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Spotlight on Analytical Applications e-Zine Environmental Special Edition - Volume 1

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Spotlight on Applications is a quarterly e-zine compendium, delivering a variety of topics that address the pressing issues and analytical challenges you may face in your application areas today.  This Special Edition features a broad range of applications within Water, Air, Soil/Hazardous Waste testing which you will be able to access at your convenience. Each application in the table of contents includes an embedded link which takes you directly to the appropriate page within the e-zine.

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Spotlight on Analytical Applications e-Zine Environmental Special Edition - Volume 1

  1. 1. CONTENTS TABLE OF SPOTLIGHT ON APPLICATIONS. FOR A BETTER TOMORROW.SPECIAL EDITION – ENVIRONMENTALVOLUME 1
  2. 2. CONTENTSTABLE OF INTRODUCTION PerkinElmer Spotlight on Applications e-Zine – Environmental Special Edition Welcome to our Spotlight on Applications e-zine. Whether you’ve experienced Spotlight on Applications in the past or are hearing about it for the first time, we want to share with you this special edition, dedicated to recent application releases within Environmental Testing. Spotlight on Applications is a quarterly e-zine compendium, delivering a variety of topics that address the pressing issues and analytical challenges you may face in your application areas today. This Special Edition features a broad range of applications within Water, Air, and Soil/Hazardous Waste Testing, which you will be able to access at your convenience. Each application in the table of contents includes an embedded link which takes you directly to the appropriate page within the e-zine. We invite you to explore, enjoy and learn! And don’t miss out – if you subscribe, you will automatically receive new volumes as they are released. Be sure to receive future issues by subscribing here. PerkinElmer
  3. 3. CONTENTS TABLE OFCONTENTSWater Testing – Inorganic Contaminants• The Analysis of Drinking Waters by U.S. EPA Method 200.8 Using the NexION 300X ICP-MS in Standard and Collision Modes• Benefits of NexION 300 ICP-MS Technology for the Analysis of Power Plant Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastewaters• Environmental Resource Associates adds a NexION 300Q ICP-MS to its Inorganic Proficiency Testing Process• NexION 300 ICP-MS at South West Water – Driving Productivity and Increasing the Speed of Analysis• Analysis of NIST® Gold Nanoparticles Reference Materials Using the NexION 300 ICP-MS in Single Particle Mode• olorado School of Mines Uses a NexION 300Q ICP-MS to Obtain a Better Understanding of the Environmental Impact C of Engineered Nanomaterials• race Metals in Waters by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, in Accordance with U.S. EPA and Health T Canada Requirements• Determination of Arsenic, Selenium and Mercury in Waters by Hydride Generation/Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption SpectroscopyWater Testing – Organic Contaminants• he Determination of Low Level Benzene, Toluene, Ethyl Benzene, and Xylenes (BTEX) in Drinking Water by Headspace Trap-GC/MS T• mproved Sensitivity and Dynamic Range Using the Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS System for U.S. EPA Method 8270D Semi-Volatile Organic I Compound Analysis• U.S. EPA Method 8260C by Purge and Trap Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry using the Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS• Determination of Hydrocarbons in Environmental Samples with Spectrum Two• Methane, Ethylene, and Ethane in Water by Headspace-Gas Chromatography with Flame Ionization Detection• Atrazine in Water by Direct Sample Analysis-TOF MS• Analysis of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in River Water Samples by UHPLC-TOF• Personal Care Products in River Water by Direct Sample Analysis-TOF MS• Carbamates in river water by Direct Sample Analysis-TOF MSAir Testing• Ozone Precursor Analysis Using a Thermal Desorption-GC SystemSoil Hazardous Waste Testing• Insecticide on Mosquito Nets by Direct Sample Analysis-TOF MS• nvironmental Resource Associates adds a NexION 300Q ICP-MS to its Inorganic Proficiency Testing Process E• mproved Sensitivity and Dynamic Range Using the Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS System for U.S. EPA Method 8270D Semi-Volatile I Organic Compound Analysis• U.S. EPA Method 8260C by Purge and Trap Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry using the Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS PerkinElmer
  4. 4. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e ICP-Mass Spectrometry AuthorsInorganic Contaminants Ewa Pruszkowski, Ph.D. Senior ICP-MS Application Scientist Water Testing – Cynthia P. Bosnak Senior Product Specialist PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USAOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – The Analysis of Drinking Introduction Method 200.8 is a well-established method Waters by U.S. EPA Method promulgated by the U.S. Environmental 200.8 Using the NexION 300X Protection Agency (EPA) for the analysis of ground waters, surface waters, drinking ICP-MS in Standard and waters, and wastewaters by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Collision Modes The method was first published in 1990 to support the National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (NPDWR), which specified maximum contaminant levels (MCL) for 12 primary elemental contaminants in public water systems as part of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) of 1986. There have been many iterations of Method 200.8, including the addition Air Testing of 9 secondary contaminants under the National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations (NSDWR). These 21 elements, along with suggested analytical masses, are shown in Table 1. The version in use today is Revision 5.4 of the Method, which was approved for drinking water in 1994 and became effective in January, 1995.3 In addition, Method 200.8 was also recommended in 1992 for the monitoring of wastewaters under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program to control the discharge of pollutants into navigable water systems, as part of the amended Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1977.4 It was approved on a nation-wide basis for this matrix in 2007.Soil Hazardous Waste Testing Download Entire Application Note
  5. 5. CONTENTS TABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e ICP-Mass Spectrometry Authors Inorganic Contaminants Stan Smith Water Testing – Ewa Pruszkowski, Ph.D. PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USA Organic Contaminants Benefits of NexION 300 Water Testing – Introduction ICP-MS Technology for One of the most widely used technologies for removing pollutants, such as sulfur the Analysis of Power Plant dioxide, from flue gas emissions produced Flue Gas Desulfurization by coal-fired power plants, is the limestone-forced oxidation scrubbing Wastewaters system. More commonly known as flue gas desulfurization (FGD), this process employs gas scrubbers to spray limestone slurry over the flue gas to convert gaseous sulfur dioxide to calcium sulfate.1 Unfortunately, many of the contaminants from the coal, limestone and make-up water are concentrated in the circulating water of the scrubbing system. So in order to maintain appropriate plant operating conditions, a constant purge stream Air Testing of water containing these contaminants has to be discharged from the scrubbers while fresh limestone slurry is fed in. This purge stream is extremely acidic and saturated with high concentrations of gypsum, heavy metals, alkali earth metals, chlorides and dissolved organic compounds. A schematic of a typical FGD process is shown in Figure 1. flue gas exhaust slurry sprayers various treatment procedures wastewater Soil Hazardous Waste Testing gypsum cake flue gas inlet treated effluent limestone slurry dewatering to discharge slurry inlet purge vacuum belt air injection Figure 1. The flue gas desulfurization (FGD) process.Download Entire Application Note
  6. 6. CONTENTSTABLE OF Case Environmental studyInorganic Contaminants Water Testing –Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Environmental Resource Associates (ERA) adds Proficiency testing (PT) is defined as a means a NexION 300Q to its of evaluating a laboratorys performance under controlled conditions relative to a given set Inorganic Proficiency of criteria through the analysis of unknown samples provided by an external source. Many Testing Process organizations that manage proficiency-testing studies are also responsible for producing the certified reference materials (CRMs) and quality control (QC) standards that support validation of the testing methodology. The charac- Air Testing terization and certification of these kinds of materials requires an extremely high level of analytical expertise, together with instrumental techniques that are capable of generating accuracy and precision data of the highest caliber. Two of the most well-known suppliers of reference materials include the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST®) in the U.S. and the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) in Europe. However, even though they offer a diverse range of standards, many proficiency-testing organizations produce their own unique, matrix-specific certified reference materials and QC standards that can be traced back to NIST® and IRMM sources. One of the most well-respected proficiency testing providers that serve the environmental and pharmaceutical markets is Environmental Resource Associates (ERA), a division of Waters Corporation based in Arvada, Colorado. In operation since 1978, ERA has become theSoil Hazardous Waste Testing largest supplier of proficiency-testing studies and certified reference materials for environ- mental laboratories in North America. It has not become the market leader by accident. Its reputation over the past 33 years is based on knowledge and expertise in the determination Download Entire Application Note Download Entire Case Study
  7. 7. CONTENTS TABLE OF Case study Environmental Inorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Driving Productivity and Increasing the South West Water is responsible for maintaining Speed of Analysis and monitoring the quality of drinking and bathing Air Testing waters and the sewage system network in a region of England. They do this effectively through a central analytical facility. In early 2010, as part of the rolling replacement programme, the ICP-MS instrument was identified as due for renewal. The analytical team were looking for an instrument that could be relied upon to have minimum downtime and be a workhorse for high sample throughput; but also offer flexibility to adapt to changing business requirements and complete investigative work if required. After the evaluation of the top three suppliers, the NexION® 300 ICP-MS from PerkinElmer was selected. The flexibility offered by NexION having both a collision and dynamic reaction cell ensures that the lab is future proofed. Being fully prepared to handle Soil Hazardous Waste Testing any changes in sample matrices and still benefit from sensitive, reproducible results day in day out.Download Entire Application Note Download Entire Case Study
  8. 8. CONTENTSTABLE OF application note ICP-Mass Spectrometry AuthorsInorganic Contaminants Chady Stephan, Ph.D. Water Testing – Aaron Hineman PerkinElmer, Inc. Woodbridge, Ontario CANOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – Analysis of NIST Gold ® Introduction Engineered nanomaterials (ENs) refer Nanoparticles Reference to the process of producing and/or controlling materials that have at least Materials Using the one dimension in the size range of 1 to 100 nm. They often possess different NexION 300 ICP-MS properties compared to bulk materials of the same composition, making them in Single Particle Mode of great interest to a broad spectrum of industrial and commercial applications. Air Testing Recent studies have shown that some nanoparticles may be harmful to humans. A 2009 study in the Journal of Nanoparticle Research showed that zinc oxide nanoparticles were toxic to human lung cells in lab tests even at low concentrations (Weisheng et al., 2009).1 Other studies have shown that tiny silver particles (15 nanometers) killed liver and brain cells in laboratory rats. At the nano scale, particles are more chemically reactive and bioactive, allowing them to easily penetrate organs and cells (Braydich-Stolle et. al., 2005).2Soil Hazardous Waste Testing Download Entire Application Note
  9. 9. CONTENTS TABLE OF Case ICP-Mass Spectrometrystudy Inorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Colorado School of Mines Uses a NexION 300Q There is an unprecedented amount of scientific Air Testing research going on today dedicated to the study ICP-MS to Obtain a Better of a world so small, we cannot see it even with a conventional microscope. That world Understanding of the is the field of nanotechnology – the realm of atoms and nanostructures. But what actually is Environmental Impact of nanotechnology? The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) defines nanotechnology as the study Engineered Nanomaterials of materials with dimensions 100 nm, where unique properties enable novel applications to be carried out. For example, gases, liquids, and solids can exhibit unusual physical, chemical, and biological properties at the nanoscale level, differing in critical ways from the properties of the bulk materials. Nanomaterials Soil Hazardous Waste Testing occur in nature, such as clay minerals and humic acids, but they can also be produced by human activity such as diesel emissions, or welding fumes. In addition, nanomaterialsDownload Entire Case Study
  10. 10. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Atomic Absorption Author:Inorganic Contaminants Randy L. Hergenreder Water Testing – PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT 06484 USAOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – Trace Metals in Introduction Several trace elements are recognized as toxic or Waters by GFAAS, carcinogenic and are regulated in drinking water by various environmental agencies worldwide. in Accordance with The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Act includes maximum levels U.S. EPA and Health permitted in drinking water for the elements arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), selenium (Se) and Canada Requirements thallium (Tl). The World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada also have limits on these elements in drinking water (Table 1). Water contamination sources can range from naturally occurring deposits exposed from erosion, to agriculture and industrial discharges. There can also be direct contamination from: Pb used in plumbing fixtures, Cd found in galvanized pipes, and electronics manufacturing Air Testing discharges for Tl. Precise and accurate measurements at the regulated levels are an important factor for assuring safe drinking water. U.S. EPA Method 200.91 is the method cited by EPA, Health Canada, and the WHO for the use of graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS). In evaluating a GFAAS system for determination of these elements, it must provide good sensitivity, low noise, limited drift, and accuracy in matrices with high salt content (hard water) that might be found in drinking waters. In this work, the PinAAcle™ 900T, with a unique optical system, is evaluated for the use of EPA Method 200.9 for As, Cd, Pb, Se, and Tl in drinking waters.Soil Hazardous Waste Testing Download Entire Application Note
  11. 11. CONTENTS TABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Atomic Absorption Author Inorganic Contaminants Aaron Hineman Water Testing – PerkinElmer, Inc. Ontario, Canada Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Determination of As, Introduction Contamination of industrial and municipal water Se and Hg in Waters by supplies with arsenic (As), selenium (Se), and mercury (Hg) can occur from natural deposits, industrial Hydride Generation/ discharge, runoff from mining, landfill and agricultural operations. Consumption of contaminated water can Cold Vapor Atomic cause skin damage (As), kidney and nervous system damage (Hg) and numbness in the fingers and toes Absorption Spectroscopy (Se).1 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) have guidelines on the concen- tration of As, Se and Hg for the protection of marine and freshwater aquatic life and the protection of agriculture.1,2 Due to the low levels of Air Testing these guidelines for As, Se, and Hg, it is important to have analytical measurements that are precise and accurate with low amounts of noise. Hydride generation (HG) is a very effective analytical technique developed to separate hydride forming metals, such as Se and As, from a range of matrices and varying acid concentrations. The heated quartz tube atomizer is particularly useful for the determination of arsenic and selenium because the absorption wavelengths for these elements are below 200 nm in an area subject to intense interference from flame radicals that can significantly affect detection limits. Mercury can be easily reduced in solution to generate elemental mercury, otherwise known as cold vapor (CV). This technique is also effective at separating mercury from a range of matrices. These analytical techniques can improve detection limits by a factor of approximately 3000 times that of flame detection limits and typically have less Soil Hazardous Waste Testing interference than graphite furnace techniques.Download Entire Application Note
  12. 12. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry AuthorInorganic Contaminants Lee Marotta Water Testing – PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT 06484 USAOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – The Determination of Introduction BTEX is a grouping of structurally similar Low Level Benzene, volatile organic compounds including benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and the Toluene, Ethyl Benzene, three xylene isomers. These compounds are known pollutants and are typically and Xylenes (BTEX) found near petroleum production and storage sites. BTEX are regulated toxic in Drinking Water by compounds while benzene is also an EPA target carcinogen. The investigation of Headspace Trap GC/MS these compounds, especially in drinking water at low levels, is critical to protect Air Testing public health. This application note focuses on exceeding the current EPA detection limit requirement for BTEX while meeting and/or exceeding all other criteria in EPA method 524.2 for these analytes. Instrumentation A PerkinElmer® TurboMatrix™ Headspace (HS) sample handling system was used to volatilize and concentrate BTEX in water samples. To enhance detection limits, an inline trap was employed, which focused these analytes prior to injection onto the analytical column. A PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ 8S Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS) configured with the standard capacity turbo molecular pumpSoil Hazardous was the analytical system used. Waste Testing Download Entire Application Note
  13. 13. CONTENTS TABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry Authors Inorganic Contaminants Yury Kaplan Water Testing – Ruben Garnica PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT 06484 USA Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Improved Sensitivity Introduction U.S. Environmental Protection and Dynamic Range Agency (EPA) Method 8270D – Semi- Volatile Organic Compounds by Gas Using the Clarus SQ 8 Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) – is a common and wide ranging GC/MS System for method employed in nearly all commercial environmental laboratories. The analysis EPA Method 8270D focuses on the detection of trace level semi-volatile organic compounds in Semi-Volatile Organic extracts from solid waste matrices, soils, air sampling media and water samples. Compound Analysis The method lists over 200 compounds Air Testing however a majority of laboratories target between 60 and 90 for most analyses. The study presented here demonstrates the PerkinElmer® Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS, not only meets the method requirements but provides users flexibility to satisfy their individual productivity demands. An extended calibration range is presented as are the advantages of the Clarifi™ detector. Soil Hazardous Waste TestingDownload Entire Application Note
  14. 14. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry AuthorsInorganic Contaminants Ruben Garnica Dawn May Water Testing – PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USAOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – Method 8260C by Introduction U.S. EPA Method 8260C – Volatile Purge and Trap Gas Organic Compounds (VOCs) by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Chromatography (GC/MS) is one of the most common environmental applications for GC/MS. Mass Spectrometry This method outlines the analysis of volatile organic compounds in a variety using the Clarus SQ 8 of solid waste matrices including vari- ous air sampling trapping media, ground and surface water, soils, and sediments among others. The method requires not Air Testing only demonstration of laboratory sample preparation and handling competence but instrument performance as well. The study presented here demonstrates the PerkinElmer® Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS with purge and trap sample introduction both meets and exceeds the performance criteria set out in method 8260C and describes the analytical results and instrumental methodology. Experimental The PerkinElmer Clarus SQ 8C GC/MS operating in electron ionization mode with an Atomx purge and trap sample introduction system (Teledyne Tekmar, Mason, OH) was used to perform these experiments. The purge and trap conditions are presented in Table 1 and represent standard conditions forSoil Hazardous the analysis of method of VOCs by EPA Method 8260C. Waste Testing Download Entire Application Note
  15. 15. CONTENTS TABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t E FT-IR Spectroscopy Authors Inorganic Contaminants Ben Perston Water Testing – Aniruddha Pisal PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT 06484 USA Determination of Introduction Organic Contaminants The concentration of dispersed oil and grease in water is an important Hydrocarbons in parameter for human and environmental health. Infrared spectroscopy has Water Testing – long been a standard method for detecting and quantifying hydrocarbon Environmental contamination, particularly in water discharged during offshore oil operations.1 Samples with Recently, this analytical technique has enjoyed renewed interest and application to a wider range of environmental samples and matrices, from Spectrum Two cooling water, to soil in land reclamation, to drinking water; at the same time, concern over the environmental impact of chlorofluorocarbon solvents has led to the development of a number of alternative approaches using less harmful solvents. This application note presents an overview of three methods and a comparison of their performance: 1. Halogenated solvent extraction and transmission measurement (C–H stretch modes), e.g. ASTM® D7066. This is the traditional approach, but requires the use of relatively expensive solvents that may be harmful. Air Testing 2. Hexane extraction and ATR measurement allows the use of an inexpensive hydrocarbon solvent, but does not permit the measurement of volatile contaminants. 3. Cyclohexane extraction and transmission measurement (1377 cm-1) exploits a deformation mode that is not present in the spectra of cycloalkanes (see Figure 1), and combines the simplicity of a transmission measurement with a hydrocarbon solvent.2 All three of these methods are supported by the Spectrum Two Environmental Hydrocarbons Analysis System (Figure 2), with the appropriate sampling accessory. This note evaluates the three methods Soil Hazardous Waste Testing and discusses their relative advantages.Download Entire Application Note
  16. 16. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Gas Chromatography AuthorsInorganic Contaminants Lee Marotta Water Testing – Dennis Yates PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USAOrganic Contaminants Methane, Ethylene, Water Testing – Introduction and Ethane in Water The rapid development of natural by Headspace-Gas gas from unconventional sources in North America has created an energy Chromatography (HS-GC) “gold rush” not seen in contemporary times. The advent of horizontal drilling with Flame Ionization technologies and hydraulic fracturing has made this production economical and Detection (FID) presents an energy source of sufficient magnitude that could last 100 years. The technology presents a number of environmental challenges as the wells are drilled vertically through aquifers on their way to the deep shale Air Testing deposits thousands of feet under the surface, and then turned horizontally and drilled another several thousand feet through the shale deposit. Herein lies the challenge: in the process of drilling the wells and preparing them for production (including “fracking” to optimize production), opportunities arise for contamination of the clean drinking water aquifers with methane and other low molecular weight organics (e.g., propane and ethane). Correctly drilled and cemented well bores should not be an issue, but any errors in engineering could result in contamination. It is also possible that methane already exists at a low concentration in the aquifer from diffusion of the gas occurring naturally. There is a need (bySoil Hazardous property owner and lease holder) to confirm the level of gas in the aquifer Waste Testing before and during drilling, and also after the well is placed into production. Download Entire Application Note
  17. 17. CONTENTS TABLE OF Direct Sample analySiS TOF MS Inorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Environmental: Atrazine in water Results in seconds • The pesticide atrazine is a • Use of TrapPulse™ mode increases sensitivity 8 fold contaminant of surface and and gives greater mass accuracy drinking water Increased sensitivity • DSA-TOF analysis of 2 uL of water on a mesh • The maximum level of confirms presence of atrazine with atrazine in water has been a mass accuracy 1 ppm Confirms water safety set as 0.003 mg/L • The analysis was performed in 15 seconds with no Organic Contaminants sample preparation and external calibration Water Testing – Air Testing Soil Hazardous Waste Testing PerkinElmer, Inc. 940 Winter Street Waltham, ma 02451 USa p: (800) 762-4000 or (+1) 203-925-4602 www.perkinelmer.com For a complete listing of our global offices, visit www.perkinelmer.com/ContactUs copyright ©2012 perkinelmer, inc. all rights reserved. perkinelmer® is a registered trademark of perkinelmer, inc. all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 010080_01Download Entire Application Brief
  18. 18. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Liquid Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry AuthorInorganic Contaminants Sharanya Reddy Water Testing – PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USAOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – Analysis of Introduction Identifying the presence of emerging Pharmaceuticals and pollutants in surface water samples is a growing area of concern in the environ- Personal Care Products mental field.1,2 Many of these pollutants are introduced into the surface waters in River Water Samples anthropogenically through municipal waste water. Among the emerging by UHPLC-TOF pollutants, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) have been detected at parts per million and parts per trillion concentrations in surface waters. The presence of PPCPs suggests inefficient Air Testing removal of these compounds by current sewage treatment processes. We present a study of PPCPs in river water samples from the northeastern United States using UHPLC-TOF-MS for both targeted and non-targeted analytes. Unlike a triple quadrupole, which is operated in multiple reaction monitoring mode for screening only predefined targeted analytes, the time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer provides full spectrum accurate mass data that can be used to analyze and identify an unlimited number of compounds, without prior knowledge of target analytes or when reference standards are not available. In this study we show how high mass accuracy information provided by the PerkinElmer AxION 2® TOF along with the priopriatory AxION EC ID software can be used toSoil Hazardous Waste Testing identify unknown analytes in surface river waters. Download Entire Application Note
  19. 19. CONTENTS TABLE OF DIrECt SAMPlE AnAlySIS TOF MS Inorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Environmental: Personal care products in river water No complex method • Personal care products pose a rising concern as a contaminant in post • 10 ppb spiked river samples simply filtered, 10 mM ammonium formate development water treatment river waters added, and pipetted onto a mesh • Existing protocols require lengthy SPE • DSA-TOF analysis confirms presence of Comprehensive analysis work up followed by LC, LC/MS or personal care products and pesticides, GC/MS analysis with high mass accuracy Ensures water quality Organic Contaminants • The analysis was performed in 15 seconds with minimal sample Water Testing – preparation and external calibration Air Testing Soil Hazardous Waste Testing PerkinElmer, Inc. 940 Winter Street Waltham, MA 02451 USA P: (800) 762-4000 or (+1) 203-925-4602 www.perkinelmer.com For a complete listing of our global offices, visit www.perkinelmer.com/ContactUs Copyright ©2012 PerkinElmer, Inc. All rights reserved. PerkinElmer® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 010103_01Download Entire Application Brief
  20. 20. CONTENTSTABLE OF Direct Sample analySiS TOF MSInorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Environmental: Carbamates in river water No complex method • Carbamates are known contaminants of river water, EPA maximum • 10 ppb spiked river samples simply filtered and pipetted onto a mesh development concentration of 10 ug/L • DSA-TOF analysis confirms presence • Existing protocols require lengthy SPE of carbamates, with high mass Fast, accurate mass work up followed by LC, LC/MS or accuracy GC/MS analysisOrganic Contaminants • The analysis was performed Ensures water quality in 15 seconds with no sample Water Testing – preparation and external calibration Air TestingSoil Hazardous Waste Testing PerkinElmer, Inc. 940 Winter Street Waltham, ma 02451 USa p: (800) 762-4000 or (+1) 203-925-4602 www.perkinelmer.com For a complete listing of our global offices, visit www.perkinelmer.com/ContactUs copyright ©2012 perkinelmer, inc. all rights reserved. perkinelmer® is a registered trademark of perkinelmer, inc. all other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 010082_01 Download Entire Application Brief
  21. 21. CONTENTS TABLE OF White paper Gas Chromatography Inorganic Contaminants Authors Water Testing – Graham Broadway Andrew Tipler PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USA Ozone Precursor Analysis Using a Organic Contaminants In the United States, the Clean Air Act of 1970 gave the U.S. Environmental Water Testing – Thermal Desorption- Protection Agency (EPA) responsibility for maintaining clean air for health and welfare. Six parameters are measured routinely in ambient air: SOx, NOx, PM10 GC System (particulate matter less than 10 microns), Pb, CO and ozone. In the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Title 1 expanded the measurements in air to include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone. These parameters are measured in urban areas that do not meet the attainment goals for ozone, as shown in Figure 1. These measurements are implemented through a program known as Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS). This program has been in place in the U.S. for a number of years, and in 2008 the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Ground-Level Ozone was reduced to 0.075 ppm for an 8-hour period.1 The U.S. EPA predicts that a large number Air Testing of counties will violate the 2008 standard2 (Figure 1). Similar recommendations have also been made in Europe. Following the 1992 Ozone Directive and United Nations Economic Commission for Europe’s protocol on controlling VOC emissions, a European ozone precursor priority list was established by Kotzias et al.3 and subsequently modified by the EC 2002/3/CE directive. Figure 1. Areas expected to violate the 2008 Ozone Standard. Soil Hazardous Waste TestingDownload Entire White Paper
  22. 22. CONTENTSTABLE OF DIrECt SAMPlE AnAlySIS TOF MSInorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Environmental: Insecticide on mosquito nets Results in seconds • Deltamethrin is a WHO approved insecticide for treatment of • Existing protocols require extraction followed by HPLC or GC/MS analysis mosquito nets Assures product • DSA-TOF analysis of a net section • Treated nets command a higher confirms presence of deltamethrin authenticity price but some suppliers omit the at the required level to be effectiveOrganic Contaminants insecticide Protects consumers • The analysis was performed in Water Testing – 15 seconds with no sample preparation and external calibration Air TestingSoil Hazardous Waste Testing PerkinElmer, Inc. 940 Winter Street Waltham, MA 02451 USA P: (800) 762-4000 or (+1) 203-925-4602 www.perkinelmer.com For a complete listing of our global offices, visit www.perkinelmer.com/ContactUs Copyright ©2012 PerkinElmer, Inc. All rights reserved. PerkinElmer® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 010079_01 Download Entire Application Brief
  23. 23. CONTENTS TABLE OF Case Environmentalstudy Inorganic Contaminants Water Testing – Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Environmental Resource Associates (ERA) adds Proficiency testing (PT) is defined as a means a NexION 300Q to its of evaluating a laboratorys performance under controlled conditions relative to a given set Inorganic Proficiency of criteria through the analysis of unknown samples provided by an external source. Many Testing Process organizations that manage proficiency-testing studies are also responsible for producing the certified reference materials (CRMs) and quality control (QC) standards that support validation of the testing methodology. The charac- Air Testing terization and certification of these kinds of materials requires an extremely high level of analytical expertise, together with instrumental techniques that are capable of generating accuracy and precision data of the highest caliber. Two of the most well-known suppliers of reference materials include the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST®) in the U.S. and the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) in Europe. However, even though they offer a diverse range of standards, many proficiency-testing organizations produce their own unique, matrix-specific certified reference materials and QC standards that can be traced back to NIST® and IRMM sources. One of the most well-respected proficiency testing providers that serve the environmental and pharmaceutical markets is Environmental Resource Associates (ERA), a division of Waters Corporation based in Arvada, Colorado. In operation since 1978, ERA has become the Soil Hazardous Waste Testing largest supplier of proficiency-testing studies and certified reference materials for environ- mental laboratories in North America. It has not become the market leader by accident. Its reputation over the past 33 years is based on knowledge and expertise in the determinationDownload Entire Case Study
  24. 24. CONTENTSTABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry AuthorsInorganic Contaminants Yury Kaplan Water Testing – Ruben Garnica PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT 06484 USAOrganic Contaminants Water Testing – Improved Sensitivity Introduction U.S. Environmental Protection and Dynamic Range Agency (EPA) Method 8270D – Semi- Volatile Organic Compounds by Gas Using the Clarus SQ 8 Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) – is a common and wide ranging GC/MS System for method employed in nearly all commercial environmental laboratories. The analysis EPA Method 8270D focuses on the detection of trace level semi-volatile organic compounds in Semi-Volatile Organic extracts from solid waste matrices, soils, air sampling media and water samples. Compound Analysis The method lists over 200 compounds Air Testing however a majority of laboratories target between 60 and 90 for most analyses. The study presented here demonstrates the PerkinElmer® Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS, not only meets the method requirements but provides users flexibility to satisfy their individual productivity demands. An extended calibration range is presented as are the advantages of the Clarifi™ detector.Soil Hazardous Waste Testing Download Entire Application Note
  25. 25. CONTENTS TABLE OF a p p l i c at i o n n o t e Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry Authors Inorganic Contaminants Ruben Garnica Water Testing – Dawn May PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT USA Organic Contaminants Water Testing – Method 8260C by Introduction U.S. EPA Method 8260C – Volatile Purge and Trap Gas Organic Compounds (VOCs) by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Chromatography (GC/MS) is one of the most common environmental applications for GC/MS. Mass Spectrometry This method outlines the analysis of volatile organic compounds in a variety using the Clarus SQ 8 of solid waste matrices including vari- ous air sampling trapping media, ground and surface water, soils, and sediments among others. The method requires not Air Testing only demonstration of laboratory sample preparation and handling competence but instrument performance as well. The study presented here demonstrates the PerkinElmer® Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS with purge and trap sample introduction both meets and exceeds the performance criteria set out in method 8260C and describes the analytical results and instrumental methodology. Experimental The PerkinElmer Clarus SQ 8C GC/MS operating in electron ionization mode with an Atomx purge and trap sample introduction system (Teledyne Tekmar, Mason, OH) was used to perform these experiments. The purge and trap conditions are presented in Table 1 and represent standard conditions for Soil Hazardous Waste Testing the analysis of method of VOCs by EPA Method 8260C.Download Entire Application Note
  26. 26. CONTENTSTABLE OF USEFUL LINKS View previous issues of our Spotlight on Applications e-ZineInorganic Contaminants • Volumes 1-12 Water Testing – • Food Beverage Special Edition Access our application archives By Industry: • Consumer Products • Energy • Environmental • Food, Beverage NutraceuticalsOrganic Contaminants • Forensics • Lubricants Water Testing – • Pharmaceutical Development Manufacturing • Polymers/Plastics Environmental Testing • Semiconductor Electronics Online Applications Library By Technology: We invite you to explore, enjoy and learn! • Atomic Absorption (AA) • Elemental Analysis • Gas Chromatography (GC) • GC Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) • Hyphenated Technology • ICP Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) Air Testing • Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-OES ICP-AES) • Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR IR) • LIMS Data Handling • Liquid Chromatography (HPLC UHPLC) • Mass Spectrometry • Thermal Analysis • UV/Vis UV/Vis/NIRSoil Hazardous Waste Testing PerkinElmer, Inc. 940 Winter Street Waltham, MA 02451 USA P: (800) 762-4000 or (+1) 203-925-4602 www.perkinelmer.com For a complete listing of our global offices, visit www.perkinelmer.com/ContactUs Copyright ©2012, PerkinElmer, Inc. All rights reserved. PerkinElmer® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 010525_01

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