Province is locatedin the eastern regionof Saudi Arabia.And Al-Ahsa isthe largest provincesArabia area asthe total area withcenters affiliated 430.000square kilometers or approximately a quarter of the kingdom, almoststretching the limits of Al-Ahsa administrative province Boqek north, andthe Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Salwa east, and Oman in the south, anddesert Aldhna west.
Believes that Mfg date back to more than 4000 years before Islam and the clans that came tohousing Mfg before Islam Semites - Phoenicians - Canaanites Civilization Dmon - tasm - ejdes- the sons of Abdul-Qais - the sons of slaves(bane obed),After Islam- inhabited tribe Abdaqayswho condemn Christianity al- Ahsa and entered Islam peace not war and set up a mosqueknown a Joatha mosque. And later Qaramita, Al-aaonion and Al-Asfour and Ottoman State Al-ghebreho governance: the first and second period, on the eighth of May 1913 could AbdulAziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud to include them under the banner of the Kingdom of SaudiArabia,
al-Ahsa princes from the beginning of the modern Saudi stateSaud bin Abdullah bin Jalawi Al Saud from 1354 to 1386AHAbdul Mohsen bin Abdullah bin Jalawi Al Saud 1386 AH to 1406 AHMohammed bin Fahd bin Abdullah bin Jalawi Al Saud 1406 to 1417AHBadr bin Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Jalawi Al Saud 1418 AH and so far.
Ahsa province has four major cities: Hofuf,Al-Omran, Mubarraz and eyes(al-aeyon).And a number of villages, including: Jurunparty, (al-wezh) and Algoabh. The population of the province 1063112 people whom 870.577 and 192.535 citizen resident according to Census 2010.Climate:Ahsa climate is hot summer, cold wet winters,and mostly cloudy atmosphere, seasonal rainsin winter and autumn, and the region isexposed to sand storms from time to time.
• Ibrahim Palace:The archaeological Ibrahim Palace innorth of Kut was the headquarters of theOttoman garrison in Al-Ahsa in Hofufof Basra, which is the seat ofgovernment. • Palace Sahod: Situated «Palace Sahod» Archaeological packages downtown neighborhood Mubarraz the second largest city in the province of Al-Ahsa.
• PALACE ABU JALAL: LOCATED IN THE VILLAGE , (AL-WEZH) AN OLD PALACE DATING BACK TO THE REIGN OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE. • PALACE SLAVES: LOCATED IN HARET AL-KUT IN THE CITY OF HOFUF.• Palace Mehaires:This palace was built on the top of a hill in1208 AH and is located in the north of thecity Mubarraz.
• National Museum of al- Ahsa :This museum was established in the Salhiya neighborhood Hofuf in 1983.• Culture and Arts Society al-Ahsa :Beginning education in Al-Ahsa:• In 1343 (hajre) was not Ahsa all schools only a small school called success opened the home of one of the traders.
Famous Al-ahsa palm cultivation and there are more than 10 thousand hectares ofcultivated land, Al-ahsa oasis agricultural flooded nature of the place and the abundanceof water, more than two million Palm produces the best dates in the world: salvationand Alrziz and Ciche, Hilali, Hatami - Barhi and others. Add this to the production ofrice Hasawi with outstanding quality and issued to the outside and a lot of fruits andvegetables.
Industry in Al-Ahsa:Come handicrafts as a special act known for the people of Al-Ahsa whomake household belongings and tools for their own work, and perhaps themost widely used products industries pottery made its article coherent core ofmud does not have impurities ,Some of these products are: Zeer - mud -Burners - vases.Rural industries:These industries depend on palm trees in the first class, it manufacturesdoors and stumps Anakilha manufactures soft brooms and ropes, and wickermade the trip and placemats and Alzenabil.Alharrazh(Kharraz):The so-called interested in the leather industries as Kharraz, who attendsleather and cleans and Edbgha then makes them buckets, shoes, bags, beltsand leather belts.
Blacksmithing:It is based on converting iron blocks topractical tools or household Almsh and feware used in construction and agriculture, and Knitting Alepeshot (al-epesht):then knives and Saws. Is the kind of dress worn by men on special occasions. Diving: It extract pearls from the depths of the sea which is the collective work of the sailors on the ships for this purpose under the leadership of [Alnoakhz].
Port al-aqeer modern: Port Al- aqeer old:Port Aqeer:Is a port located in the province of Al-Ahsa inthe Eastern Province . Mountains and lakes: • Mount the continent : Is one of the most prominent natural landmark in Hofuf Ahsa province and consists of sedimentary rocks and is characterized by Caves distinct climatic nature.• Mount the continent inside • Mount the continent out side
Mountains and lakes: • Mount the four: • Yellow Lake: Located east of the village of Al- Omran Al-ahsa is a rich pasture and grow around the lake different desert plants. Markets:• CAESAREAN MARKET:OF THE OLDEST KNOWN MARKETS EASTOF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA.• SUWAIQ MARKET:OF THE LEADING WOMENS BUSINESSMARKETS.TRADE:MOVEMENT HUGE TRADE TAKINGPLACE IN AL-AHSA HISTORICALLY ANDLOCALLY, AMOUNTING TO MORE THAN25,000 COMMERCIAL REGISTER AND THECHAMBER OF COMMERCE IN AL-AHSASIGNIFICANT EFFORTS IN PROMOTINGTHIS ASPECT SINCE IT WAS FOUNDED IN1401 AH - 1981 AD IT OPERATESTHROUGH ITS BOARD OF DIRECTORSAND GENERAL COMMITTEES TO THELIFTING ALMEKDURAT ECONOMIC AL-AHSA AND TO ACTIVATE COMMERCIAL
Oil:Follow-Ahsa several oil centers which OttomanShedgum, Aledeilah, pitted and Hawiye, whichincludes most of the Ghawar field whichreaches its extension to Abqaiq and the Riyadhregion, which is the largest oil field in theworld and is produced 44% of the productionof the Kingdom. Natural gas Ghawar of themost important sources also have been buildingplants to sort the oil and gas collected inOttoman Shedgum, pitted and Hawiyah ..Traditions and customs of thepeople of Al-Ahsa between pastand present:Quraan:Education in Al- ahsa , like other areas supportsthe existence of Al-Mutawa, which focuses onteaching the Koran.
Marriage Gsolh in Al- ahsa :Al gsolh is the common name to go to the pools, including eye or seven in order to swim andwash objects before the wedding, come together women from the village before the weddingday, accompanied by the bride to public pools women, and to return home , Pending thehenna night and frequency during songs and prayers for the Prophet. As well as the groomon his wedding day to go with the people of the village and the barber to swimming pools.
Ramadan habits:Bewitched or Abu Tubeileh.When it comes time suhoorhear the sound of the drummer.al-gergeoun:And will be held in the second half of Ramadan busyday of every year is the birth of Imam Hassan bin Alibin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him Popularcuisine in Al-Ahsa:Rice Hassawi: a brown rice and so named relative to the location ofcultivation .Bread Red Hasawi:Universities and academic centers: • King Faisal University.• Branch (University of Imam Muhammad bin SaudIslamic University).• Branch (King Saud bin Abdulaziz University forHealth Sciences).• Arab Open University.• Technical College.
Universities and academic centers: • King Faisal University.• Branch (University of Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University). • Branch (King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences). • Arab Open University. • Technical College..,ect.
Health centers: • Aramco Hospital Ahsa.• Hussein Ali Hospital Hofuf. • Hussein Ali clinic (clinic Zahra). • King Fahd General Hospital Hofuf. • Prince Salman Center for surgery and treatment of heart disease. • Hospital Prince Saud bin Jalawi. • Mental Health Hospital. Malls: • Ahsa Mall. • Folk Village markets. • Othaim Mall. • Fawares Mall.
Entry in the Seven Wonders of Nature:Mfg entered in the contest the sevennatural wonders of the world and jumpedto the center 29 in 41 days and continuedto progress until they reached the firstplace in the competition class afterclassification participating sites to riversand seas and caverns.RIHAB A.ALAMARI ……120007692