Pre columbian mesoamerica #2 aztec


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Pre columbian mesoamerica #2 aztec

  1. 2. Major Pre-Columbian Civilizations Aztecs Mayas Incas
  2. 3. 1200 CE – 1521 CE
  3. 4. Aztecs
  4. 5. Where did the Aztecs live? <ul><li>The Aztecs lived in what is known as the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Location: <ul><li>Central Valley of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Tenochtitlan was the capital </li></ul>
  6. 7. Tenochtitlan <ul><li>Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Legend of Tenochtitlan <ul><li>The gods told the Aztecs to search for an eagle holding a snake in its beak perched atop a cactus. This is where they were to build their capital city. The Aztecs saw this sign on a swampy island in lake Texcoco. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Legend of Tenochtitlan
  9. 10. How did the Aztecs build a city in the center of a lake? <ul><li>Tenochtitlan was built on an island </li></ul><ul><li>It was connected to the mainland by causeways leading north, south, and west of the city. </li></ul><ul><li>The city was interlaced with a series of canals, so that all sections of the city could be visited either on foot or by canoe. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Tenochtitlan <ul><li>Today, Tenochtitlan is Mexico City </li></ul>
  11. 12. Aztec View of Tenochtitlan
  12. 13. Tenochtitlan: The “Venice” of the Americas
  13. 14. Government <ul><li>The Aztecs created an empire through conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered people and local rulers had to pay tribute to the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs had an emperor </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztec Emperor’s main job was to lead in war </li></ul>
  14. 15. Ruins of the City Center, Tenochtitlan
  15. 16. Wall of Skulls, Tenochtitlan
  16. 17. The Aztecs Were Fierce Warriors
  17. 18. Religion: <ul><li>Sun God- most important, needed human blood to help rise everyday, massive number of sacrifices </li></ul><ul><li>Human sacrifices were offered to give the sun strength to rise each day </li></ul><ul><li>Used captured warriors and Aztecs for sacrifices </li></ul>
  18. 19. Religion & Mythology <ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Huitzilopochtli was </li></ul><ul><li>the main Aztec god. </li></ul><ul><li>(weets se lo poch tlee) </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs built massive temples and pyramids dedicated to their gods </li></ul>
  19. 20. Religion & Mythology <ul><li>Pyramid of the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramid of the Moon </li></ul>
  20. 21. Heart Sacrifice on an Aztec Temple Pyramid
  21. 22. Human Sacrifice <ul><li>Human sacrifice was a common political & religious practice of the Aztecs. </li></ul><ul><li>For the re-consecration of Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487, the Aztecs reported that they sacrificed 84,400 prisoners over the course of four days. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Aztecs Sacrifice Neighboring Tribes to the Sun God
  23. 24. Achievements: <ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics-counting system </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Floating gardens (chinampas) used to make up for lack of farmland, could harvest 2-3 crops per year </li></ul>
  24. 25. Aztec Chinampa or Floating Garden: 15ft. to 30ft. wide
  25. 26. Tenochtitlan - Chinampas
  26. 27. Aztec Math Aztec Writing
  27. 28. Aztec Sun Stone -- Calendar
  28. 29. Possible Reasons for decline: <ul><li>Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes mistaken for Aztec god. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish take control of Aztecs, their gold, their land </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish had superior weapons (guns) </li></ul>
  29. 30. Aztec Gold
  30. 31. What happened to the Aztecs? <ul><li>Spanish conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztecs in 1521. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Aztec Video Clips <ul><li>“ Engineering An Empire” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ What the Ancients Did For Us” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>