Taylor2 ppt ch11


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Taylor2 ppt ch11

  1. 1. Chapter 11 Community-Based Corrections for Juveniles
  2. 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>Introduction and Overview of Juvenile Corrections </li></ul><ul><li>History of Juvenile Corrections </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Community Corrections </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Probation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Probation Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probation Caseload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probation Conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues in Juvenile Probation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working in Juvenile Probation </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Variations in Juvenile Probation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive Supervision Probation (ISP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shock Probation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School-Based Probation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Arrest and Electronic Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alternative Sanctions in Juvenile Community Corrections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Service </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Community Correctional Alternatives to Incarceration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling and Specialized Treatment Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Day Treatment Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foster Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilderness and Adventure Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational and Apprenticeship Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aftercare for Juveniles, Juvenile Parole, and Parolee Services </li></ul><ul><li>Qualities of Effective Juvenile Correctional Programs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Overview of Juvenile Corrections <ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Correctional System </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adjudicated Delinquency Cases by Disposition 1985-2002
  7. 7. Juvenile Correctional Alternatives
  8. 8. History of Juvenile Corrections <ul><li>The juvenile correctional system in the U.S. grew bifurcated (two-pronged) manner. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State reform and training schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The vast array of community-based and private institutions and programs </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Juvenile Community Corrections <ul><li>Community corrections is a broad term used to capture a variety of correctional alternatives with one common characteristic: they are less restrictive than institutional corrections and are literally operated in the community. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of juveniles under sanction in the U.S. are under some form of community corrections. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Variables that Influence Disposition <ul><li>Circumstances of the offense committed </li></ul><ul><li>Prior history with the juvenile justice system </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the juvenile </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile’s family situation </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile’s social situation </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of community resources and alternative placements </li></ul><ul><li>Availability and workload of staff and correctional personnel </li></ul>
  11. 11. Juvenile Probation <ul><li>Probation – a sanction where the court releases a youth to a parent or other guardian to live in the community under certain rules and conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Probation in America began with the work of John Augustus. </li></ul><ul><li>It costs more to incarcerate a juvenile in a facility than it does to put him on probation. </li></ul><ul><li>Most juvenile offenders on probation never recidivate. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Deferred Adjudication <ul><li>A situation in which a youth agrees to follow certain probation conditions without going to court. </li></ul><ul><li>There is generally no direct supervision by the probation department and the probation is terminated within a short period of time as long as the juvenile does not commit any new offenses. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Probation Conditions <ul><li>Attend school regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Attend work regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use alcohol and drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Submit to random drug screening </li></ul><ul><li>Check in with probation officer regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Attend special counseling or treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Do not associate with known criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Do not commit any crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain established curfew </li></ul><ul><li>Do not posses a weapon </li></ul><ul><li>Pay restitution </li></ul><ul><li>Perform community service </li></ul><ul><li>Obey parents or guardian </li></ul>
  14. 14. Issues in Juvenile Probation <ul><li>Probation departments cannot control or limit their caseloads. </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of safety on the job have lead to many jurisdictions to begin arming probation officers and requiring them to become certified law enforcement officers. </li></ul><ul><li>The goals of probation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New state laws have increased the punitive ability of the court. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Probation Officer’s Responsibilities <ul><li>Making intake decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing Pre-sentence investigation reports. </li></ul><ul><li>A liaison for the juvenile court. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing dispositional plans </li></ul><ul><li>Supervising juveniles on probation </li></ul><ul><li>Making decisions about the progress of juveniles on probation </li></ul><ul><li>Overseeing aftercare for juveniles released from secure placement </li></ul>
  16. 16. Intensive Supervision Probation Programs <ul><li>Based on a philosophy of risk control </li></ul><ul><li>Proper identification of juveniles who need ISP is essential </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a comprehensive effort encompassing highly structured supervision and a broad array of treatment alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Broad base of ongoing community support </li></ul><ul><li>Financial commitment to ISP in the jurisdiction </li></ul>
  17. 17. Types of Juvenile Probation <ul><li>Intensive supervision probation </li></ul><ul><li>Shock probation </li></ul><ul><li>School-based probation </li></ul><ul><li>House arrest and electronic monitoring </li></ul>
  18. 18. Alternative Sanctions in Juvenile Community Corrections <ul><li>Mediation </li></ul><ul><li>Restitution </li></ul><ul><li>Community service </li></ul>
  19. 19. Counseling and Specialized Treatment Programs <ul><li>Day treatment programs </li></ul><ul><li>Foster care </li></ul><ul><li>Group homes </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness and adventure programs </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational and apprenticeship programs </li></ul>