Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Pre columbian mesoamerica   #2 aztec
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Pre columbian mesoamerica #2 aztec


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1.  
  • 2. Major Pre-Columbian Civilizations Aztecs Mayas Incas
  • 3. 1200 CE – 1521 CE
  • 4. Aztecs
  • 5. Where did the Aztecs live?
    • The Aztecs lived in what is known as the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico.
  • 6. Location:
    • Central Valley of Mexico
    • Tenochtitlan was the capital
  • 7. Tenochtitlan
    • Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire.
  • 8. Legend of Tenochtitlan
    • The gods told the Aztecs to search for an eagle holding a snake in its beak perched atop a cactus. This is where they were to build their capital city. The Aztecs saw this sign on a swampy island in lake Texcoco.
  • 9. Legend of Tenochtitlan
  • 10. How did the Aztecs build a city in the center of a lake?
    • Tenochtitlan was built on an island
    • It was connected to the mainland by causeways leading north, south, and west of the city.
    • The city was interlaced with a series of canals, so that all sections of the city could be visited either on foot or by canoe.
  • 11. Tenochtitlan
    • Today, Tenochtitlan is Mexico City
  • 12. Aztec View of Tenochtitlan
  • 13. Tenochtitlan: The “Venice” of the Americas
  • 14. Government
    • The Aztecs created an empire through conquest
    • Conquered people and local rulers had to pay tribute to the Aztecs
    • The Aztecs had an emperor
    • The Aztec Emperor’s main job was to lead in war
  • 15. Ruins of the City Center, Tenochtitlan
  • 16. Wall of Skulls, Tenochtitlan
  • 17. The Aztecs Were Fierce Warriors
  • 18. Religion:
    • Sun God- most important, needed human blood to help rise everyday, massive number of sacrifices
    • Human sacrifices were offered to give the sun strength to rise each day
    • Used captured warriors and Aztecs for sacrifices
  • 19. Religion & Mythology
    • Polytheistic
    • Huitzilopochtli was
    • the main Aztec god.
    • (weets se lo poch tlee)
    • The Aztecs built massive temples and pyramids dedicated to their gods
  • 20. Religion & Mythology
    • Pyramid of the Sun
    • Pyramid of the Moon
  • 21. Heart Sacrifice on an Aztec Temple Pyramid
  • 22. Human Sacrifice
    • Human sacrifice was a common political & religious practice of the Aztecs.
    • For the re-consecration of Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487, the Aztecs reported that they sacrificed 84,400 prisoners over the course of four days.
  • 23. Aztecs Sacrifice Neighboring Tribes to the Sun God
  • 24. Achievements:
    • Astronomy
    • Mathematics-counting system
    • Accurate calendar
    • Floating gardens (chinampas) used to make up for lack of farmland, could harvest 2-3 crops per year
  • 25. Aztec Chinampa or Floating Garden: 15ft. to 30ft. wide
  • 26. Tenochtitlan - Chinampas
  • 27. Aztec Math Aztec Writing
  • 28. Aztec Sun Stone -- Calendar
  • 29. Possible Reasons for decline:
    • Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes mistaken for Aztec god.
    • Spanish take control of Aztecs, their gold, their land
    • Spanish had superior weapons (guns)
  • 30. Aztec Gold
  • 31. What happened to the Aztecs?
    • Spanish conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztecs in 1521.
  • 32. Aztec Video Clips
    • “ Engineering An Empire”
    • “ What the Ancients Did For Us”