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Memory Memory Presentation Transcript

  • MEMORYBY LINDA PIERSON-MULL
  • MEMORY = GRAY MATTER FRONTAL LOBE TEMPORAL LOBE PARIETAL LOBE OCCIPITAL LOBE
  • GRAY MATTER = AREA BETWEEN BLUE BOARDERS
  • BRAIN GROWTHSCIENTISTS HAVE DISCOVERED CHANGESBETWEEN AGES 3 AND 15.THE BRAIN INCREASES FOURFOLD IN SIZE SINCEBIRTH.THE BRAIN REACHES ABOUT 95% OF THEAVERAGE ADULT VOLUME AT AGE 5 OR 6.ACCORDING TO STUDIES, THE MOST RAPIDGROWTH OF THE FRONTAL LOBE IS AT AGES 3-6.THE GRAY MATTER SPIKES SHIFTS TOTEMPORAL & PARIETAL LOBES AT AGE 6 TOPUBERTY. THEY PLAY ROLES IN LANGUAGE ANDSPATIAL RELATIONS.
  • BRAIN GROWTHAS CHILDREN AGE, THE GROWTH MOVES IN A WAVEPATTERN FROM THE FRONT TO THE REAR.RIGHT BEFORE PUBERTY, THERE IS AN INCREASE IN GRAYMATTER, AGE 11 FOR GIRLS & 12 FOR BOYS.THERE IS ANOTHER INCREASE IN GRAY MATTER AT THEONSET OF ADOLESCENCE.FOLLOWED BY A LOSS IN THE FRONTAL LOBES FROM MID-TEENS TO MID-TWENTIES.THE TEENAGE YEARS ARE A KIND OF CRITICAL TIME TOOPTIMIZE THE BRAIN.“IF THE BRAIN IS THE INTERNET, GRAY MATTER IS YOURCOMPUTER AND THE WHITE MATTER IS THE TELEPHONELINES THAT CONNECT YOUR COMPUTER TO ALL THEOTHER COMPUTERS ON THE PLANET”
  • DEMENTIASIGNS OF DEMENTIA – RECENT MEMORY LOSS – DIFFICULTY PERFORMING TASKS – PROBLEMS WITH LANGUAGE – TIME & PLACE DISORIENTATION – POOR JUDGEMENT – PROBLEMS WITH ABSTRACT THINKING – MISPLACING THINGS – CHANGES IN MOOD – PERSONALITY CHANGES – LOSS OF INITIATIVE
  • TYPES OF DEMENTIA ADHD ATTENTION DEFICIT / • DOWN’S SYNDROME HYPERACTIVE DISORDER ALCOHOL DEMENTIA • FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE • HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE AUTISM / ASPERGER’S SYNDROME • PARKINSON’S DISEASE B12 DEMENTIA • PICK’S DISEASE DEPRESSION • SCHIZOPHRENIA
  • ADHD – ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVE DISORDER MOST FREQUENT IN MALES, IN CHILDHOOD. DIFFICULT CONTROLING BEHAVIOR,ATTENTION, MAKES MISTAKES TROUBLE COMPREHENDING PROBLEMS INTERRUPTS, VERY IMPATIENT DRIVEN BY A MOTOR SMALLER BRAIN VOLUME ORIGINATES IN RIGHT FRONTAL LOBE RESEARCH: MUCH TO BE LEARNED
  • ALCOHOL DEMENTIAEXCESSIVE DRINKINGAFFECTS MEMORY, & LEARNINGNUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS, DIFFICULTYMAKING DECISIONS, POOR JUDGEMENT,LACK OF INSIGHT, UNABLE TO LEARNNEW THINGS, PERSONALITY CHANGESRESEARCH: REVERSABLE IN EARLYSTAGES IF: ABSTAINS FROM ETOH, ANDVITAMINS REPLACED
  • ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE PROGRESSIVE DETERIORATION OF MENTAL CHANGES 4 STAGES: STARTS 3 YEARS BEFORE SYMPTOMS 1. LOSS OF SHORT TERM MEMORY 2. NOW SUFFERER DOESN’T REMEMBER THAT HE LOST HIS MEMORY, (2-4 YRS)ADDITION TO #1 3. TROUBLE DOING ADL, WALKING, INCONTINENCE, LOOSING BALANCE 4. TERMINAL STAGE: MUTE, SEIZURES, APHASIC, & BEDRIDDEN RESEARCH: METAL & ALUMINUM TOXICITY ACETYCHOLINE DEFICIENCY
  • AUTISM & ASPERGER’S SYNDROME APPEARS IN FIRST 3 YEARS DEFICIENCIES IN VERBAL COMMUNICATION, SOCIAL INTERACTIONS & PLAY REPEATED BODY MOVEMENTS: FLAPPING HAND, ROCKING & AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR SUFFERS FROM ALLERGIC REACTION: FORMING ANTIBODIES TO FOOD WHICH ATTACKS BRAIN CENTERS MORE OFTEN IN MALES ASPERGER’S: PURE AUTISM, MALE BRAIN TYPE RESEARCH: GLUTEN-FREE-CASIN-FREE DIET. GLUTEN-FOUND IN WHEAT,RYE,BARLEY & OATS CASIN- FOUND IN DAIRY PRODUCTS AUTISTIC SUFFERERS SEEM DRUGGED
  • B-12 DEMENTIAEXCELLENT HEALTHCRY EASILY,DISORIENTATED, CONFUSED,INCONTINENT, REFUSING TO EAT, LEAVESHOUSE PARTIALY UNCLOTHEDMOST TESTS ARE NEGATIVESUFFERERS DON’T EAT WELL – SOMETIMESVEGETARIANNO ANIMAL PROTEIN IN DIETBY INJECTING VITAMIN B-12: 24 HRS SIT UPAGAIN, 48 HRS REGAIN CONTROL OF BLADDER &FECES, 1 WEEK MEMORY RETURNSSOME PERSONALITY CHANGES REMAIN
  • DOWN SYNDROMEAKA: MONGOLISMDETECTED BY AMNIOCENTESISPREGNANCY AFTER AGE 40DECREASED MUSCLE TONE AT BIRTH, SUTURES ARESEPARATED, ODD SHAPED HEAD, SMALL MOUTH,PROTRUDING TONGUE, SHORT HANDS & FINGERSTRIPLICATION OF CHROMOSOME 21GROWTH RETARDATIONONLY REACHES A MENTAL AGE OF 8 OR 10MORTALITY EARLY MOSTLY OF CARDIAC PROBSRESEARCH: NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT ONLY SPECIALEDUCATION AND TRAINING
  • DEPRESSIONSYMPTOMS: DESPAIR, GUILT, EXHAUSTION,ANXIETY, PAIN, SLEEP PROBLEMS, APPETITEDISTURBANCE, WORTHLESS, & UNLOVEDMEMORY AFFECTED & THINKING SLOWEDBRAIN IS LESS ACTIVE, THEY SHOW SIMULARPATTERNS OF SCHIZOPHRENIABOTH PARTS OF FRONTAL LOBE AREUNDERACTIVECAUSED BY FIRING OF A CIRCUITAMYGDALA GIVES NEGATIVE FEELINGSRESEARCH: ANTI ANXIETY DRUGS RAISENEUROTRANSMITTER LEVELS & TURN ON AREASOF BRAIN THAT SHOULD BE ON & TURN OFFOTHERSANTI-ANXITEY DRUGS ARE: LITIUM, PROZAC, &
  • FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROMEMOTHER WHO CONSUMES ALCOHOL DURING PREGNANCYMOST SERIOUS CONDITIONS: SEVERE MENTALRETARDATION DUE TO IMPAIRED BRAIN DEVELOPMENTFACIAL ABNORMALITIES: SMALL HEAD,EYES, SHORT EYEOPENINGS, UNDERDEVELOPMENT OF UPPER LIP WITHFLAT UPPER LIP RIDGES, THIN UPPER LIP, & FLATMAXILLARY JAW.EYES AND VISION EASILY DAMAGED BY ETOHALSO NICOTINE AND CARBON MONOXIDE FROM SMOKINGAFFECT FETUSRESEARCH: WHEN ACETALDEHYDE (ACH) FOUND INALCOHOL IS METABOLIZED THE FETUS BECOMESUNDERNOURISHED, & MALNUTRITION IS NOTED.EVEN IF MOTHER EATS PROPER FOODS THE PLACENTIADOESN’T CARRY VITAMINS, MINERALS, & NUTRIENTSNEEDED TO DEVELOP FETUSRESEARCH: SPECULATIONS OF FAULTY CELLDEVELOPMENT IN MALE SPERM
  • F.A.S. EFFECTIVE TEACHING TECHNIQUES START WITH TEACHING RELAXATION, THEY CAN BE TAUGHT HOW TO RELAX & AVOID SHUTDOWN USE VISUAL CUES, MAKE COMMUNICATION SHORT & SIMPLE USE MUSIC & RHYME IN TEACHING, CHILDREN RETAIN 90% INCORPORATE KINAESTHETIC ACTIVITIES, SUCH AS JUMPING ROPE TO JINGLES TO LEARN MATH FACTS. PRACTICE ORAL SPELLING WORDS WITH CHEERLEADING OR DRUMMING INTEGRATE NEW CONCEPTS WITH INFORMATION THE CHILD ALREADY UNDERSTANDS. USE EXAMPLES FROM THE CHILDS ADL WHEN TEACHING USE SCRIPTING THROUGHOUT THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM. SHORT, EASY TO READ HAND WRITTEN PLAYS CAN BE USED TO TEACH ANY SUBJECT, & HELPS THE CHILD WITH THE OUTSIDE WORLD USE THE VISUAL MODE OF LEARNING AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE MAKE VIDEOTAPES TO TEACH ALLOW THE CHILD TO DRAW A PICTURE TO EXPLAIN WHAT HE OR SHE IS FEELING. DRAW PICTURES WITH THE RULES OF THE CLASSROOM
  • HUNTINGTON’S DISEASECAUSES DETERIORATION OF INTELLECTUAL ABILITY, EMOTIONALCONTROL, BALANCE & SPEECHTHE DISEASE IS PROGRESSIVE & DEGENERATIVE AFFECTING BODY &MINDWHEN DISEASE PROGRESSES SUFFERER EXPERIENCES CHANGES INPERSONALITY & DECLINES IN INTELLECT, MEMORY, SPEECH, &JUDGEMENT. DEMENTIA DEVELOPS IN LATER STAGESGENEALOGIC DOCUMENTATION HAS ESTABLISHED THE CAUSE TO BE AMONOHYBRID AUTOSOMAL GENE OF DOMINANT TYPE WITH COMPLETEPENETRANCEGROSS WASTING OF THE HEAD OF THE CAUDATE NUCLEUS & PUTAMENBILATERALLY IS ITS CHARACTERISTIC IN THE FRONTAL & TEMPORALLOBESFIRST SIGNS APPEAR IN CHILDHOOD, BEFORE PUBERTY BEFORE AGE 4,CAUSING RIGID FORMS OF THE DISEASE & SEIZURESSUFFERERS BEGIN TO FIND FAULT & COMPLAIN ABOUTEVERYTHING,THEY MAY BE SUSPICIOUS, IRRITABLE, IMPULSIVE,ECCENTRIC, OR EXCESSIVELY RELIGIOUSMEMORY & ATTENTIVENESS ARE LOST FIRST,THEN TEMPERHEREDITARY DEGENERATIVE BRAIN DISEASE BEGINNING AGE 40-50RESEARCH:4 TO 5 MILLION ARE MALES,OLDER PATEINTS INHERIT FROMMOTHERS AND YOUNGER PATIENTS FROM FATHERSNOT MANY DRUGS ON MARKET ARE HELPFUL, LEVODOPA MAKESCHOREA WORSE. CHOREA MEANS INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENTS
  • PARKINSON’S DISEASENEUROLOGICAL DISORDER WHERE CERTAIN BRAIN CELLSTHAT CONTROL MUSCLES DEGENERATE, CAUSINGTREMOR, STIFFNESS, SHUFFLING WALK & PROBLEMS WITHBALANCETREMORS GET WORSE WITH STRESS DUE TO LOWDOPAMINE LEVELS, SUFFERER FINDS IT HARD TO MOVEFORWARDLATE STAGES: MEANINGLESSNESS,LETHARGY,DEPRESSION, ADULT ATTENTION DEFICIT,COMBATIVENESS & SOCIAL WITHDRAWLDEFICIENCY OF THE NEUROTRANSMITTER CALLEDDOPAMINEPOSSIBLE THAT ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS, OXIDATIVESTRESS OCCUR IN AGES UNDER 50GENETICS PLAY A BIG ROLERESEARCH: DEVELOPING MANY DIFFERENT THERAPEUTICSTRATEGIES TO INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OFLEVODOPA & SURGICAL TECHNIQUES
  • PICK’S DISEASEFIRST SYMPTOMS ARE PSYCHOLOGICAL & BEHAVIORALPROBLEMSCHANGE IN CHARACTER,SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, DIMINISHEDDRIVE, & EXPRESSION VACANTEARLY STAGES: SUFFERER BECOMES OBSESSIVE,INSISTING THAT EVERYTHING IS ABSOLUTELY NEAT & INORDER, REPEATEDLY WASHING OF HANDS, & OBSERVINGLITTLE RITUALS EACH TIME A CERTAIN TASK IS CARRIEDOUTTALKS JARGON, CAN’T DISCRIBE THE OBJECTFRONTAL LOBE DEMENTIA LIKE ALZHEIMER’SDEMENTIA CAUSES IRREVERSIBLE DECLINE, SOMEPROBLEMS START AT A YOUNGER AGESOME PROBLEMS CAN BE TREATED BY MEDICATIONS TOREDUCE BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMSRESEARCH: HARD TO DIAGNOSE THIS DISEASE UNTILAFTER DEATH BY POST MORTEM EXAMINATION
  • SCHIZOPHRENIACHRONIC, SEVERE, & DISABLING BRAIN DISEASE, AFFECTSBOTH MEN & WOMEN, OFTEN EARLIER IN MEN – LATETEENS OR EARLY 20’S, WOMEN AFFECTED IN 20’S OREARLY 30’S.OFTEN SUFFER TERRIFYING SYMPTOMS: HEARING OFINTERNAL VOICES, BELIEVING THAT OTHER PEOPLE AREREADING THEIR MINDS & CONTROLLING THEIR THOUGHTSOR PLOTTING TO HARM THEM, THIS MAKES THEMFEARFUL, & WITHDRAWN, SPEECH & BEHAVIORDISORGANIZED, FRIGHTENING TO OTHERSDIAGNOSIS: RULE OUT OTHER ILLNESSESABUSE OF OTHER DRUGS CAUSE SYMPTOMSVIOLENT CRIMES ARE MOSTLY COMMITTED BYSUFFERERS WHO HAVE PARANOID & PSYCHOTICSYMPTOMSSCHIZOPHRENIA RUNS IN FAMILIES, AND RESEARCHERSSTUDY GENETIC FACTORS SUCH AS PRENATALCOMPLICATIONSANTI-PSYCOTIC DRUGS AVAILABLE SINCE MID 1950’S