Ferdinand de Saussure: The Father of Linguistics

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  • Mineralogist (chemistry, chrystal structure, minerals)Entomologist (insects)Taxonomist (classified species)
  • Age of 21
  • Word=combination of meaning and formPhonology and morphology=sufficient for structural linguistics, but not complete. created small set of rules to generate all sentences of language
  • Ferdinand de Saussure: The Father of Linguistics

    1. 1. Ferdiand deSaussureFather of Linguistics Silvia Lee
    2. 2. Born:Geneva, Switzerland 1857
    3. 3. Father:Henri Louis Frédéric de Saussure Mineralogist Entomologist Taxonomist
    4. 4. Universityof Geneva1875
    5. 5. Graduate Work:University of Leipzig 1876
    6. 6. l’Ecole pratique des hautes étudesTaught (11 years): Knight• Sanskrit of the• Gothic Legion• Old High German of Honor
    7. 7. University of Geneva 1891Professor• Sanskrit• Indo-Eurpoean langauges• Course of General Linguistics (1907-1911)
    8. 8. Doctorate in 1880:Dissertation on the PrimitiveVowel System in Indo-European Languages
    9. 9. What is language?
    10. 10. Sign
    11. 11. Sign = abritarySymbol = motivation
    12. 12. SignSignified Signifier
    13. 13. Value of the Sign
    14. 14. Emile Durkheim•Father ofsociology•Socialintegration
    15. 15. Langue Parole(system) (put into practice) Language in social, cultural context
    16. 16. gay
    17. 17. Signs•Polysemous•Unstable•Endlessly shifting•Create new meanings, new social contexts
    18. 18. The Arbitrary Nature of the Sign system of relations
    19. 19. Objection 1: Onomoatopeoia
    20. 20. Objection 2: Interjections
    21. 21. complete systemat a given timeSynchrony & Diachrony historical development
    22. 22. Synchrony:present and future
    23. 23. Paradigm (pattern) & Syntagm (syntax)
    24. 24. Criticisms• Langue: complete system?• Distinction: syntagm & paradigm• Finite-state grammar
    25. 25. Claude Levi-Strauss•Structuralism•Familyrelations
    26. 26. Linguistics
    27. 27. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis •Linguistic relativity •Language determines thought

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