Arabic Tutor  Volume 4  A Translation of popularly known as
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four           Copyright © 2007 Madrasah In’āmiyyahAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                     .                            (           ).Arabic is more meritorious than ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourTitle           Arabic Tutor - Volume FourAuthor          Moulānā Àbdus Sattār Khān             ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                 ContentsThe first forty three lessons were completed inVolumes ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    Exercise No. 73 ................................................ 72Lesson 47 ..................
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    Test No. 18 ..................................................... 171Lesson 53 ................
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four       (                               )..................................... 221       The Old ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four       (                ) .................................................... 278    Exercise 9...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    Exercise No. 104 ............................................ 343    Exercise No. 105 .........
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    Lamenting ...................................................... 382    The Appositive of th...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    Exercise No. 138 ............................................ 423Lesson 69 ....................
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four       (                                   ) ................................ 464       (       ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    The Broken Plural ......................................... 496    The Diminutive .............
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four              TransliterationThe following method of transliteration of theArabic letters has be...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                        d                        t                        z                     ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourSome Arabic phrases used in the book are asfollows:       (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wasallam)       Ma...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four       .                    PrefaceHow can I be grateful and why should I not begrateful to Allā...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourArabic, which was caused by the prevailingbooks and methods of instruction. It has handedover th...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourbecome an extremely interesting collection ofArabic literature. This aspect is not found in anyo...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourprinted in the thousands and this would havebeen probably the better route to take.However, sinc...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourbook, in four volumes, is worthy of being used inhigh schools from class four till matric. Thete...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Foursearching for in this book.By means of this book, the desire to understandthe Qur’ān and learn A...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourÀllāmah Shabbīr Ahmad Úthmānī (               ), thisbook has been included in the syllabus. It ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourfaculties.I am indebted to the Úlamā, reviewers and thelovers of the best language, through whos...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourmentioned in Lesson 25. A verb that is (           )is indicated by a ( ) and a verb that is (  ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                  IntroductionYou have learnt most of the essential rules ofGrammar and Morpholo...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                  Lesson 44                 The Numerals                   (           )1. The n...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four    Feminine    Feminine Masculine          Masculine    Examples    Numerals Examples          ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 2: The alif of (             ) and (      ) is hamzatulwasl. See Terminology in Volume One....
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourExamples:       Feminine               Masculine                                                ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourwords constituting the compound. However, thewords (      ) and (       ) are (           ). In ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(    ) is singular and (     ).Examples:       Feminine                   Masculine             ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(d) from 100 (100) to ten million (10000000)Note 7: The (         ) of (      - 100) and (    - ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourFeminine Masculine     Number                           (           )         100               ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four     (10000)                                11000                                12000          ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 8: Nowadays, the word (               ) is also used forten million, e.g. (                ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(                         - a hundred camels and athousand sheep).Exercise No. 64Fill in a suita...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                              (24)                 (23)                                         ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(B) Assume the (      ) is masculine and thenwrite the above-mentioned numbers in Arabic.       ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                     Lesson 45Miscellaneous Rules Regarding Numerals1. We hope you have understo...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four         they are singular words, compounds or         used with a conjunction. The examples    ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourthe other numerals are (               ). Their ends willchange according to the case. Only the ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four      is (        ) and plural. See the examples and      note 3. If the word (         ) is use...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourThe sound feminine plural of (         ) is most oftenused, namely (             ). Sometimes th...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four         (                                     )“They remained in their cave for 300 years and 9...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourIf the numeral is not (               ), the ( ) should beprefixed to the numeral itself, e.g.( ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourThe word (        ) in this example is (          ) due tothe word (       ).Note 5: If the cont...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four  (   ). However, the word (         ) has a  gender. For the masculine form, (          ) is  u...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourVocabulary List No. 42      Word                     Meaning                     to burst, for a...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                       Turkish cap, fez                       number, amount                    ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                                  .                .                            ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                     (10) .                                     (11)            ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                    .           (16)                        .Exercise No. 68Tran...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                                (11)               .Exercise No. 69Translate the...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourIts area is approximately 500 square (          ) cubits.(8) Do you know the number of Muslims i...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four      =                             Page 57
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                   Lesson 46             The Ordinal Numbers               (                    ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                   (the first story)            .1                 (the second story)           ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 3: The word (           ) or (         ) is also used inopposition to (      ), e.g. (     ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 5: In the above-mentioned examples, boththe numbers are indeclinable on a fathah (       ) ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(              ) – the first book,(                         ) – the twenty first lesson.Sometime...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourused for the remainder, e.g. ⅓ - (                  ) or (         ). Theplural is (         ).¼...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 8: Sometimes a quarter is written as ( ),half is written as (<) and three quarter is writte...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(                                ) – They came one byone.6. The numerical adjectives expressing ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Foursomething made of eleven parts, one will say(                 ) for the masculine and(          ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 9: The phrase (                 ) can also be expressedthus: (         ) while (           ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(       ) is used, e.g.(                                  ) – Several boys areplaying in the gar...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                    continent                    castle, fort                    table          ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                        (3).                                       (4)          ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                       .                                                (11)                    ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four        .                                   (2)            .                               (3)  ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourExercise No. 73Translate the following sentences into Arabic.(1) The explanation of the (       ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(11) This is the first time I saw this city.(12) I read this book several times and found it   t...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                   Lesson 47                    The Date1. In order to show the date, one needs ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four           (                          )                                       (1                ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourSome of the months are described by specificadjectives, e.g.             (the sacred Muharram) –...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 4: There are other words also which areused for the word, “year”: (        ),(           ) ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 5: All the English names are diptotes(             ). The Syrian names that are singlewords...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four2. Use the ordinal number in the followingmanner to indicate the date:    • make it (         ) ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourbegan on 4 August 1914 C.E. and the SecondWorld War began at the end of September 1939C.E.Togeth...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourHere the word (        ) refers to (            ) – fivenights. It is for this reason that it is...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourVocabulary List No. 44     Word                         Meaning                   (7) to trust  ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four           small garden           gathering           sir, Mr.           advanced           wedd...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four       prized, daughter       Russia       Belgium       France       Italy       Poland       G...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                  impossible, preposterous                  compared to                  lengthy...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                      (1)        (              )   570    (                   )...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                              (2)            )    1361                 (        ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                   (5)                   .                                   (6)...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                  .                                                  (8)    . 1913(     )       ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(11) Translate the following wedding invitation.              "    "                            ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four       Hadrat Makhdūm Àlī Faqīh Mahāimī who       passed away on 8 Jumādal Ukhrā 835 A.H.   (4) ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume FourKhalīl(B)                                                   ( 1)                                ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                             Page 94
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                    Lesson 48                Telling the Time1. To express the statement, “What ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourhour” and “a moment”, e.g. (               ) – Wait fora little while. This word has been used f...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four         The Times of the Day and Night3. When indicating the time of the day, night orother tim...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four“day after tomorrow” is (          ), e.g.(    ) – I came to you yesterday and the day beforeyes...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                  Expressing Age5. 5. To say, “What is your age?”, say,(               ) or (   ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four        ()                 (4) to have breakfast or                           lunch(            ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( )                    to submit, to propose                       as soon as    ( )            ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                           to clothe, to dress, to                           drape              ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                 !          ( 5)                .                               ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                             (13)         .                                     ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                  .                                        (2)     )         50 ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                                            (6)                                 .               ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(3) What is the time now?According to my watch, it is quarter past ten.(4) What time does the ma...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(13) How old is your small brother?He is presently eight years and six months old.(14) Congratul...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                   .                               .                             Page 109
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four                    Lesson 49                   The Particles                      (        )1. ...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(           ) of nouns and verbs. They are called the(                ). Those (        ) that d...
Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourof their oppression.(   ) – By Allāh (oath).It can also be extra (       ), that is, having nopa...
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Arabic tutor 4

  1. 1. Arabic Tutor Volume 4 A Translation of popularly known as
  2. 2. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Copyright © 2007 Madrasah In’āmiyyahAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced,stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or byany means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise,without the prior permission of Madrasah In’āmiyyah, except inthe case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles andreviews.Typeset on Palatino 13 and Traditional Arabic 18 by Academyfor Islamic Research, Madrasah In’āmiyyah, Camperdown,KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Page 2
  3. 3. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . ( ).Arabic is more meritorious than other languages.It is the language of the people of Jannah.Whoever learns it or teaches it to others will berewarded. It is mentioned in a hadīth that youshould love the Arabs for three reasons, namely: • because Nabī was an Arab, • the Qur’ān is in Arabic and • the language of the people of Jannah in Jannah is Arabic. (Ad-Durrul Mukhtār) Page 3
  4. 4. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourTitle Arabic Tutor - Volume FourAuthor Moulānā Àbdus Sattār Khān ( )Translated Moulānā Ebrāhīm MuhammadbyFirst Edition Dhul Qa’dah 1428 A.H. Nov 2007Published Madrasah In’āmiyyahby P.O. Box 39 Camperdown 3720 South AfricaTel +27 031 785 1519Fax +27 031 785 1091email alinaam@alinaam.org Page 4
  5. 5. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ContentsThe first forty three lessons were completed inVolumes One, Two and Three. Volume Fourbegins with Lesson 44.Transliteration ......................................................... 15Preface ...................................................................... 18Indications ............................................................... 25Introduction............................................................. 27Lesson 44 .................................................................. 28 The Numerals ...................................................... 28 Exercise No. 64 ................................................ 38 Exercise No. 65 ................................................ 39 Exercise No. 66 ................................................ 39Lesson 45 .................................................................. 40 Miscellaneous Rules Regarding Numerals..... 40 Vocabulary List No. 42................................... 49 Exercise No. 67 ................................................ 50 Exercise No. 68 ................................................ 53 Exercise No. 69 ................................................ 54 Exercise No. 70 ................................................ 55Lesson 46 .................................................................. 57 The Ordinal Numbers ........................................ 57 Vocabulary List No. 43................................... 67 Exercise No. 71 ................................................ 68 Exercise No. 72 ................................................ 70 Page 5
  6. 6. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Exercise No. 73 ................................................ 72Lesson 47 .................................................................. 74 The Date ............................................................... 74 Vocabulary List No. 44................................... 82 Exercise No. 74 ................................................ 85 Exercise No. 75 ................................................ 90Lesson 48 .................................................................. 94 Telling the Time .................................................. 94 The Times of the Day and Night ...................... 96 Expressing Age ................................................... 98 Vocabulary List No. 45................................... 98 Exercise No. 76 .............................................. 101 Exercise No. 77 .............................................. 103 Exercise No. 78 .............................................. 105Lesson 49 ................................................................ 109 The Particles....................................................... 109Lesson 50 ................................................................ 131 The Non–Causative Particles .......................... 131Lesson 51 ................................................................ 150 Continuation of Lesson 50............................... 150Lesson 52 ................................................................ 161 The Remaining Particles .................................. 161 The Definte Article ....................................... 161 .................................. 164 ..................................... 166 Exercise No. 79 .............................................. 168 Page 6
  7. 7. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Test No. 18 ..................................................... 171Lesson 53 ................................................................ 173 Sentences ............................................................ 173 The Definitions of ( ), ( ) and ( ) ......................................................................... 173 The Types of Sentences ................................ 175 Exercise No. 80 .............................................. 178 Exercise No. 81 .............................................. 181Lesson 54 ................................................................ 183 Declension.......................................................... 183 ( ) ........................ 189 Test No. 18 B.................................................. 191Lesson 55 ................................................................ 193 The Declension of a Verb................................. 193 The Occasions of ( ) of a Verb .............. 194 Vocabulary List No. 46................................. 199 Exercise No. 82 .............................................. 200 Exercise No. 83 .............................................. 202Lesson 56 ................................................................ 204 The Jussive Case................................................ 204 Exercise No. 84 .............................................. 211 Vocabulary List No. 47................................. 214 Exercise No. 85 .............................................. 215 Exercise No. 86 .............................................. 217Lesson 57 ................................................................ 218 The Declension of a Noun ............................... 218 Page 7
  8. 8. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ( )..................................... 221 The Old Method of Explaining ( ) ......................................................................... 228 Vocabulary List No. 48................................. 233 Exercise No. 87 .............................................. 235Lesson 58 ................................................................ 239 The Cases of the Noun ..................................... 239 The Nominative Case....................................... 240 The ( ) and ( ) ........................... 240 Vocabulary List No. 49................................. 249 Exercise No. 88 .............................................. 251 Exercise No. 89 .............................................. 253 Exercise No. 90 .............................................. 254 Test No. 19 ..................................................... 255Lesson 59 ................................................................ 257 The Subject and Predicate................................ 257 The Occasions Where the Predicate has to Precede the Subject ....................................... 261 Exercise No. 91 .............................................. 264 Vocabulary List No. 50................................. 265 Exercise No. 92 .............................................. 267 Test No. 20 ..................................................... 270Lesson 60 ................................................................ 272 The Accusative Case......................................... 272 The Object ...................................................... 272 Page 8
  9. 9. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ( ) .................................................... 278 Exercise 93...................................................... 281 Vocabulary List No. 51................................. 283 Exercise No. 94 .............................................. 284 Exercise No. 95 .............................................. 286 Exercise No. 96 .............................................. 287 Exercise No. 97 .............................................. 288Lesson 61 ................................................................ 290 ( ).................................................... 290 The Object of Cause.......................................... 295 Vocabulary List No. 52................................. 297 Exercise No. 98 .............................................. 300 Exercise No. 99 .............................................. 301 Test No. 21 ..................................................... 304Lesson 62 ................................................................ 306 The Adverb ........................................................ 306 The ( ) ................................................... 323 Vocabulary List No. 53................................. 326 Exercise No. 100 ............................................ 328 Exercise No. 101 ............................................ 330 Exercise No. 102 ............................................ 331 Test No. 22 ..................................................... 334Lesson 63 ................................................................ 336 The Condition.................................................... 336 Exercise No. 103 ............................................ 341 Vocabulary List 54 ........................................ 342 Page 9
  10. 10. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Exercise No. 104 ............................................ 343 Exercise No. 105 ............................................ 344 Exercise No. 106 ............................................ 346Lesson 64 ................................................................ 347 Specification....................................................... 347 Allusion to Numbers........................................ 352 Exercise No. 107 ............................................ 355 Exercise No. 108 ............................................ 356 Exercise No. 109 ............................................ 357 Exercise No. 110 ............................................ 358 Exercise No. 111 ............................................ 360 Exercise No. 112 ............................................ 361 Exercise No. 113 ............................................ 361 Exercise No. 114 ............................................ 362 Exercise No. 115 ............................................ 363Lesson 65 ................................................................ 364 The Exception .................................................... 364 Vocabulary List No. 55................................. 369 Exercise No. 116 ............................................ 370 Exercise No. 117 ............................................ 372 Exercise No. 118 ............................................ 372 Exercise No. 119 ............................................ 373 Exercise No. 120 ............................................ 375 Exercise No. 121 ............................................ 376Lesson 66 ................................................................ 377 The Vocative ...................................................... 377 Abbreviated Vocative................................... 381 Page 10
  11. 11. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lamenting ...................................................... 382 The Appositive of the Vocative .................. 382 Vocabulary List No. 56................................. 384 Exercise No. 122 ............................................ 386 Exercise No. 123 ............................................ 388 Exercise No. 124 ............................................ 389Lesson 67 ................................................................ 391 The Genetive...................................................... 391 The Types of ( )....................................... 391 Vocabulary List No. 57................................. 396 Exercise No. 125 ............................................ 399 Exercise No. 126 ............................................ 401 Exercise No. 127 ............................................ 402 Exercise No. 128 ............................................ 403 Exercise No. 129 ............................................ 404Lesson 68 ................................................................ 405 Apposition ......................................................... 405 The Adjective................................................. 406 Vocabulary List No. 58................................. 414 Exercise No. 130 ............................................ 417 Exercise No. 131 ............................................ 418 Exercise No. 132 ............................................ 418 Exercise No. 133 ............................................ 419 Exercise No. 134 ............................................ 420 Exercise No. 135 ............................................ 420 Exercise No. 136 ............................................ 420 Exercise No. 137 ............................................ 422 Page 11
  12. 12. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Exercise No. 138 ............................................ 423Lesson 69 ................................................................ 425 Emphasis ............................................................ 425 Exercise No. 139 ............................................ 431 Exercise No. 140 ............................................ 433 Exercise No. 141 ............................................ 434 Exercise No. 142 ............................................ 435 Exercise No. 143 ............................................ 436 Exercise No. 144 ............................................ 436Lesson 70 ................................................................ 439 ( ) ................................................................... 439 Exercise No. 145 ............................................ 444 Exercise No. 146 ............................................ 446 Exercise No. 147 ............................................ 446 Exercise No. 148 ............................................ 447 Exercise No. 149 ............................................ 448Lesson 71 ................................................................ 449 ( ) .............................................................. 449 Exercise No. 150 ............................................ 454 Exercise No. 151 ............................................ 454 Exercise No. 152 ............................................ 455 Exercise No. 153 ............................................ 456 Exercise No. 154 ............................................ 456Lesson 72 ................................................................ 457 The Verbal Noun .............................................. 457 ( ).................................................... 462 Page 12
  13. 13. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ( ) ................................ 464 ( )................................... 465 The Effect of the ( )................................ 466 Vocabulary List No. 59................................. 467 Exercise No. 155 ............................................ 469 Exercise No. 156 ............................................ 470Lesson 73 ................................................................ 472 ( )........................................................... 472 ( )...................................................... 475 ( ) ................................................... 476 ( ).................................................... 479 ( ).................................................... 482 ( ) ............................ 483 Vocabulary List No. 60................................. 486 Exercise No. 157 ............................................ 489 Exercise No. 158 ............................................ 490Lesson 74 ................................................................ 492 The Dual, Plural and Diminutive ................... 492 The Dual............................................................. 492 The Plural........................................................... 493 The Sound Masculine Plural ....................... 494 The Sound Feminine Plural......................... 494 Page 13
  14. 14. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four The Broken Plural ......................................... 496 The Diminutive ............................................. 500 Vocabulary List No. 61................................. 502 Exercise No. 159 ............................................ 504 Exercise No. 160 ............................................ 506Lesson 75 ................................................................ 509 The ( ) ................................................. 509 The Specialities of Some Verbs ....................... 514 Vocabulary List No. 62................................. 516 Exercise No. 161 ............................................ 519Some Specialities of Poetry…………………. 521 Page 14
  15. 15. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four TransliterationThe following method of transliteration of theArabic letters has been used in this book: ā b t th j h kh d dh r z s sh s Page 15
  16. 16. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four d t z à, í, ú gh f q k l m n ū h ī, y Page 16
  17. 17. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourSome Arabic phrases used in the book are asfollows: (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wasallam) May Allâh send blessings and salutations upon him - used for Nabî (Àlaihis salām) Salutations upon him – used for all prophets (Radiallāhu ‘anhu) May Allâh be pleased with him – used for the Sahâbah (Jalla Jalāluhū) The Sublime – used for Allâh (Àzza wa jall) Allāh is full of glory and sublimity( ) (Rahimahullāh) May Allâh have mercy on him – used for deceased saints and scholars Page 17
  18. 18. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . PrefaceHow can I be grateful and why should I not begrateful to Allāh who granted me the ability tocompile four volumes of this book. He decreedthat it be so and it has occurred, otherwise I wasnot in a position to write such a book by means ofwhich the Qur’ān could be reached, and thedifficult rules of Arabic could be made brief andsimplified, in such a manner that has pleasantlyastounded students and teachers. It has made theboring subject of Grammar and Morphology intoan interesting and conclusive one.This book has removed the fear andapprehension from the hearts of the students of Page 18
  19. 19. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourArabic, which was caused by the prevailingbooks and methods of instruction. It has handedover the key of the garden of Arabic literature tothe students of the language. In fact, it has evenopened the door for them and told them to enterthis pleasant garden, where they could enjoy theflowers and fruits.In short, it has presented the verse of the Qur’ān,“We have made the Qur’ān easy forremembrance. Is there anyone who will heed?”This has been merely due to His grace andbounty. “It is the grace of Allāh and He grants itto whoever He wants. Allāh is the One of greatbounty.”“This is the interpretation of the dream I sawbefore this. My Lord has made it come true.” Allpraises are due to Him.The reason why this book has become sobeneficial and interesting is that it does not onlycontain boring rules of Grammar andMorphology. It is a treasure-house of thousandsof Arabic words, general examples, Qur’ānicverses, poetry, dialogues, letters and exercises oftranslating into Arabic. This has made the book Page 19
  20. 20. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourbecome an extremely interesting collection ofArabic literature. This aspect is not found in anyother book. This is the reason why a person doesnot become tired by studying this book as hewould by merely memorizing paradigms andlearning Grammar rules. One learns the rules aswell as the language simultaneously, that is, theeffort is minimal and the benefit is enormous.I apologize to all the students and seekers ofArabic who were distressed in waiting for thefourth volume for such a long period. I supplicateto Allāh to grant them an excellentcompensation for this agony.The first reason for the delay was my old-age andlengthy illness. The second major reason was myextreme desire to make the subject as simple andbeneficial as possible. Due to this enthusiasm, Iwould make a plan one day and change it thenext, in order to make an improvement. I did notcare about my personal loss in this engrossment.If I had any concern for my personal self, I wouldhave merely divided the first two volumes whichwere well accepted and very beneficial, into fourparts and published them in four volumes withina span of three months. These would have been Page 20
  21. 21. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourprinted in the thousands and this would havebeen probably the better route to take.However, since more effective plans wereswimming around in my mind, I made a firmresolution that no matter how much delay there isand how much harm is caused, the work must bedone in the best possible manner. I cannot decidewhether this attitude of mine was correct or notbut I was compelled to act according to myresolve. Till now, my heart’s desire has not beenfulfilled but under these unsuitable conditions,my mind has become exhausted to work anymore. Consequently, the effects of exhaustion arevisible in the latter few lessons. Furthermore,there were many other pressing needs. The size ofthe book had also increased and become bulky. Itherefore felt it appropriate to publish whateverwork had been accomplished. I even postponedmy plan of writing a brief resume on the subjectsof rhyme and eloquence at the end of the fourthvolume. If Allāh grants me the ability, I willobtain the good fortune of publishing theremaining subjects in a fifth volume. He is theonly one that grants the ability and assistance.Nevertheless, I am grateful to Allāh that now this Page 21
  22. 22. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourbook, in four volumes, is worthy of being used inhigh schools from class four till matric. Theteachers can practically learn Arabic. I have firmconviction that by the time the students reachmatric, they would be able to understand theQur’ān, the Ahādīth and the easy books ofArabic. They will also have the ability totranslate, to converse and write simple letters.This is such a precious treasure, that no matterhow much one appreciates it, the appreciationwould not be sufficient.Furthermore, the experienced teachers realizethat when the students understand ArabicGrammar, it creates a special strength in theirEnglish. By understanding the Qur’ān, theirmental faculties are vastly broadened. Suchstudents are the ones who can serve the nationcorrectly. The nation is in dire need of suchstudents.The spirit of reformation can also be infused inour Arabic seminaries (madāris). Education canbe made easy, interesting and effective. It is agreat boon that those responsible for the madārisare also beginning to perceive this need. It willnot be surprising if they find the ruby they are Page 22
  23. 23. Arabic Tutor – Volume Foursearching for in this book.By means of this book, the desire to understandthe Qur’ān and learn Arabic can also be created ingirls. The previous edition of this book has beentaught for many years in the famous MadrasatulBanāt of Jālandhar and which has now relocatedto Lahore. The new edition has been made part ofthe syllabus.This book can aid tremendously in thepropagation of Arabic in India and Pakistan1, oncondition the principals of the madāris, themembers of the text book committees, thedepartment of education and the ministry ofeducation fulfil their obligation and make thisbook reach the hand of every student.All praises are due to Allāh that the departmentof Education of Sindh has included this book intheir syllabus, thereby proving their recognitionof knowledge. In the famous Dārul Úlūm of Indiain Dhabel, due to the recommendation of1 The author has mentioned these two countries because theoriginal book was written in Urdu. As for the Englishtranslation, it can be used world-wide without any limitation toany particular country ( ). (Translator) Page 23
  24. 24. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourÀllāmah Shabbīr Ahmad Úthmānī ( ), thisbook has been included in the syllabus. It hasbeen widely accepted in Bihar, Punjab, U.P.,Delhi etc. All praises are due to Allāh.My beloved students should not look at the sizeof this volume and become perturbed. On thecontrary, it contains the same rules which youhave already understood. However, specialemphasis has been placed on having a commandof the language, which is your actual andpleasing aim.The method of explanation in this volume hasbeen simplified to such an extent that those issueswhich seem unsolveable in other books, seemvery ordinary and every seeker of Arabic, whohas a little understanding, can understand themwithout the aid of a teacher. The key to the fourvolumes has been prepared for those wanting tolearn Arabic by themselves.We advise the students of colleges and highschools to study this book during their vacations.It will not be surprising if you grasp the ability tounderstand the Qur’ān within a year. This willadd a precious literary gem to your mental Page 24
  25. 25. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourfaculties.I am indebted to the Úlamā, reviewers and thelovers of the best language, through whoseunseen and sincere efforts, this book has reachedthe corners of India and Pakistan without anyadvertising. May Allāh reward them inabundance. I have hope that the saints will grantme counsel and inform me of my errors so thatthese may be corrected in future.The servant of the best language(Moulānā) Àbdus Sattār Khān ( )15 Sha’bān 1367 A.H. Indications1) The inverted comma ( ) is used to indicate theplural of a noun.2) The alphabets ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ) and ( )indicate the category ( ) of the triliteral verbs( ). The categories of the verbs of ( ) areindicated by numbers. The numbers are Page 25
  26. 26. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourmentioned in Lesson 25. A verb that is ( )is indicated by a ( ) and a verb that is ( ) isindicated by a ( ).3) When any particle ( ) is mentionedafter a verb, it refers to the meaning of the verbwhen used with that particular particle.Guidelines were provided in Volumes One andThree. Read these once more. No guidelines havebeen mentioned in Volume Four. However, the“Indications” have been repeated. Page 26
  27. 27. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four IntroductionYou have learnt most of the essential rules ofGrammar and Morphology in the previous threevolumes. A few new rules as well as anexplanation of previously-mentioned rules will bedone in this volume.The beginning lessons of this volume explain theconcept of numbers in great detail, because thereis a great need for them in usage and all theprevailing text books do not contain these details.Firstly, remember that the existing forms of theArabic numbers are called ( ). They arewritten as follows: 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1You will be surprised to note that the originalforms of the Arabic numbers were the same as theEnglish numbers, viz. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0.The Europeans obtained these forms from theMuslims of Spain. They called them Arabicnumerals ( ). The Arabs of the West stillmaintain these forms. Page 27
  28. 28. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lesson 44 The Numerals ( )1. The numerals are as follows:(a) from one (1) to ten (10)First learn the numbers only, then the examples.Note 1: When speaking, pause ( ) at the end ofsingular words, e.g. pronounce ( ) as ( ). Incompounds, pause at the last word, e.g. ( ).See Lesson 1, Note 5 in Volume 1. Page 28
  29. 29. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Feminine Feminine Masculine Masculine Examples Numerals Examples Numerals .1 2 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 3 .8 .9 .1023 Page 29
  30. 30. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 2: The alif of ( ) and ( ) is hamzatulwasl. See Terminology in Volume One.Note 3: From the numbers ( ) till ( ), thefeminine is used for the masculine number andvice versa. In the examples, the numeral( ) is read like a ( ) without ( )while the ( – object being counted) is pluraland ( ).(b) from 11 (11) till 19 (19)Note 4: In a compound numeral, ( ) is used inplace of ( ) and ( ) in place of ( ). Alsoremember that the ( ) from 11 till 19 issingular and ( ). Page 30
  31. 31. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourExamples: Feminine Masculine 11 4 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19Note 5: The above-mentioned numerals are called( ). All the remaining numerals aredeclinable ( ). Only the ( ) areindeclinable ( ). A fathah is read on both the4 Page 31
  32. 32. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourwords constituting the compound. However, thewords ( ) and ( ) are ( ). In ( ), theyare read as ( ) and ( ) while in( ), they are read as ( ) and( ), e.g.( ),( ),( ).Only the first part is ( ) in these examples.The second part remains indeclinable ( ).(c) from 20 (20) to 99 (99)Note 6: The tens from ( ) till ( ) arecalled ( ). They are used for both genders.Their ( ) is similar to that of ( ),that is, in ( ), they are read as ( )while in ( ), they are read as ( )and ( ) etc. See Lesson 10 in Volume One. The Page 32
  33. 33. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( ) is singular and ( ).Examples: Feminine Masculine Page 33
  34. 34. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(d) from 100 (100) to ten million (10000000)Note 7: The ( ) of ( - 100) and ( - 1000)and of their dual and plural forms is singular and( ). No change occurs in them due tomasculine or feminine words. Both these wordsare used like the ( ) without ( ). The ( ) isdeleted from the dual ( ).Examples: Page 34
  35. 35. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourFeminine Masculine Number ( ) 100 200 ( ) 300 400 500 800 (900) 1000 ( ) 2000 3000 ( ) 4000 Page 35
  36. 36. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (10000) 11000 12000 13000(99000) 100000 1000000 ( ) 1000000 0 Page 36
  37. 37. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 8: Nowadays, the word ( ) is also used forten million, e.g. ( ).Note 8: The words ( ), ( ) and ( ) are usedlike a ( ) together with the ( ).Consequently, the ( ) has been elided from thesingular form as is the ( ) from the dualform. See Lessons 7 and 11.Note 10: The ( ) of a numeral is also referredto as the ( ) or ( ). By examining all theexamples of the numerals, you will notice that the( ) is always indefinite ( ). However, thedefinite article ( ) is attached to the ( ) when itis a plural ( ) or a collective noun ( ). Theparticle ( ) has to be used in this case, e.g.instead of saying ( ), you can say( ). Similarly, one can say,( - twenty one women) and Page 37
  38. 38. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( - a hundred camels and athousand sheep).Exercise No. 64Fill in a suitable ( ) next to the followingnumbers. ( 2) ( 1) ( 4) ( 2) ( 6) ( 5) ( 8) ( 7) (10) ( 9) (12) (11) (14) (13) (16) (15) (18) (17) (20) (19) (22) (21) Page 38
  39. 39. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (24) (23) (25)Exercise No. 65Translate the following phrases into Arabic.(1) one boy (2) two boys (3) two girls(4) three boys (5) four girls (6) five bulls(7) nine cows (8) ten women (9) ten men(10) twenty rupees (11) twenty five guineas(12) forty five books (13) fifty hens(14) seventy two roosters (15) one hundred dogs(16) two hundred horses(17) three hundred she camels(18) five hundred male camels(19) one thousand aeroplanes(20) one hundred thousand soldiersExercise No. 66(A) Write the following numbers in Arabic.7, 15, 18, 29, 75, 62, 43, 88, 100, 300, 800, 2 000, 200,100 000, 1 000, 1 200, 1 000 000. Page 39
  40. 40. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(B) Assume the ( ) is masculine and thenwrite the above-mentioned numbers in Arabic. Page 40
  41. 41. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lesson 45Miscellaneous Rules Regarding Numerals1. We hope you have understood the followingrules after studying all the numbers, examplesand notes of the previous lesson.(a) The numerals have four groups: 1. ( ) – singular words. These are from one to ten and the words ( ) and ( ) are also part of this group. In this way, twelve words constitute this category. 2. ( ) – compounds. These are from 11 to 19. 3. ( ) – the tens. These are the tens from 20 to 90. 4. ( ) – those having the conjunction ( ) between them. These are from 21 to 99.(b) the gender of the numerals: 1. The numbers ( ) and ( ) always conform in gender to the ( ), whether Page 41
  42. 42. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four they are singular words, compounds or used with a conjunction. The examples were mentioned in the previous lesson. 2. From 3 to 9, the numerals will always differ in gender from the ( ), whether they are singular words, compounds or used with a conjunction. Observe the previous examples carefully. 3. When the word ( ) is singular, it will have the opposite gender to the ( ), otherwise it will correspond to it, e.g. ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ). 4. There is no differentiation in gender in the tens ( ). The same applies to ( ) and ( ). See the examples in the previous lesson and notes 6 and 7.(c) The declinable ( ) and indeclinable ( )numerals5Besides the compound numerals ( ), all5 See Lesson 10.10 and Lesson 57. Page 42
  43. 43. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourthe other numerals are ( ). Their ends willchange according to the case. Only the numbersfrom ( ) till ( ) are ( ). A fathahwill be read on both parts of the compound. Fromthese numbers (11-19), ( ) and ( ) are ( ).See Lesson 44 note 5.(d) The ( ) of the ( ) and its number: 1. When a noun is ( ), it indicates one and when it is ( ), it indicates two, e.g. ( ) – one man, ( ) – two men. Therefore there is no need to add any number to these words. However, sometimes ( ) and ( ) are used like adjectives, e.g. ( ) – one man, ( ) – two men, ( ) – one girl, ( ) – two girls. The ( ) and ( ) correspond in ( ) and gender. 2. The ( ) of the numbers ( ) till ( ) Page 43
  44. 44. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four is ( ) and plural. See the examples and note 3. If the word ( ) is used in place of the ( ), it will remain singular, e.g. ( ), ( ). See the examples of the previous lesson and note 7.Note 1: The sound masculine plural( - See lesson 5.3.) is not normallyused in place of the ( ). For example, youcannot say ( ). On such an occasion, thedefinite article will be prefixed to the plural andused with ( ), e.g. ( ) 3. The ( ) of the numbers ( ) till ( ) will be singular and ( ). The tens also are included in this rule. See the examples and notes 4 and 6. 4. The ( ) of ( ) and ( ) and their dual and plural forms will be singular and ( ). See the examples and note 7. Page 44
  45. 45. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourThe sound feminine plural of ( ) is most oftenused, namely ( ). Sometimes the soundmasculine plural is used, that is, ( ) or ( ).The plural of ( ) is ( ) as already mentioned.It has another plural ( ) which means“thousands”. This does not refer to any particularnumber, e.g. ( ) – I havethousands of books.Note 2: Learn the following table to remember the( ) of numerals: 3 - 10 11 - 19 20-99 100, 1000Note 3: Sometimes the numerals and their ( )are used contrary to the rule, e.g. Page 45
  46. 46. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ( )“They remained in their cave for 300 years and 9more, i.e. for 309 years.”The word ( ) has not been used as a ( ) inthis sentence. Its ( ), instead of being singular,has been used in the plural form. The ( ) of( ) has not been mentioned. The originalsentence was ( ). Regard thisexample as an exception to the rule.Note 4: The definite article ( ) can be prefixed toa numeral in order to make it specific or definite,e.g. ( ) – The thirty menfor whom we were waiting, came.If the numeral is a singular ( ), the ( )should be prefixed to the ( ), e.g.( ) – Give me the five books.( ) – I saw the six thousandsoldiers. Page 46
  47. 47. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourIf the numeral is not ( ), the ( ) should beprefixed to the numeral itself, e.g.( ) – The five Muslims came.If the numeral is a compound ( ), the ( )should be prefixed to the first part of thecompound and if it is ( ), then to both parts,e.g. ( )–Isold the fifteen books and the forty four sheep.2. If the ( ) occurs after several numerals, itwill take the effect of the last number, e.g.( ) – one thousand threehundred and sixty four years.The word ( ) was affected by the final number( ). Accordingly it is ( ).In this example, first the larger number ismentioned followed by the smaller ones in stages.You can also say it vice versa, e.g.( ) Page 47
  48. 48. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourThe word ( ) in this example is ( ) due tothe word ( ).Note 5: If the context permits, it is permissible toomit the ( ) and mention the number only,e.g. ( ) – I bought thehorse for a hundred, that is, a hundred rupees.3. The use of the words ( ), ( ) and ( ) 1. The word ( ) denotes an unspecified number from 3 till 9, e.g. ( ) – a few women and a few men, that is, between 3 and 10. The word ( ) or ( ) denotes any number between two tens, e.g. ( ) – I have twenty and some silver coins, that is, less than 30. Similarly, ( ) – twenty and some guineas. 2. There is no masculine and feminine form of Page 48
  49. 49. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ( ). However, the word ( ) has a gender. For the masculine form, ( ) is used while ( ) is used for the feminine form. See the above examples.3. The word ( ) is only used after a ten, hundred or a thousand. However, the word ( ) can be used alone as well, e.g. ( ) – I have seventy and some silver coins, or I have some silver coins.4. The word ( ) is used after a numeral while ( ) is used before a number. However, if its ( ) is separate, it can succeed the numeral as well, e.g. ( ) - We have fifty and some silver coins and a few pounds.5. The word ( ) has not been used in the Qur’ān. Page 49
  50. 50. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourVocabulary List No. 42 Word Meaning to burst, for a spring to burst forth ( ) to lash to equate ( )( ) to be rare ( ) to come, to be imported anna (Indian currency) gathering to participate, to subscribe notice, advert para (coin) cow garden, orchard lash guinea, pound price Page 50
  51. 51. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Turkish cap, fez number, amount money subscription fee piaster livestock, cattle magazine, journal area, surface extentExercise No. 67Translate the following sentences into English. ( 1) . ( 2) . " " ( 3) Page 51
  52. 52. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . . ( 4) " " . ( 5) . ( 6) . ( 7) . 6 . ( 9) .6 See Note 3, Lesson 34 in Volume 3. Page 52
  53. 53. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (10) . (11) " " . (12) . (13) . (5495) (14) . (15) . Page 53
  54. 54. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . (16) .Exercise No. 68Translate the following verses of the Qur’ān. . (1) . (2) . (3) . (4) . (5) . (6) . (7) . (8) (9) . . (10) Page 54
  55. 55. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (11) .Exercise No. 69Translate the following sentences into Arabic.(1) How many cattle do you have?We have 200 cows, fifty plus camels and 25 goats.(2) Sir, for how much are you selling this book?Its price is ten rupees.(3) It is not cheap but is expensive. I will only givenine rupees, not more.Brother, it is not expensive. Okay, take it andhand over the money. May you be blessed.(4) For how much did you buy this book?I bought it for twelve rupees and eight annas.(5) What is the subscription for the magazine,“Al-Furqān”?I think its subscription is nine rupees annually,not more.(6) How much is that house being sold for?It will be sold for 15 450 rupees.(7) What is the area of this house? Page 55
  56. 56. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourIts area is approximately 500 square ( ) cubits.(8) Do you know the number of Muslims in theworld?The number of Muslims is approximately 700million.7 From them, 100 million are in India.(9) How many boys are there in your madrasah?There are more than 400 students in ourmadrasah.Exercise No. 70Observe the analysis of the following sentence.7 This was probably the Muslim population at the time whenthis book was written, viz. around 1327 A.H. Page 56
  57. 57. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four = Page 57
  58. 58. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lesson 46 The Ordinal Numbers ( )1. In the previous lesson you have learnt thenumerals. Now study the ordinals carefully.(a) from 1 to 10Examples: (the first lesson) – .1 (the second lesson) .2 (the third lesson) .3 (the fourth lesson) .4 (the fifth lesson) .5 (the sixth lesson) .6 (the seventh lesson) .7 (the eighth lesson) .8 (the ninth lesson) .9 (the tenth lesson) .10 Page 58
  59. 59. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (the first story) .1 (the second story) .2 (the third story) .3 (the fourth story) .4 (the fifth story) .5 (the sixth story) .6 (the seventh story) .7 (the eighth story) .8 (the ninth story) .9 (the tenth story) .10Note 1: All these words are ( ). However the( ) cannot appear on the word ( ) becauseit is ( ). See Lesson 10.8.Note 2: The plurals of the ordinal numbers are( ) – sound. ... Page 59
  60. 60. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 3: The word ( ) or ( ) is also used inopposition to ( ), e.g. ( ).Note 4: Sometimes the word ( ) refers to thebeginning of something. Then its plural will be( ). Similarly, the plural of ( ) is ( ) andthe plural of ( ) is ( ), e.g.( ) – the initial days of Ramadān.The plural of ( ) is ( ) and ( ).(b) from 11 to 19 (the eleventh lesson) – .11 (the twelfth lesson) .12 (the eleventh story) .11 (the twelfth story) .12Similarly till ( ) and ( ). Page 60
  61. 61. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 5: In the above-mentioned examples, boththe numbers are indeclinable on a fathah ( ) like ( ). However, some philologersare of the view that the first part is ( ) andthis is the general practice nowadays.Accordingly, the ( ) of the ( ) will beapplied to it, e.g.( ), ( ),( ).(c) All the tens from ( ) till ( ) and ( )and ( ) are used in their normal forms for theordinal numbers. However, the definite article isgenerally prefixed to them, e.g.( ) – the twentieth, ( ) – thetwenty first, ( ) – the thirty first,( ) – the hundredth.2. The ordinal numbers generally occur asadjectives in a sentence and are used with a( ), e.g. Page 61
  62. 62. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( ) – the first book,( ) – the twenty first lesson.Sometimes they are ( ), e.g.( ) – the fourth among them, ( )–the fifth girl.3. In ordinal numbers, when the ( ) – singularnumbers and the ( ) – tens are used with ( )and ( ), the word ( ) is prefixed before the lastnumber, e.g.( ) – the onethousand three hundred and forty second year.Instead of ( ), one can also say ( ).Note 6: The smallest number was mentioned firstin this example followed by the larger numbers instages. This order cannot be changed.4. For the fractions ( ), the word ( ) isused for half while the scales of ( ) or ( ) are Page 62
  63. 63. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourused for the remainder, e.g. ⅓ - ( ) or ( ). Theplural is ( ).¼-( ) or ( ). The plural is ( ).⅕-( ) or ( ). The plural is ( ).⅙-( ) or ( ). The plural is ( ).This continues till ( ) or ( ), plural ( ).⅔( ), ¾ ( ), ⅝ ( ).Note 7: If you want to form a fraction above( ), construct it from the original number thus:four elevenths ( ),eleven twentieths ( ).The particle ( ) can be used in place of ( ), e.g.( ) - eleven twentieths.When whole numbers and fractions arementioned together, they will be separated by a( ), e.g. four and three fifths ( ),five and fifteen over forty( ). Page 63
  64. 64. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 8: Sometimes a quarter is written as ( ),half is written as (<) and three quarter is writtenas (≤), e.g.2¼ is written as (2 ),2½ is written as (2<),2¾ is written as (2≤).These signs are written slightly thinner than thenumbers and are separated from them.5. The distributive adjectives, 2 by 2, 3 by 3, etc.are expressed by the forms ( ) and ( ), e.g.( ) – The riders camein twos, threes and fours. These words occur asthe ( ) in a sentence and are therefore ( ).See 10.2.This can also be expressed by repeating thenumber in the accusative case ( ), e.g.( )Note 8. The phrase ( ) and ( ) is seldomused for 1 by 1. Instead the words ( ), ( ) or( ) are most often used, e.g. Page 64
  65. 65. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( ) – They came one byone.6. The numerical adjectives expressing thecomposition of anything are used on the scale of( ), e.g. Meaning Feminine Masculine twofold, biliteral threefold, triliteral fourfold, quadriliteral fivefold sixfold sevenfold eightfold ninefold tenfoldThis scale cannot be used for compound numbersor one with conjunctions ( ). To express Page 65
  66. 66. Arabic Tutor – Volume Foursomething made of eleven parts, one will say( ) for the masculine and( ) for the feminine. In this way,you can use any other number.7. The numerical adverbs “the first time”, “thesecond time”, etc. may be expressed by the use ofthe noun ( ) as the ( ) and the ordinalnumber as an adjective ( ).Examples: ( ) – the first time,( ) – I recited the Qur’ān thefirst time.( ) – I visited you a second time.Similarly, ( ) – the tenth time,( ) – the eleventh time, ( )–the hundredth time.The numerical adverbs may also be expressed bysaying ( ) – firstly, ( ) – secondly etc.However, after ( ), the above-mentionedmethod has to be used. Page 66
  67. 67. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 9: The phrase ( ) can also be expressedthus: ( ) while ( ) can be expressed as( ) or ( ).8. The numerical adverbs, “once”, “twice”, maybe expressed by using the noun ( ) in( ), e.g. ( ) or ( ) – once, ( )–twice. For more times, the cardinal number isused with the noun ( ) as in ( ) – threetimes, ( ) eleven times, etc.9. The plural of ( ) which is ( ) is used in( ) to express the phrase, “several times”or “many times”, e.g.( ) – I saw him many times. For thismeaning, ( ) can also be used. See 13.7.Example: ( ) – Howmany times I saw him.10. To express the phrase, “several” or “many”, Page 67
  68. 68. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( ) is used, e.g.( ) – Several boys areplaying in the garden.Vocabulary List No. 43 Word Meaning ) middle ( Cape Colony large group of people to climb a wall wall part pair, spouse railway line ( ) to travel capital train, caravan of camels Page 68
  69. 69. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four continent castle, fort table to pass to ennoble to be honoured ( ) to like, to be good to strengthen, to reinforce ( ) to marry caveExercise No. 71Translate the following sentences into English. (1) . (2) . Page 69
  70. 70. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (3). (4) (5) . (Puna) (6) . . (7) (8) . . (9) (10) Page 70
  71. 71. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . (11) . . (12) (13) . (14) . (15) . (16) .Exercise No. 72Translate the following verses of the Qur’ān. (1) . Page 71
  72. 72. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . (2) . (3) (4) . . (5) . (6) (7) .. (8) . (9) (10) . (11) . Page 72
  73. 73. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourExercise No. 73Translate the following sentences into Arabic.(1) The explanation of the ( ) was written in the forty second lesson of this book.(2) The second sūrah of the Qur’ān is Sūrah Al- Baqarah.(3) I will go to the madrasah after the fourth hour.(4) Yesterday I read the first, second and third stories of the book, “A Thousand and One Nights” and tomorrow I will read the fifth and sixth stories.(5) You take three quarters from this cloth and I will take one quarter.(6) The wealth which my father left has been distributed. My mother received one eighth while I received seven eighths.(7) The soldiers climbed the wall of the fort one by one.(8) We entered the madrasah in fours and fives and left in twos and threes.(9) I embarked on the train at Bombay in the first hour and I reached Nasik in the fourth hour.(10) There is a distance of approximately four hours between Bombay and Nasik. Page 73
  74. 74. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(11) This is the first time I saw this city.(12) I read this book several times and found it to be very beneficial.(13) Today we came to Bombay for business the tenth time and every time we stayed for a year and a few months.(14) My paternal grandfather performed hajj five times and he passed away the sixth time in Makkah. May Allāh forgive him.(15) We toured many cities but have not seen a city like Bombay. Page 74
  75. 75. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lesson 47 The Date1. In order to show the date, one needs to knowthe names of the days and the months. a) The days of the week ( ):Friday – ( )Saturday – ( )Sunday – ( )Monday – ( )Tuesday – ( )Wednesday – ( )Thursday – ( )Note 1: The word ( ) is used most often while( ) is seldom used. Sometimes both thesewords are elided, e.g. ( ), etc. b) The Islamic months or lunar months Page 75
  76. 76. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ( ) (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 (8 (9 (10 (11 (12Note 2: The months having the definite article ( )are triptotes ( ). The remainder of themonths are diptotes ( ). See 10.7. Page 76
  77. 77. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourSome of the months are described by specificadjectives, e.g. (the sacred Muharram) – (Safar, the month of goodness) – (the unique Rajab) – (the the honoured Rajab)) – (the sacred Rajab) – (the venerated Sha’bān) – (the revered Ramadān) – (the sacred Dhul Qa’dah) – (the sacred Dhul Hijjah) –Note 3: The four months: Muharram, Rajab, DhulQa’dah and Dhul Hijjah are the sacred months ofreverence, peace and safety.The Islamic year is called ( ) – the yearof emigration or ( ) – the lunar year. Thealphabet ( ) is used to denote this. Page 77
  78. 78. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 4: There are other words also which areused for the word, “year”: ( ),( ) and ( ).The Hijrah calendar began from 16 July 621 C.E.This is the date on which Rasūlullāh emigratedfrom Makkah to Madīnah. c) The months of the Gregorian or Solar Calendar Egyptian Syrian Page 78
  79. 79. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourNote 5: All the English names are diptotes( ). The Syrian names that are singlewords are sometimes used as ( ) andsometimes as ( ). The compound namesare ( ).The Christian year is referred to as ( )–the solar year or ( ) – the year of theChristian era, that is, the year of the birth of Ísā .The alphabets ( ) are used to indicate B.C.( - before the advent of Ísā ) while( ) or only ( ) is used to indicate A.D.( - the era after Ísā ). The alphabet ( )is used in India to indicate the Christian calendar. Page 79
  80. 80. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four2. Use the ordinal number in the followingmanner to indicate the date: • make it ( ) to the word ( ) or to the name of the month, e.g. ( )– the eighth of Ramadān or ( ), • prefix the definite article to it and make it the adjective of the word ( ) or ( ), e.g. ( ) or ( ).For the year, write the number with the word( ) or without it, e.g.( 1944 )–1 January 1944.When you want to say, “on a certain date”, prefixthe particle ( ) or read the ordinal number in( ), e.g. ( 19141939 ) – The First World War Page 80
  81. 81. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourbegan on 4 August 1914 C.E. and the SecondWorld War began at the end of September 1939C.E.Together with the date, the day and the time canbe also mentioned, e.g.(1916 ) – Rashīd was bornafter Àsr just before Maghrib on Friday 15January 1916 C.E.(1925 )–Sa’īd passed away on the morning of the 20March 1925.Note 6: The deceased is referred to as ( ). Tosay ( ) is incorrect.The predecessors had a different style of writingthe date, e.g. no.1( ) which literally means, “Husain IbnÀlī was born when five nights had passed inthe month of Sha’bān in the year 4 A.H. Thismeans he was born on the fifth. Page 81
  82. 82. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourHere the word ( ) refers to ( ) – fivenights. It is for this reason that it is used in thefeminine form. The verb ( ) is a perfect tenseverb of ( ). Sometimes the singular feminineform, ( ), is used because ( ) is the plural ofan unintelligent being.e.g. no.2.( ) – Úthmān was martyred onFriday 18 Dhul Hijjah 35 A.H.e.g. no.3.( ) – Abū Bakrpassed away on Tuesday when 8 nights remainedof Jumādal Uhkrā 13 A.H., that is, on the 21st or22nd.In this example, the date has been specified withthe amount of nights remaining. Page 82
  83. 83. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourVocabulary List No. 44 Word Meaning (7) to trust (2) to discharge (6) to finish (6) to collapse ( ) to insert, to follow a school of thought ( ) to stab ( ) to appear, to overpower ( ) to make a firm resolve (3) to emigrate spring young lady, miss (6) relaxation, joy preparation splendour to make noble Page 83
  84. 84. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four small garden gathering sir, Mr. advanced wedding, marriage politics the last day of the month peel, skin The Year of the Elephant- the year when Abraha attacked the Ka’bah inhabited knot, nikāh( ) highest the first day of the month white forelock of a horse, the first part of anything one who strictly differentiates between right and wrong delighted, gratified Page 84
  85. 85. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four prized, daughter Russia Belgium France Italy Poland Greece Germany Hungary fire-worshipper combatant, fighter dated mark behaviour report from clear Page 85
  86. 86. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four impossible, preposterous compared to lengthy attached discipline not to speak of, let alone regretful, unfortunately to be silent about therefore repute, fame concern, interest to be importantExercise No. 74Observe carefully how the dates have beenwritten in the following sentences and translatethem into English. Page 86
  87. 87. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (1) ( ) 570 ( ) 621( ) 11. Page 87
  88. 88. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (2) ) 1361 ( ( ) ) 1362 .( (3)10 1363 1944 . 1362 ) 43 (4) (. Page 88
  89. 89. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (5) . (6) 24 . (7)( ) 1308 Page 89
  90. 90. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . (8) . 1913( ) (9) ( ) 21 ( ) 21 .( ) (10) 1944 1939 (4000000) . Page 90
  91. 91. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(11) Translate the following wedding invitation. " " 1363Exercise No. 75(A) Translate the following sentences into Arabic. (1) I wrote a letter to you dated the 20th Muharram Al-Harām 1363 A.H. I hope you have received it. (2) We received your letter dated Sunday 3 Safar Al-Muzaffar 1363 A.H., corresponding to the 30th January 1944. (3) The author of Tafsīr Tabsīrur-Rahmān is Page 91
  92. 92. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Hadrat Makhdūm Àlī Faqīh Mahāimī who passed away on 8 Jumādal Ukhrā 835 A.H. (4) My elder brother entered the Indian army on 10 January 1940 C.E. and he was despatched to the war in Africa. Then when the English conquered Africa, he returned safely on 15 June 1943 C.E. All thanks to Allāh. (5) If Allāh wills, I will come to you on the first.(6) Translate the following invitation to awedding. Wedding InvitationWith the grace of Allāh, we convey the gladtidings to you that our younger brother, Jalīl, hasbeen engaged to marry Miss Zahrā, the daughterof Sayyid Badrān Al-Madanī. The nikāh will takeplace on 21 Sha’bān Al-Mu’azzam 1365 A.H. atBeg Muhammad Garden, situated onMuhammad Àlī Road.We hope that you will attend and complete ourjoy.SalāmsYours sincerely Page 92
  93. 93. Arabic Tutor – Volume FourKhalīl(B) ( 1) ( 2) ( 3) ( 4). ( 5) ( 6) ( 7)(C) Translate the following letter into English. Page 93
  94. 94. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Page 94
  95. 95. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lesson 48 Telling the Time1. To express the statement, “What is the time”,one should say, ( ) or ( ). In thereply, the word ( ) is the ( ) while thenumber will form the ( ), as mentioned below.( ) – Please tell mewhat is the time now?( ) – It is precisely one o’clock.( ) – It is a quarter past one.( ) – It isone forty five or quarter to two.( ) – It is ten past one.( ) – It is half past one.( ) – Itis twenty past one.Note 1: the word ( ) means “watch”, “one Page 95
  96. 96. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourhour” and “a moment”, e.g. ( ) – Wait fora little while. This word has been used forQiyāmah as well in the Qur’ān, e.g. ( )– Qiyāmah has approached.The word ( - plural ) is used for “minute”while the word ( - plural or ) is usedfor “second”.The hand of the watch is called ( ) or( ).2. There are different ways of saying, “What timedid you go to the madrasah or any other place, orwhat time are you going or will go”? Forexample, if it is said,( ) or ( ), theresponse will be( ) or( ) or ( )–I went, am going or will go to the madrasah athalf past ten. Page 96
  97. 97. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four The Times of the Day and Night3. When indicating the time of the day, night orother times, the words will be read with a ( ),e.g. ( ) – I fasted during the day.( ) – I broke my fast at night.Similarly, one may say,( ), etc.The particle ( ) can be prefixed to these wordsas: ( ).The words ( ) or ( ) are most often prefixedto the words ( ) and ( ), e.g.( ) – Your brother came to meat the time of Zuhr.For the word “yesterday”, ( ) or ( ) isused, while ( ) or ( ) is the daybefore yesterday. “Tomorrow” is ( ) and the Page 97
  98. 98. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four“day after tomorrow” is ( ), e.g.( ) – I came to you yesterday and the day beforeyesterday and if Allāh wills, I will come to youtomorrow and the day after tomorrow.Note 2: The word ( ) is ( ) –indeclinable on a kasrah. It is always read withone kasrah.4. Sometimes the word ( ) is prefixed to thewords ( ) and ( ), e.g.( ) – One dayor one night I met your father in the musjid.The phrases ( ) and ( ) are alsoused.Note 3: The words used to express time are called( ). When they are read ( ) in asentence, they are referred to as ( ). Thiswas discussed in Lesson 43. The details willfollow in Lesson 62. Page 98
  99. 99. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Expressing Age5. 5. To say, “What is your age?”, say,( ) or ( ). The responseshould be,( ) or ( )-Iam fifteen years old. Sometimes the word ( ) iselided, e.g.( ) – He is 20 years old;( ) – She is fifty years old.Vocabulary List No. 45 Word Meaning (1) to act well strength, maturity, that is between 18 to 30 years ( ) (1) to make flow, to continue ( ) (4) to have supper, dinner Page 99
  100. 100. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four () (4) to have breakfast or lunch( ) (4) to be long, to lie down ( ) (4) to walk together (2) to establish, to prove protection coming and going (in everything) ( ) (2) to make equal, proper, to make, to do childhood ( ) to live morning never, beware (2) to create, to make airport to apologise humility Page 100
  101. 101. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( ) to submit, to propose as soon as ( ) to pry open to smell fold, depth reproach sparkle, twinkle within text( ) to frighten, to startle terror, fright place, situation dreadful, awful lachrymal canal (source of tears) to anger, to exasperate affectionate, loving( ) to blame, to censure Page 101
  102. 102. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four to clothe, to dress, to drape robe, cloak disgrace, shame slip, lapse here I amExercise No. 76Translate the following sentences into English. ( 1) . ( 2) . ( 3) . ( 4) . Page 102
  103. 103. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four ! ( 5) . ( 6) . ( 7) . ( 8) . ( 9) ! . ! (10) . ! (11). (12) . Page 103
  104. 104. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (13) . (14) . . ! (15) . ! (16) . . !Exercise No. 77Translate the following sentences into English. (1) Page 104
  105. 105. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . (2) ) 50 5. 56 6 ( (3) . (4) . (5) . Page 105
  106. 106. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four (6) . (7) . (8). (9) . (10) .Exercise No. 78(A) Translate the following sentences into Arabic.(1) Come Hamīd, where are you going?I am going to the madrasah.(2) Do you have a watch?Yes, I have a watch. Page 106
  107. 107. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(3) What is the time now?According to my watch, it is quarter past ten.(4) What time does the madrasah open? ( - isopened)Brother, the madrasah opens at half past ten.(5) What time does it close? ( - is closed)The madrasah closes at 12.40.(6) What time did you come out of the house?I came out at 9.45.(7) Do you know how many minutes there are inone hour?Yes, one hour has sixty minutes.(8) How do you recognize the hour and minutesin a watch?I understand the minutes from the large handand the hour from the small hand.(9) When do you have supper?We have supper after Maghrib at eight o’clock.(10) When do you sleep?I sleep after Íshā at nine o’clock.(11) Where did your father go the day beforeyesterday and when will he return?He went to Hyderabad and will return tomorrowor the day after tomorrow, if Allāh wills.(12) Do you know what is your age?Yes, I know my age is ten years and three months. Page 107
  108. 108. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four(13) How old is your small brother?He is presently eight years and six months old.(14) Congratulations! You seem to be a veryclever boy.May Allāh make it so. Now I seek yourpermission.(15) Good, in the protection of Allāh.May you also be in His protection.(B) Translate the following letter into English. 1364 Page 108
  109. 109. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four . . Page 109
  110. 110. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four Lesson 49 The Particles ( )1. The particle is such a weak word that it cannotconvey its own meaning without the assistance ofa noun or verb. However, after the support of anoun or verb, it becomes so strong that it causeschanges in the meanings of many verbs. It is alsoso essential that without it, the noun and the verbremain scattered around. Hence there is a direneed to focus special attention to it.2. The particles which have a meaning arereferred to as ( ) while the alphabetslike ( ), etc. are referred to as( - the foundational particles). Onlythe former will be discussed in this lesson.3. All the ( ) are indeclinable ( ).They are not more than 80 in number.4. Some of the ( ) cause a change in the Page 110
  111. 111. Arabic Tutor – Volume Four( ) of nouns and verbs. They are called the( ). Those ( ) that do not cause anychange are called ( ).5. The ( ) comprise the followingcategories: (a) ( ) or ( ) These are 17 particles that render ( ) to a noun. They are as follows: [1] ( ) – in, at, because, with, oath etc. It is used for several meanings, e.g. ( ) – We wrote with the pen. ( ) – The book was printed in Egypt. ( ) – I believed in Allāh. ( ) – Allāh caught them because Page 111
  112. 112. Arabic Tutor – Volume Fourof their oppression.( ) – By Allāh (oath).It can also be extra ( ), that is, having noparticular meaning, e.g. ( ) – IsAllāh not sufficient for His slave?It is used to render an intransitive verb transitive,e.g.( ) – Hāmid took my book. Themeaning of ( ) is “he went”. By using theparticle ( ), the meaning of “taking away” iscreated.[2] ( ) – is used for an oath and it is specific with the word “Allāh”, e.g. ( )– By Allāh, Allāh has preferred you over us.[3] ( ) – “like” - is used for a comparison, e.g. ( ) – Knowledge is like light. Page 112

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