Geography of Europe

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Spring 2011 Ms Rocky's 7th Grade Geography & History Class. Geography of Europe PP with Study guide and exam included

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Geography of Europe

  1. 1. The Geography & Peoples of Europe Ms Rocky’s Class 7H
  2. 2. Europe’s Latitude v. US
  3. 3. Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States
  4. 4. Satellite View of Europe
  5. 5. 3,800 square miles
  6. 6. R E G I O N S
  7. 7. Continents by Size (sq. km.) Asia 44,579,000 Africa 30,065,000 North America 24,256,000 South America 17,819,000 Antarctica 13,209,000 Europe 9,938,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   7,687,000
  8. 8. Topography
  9. 9. Europe: A Peninsula of Peninsulas? OR A Peninsula of Asia?
  10. 10. Europe: An Asian Peninsula ?
  11. 11. Northern Peninsulas Jutland Peninsula Scandinavian Peninsula
  12. 12. Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula AnatoleanPeninsula Crimean Peninsula
  13. 13. P e n i n s u l a s Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Iberian Pen. Italian Pen. Balkan Pen. Anatolean Pen. Crimean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen.
  14. 14. B o d i e s of W a t e r Mediterranean Sea North Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Black Sea AegeanSea Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Bay of Biscay Strait of Gibraltar Dardanelles Strait Arctic Ocean English Channel Caspian Sea
  15. 15. The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum <ul><li>2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide </li></ul><ul><li>“ Crossroads of 3 Continents” </li></ul>Caesarea on the Israeli coast Strait of Gibraltar & the “Pillars of Hercules”
  16. 16. R i v e r s Danube R. Seine R. Rhine R. Loire R. Po R. Tiber R. Tagus R. Thames R. Elbe R. Oder R. Vistula R. Dnieper R. Volga R. Don R. Ebro R.
  17. 17. The Danube River 1770 miles
  18. 18. The Danube River <ul><li>Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine. </li></ul>Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube
  19. 19. The Volga River <ul><li>The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Volga River <ul><li>The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers ??
  22. 22. Capitals on the Rivers (1) Paris, right bank of the Seine London on the Thames Prague on the Vltava Budapest on the Danube
  23. 23. Capitals on the Rivers (2) Berlin on the Spree Moscow on the Moscow River Rome on the Tiber Vienna on the Danube
  24. 24. What’s the answer ??
  25. 25. Answer: They are Europe’s lifeline!
  26. 26. M o u t a i n s & P e a k s Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Apennines Mts. Dinaric Alps Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Ural Mts. Mt. Etna ^ Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^
  27. 27. Elevation Alps Carpathians Caucasus Urals Pyrennes Apennines
  28. 28. The Alps <ul><li>Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Mt. Blanc in the Alps <ul><li>Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Caucasus Mountains <ul><li>The origin of the word Caucasian . </li></ul>
  31. 31. Transylvania in the Carpathian Mountains <ul><li>Home of Vlad Tepeš , the Drakul (“Count Dracula”) </li></ul>
  32. 32. Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” <ul><li>Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia. </li></ul>1500 miles
  33. 33. The Ural Mountains
  34. 34. P l a i n s Northern European Plain Steppes Siberian Lowlands
  35. 35. The BENELUX Countries <ul><li>Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Luxembourg </li></ul>
  36. 36. Holland’s Dikes
  37. 37. Amsterdam’s Canals
  38. 38. The Netherlands: The “Dagger” Pointing at the Heart of Britain!
  39. 39. P l a t e a u s Meseta
  40. 40. C o m p l e t e d M a p North Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Black Sea AegeanSea Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Bay of Biscay Strait of Gibraltar Dardanelles Strait Arctic Ocean English Channel Caspian Sea Danube R. Seine R. Rhine R. Loire R. Po R. Tiber R. Tagus R. Thames R. Elbe R. Oder R. Vistula R. Dnieper R. Volga R. Don R. Ebro R. Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Apennines Mts. Dinaric Alps Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Ural Mts. Mt. Etna ^ Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^ Siberian Lowlands Northern European Plain Steppes Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Iberian Pen. Crimean Pen. Balkan Pen. Anatolean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen. Italian Pen.
  41. 41. 10,000 BCE – Ice Age
  42. 42. Norwegian Fjords <ul><li>Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Earthquake Zones
  44. 44. Reykjavik, Iceland: “The Youngest Oldest Country” <ul><li>Volcanoes </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Springs </li></ul><ul><li>Geysers </li></ul>
  45. 45. Mediterranean Islands <ul><li>Generally rugged & mountainous. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean Sea so polluted (will take 1000 years to clean up). </li></ul>Sardinia Cyprus Malta
  46. 46. Mt. Etna, Sicily <ul><li>An active volcano </li></ul>
  47. 47. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy <ul><li>1944 eruption </li></ul><ul><li>Pompeii, 79 CE </li></ul><ul><li>Herculaneum, 79 CE </li></ul>
  48. 48. Eastern Europe
  49. 49. Eastern Europe
  50. 50. Russia’s 10 Time Zones
  51. 51. Siberia --> Permafrost <ul><li>Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°C, and in July from 1 to 25°C </li></ul><ul><li>150,000,000 population </li></ul><ul><li>A former “ gulag ” Soviet prison camp. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Lake Baikal, Siberia <ul><li>The oldest and deepest lake in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>20% of the world’s total unfrozen water supply. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Trans-Siberian Railroad <ul><li>Completed in 1905. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Trans-Siberian Railroad <ul><li>T he main line runs 5,785 miles. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Climate
  56. 56. Europe’s Latitude v. US
  57. 57. Climate
  58. 58. Average Annual Precipitation
  59. 59. Vegetation
  60. 60. Europe’s Natural Regions
  61. 61. The North European Plain
  62. 62. The Northern European Plain --> An Invasion Route into Asia (& Vice Versa?)
  63. 63. Steppes : “Soviet” Breadbasket
  64. 64. The Steppes <ul><li>25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Major Regional Divisions of the Former U. S. S. R. Chernozen Soil
  66. 66. Germany’s Black Forest
  67. 67. Germany’s Black Forest
  68. 68. Tundra: The Not-So-Barren Land Below the Arctic Circle
  69. 69. Geographic Problems
  70. 70. Major Environmental Disasters & Pollution Problems
  71. 71. Acid Rain
  72. 72. Demographics
  73. 73. World Population by Continents Asia 3,737,000,000 Africa 823,000,000 Europe 729,000,000 North America 486,000,000 South America 351,000,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   31,000,000 Antarctica no permanent population
  74. 74. Population Density [People Per Square Mile] Belgium 336.82 Mexico 52.15 Japan 336.72 United States 29.77 India 336.62 World 14.42 United Kingdom 244.69 Norway 14.42 Italy 192.96 Canada 3.36 France 108.09 Russia 8.61
  75. 75. Population Distribution
  76. 76. Geography of Europe Study Guide: List 1 <ul><li>Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Northern </li></ul><ul><li>Western </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies of Water </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>North Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Baltic Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Black Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Aegean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Adriatic Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Tyrrhenian Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Biscay </li></ul><ul><li>Strait of Gibraltar </li></ul><ul><li>Dardanelles Strait </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>English Channel </li></ul><ul><li>Caspian Sea </li></ul>
  77. 77. Geography of Europe Study Guide: List 1 <ul><li>Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Danube </li></ul><ul><li>Rhine </li></ul><ul><li>Seine </li></ul><ul><li>Loire </li></ul><ul><li>Po </li></ul><ul><li>Tiber </li></ul><ul><li>Tagus </li></ul><ul><li>Thames </li></ul><ul><li>Elbe </li></ul><ul><li>Oder </li></ul><ul><li>Vistula </li></ul><ul><li>Dnieper </li></ul><ul><li>Volga </li></ul><ul><li>Don </li></ul><ul><li>Ebro   </li></ul><ul><li>Capitals on Major Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>London on the Thames </li></ul><ul><li>Paris on the Seine </li></ul><ul><li>Prague on the Vitava </li></ul><ul><li>Budapest on the Danube </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow on the Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin on the Spree </li></ul><ul><li>Rome on the Tiber </li></ul><ul><li>Vienna on the Danube </li></ul>
  78. 78. Geography of Europe Study Guide: List 1 <ul><li>Plains & Plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>Northern European </li></ul><ul><li>Steppes </li></ul><ul><li>Siberian Lowlands </li></ul><ul><li>Great Hungarian Plain </li></ul><ul><li>Meseta </li></ul><ul><li>Massif Central </li></ul><ul><li>Central Russian Upland </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains & Peaks </li></ul><ul><li>Alps </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrenees </li></ul><ul><li>Apennines </li></ul><ul><li>Dinaric </li></ul><ul><li>Carpathian </li></ul><ul><li>Caucasus </li></ul><ul><li>Ural </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Etna </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Vesuvius </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Olympus </li></ul>
  79. 79. Geography of Europe Study Guide: List 1 <ul><li>Fjords </li></ul><ul><li>Norwegian Fjords </li></ul><ul><li>Other Items to Locate </li></ul><ul><li>Siberian Permafrost </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Baikal, Siberia </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Siberian Railroad </li></ul><ul><li>Black Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic Circle Tundra </li></ul>
  80. 80. Fin Now STUDY for the exam…..you know, like REVIEW and PRACTICE on a blank map. Oh look! Here’s one now!.....

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