Child Labor By Vaan Taepaisitphongse and Nok Salirathavibhaga
Why I Chose this topic? When I heard the word “child labor”, I wondered whether those children got some help from government or organization groups or not. I also want to know what is the real definition for child labor and the effects of it. And, most importantly, how can we help those children.
Why is this topic a global issue? Child labor is significant because it effects children around the world. They have been harm and they have to work so hard to get pay. This problem is a transnational problem when there is child trading around the world so it is become a business. And since it became a business, it keeps going and will not stop if no one can solve. Therefore, the number of child laborer is still high and it is the problem that needs to be solved. Moreover, those children don’t get the opportunities to go to school so it effects literacy rate.
Child labor is work that harms children or keeps them from attending school. Underage children work at all sorts of jobs around the world, usually because they and their families are extremely poor. Large numbers of children work in commercial agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, mining, and domestic service. Some children work in illicit activities like the drug trade and prostitution or other traumatic activities such as serving as soldiers. What is Child Labor? Child labor involves at least one of the following characteristics: - Violates a nation’s minimum age laws. - Threatens children’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being. - Involves intolerable abuse. - Prevents children from going to school - Uses children to undermine labor standards.
Where does most child labor occur? Child labor occurs everywhere in the world. But it most occurs in Asia. And child labor can be found in nearly every industry, such as: - agriculture - manufacturing - mining and quarrying - domestic services - hotel, restaurant, and retail Also, it can be found in child prostitution.
In countries all over the world, countless laws and policies against the exploitation of children already exist. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history.
In addition to this, the vast majority of countries around the world have national laws regulating children's work and prohibiting exploitative and hazardous child labor.
In 2006, the International Labor Organization published a report called The End of Child Labor: Within Reach. There was one very special fact noted in this report: today, there are 28 million fewer child laborers than there were four years ago! This means that the work you are doing-we are all doing-to stop child labor is truly creating positive change. But there is still much more to be done.