WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  19. 19. Sector opportunities: Water Technologies • High performance of water management systems: – low costs of production and distribution of tap water – low use of water – high quality at low cost (1 SEK/litre) • Water treatment combined with biogas production • Experimental water plant in Hammarby Sjöstaden – showroom and test bed for new technologies • Niche technologies for industrial waste water treatment • Specialised incubators at Kista Science City and Technikhöjden • Examples of investors: WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM
  20. 20. Recent investments • Scandinavian Biogas (Ir) expands with a 50m investment in biogas plan in Stockholm, based on all fractions of organic waste, new highly efficient technology. WELCOME IN STOCKHOLM

×