Presentation onUnderstanding Work TeamsPresented To: Sir Ahmad Tisman PashaPresented By: Muhammad Faheem-ul-Hassan Roll No. 09-20 BSIT 5th
History of Teams: Three companies W.L.Gore ,Volvo, and General Foods first introduce the concept of teams into their companies.
Why Have Teams Become So Popular?Great way to use employee talentsTeams are more flexible and responsive to changes in the environmentFacilitate employee involvementIncrease employee participation in decision making
Differences betweenGroups and TeamsWork Group A group that interacts primarily to share information and to make decisions to help each group member perform within his or her area of responsibility No joint effort required No positive synergy
Work Team Generates positive synergy through coordinated effort. The individual efforts result in a performance that is greater than the sum of the individual inputs Joint effort required Positive synergy
Types of TeamsTher e ar e f our t ypes of Teams:Problem Solving TeamsSelf Managed Work TeamsCross Functional TeamsVirtual Teams
Types of TeamsPr obl em-Sol vi ng Teams Groups of 5 to 12 employees from the same department who meet for a few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment. Team member share ideas or suggest how work processes and methods can be improved.
Types of Teams Problem Solving teams only make recommendations. But Some organization created teams that not only solve problems but also implement solutions and take responsibility for outcomes.
Types of Teams Self-Managed Work Teams Groups of 10 to 15 people who perform highly related or interdependent jobs and take on many of the responsibilities of their former supervisors. These tasks are following: Planning and scheduling work Assigning tasks to members Making operating decisions Taking action on Problems Working with suppliers and customers.
Types of Teams Fully self-managed work teams even select their own members and evaluate each other’s performance. Supervisory positions take on decreased importance and sometimes even eliminated. Self managed teams do not typically manage conflicts well.
Types of TeamsCross-Functional Teams Employees from about the same hierarchical level, but from different work areas, who come together to accomplish a task Cross-functional teams are an effective means of allowing people from diverse areas to Exchange information
Types of Teams Developing new ideas Solve problems Coordinating complex project
Types of TeamsCross-functional teams are no picnic to manage.Early stages of development are long as members learn to work with diversity and complexity.It takes time to build trust and teamwork especially among people from different backgrounds with different experiences and perspectives.
Types of TeamsVirtual Teams Teams that use computer technology to tie together physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal Allow teams members to collaborate online using Wide area networks Video conferencing E-mail
Types of TeamsVirtual teams face special challengesThey are not able to duplicate the normal give-and-take of face-to-face discussions.To be effective, needs:Trust among membersClose monitoringTo be publicized
Key Components of Effective TeamsContextCompositionWork DesignProcess Variables
Creating Effective Teams: ContextAdequate Resources One of the most important characteristics of an effective work group is support the receives from the organizations This support includes Timely information
Effective Leadership and Structure Agreeing to the specifics of work and how the team fits together to integrate individual skills Even “self-managed” teams need leaders Leadership especially important in multi-team systems
Climate of Trust Members must trust each other and the leader Team members are more likely to take risks and expose vulnerabilities when they believe they can trust on their team Trust is the foundation of leadership It allows a team to accept and commit to its leader’s goals and decisions.
Performance and Rewards Systems that Reflect Team Contributions Cannot just be based on individual effort Group-based appraisals reinforce team effort and commitment.