D1 03 oxfam-approches on resilience building_ellora_firdous_06feb2013


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D1 03 oxfam-approches on resilience building_ellora_firdous_06feb2013

  1. 1. Approaches of Resilience Building Elora Ferdous Regional Change Lear- Resilience BuildingPresented at the Christian Aid – Regional Consultation on Resilience – South Asia 06-08 Feb 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal
  2. 2. What’s different about resilience? Is it just good development, or rebranding existing work? What does a ‘resilience programme’ look like? For Oxfam, resilience is the desired outcome, rather than a particular type of programme. The key is to start by considering the risks that a community faces, and work to reduce them. Page 3
  3. 3. What is Resilience? Oxfam defines resilience as the ability of women, men and children to realize their rights and improve their wellbeing despite shocks, stresses and uncertainty. Thus resilience: Page 4
  4. 4. Resilience .. Addresses Is not just about coping which is shocks (e.g. often about selling disasters, Is not just about assets, nor is it early warning conflict, food about ‘bouncing systems, and price volatility) back’. drought resistant seeds), and stresses . People must be Is ultimately able to ‘jump - resilience (climate requires changes about people, beyond’ and to feel to the structural change, confident in their causes of ecosystem capacity to provide vulnerability and decline, support for their thus involves families regardless challenging the insecurity), and of shocks and status quo. uncertainty stresses Page 5
  5. 5. Resilience building is a process Page 6
  6. 6. Key to Resilience building:Analyzing Risks?Risks can be political, economic or environmental and include:• Conflict, insecurity, violence and tensions;• Volatility in food and commodity markets;• Natural disasters;• Climate Change;• Crime, corruption;• Overuse of resources, ecosystem decline and degradation. Page 7
  7. 7. Risk Analysis at the Core of ProgrammingRisk analysis needs to:• be substantially based on community viewpoints and put community voices at the centre• reflect power dynamics, vulnerability assessments, inequality, gender and the most vulnerable groups• look at current and future risk and recognise multiple hazards, long term stresses and uncertainty• updated, to reflect increased understanding of complexities and changing contexts as the programme evolves. Page 8
  8. 8. BUILDING RESILIENCE WITH EQUALITY• Resilience must lead to with the most vulnerable, as they have the hardest time in recovering from shocks and often are excluded from accessing the means that can protect them from destitution.•• Secondly, it will require the meeting of basic rights. Everyone has an equal right to life, liberty and security as well as a standard of living adequate for health and well-being, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, or old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond control Page 9
  9. 9. • Thirdly, it requires challenging power imbalances which keep people poor, marginalised and therefore vulnerable. More powerful groups are able to capture more government services, control markets and exercise privileged influence over the structure of society• Fourthly, it will entail leveraging resources to fund this. Greater resources need to be directed towards areas where there is a greater need for them Page 10
  10. 10. Social protection as a pre-requisitefor resilience..• Social protection programmes are particularly important for building resilience – they are pro-poor and pro-growth Page 11
  11. 11. Empowerment and building effectiveinstitutions• Access to resources and rights is governed by institutions. Institutions reflect power structures within society and are not always the most democratic, nor always provide rights and resources according to need. Page 12
  12. 12. ENSURING ASSETS AND ACCESS TORESOURCES FOR THE MOST VULNERABLE• Access to land is particularly important for both the rural and urban poor because it can provide a means of production, shelter, dignity, and a means for accumulation.• Natural resources are a key to resilience building for poor people. Rural livelihoods and well-being are directly reliant on the diversity and health of ecosystems and the services they provide (e.g. fuel, food, etc.), and also most vulnerable to changes in those services Page 13
  13. 13. Some of the barriers of Resiliencebuilding:• Development and humanitarian work is entirely separate. They work in Silos creating confusion between ways of working• Aid funding streams – not fit for resilience work• Resilience-building requires long-term (in the range six to ten years) flexible funding, often capable of addressing immediate and longer-term needs simultaneously Page 14
  14. 14. Risk as Humanitarian issue..?• The central problem for risk is that it has been seen, as a humanitarian issue, and not been brought into the development discourse.• In order to strengthen the essential political dimension, risk and resilience need to be integrated into development policy and practice at all levels. Page 15
  15. 15. Where we start the Resilience building.. 48 hr EFSL ends assessment/ ..Resilience Long term building stars Disaster (Resilience Development with building programme development starts here) planning Page 16
  16. 16. Tools we would be using for ResilienceBuilding• PCVA• EMMA• HEA• GEM Page 17
  17. 17. Who we should work with?Within Oxfam Who are major IFPRI: Pakistan resource providers Nepal• EFSL On Climate change• Economic analysis IRRI: Bangladesh Justice • IFPRI CIAT: South East• DRR • IRRI Asia• Long term • CIAT Development planning Page 18
  18. 18. Measuring Resilience• Still developing.... Page 19
  19. 19. Risk management is key• National governments, donors, humanitarian and development organisations and civil society must put risk faced by the most vulnerable at the heart of all long-term planning and humanitarian and development work• All development and humanitarian actors – donors, governments, international organisations and NGOs – should only fund and implement work which seeks to reduce risk, and provide greater support and resources to build peoples’ capacity to adapt. Page 20
  20. 20. New ways of working• Resilience is not what we do but how we do our work• humanitarian and development actors need to develop joint analyses and a single strategy.• Donors and governments need to find new ways of providing long term flexible funding.• Governments need to work together to ensure that risk and resilience are reflected in the post-2015 Millennium Development Goals. Page 21
  21. 21. Thank You Page 22