What is ICT?Why we need ICT?Brief history about ICTICT now and then (comparison)ICT gadget or mediaBreakthrough on ICTPositive and negative effect of ICTSummary
According to longman dictionary INFORMATION is facts or details that tell you something about a situation, person, event, etc COMMUNICATION is : the process by which people exchange information or express their toughts and feelings TECHNOLOGY is : new machine, equipment, and ways of doing things that are bassed on modem knowledge about science and computers So ICT is : machine, equipment, or ways of giving or exchange about fact or detail about a situation, person, event, etc
WHY WE NEED ICT ? Imagine your self living in a jungle, No TV, telephone, efectricity, radio, satelite, friends to talk just like the stone age peried, How do you feel about it? Human being is a social creature, we must live and communicate each other. For that reason people invent many thing to ease their social needs Nowadays, people hardly live without ICT. It’s almost in every sectors of our lives. Kitchen, bedroom, office, school, mosque, church, even open spaces like park or street have available communication media Internet, TV, radio, telephone (mobile and fix line), news paper are unavoidable source to our life Business and pleasure runs smoothly with ICT
Premechanical The premechanical age is the earliest age of information technology. It can be defined as the time between 3000B.C when humans first started communicating they would try to use languange or simple picture drawings knows as petroglyths which were usually carved in rock. Early alphabets were developed such as the Phoenician alphabet.
1450 Newspapers appear in europe 1640 The first mechanical computing machine 1671 German mathematician and philosopher invented a machine called the stepped reckoner 1821 The first modern computer design 1830 The first automaticloom during 1832 The first analytical engine
◦ This is some ICT gadget or media◦ - Telegraph◦ - Telephone◦ - Fax◦ - Television◦ -Radio◦ -Cellphone◦ - Computer
From an ICTpoint of view, realizing a robust, inteligent and self regulating living technology based on the same principles as biology would revolutionize our ability to control the microscopic world in real time and with high information density. This would take it “where the action is” which is online, immersed and, nano, giving it the same kind of functionaly as cells and organelles but with enchanced programmable control of funtion ICT components in machinery or bio-medical devises might change their physical form in response to chaning environtmental condotions, greatly enhancing their functionality. The vision is to allow ICT specialists programmable algorithmic entry to the vast world of nanoscale chemical system processes, leading to an immeasurably more powerful generation of ICT devices and software.
Positive: - Access to information - New tools, new opportunities Negative: - Job loss - Reduced personal interaction - Reduced physical activity
- Information and communications technology or information and communication tchnology (ICT). Is often used as an extended synonym for informaton technology (IT), but is a more specific term that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.- The phrase ICT had benn used in a report to the UK Government by Dennis- Stevenson in 1997 and in the revised National curriculum for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2000- The term ICT is now also used to refer to the convergence of audio visual and telephone networks with computer neworks through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentives (huge cost savings due to eliminations of the telephone network) to merge the audio visual,building management and telephone network with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distributionand management