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SOCIETAL
MULTILINGUALISM
By
Group 2
Lira Nurjanah 122122011
Widia Amelia N
122122013
Winda Widia 122122019
Susi N Alifah 122122020
6.A
What is multilingualism ?
Multilingualism refers to the knowledge
or use of more than one language by
an individual or a c...
Speech Communities
religion
area
The norms of
Monolingual vs
Multilinguals
Verbal Repertoire
The total range of linguistic resources
available to an individual or a community.
 Monolingual
(range ...
Characteristics of
multilingualism:
 Do not have a perfect or nativelike
command
 Might be called selective functionality
Language Choice
Language based on domain :
Intimate style
Utilitarian style
Languange levels in Javanese:
Kromo
Ngoko
Pattern of Use
Asymmetri principle of multilingualism
= some languages are more valued
than others.
Ex. of Tulu Speakers
Although it is spoken by about two
millions persons, the Tulu language is
restricted in its functiona...
Diglossia
 Ferguson = to the specialization of two
varieties of the same language.
- variety as high (H)
- variety as low...
Ex. of Arabic, Shows that H is
used in
 Church, Mosque sermons, political
speeches, university lecturer, news
broadcasts,...
Code Switching
When two or more languages exist in a
community, speakers frequently
switch from one language to another.
•...
Oberwaert, an Austrian town.
- German language (H)
- Hungarian (L)
grandfather is calling his two
grandchildren to come an...
 The grandfather first calls his
grandchildren in Hungarian, but when
they do not answer him, he switches
to german. Sinc...
CODE SWITCHING OR CODE
MIXING?
Is there code switching or code
mixing?
For example: Hindi-English
“Dial enumber naa, n’uniform’en Mr.Oseni ighe
approve e...
Is there code switching or code
mixing?
For example: English/Italics
Sarah : I think everyone is here except Mere.
John : ...
Patterns in Structure
Convergence
Transfer
Implications for Language
Teaching
1. Revise their attitude to the status of
bilingualism.
2. The other language is additi...
Societal multilingualism
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Societal multilingualism

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Sociolinguistics (Language for social life)

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Societal multilingualism

  1. 1. SOCIETAL MULTILINGUALISM
  2. 2. By Group 2 Lira Nurjanah 122122011 Widia Amelia N 122122013 Winda Widia 122122019 Susi N Alifah 122122020 6.A
  3. 3. What is multilingualism ? Multilingualism refers to the knowledge or use of more than one language by an individual or a community.
  4. 4. Speech Communities
  5. 5. religion area
  6. 6. The norms of Monolingual vs Multilinguals
  7. 7. Verbal Repertoire The total range of linguistic resources available to an individual or a community.  Monolingual (range of regional, social, functional, and stylistic varieties)  Multilingual (encompasses not only varieties of the same language but also different languages)
  8. 8. Characteristics of multilingualism:  Do not have a perfect or nativelike command  Might be called selective functionality
  9. 9. Language Choice Language based on domain : Intimate style Utilitarian style Languange levels in Javanese: Kromo Ngoko
  10. 10. Pattern of Use Asymmetri principle of multilingualism = some languages are more valued than others.
  11. 11. Ex. of Tulu Speakers Although it is spoken by about two millions persons, the Tulu language is restricted in its functional range.  Kannada (local state language) which serves as their mediumof instruction through the secondary school. - as the languageof education administration commerce, media, literature, regional identity, and
  12. 12. Diglossia  Ferguson = to the specialization of two varieties of the same language. - variety as high (H) - variety as low (L) Ex. In Arab classical Arabic as (H), colloquial Arabic as (L) In Switzerland standar Zerman (H) Swiss German (L)
  13. 13. Ex. of Arabic, Shows that H is used in  Church, Mosque sermons, political speeches, university lecturer, news broadcasts, newspaper editorials, and poetry. L variety is used  For giving instructions to waiters, servants, clerks, personal letters, in conversations with friends and family, etc.
  14. 14. Code Switching When two or more languages exist in a community, speakers frequently switch from one language to another. • Situational code switching The switch is in response to a change situation. • Metaphorical code switching The switch has a stylistic or textual function.
  15. 15. Oberwaert, an Austrian town. - German language (H) - Hungarian (L) grandfather is calling his two grandchildren to come and help him. Grandfather : Szo ! Ide dzsiini ! Jeszt jeramunyi ! (Well, come here! Out all this way ! ) Mind e kettuotok, not hat akkor ! ( both of you, well now ! ) Kum here ! Nem koapsz vascsorat ! ( come here ! You don’t get supper ! )
  16. 16.  The grandfather first calls his grandchildren in Hungarian, but when they do not answer him, he switches to german. Since the German Language is associated with more formal settings, it gives the grandfather’s word more force.
  17. 17. CODE SWITCHING OR CODE MIXING?
  18. 18. Is there code switching or code mixing? For example: Hindi-English “Dial enumber naa, n’uniform’en Mr.Oseni ighe approve encontraacti nii ne. But khamaa ren ighe o gha ye necessary n’o submit-e photostat copies oghe estimate n’o ka ya apply a ke pa ere. You understand?” (“Dial this number, and inform Mr oseni that we approved the contact already. But tell him that it will still be necessary for him to submit photostat copies of estimate that he firts applied with before we pay him. You understand?”)
  19. 19. Is there code switching or code mixing? For example: English/Italics Sarah : I think everyone is here except Mere. John : She said she might be abit late but actually I think that’s her arriving now. Sarah : You’re right. Kia ora Mere. Haere mai, kei tapehen koe? (hi mere, come in how are you?) Mere : Kia ora e hoa. Kei te pai. Have you started yet? (hello my friend. I’m fine)
  20. 20. Patterns in Structure Convergence Transfer
  21. 21. Implications for Language Teaching 1. Revise their attitude to the status of bilingualism. 2. The other language is additive not replacive. 3. Unnecessary to expect like native competence ( style, function) but english as what learners’ need to learn. 4. Teachers need to be familiar with the other language in the learners’ repertoires 5. For teacher, mix code is appropriate for in group but monolingual is just for monolingual interlcutors. 6. Multilingualism is not only a division of labor but also a great deal of give and take between language.

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