Ap lang


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presentation on literary terms

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Ap lang

  1. 1. Rhetorical Writing 5 Terms You Should Know
  2. 2. Propaganda Qualified Argument Refutation Rhetorical Question Chiasmus
  3. 3. Propaganda n: ideas or statements that are often false or exaggerated and that are spread in order to help a cause, a political leader, a government, etc.
  4. 4. Propaganda
  5. 5. Ways to Use Propaganda -Pictures/Posters Writing -Can be used in order to exaggerate a point you are trying to make in order to make it seem more important then it may be
  6. 6. Examples of Propaganda Effective Can be used to bend the reader’s thoughts into a way that makes the author’s supports seem much more interesting Example: There is only one way to solve the economic problem: shut down major corporations and allow citizens to equally distribute their wealth. Propaganda as such must be followed by some sort of reasoning or support. Otherwise a reader will not be convinced or interested by your argument. Ineffective If propaganda is used in the wrong sense, it could make the author seem unintelligent or extremely biased towards his/her particular argument It can lose the attention of the reader if used out of context It can seem out of place in the essay if not followed by some sort of reasoning
  7. 7. Qualified Argument n: A proven or well supported argument that is supported with valid and relevant supports
  8. 8. Examples Effective Ineffective In having a valid argument, your reader can relate to your topic and more fully indulge themselves into your piece. Example: World War II was the world’s most devastating war because the COW count was over 6 million. Ineffective arguments show a reader that you have no idea what you are actually talking about Example:
  9. 9. Refutation v: the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions
  10. 10. Examples Effective Ineffective Refutation can be used in order to answer reader’s questions or resolve a doubt that the reader may have regarding your topic Example: Some say that the congress is a useless asset, but I believe it is not because we need congress for the development of laws If an author uses refutation incorrectly, they will seem biased and arrogant Example: People say that congress is a useless asset, but I believe it is not because congress is good. WHY!?
  11. 11. Rhetorical Question n: a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
  12. 12. Examples Effective Ineffective Can be used in order to make the reader think about your topic at hand Example: Why do we as humans do… This term can also be used to make your reader more interested or attentive to the topic at hand Must be used in moderation otherwise an author maybe seem confused by their topic Example:
  13. 13. Chiasmus n:a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form
  14. 14. Examples Effective Ineffective Can be used to emphasis the importance of a particular point you are trying to make Example: Those with the most mind are those who mind the most Chiasmus is also effective for creating a statement for presenting your argument If chiasmus is used to many times, it makes the author seem as if they are babbling or are trying to be poetic in a sense that the piece becomes boring Example: Those with the most mind are those who mind most. This goes to show those who are best are the best at show….