Aligning collaborative learning    theory with technology  Mark Jasper, Anna Verges & Adele Aubrey               The Unive...
Overview●What is Collaborative Learning?●Which theories underpin Collaborative Learning?●What are the educational benefits...
index            Facilitation○Our aim is to give you space to collaborate○We want to observe you in action but will provid...
CEEBL                        CEEBLCentre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
index             ShipwreckedWorking on your own and withoutcollaboration, consider your situation andchoose an item to br...
index             ShipwreckedYou discover that the other people at yourtable have also survived the shipwreck. Findout wha...
index             ShipwreckedWorking with the others at your table, compilea list of items to maximise your chances ofsurv...
What is the background of thecollaborative learning theories we         are introducing?●Vygotsky’s (1978) view of social ...
What evidence is there that  collaborative learning works?● Johnson, Johnson and Smith (2007)● Johnson, Johnson, Stanne (2...
In what ways can collaborative       learning result in higher            achievement?●Motivation●Teamwork●Information ret...
How to make collaborative learning           successful?1. Positive Interdependence2. Face-to-face promotive interaction3....
index Collaborative Learning Theory             ActivitySummarise and describe the essentialaspects of a Collaborative Lea...
index         Reflection Activity  What just happened?● How did working in a group help you  construct an understanding of...
Collaborative Tools ActivitySummarise and describe the essentialaspects of a collaborative tool visually(use the resources...
index          Scenarios ActivityComplete the COLLABORATIVE LEARNINGACTIVITY DESIGN TEMPLATE.Applying and utilising the co...
References● Johnson, Johnson and Smith (2007). The state of cooperative learning in  Postsecondary and professional settin...
Google siteThis presentation and all the resources can         be viewed on our website http://sites.google.com/site/colla...
Social Interdependence Theory     (Johnson & Johnson)○ Social interdependence exists when the  accomplishment of each indi...
Sociocultural Theory           (Vygotsky)○ Individuals learn and develop in a social  context○ Social learning precedes de...
Cognitive Development          (Vygotsky)○ Social interaction between the learner  and a knowledge adult is essential to  ...
Cognitive Elaboration(Dansereau, O’Donnell & Webb)○ Information processing processes –  such as encoding, schema activatio...
Connectivism            (Siemens)○ Learning in a digital age is a continual  process of connecting specialized nodes  or i...
wikis○ Easily editable webpages○ Can be open to all or confined to a group○ Contributions and changes can be  monitored, r...
blogs○ A series of webpages organised  chronologically○ Entries can also be organised by  category or keywords○ Often crea...
mind maps○ Online applications for note making &  brainstorming○ Changes can be rolled back to previous  versions○ Online ...
cloud computing○ A suite of applications for collaborative  document production○ Changes can be rolled back to previous  v...
Slide Index 1. Overview                           1. Tool activity 2. Facilitation                       2. Activity desig...
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Collaboration Workshop Slideshow

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This presentation is part of a workshop which aims to enable participants to apply key theories of collaborative learning to activity design, to appreciate why group work and collaborative learning are important and to select and implement appropriate online tools to support collaboration and group work. The theories which are explored include, the zone of proximal development, Social Interdependence, Cognitive Development Effect, Connectivism and Cognitive Elaboration Perspectives.

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Collaboration Workshop Slideshow

  1. 1. Aligning collaborative learning theory with technology Mark Jasper, Anna Verges & Adele Aubrey The University of Manchester (With thanks & acknowledgment to Peter Whitton Salford University) CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  2. 2. Overview●What is Collaborative Learning?●Which theories underpin Collaborative Learning?●What are the educational benefits?●Which technologies can assist Collaborative Learning? CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  3. 3. index Facilitation○Our aim is to give you space to collaborate○We want to observe you in action but will provide guidance if required CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  4. 4. CEEBL CEEBLCentre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  5. 5. index ShipwreckedWorking on your own and withoutcollaboration, consider your situation andchoose an item to bring to the island - ideallysomething that may improve your chances ofsurvival.● Write the item that you have chosen down on a Post-it Note.● How do you rate your chances of survival?2 mins MAX CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  6. 6. index ShipwreckedYou discover that the other people at yourtable have also survived the shipwreck. Findout what items the others have chosen tobring to the island.● If you pool your resources as a group, how do rate your chances of survival now?2 mins MAX CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  7. 7. index ShipwreckedWorking with the others at your table, compilea list of items to maximise your chances ofsurvival on the island – again one item each.● How has working collaboratively enhanced your groups chances of survival?5 mins MAX CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  8. 8. What is the background of thecollaborative learning theories we are introducing?●Vygotsky’s (1978) view of social constructivism where students’expand their knowledge in a social context. CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  9. 9. What evidence is there that collaborative learning works?● Johnson, Johnson and Smith (2007)● Johnson, Johnson, Stanne (2000)● Slavin, (1983, 1991)● Cooperative learning (enquiry-based group work) compared to individual competitive efforts tend to result in higher achievement. CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  10. 10. In what ways can collaborative learning result in higher achievement?●Motivation●Teamwork●Information retention●Problem solving●Attendance CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  11. 11. How to make collaborative learning successful?1. Positive Interdependence2. Face-to-face promotive interaction3. Individual and group accountability4. Interpersonal and small group skills5. Group Processing(Johnson, Johnson, & Holubec, 1993) CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  12. 12. index Collaborative Learning Theory ActivitySummarise and describe the essentialaspects of a Collaborative Learning Theoryin your own words, and in three sentences.(using group discussion to help refine yourown definitions) ● A representative will be randomly selected from your group to present to the whole room - the presentation will take no more than 1 minute15 mins CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  13. 13. index Reflection Activity What just happened?● How did working in a group help you construct an understanding of the learning theory?● Take 3 mins to reflect on your own, then share your reflections and insights with your group.5 mins CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  14. 14. Collaborative Tools ActivitySummarise and describe the essentialaspects of a collaborative tool visually(use the resources provided & organise yourgroup as necessary)10 mins CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  15. 15. index Scenarios ActivityComplete the COLLABORATIVE LEARNINGACTIVITY DESIGN TEMPLATE.Applying and utilising the collaborativelearning theory and tool that you have justexplored25 mins CEEBL CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  16. 16. References● Johnson, Johnson and Smith (2007). The state of cooperative learning in Postsecondary and professional settings, Educational Psychology Review, 19; 15-29● Johnson, Johnson, Stanne (2000). Cooperative Learning Methods: A meta-analysis● Johnson, Johnson, Holubec (1993) Cooperation in the classroom● Slavin, R. (1983) Cooperative Learning. New York: Longman● Slavin R. (1991) Student team learning: A practical Guide to Cooperative learning, Washington National Education Association● Vygotsky L. (1978) Mind in Society; the development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  17. 17. Google siteThis presentation and all the resources can be viewed on our website http://sites.google.com/site/collaborationtheory/ CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  18. 18. Social Interdependence Theory (Johnson & Johnson)○ Social interdependence exists when the accomplishment of each individual’s goals is affected by action of others○ Promotive interaction – where individuals encourage and facilitate each other’s efforts to complete tasks, achieve or produce in order to reach groups’ goals – relies on positive social interdependence CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  19. 19. Sociocultural Theory (Vygotsky)○ Individuals learn and develop in a social context○ Social learning precedes development○ Social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  20. 20. Cognitive Development (Vygotsky)○ Social interaction between the learner and a knowledge adult is essential to cognitive development○ The zone of proximal development is determined by the cognitive task the learner completes in collaboration with an advanced peer CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  21. 21. Cognitive Elaboration(Dansereau, O’Donnell & Webb)○ Information processing processes – such as encoding, schema activation, rehearsal, meta-cognition, retrieval – performed in the presence of peers result in deeper learning and motivation CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  22. 22. Connectivism (Siemens)○ Learning in a digital age is a continual process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources, involving meta-skills such as evaluation, drawing connections/distinguishing and decision- making CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  23. 23. wikis○ Easily editable webpages○ Can be open to all or confined to a group○ Contributions and changes can be monitored, reviewed and rolled back CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  24. 24. blogs○ A series of webpages organised chronologically○ Entries can also be organised by category or keywords○ Often created by a single author (so useful for reflective practice)○ A comments feature allows readers to respond to each blog entry CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  25. 25. mind maps○ Online applications for note making & brainstorming○ Changes can be rolled back to previous versions○ Online real-time collaboration CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  26. 26. cloud computing○ A suite of applications for collaborative document production○ Changes can be rolled back to previous versions○ Documents can be easily presented online CEEBL Centre for Excellence in Enquiry-Based Learning
  27. 27. Slide Index 1. Overview 1. Tool activity 2. Facilitation 2. Activity design 3. Ship image 3. References 4. Icebreaker: individual 4. Google Site URL 5. Icebreaker: aggregate 5. Social interdependence 6. Icebreaker: collaborative 6. Sociocultural theory 7. Collaborative learning 7. Cognitive Development background 8. Cognitive Elaboration 8. Evidence 9. Connectivism 9. Benefits 10. wikis10. Making it successful 11. blogs11. Theory activity 12. mind maps12. Reflection 13. cloud computing

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