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Pre columbian mesoamerica   #2 aztec

Pre columbian mesoamerica #2 aztec






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    Pre columbian mesoamerica   #2 aztec Pre columbian mesoamerica #2 aztec Presentation Transcript

    • Major Pre-Columbian Civilizations Aztecs Mayas Incas
    • 1200 CE – 1521 CE
    • Aztecs
    • Where did the Aztecs live?
      • The Aztecs lived in what is known as the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico.
    • Location:
      • Central Valley of Mexico
      • Tenochtitlan was the capital
    • Tenochtitlan
      • Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire.
    • Legend of Tenochtitlan
      • The gods told the Aztecs to search for an eagle holding a snake in its beak perched atop a cactus. This is where they were to build their capital city. The Aztecs saw this sign on a swampy island in lake Texcoco.
    • Legend of Tenochtitlan
    • How did the Aztecs build a city in the center of a lake?
      • Tenochtitlan was built on an island
      • It was connected to the mainland by causeways leading north, south, and west of the city.
      • The city was interlaced with a series of canals, so that all sections of the city could be visited either on foot or by canoe.
    • Tenochtitlan
      • Today, Tenochtitlan is Mexico City
    • Aztec View of Tenochtitlan
    • Tenochtitlan: The “Venice” of the Americas
    • Government
      • The Aztecs created an empire through conquest
      • Conquered people and local rulers had to pay tribute to the Aztecs
      • The Aztecs had an emperor
      • The Aztec Emperor’s main job was to lead in war
    • Ruins of the City Center, Tenochtitlan
    • Wall of Skulls, Tenochtitlan
    • The Aztecs Were Fierce Warriors
    • Religion:
      • Sun God- most important, needed human blood to help rise everyday, massive number of sacrifices
      • Human sacrifices were offered to give the sun strength to rise each day
      • Used captured warriors and Aztecs for sacrifices
    • Religion & Mythology
      • Polytheistic
      • Huitzilopochtli was
      • the main Aztec god.
      • (weets se lo poch tlee)
      • The Aztecs built massive temples and pyramids dedicated to their gods
    • Religion & Mythology
      • Pyramid of the Sun
      • Pyramid of the Moon
    • Heart Sacrifice on an Aztec Temple Pyramid
    • Human Sacrifice
      • Human sacrifice was a common political & religious practice of the Aztecs.
      • For the re-consecration of Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487, the Aztecs reported that they sacrificed 84,400 prisoners over the course of four days.
    • Aztecs Sacrifice Neighboring Tribes to the Sun God
    • Achievements:
      • Astronomy
      • Mathematics-counting system
      • Accurate calendar
      • Floating gardens (chinampas) used to make up for lack of farmland, could harvest 2-3 crops per year
    • Aztec Chinampa or Floating Garden: 15ft. to 30ft. wide
    • Tenochtitlan - Chinampas
    • Aztec Math Aztec Writing
    • Aztec Sun Stone -- Calendar
    • Possible Reasons for decline:
      • Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes mistaken for Aztec god.
      • Spanish take control of Aztecs, their gold, their land
      • Spanish had superior weapons (guns)
    • Aztec Gold
    • What happened to the Aztecs?
      • Spanish conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztecs in 1521.
    • Aztec Video Clips
      • “ Engineering An Empire”
      • http://www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID=6255
      • “ What the Ancients Did For Us”
      • http://www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID=10964