Taylor2 ppt ch11
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Taylor2 ppt ch11







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    Taylor2 ppt ch11 Taylor2 ppt ch11 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 11 Community-Based Corrections for Juveniles
    • Chapter Outline
      • Introduction and Overview of Juvenile Corrections
      • History of Juvenile Corrections
      • Juvenile Community Corrections
      • Juvenile Probation
        • Juvenile Probation Process
        • Probation Caseload
        • Probation Conditions
        • Issues in Juvenile Probation
        • Working in Juvenile Probation
    • Chapter Outline Continued
      • Variations in Juvenile Probation
        • Intensive Supervision Probation (ISP)
        • Shock Probation
        • School-Based Probation
        • House Arrest and Electronic Monitoring
      • Alternative Sanctions in Juvenile Community Corrections
        • Mediation
        • Restitution
        • Community Service
    • Chapter Outline Continued
      • Community Correctional Alternatives to Incarceration
        • Counseling and Specialized Treatment Programs
        • Day Treatment Programs
        • Foster Care
        • Group Homes
        • Wilderness and Adventure Programs
        • Vocational and Apprenticeship Programs
      • Aftercare for Juveniles, Juvenile Parole, and Parolee Services
      • Qualities of Effective Juvenile Correctional Programs
    • Overview of Juvenile Corrections
      • Police
      • Juvenile Courts
      • Juvenile Correctional System
    • Adjudicated Delinquency Cases by Disposition 1985-2002
    • Juvenile Correctional Alternatives
    • History of Juvenile Corrections
      • The juvenile correctional system in the U.S. grew bifurcated (two-pronged) manner.
        • State reform and training schools
        • The vast array of community-based and private institutions and programs
    • Juvenile Community Corrections
      • Community corrections is a broad term used to capture a variety of correctional alternatives with one common characteristic: they are less restrictive than institutional corrections and are literally operated in the community.
      • The majority of juveniles under sanction in the U.S. are under some form of community corrections.
    • Variables that Influence Disposition
      • Circumstances of the offense committed
      • Prior history with the juvenile justice system
      • Characteristics of the juvenile
      • Juvenile’s family situation
      • Juvenile’s social situation
      • Availability of community resources and alternative placements
      • Availability and workload of staff and correctional personnel
    • Juvenile Probation
      • Probation – a sanction where the court releases a youth to a parent or other guardian to live in the community under certain rules and conditions.
      • Probation in America began with the work of John Augustus.
      • It costs more to incarcerate a juvenile in a facility than it does to put him on probation.
      • Most juvenile offenders on probation never recidivate.
    • Deferred Adjudication
      • A situation in which a youth agrees to follow certain probation conditions without going to court.
      • There is generally no direct supervision by the probation department and the probation is terminated within a short period of time as long as the juvenile does not commit any new offenses.
    • Probation Conditions
      • Attend school regularly
      • Attend work regularly
      • Do not use alcohol and drugs
      • Submit to random drug screening
      • Check in with probation officer regularly
      • Attend special counseling or treatment
      • Do not associate with known criminals
      • Do not commit any crimes
      • Maintain established curfew
      • Do not posses a weapon
      • Pay restitution
      • Perform community service
      • Obey parents or guardian
    • Issues in Juvenile Probation
      • Probation departments cannot control or limit their caseloads.
      • Issues of safety on the job have lead to many jurisdictions to begin arming probation officers and requiring them to become certified law enforcement officers.
      • The goals of probation.
        • New state laws have increased the punitive ability of the court.
    • Probation Officer’s Responsibilities
      • Making intake decisions
      • Preparing Pre-sentence investigation reports.
      • A liaison for the juvenile court.
      • Preparing dispositional plans
      • Supervising juveniles on probation
      • Making decisions about the progress of juveniles on probation
      • Overseeing aftercare for juveniles released from secure placement
    • Intensive Supervision Probation Programs
      • Based on a philosophy of risk control
      • Proper identification of juveniles who need ISP is essential
      • Requires a comprehensive effort encompassing highly structured supervision and a broad array of treatment alternatives
      • Broad base of ongoing community support
      • Financial commitment to ISP in the jurisdiction
    • Types of Juvenile Probation
      • Intensive supervision probation
      • Shock probation
      • School-based probation
      • House arrest and electronic monitoring
    • Alternative Sanctions in Juvenile Community Corrections
      • Mediation
      • Restitution
      • Community service
    • Counseling and Specialized Treatment Programs
      • Day treatment programs
      • Foster care
      • Group homes
      • Wilderness and adventure programs
      • Vocational and apprenticeship programs