Oscar Wilde


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Oscar Wilde

  2. 2. BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Wilde was born on October 16, 1854 in Dublin to unconventional parents </li></ul><ul><li>his mother Lady Jane Francesca Wilde (1820-96), was a poet and journalist. </li></ul><ul><li>His father was Sir William Wilde, an Irish antiquarian, gifted writer, and specialist in diseases of the eye and ear. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilde studied at Portora Royal School, Enniskillen, County Fermanagh (1864-71), Trinity College, Dublin (1871-74) and Magdalen College, Oxford (1874-78). </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In 1878 Wilde received his B.A. and moved to London. </li></ul><ul><li>His lifestyle and humorous wit soon made him the spokesman for Aestheticism, the late 19th century movement in England that advocated art for art's sake. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1884 Wilde married Constance Lloyd (died 1898), and to support his family Wilde edited in 1887-89 Woman's World . In 1888 he published The Happy Prince and Other Tales , fairy-stories written for his two sons. Wilde's marriage ended in 1893. </li></ul><ul><li>He had met an few years earlier Lord Alfred Douglas, an athlete and a poet, who became both the love of the author's life and his downfall </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Among Wilde's other best-known works are his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) and his fairy tales especially &quot;The Happy Prince.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Wilde made his reputation in the theatre world between the years 1892 and 1895 with Lady Windermere's Fan (1892) </li></ul><ul><li>A Woman of No Importance (1893) </li></ul><ul><li>An Ideal Husband (1895) </li></ul><ul><li>The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Critic as Artist&quot; (1890). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Although married and the father of two children, Wilde's personal life was open to rumors. </li></ul><ul><li>His years of triumph ended dramatically, when his intimate association with Alfred Douglas led to his trial on charges of homosexuality (then illegal in Britain). </li></ul><ul><li>He was sentenced to two years hard labor for the crime of sodomy - first in Wandsworth prison, London, and then in Reading Gaol </li></ul><ul><li>During this time he wrote De Profundis (1905), a dramatic monologue and autobiography, which was addressed to Alfred Douglas. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>After his release in 1897 Wilde moved to France (Dieppe.) </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote &quot;The Ballad of Reading Gaol&quot;, revealing his concern for inhumane prison conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilde died of cerebral meningitis on November 30, 1900, penniless, in a cheap Paris hotel at the age of 46. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Witty Wilde - MEN <ul><li>&quot;No man is rich enough to buy back his past.&quot; &quot;Good resolutions are simply checks that men draw on a bank where they have no account.&quot; &quot;Men become old, but they never become good.&quot; -- “Lady Windermere's Fan” &quot;I delight in men over seventy, they always offer one the devotion of a lifetime. &quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;How many men there are in modern life who would like to see their past burning to white ashes before them!&quot; -- “An Ideal Husband” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A man who moralizes is usually a hypocrite, and a woman who moralizes is invariably plain.&quot; -- “Lady Windermere's Fan” &quot;Nowadays all the married men live like bachelors and all the bachelors live like married men.&quot; -- “The Picture of Dorian Gray” &quot;I don't like compliments, and I don't see why a man should think he is pleasing a woman enormously when he says to her a whole heap of things that he doesn't mean.&quot; -- “Lady Windermere's Fan” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Witty Wilde - WOMEN <ul><li>&quot;One should never trust a woman who tells one her real age. A woman who would tell one that, would tell one anything.&quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;Crying is the refuge of plain women but the ruin of pretty ones.&quot; -- “Lady Windermere's Fan” &quot;Men know life too early. Women know life too late. That is the difference between men and women.&quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;Women are meant to be loved, not to be understood.&quot; -- “The Sphinx Without a Secret” &quot;It takes a thoroughly good woman to do a thoroughly stupid thing.&quot; -- “Lady Windermere's Fan” </li></ul><ul><li>“ My dear young lady, there was a great deal of truth, I dare say, in what you said, and you looked very pretty while you said it, which is much more important.&quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;Women give to men the very gold of their lives. But they invariably want it back in such very small change.&quot; -- “The Picture of Dorian Gray” &quot;I am sick of women who love one. Women who hate one are much more interesting.&quot; -- “The Picture of Dorian Gray” &quot;I prefer women with a past. They're always so damned amusing to talk to.&quot; -- “Lady Windermere's Fan” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Witty Wilde - LOVE <ul><li>&quot;Nothing spoils a romance so much as a sense of humor in the woman - or the want of it in the man.&quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;One should always be in love. That is the reason one should never marry.&quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;To love oneself is the beginning of a life-long romance.&quot; -- “An Ideal Husband” &quot;A kiss may ruin a human life.&quot; -- “A Woman of No Importance” &quot;A man can be happy with any woman as long as he does not love her.&quot; -- “The Picture of Dorian Gray” &quot;Young men want to be faithful and are not; old men want to be faithless and cannot.&quot; -- “The Picture of Dorian Gray” &quot;Faithfulness is to the emotional life what consistency is to the life of the intellect - simply a confession of failures.&quot; -- “The Picture of Dorian Gray” </li></ul>
  10. 10. IMPORTANT LITERARY WORKS <ul><li>1878 Ravenna 1881 Poems 1888 The Happy Prince and Other Tales 1889 The Decay of Lying 1891 The Picture of Dorian Gray 1891 Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime and Other Stories 1891 Intentions 1891 Salome 1892 The House of Pomegranates 1892 Lady Windermere’s Fan 1893 A Woman of No Importance 1893 The Duchess of Padua 1894 The Sphinx 1895 An Ideal Husband 1895 The Importance of Being Earnest 1898 The Ballad of Reading Gaol </li></ul>