Asides are directed to the audience directly. They are intended to break through the ‘fourth wall’ and include the audience to make people feel as if they are witnessing the conflict, or part of the story.
Intradialogic: When a playwright includes the setting inside the dialogue. For example Shakespeare in Macbeth allows King Duncan to comment on what a lovely day it is and what a lovely castle Macbeth has. This is in contrast to modern playwrights who produce realistic settings.
CHARACTERS: Dramatic texts usually have a protagonist/hero an antagonist/villain and a variety of supporting roles. Oedipus has a traditional chorus which is a group representing the voice of the people (vox populi) in View we have Alfieri as a modern chorus of one character who is acting as the popular conscience of the time, the voice of reason.
They reject the newborn baby boy, cripple his ankles (hence his name) and a shepherd takes him away to abandon him to die. Instead he saves him and the King of Corinth adopts him.
As Oedipus grows up he hears of the prophecy and thinks he will murder his new father. Therefore, he leaves Corinth and goes to see the oracle. On the way he meets, argues with and kills Laius, who is also going to the oracle because his city has been devastated since he abandoned his son against the wishes of the Gods.
Oedipus solves the riddle, enters the city where the new widow Jocasta declares him a hero and marries him. They have four children and the play starts twenty years later when once again there is famine and Oedipus has sent to the oracle for advice.
Greek Plays also have a concept known as Catharsis
This means an intense emotional release.
The conflict and tension increase, to the point where the audience are emotionally involved. The climax of the story release our emotions and we feel drained, shattered, content that the problem is solved.
Oedipus can physically see, but cannot see the truth
Teiresias the blind seer, cannot see, but knows the truth
Oedipus ignores him, challenges him and this builds the suspense as the audience knows what Teiresias knows, that Oedipus did kill his father. Every word after this adds to our growing sense of horror and dismay .