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As indicated in the 2009/28/EC Directive of the European Parliament and Council, ambitious energy and climate change objectives for 2020 have been stated: greenhouse gas emissions reduction for 20%, renewable energy increase for 20%, improvement in energy efficiency for 20%.
Types and "forms" of intervention on the territory, to produce energy from renewables, appear to be multiple and certainly comparable to infrastructure "linear and areal" of anthropogenic nature. It follows that, also for this purpose, the "environment consumption” is one of the main phenomena found at different levels, which add to the already growing soil consumption in our country.
Starting from this consciousness, research of potential and actual impacts, due to the installation for energy production from renewable sources, in a modern land management, must focus on assessing the landscape ecology. A significant problem for some types of plants, mainly those solar and wind power, is the need to install the devices in the environment, with possible negative effects in terms of visual impact and soil consuming. Careful planning to individuate the less invasive and less “visible” plants integration" could reduce the problem, but certainly not eliminate it. It is therefore extremely important to define what weight can have different impacts on the environment, however, considering all possible options.