Introductory & Directional Terminology

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This information is intended for Mr. Hildebrandt's A & P students.

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Introductory & Directional Terminology

  1. 1. Anatomy & Physiology I The Human Body: An Orientation Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Mr. Hildebrandt
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Human Body – An Orientation </li></ul>Slide 1.1 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings <ul><li>Anatomy – study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology – study of how the body and its parts work or function </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Anatomy – Levels of Study </li></ul>Slide 1.2a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings <ul><li>Gross Anatomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily observable </li></ul></ul>Figure 1.1
  4. 4. <ul><li>Anatomy – Levels of Study </li></ul>Slide 1.2b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings <ul><li>Microscopic Anatomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very small structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can only be viewed with a microscope </li></ul></ul>Figure 14.4
  5. 5. <ul><li>Levels of Structural Organization </li></ul>Slide 1.3 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 1.1
  6. 6. The Language of Anatomy Slide 1.21 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings <ul><li>Special terminology is used to prevent misunderstanding </li></ul><ul><li>Exact terms are used for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structures </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Orientation and Directional Terms Slide 1.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Table 1.1
  8. 8. <ul><li>Orientation and Directional Terms </li></ul>Slide 1.23 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Table 1.1 (cont)
  9. 9. <ul><li>Body Landmarks </li></ul>Slide 1.24 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings <ul><li>Anterior </li></ul>Figure 1.5a
  10. 10. <ul><li>Body Landmarks </li></ul>Slide 1.25 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings <ul><li>Posterior </li></ul>Figure 1.5b
  11. 11. <ul><li>Body Planes </li></ul>Slide 1.26 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 1.6
  12. 12. <ul><li>Body Cavities </li></ul>Slide 1.27 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 1.7
  13. 13. <ul><li>Abdominopelvic Quadrants </li></ul>Slide 1.28 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 1.8a
  14. 14. <ul><li>Abdominopelvic Regions </li></ul>Slide 1.29 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 1.8b

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