Can we play science heuristic strategies of science research jies 2013

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Can we play science heuristic strategies of science research jies 2013

  1. 1. Can we play science?Heuristic Strategies ofScience ResearchJoão André Duartejduarte@museus.ul.pt
  2. 2. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchCitizen ScienceProject or Activity in which the public collects and/or analyses data to helpunderstand large scale research questionsAimsIncrease Scientific KnowledgeGather meaningfull data for large-scale research questionsIncrease Scientific literacy and develop problem-solving skills
  3. 3. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchCitizen SciencePublic Participation in Science ResearchUSA’ NSF – PPSR, 1992Three categories:Contributory projectsCollaborative projectsCo-created projects
  4. 4. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchCitizen SciencePublic Participation in Science Researchis growingin numbers – “hundreds”impact – published papersmethodology - Citizen Science Toolkit(CAISE Inquiry Group Report, 2009)
  5. 5. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchWeb 2.0
  6. 6. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchThe detour
  7. 7. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchExperience
  8. 8. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchExperienceJohn Dewey (1859 – 1952)InstrumentalismUncertain agenciesEfficient instruments
  9. 9. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchExperienceJohn Dewey (1859 – 1952)Empirical Naturalism“(…) experience, if scientific inquiry is justified, is noinfinitesimally thin layer or foreground of nature, butthat it penetrates into it, reaching down into itsdepths, and in such a way that its grasp is capable ofexpansion”.(Dewey, 1958)
  10. 10. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchExperienceJohn Dewey (1859 – 1952)Empirical NaturalismIs a Humanist NaturalismExperience as the place ‘where paupers andprinces meet as equals’
  11. 11. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchExperienceJohn Dewey (1859 – 1952)PragmatismNegation modern dualism - separationmind/physical -Inferences – Practical consequences
  12. 12. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchSolving Puzzles
  13. 13. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchSolving Puzzlesto predict the structure of proteins withhuman’s puzzle-solving intuitionshttp://fold.it
  14. 14. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science Research
  15. 15. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science Research
  16. 16. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science Research
  17. 17. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science Research
  18. 18. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchAbductionCharles Sanders Peirce (1839 – 1914)“Hypothesis is where we find somevery curious circumstance, whichwould be explained by the suppositionthat it was a case of a certain generalrule, and thereupon adopt thatsupposition.”(Charles S. Peirce CP 2.624, Deduction, Induction,Hypothesis, 1878)
  19. 19. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchHabit of mind“That which determines us, from given premises, to draw one inference rather thananother, is some habit of mind, whether it be constitutional or acquired. The habitis good or otherwise, according as it produces true conclusions from true premisesor not; and an inference is regarded as valid or not, without reference to the truthor falsity of its conclusion specially, but according as the habit which determines it issuch as to produce true conclusions in general or not.”(Charles S. Peirce, CP 5.367, The fixation of belief, 1877)
  20. 20. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchDiagrammatic reasoning“With the exception of knowledge, in the present instant, of the contents ofconsciousness in that instant (the existence of which knowledge is open to doubt)all our thought and knowledge is by signs. A sign therefore is an object which is inrelation to its object on the one hand and to an interpretant on the other, in such away as to bring the interpretant into a relation to the object, corresponding to itsown relation to the object. I might say similar to its own for a correspondenceconsists in a similarity; but perhaps correspondence is narrower.”(Peirce, 8.332, 1904, Letter to Lady Welby))
  21. 21. Can we play science? Heuristic Strategies of Science ResearchConclusions• Citizen Science experience is compatible with Pragmatistheuristics;• Is Citizen Science close to Dewey’s pedagogy and social project?• Is Peirce’s ‘logic of signs’ becoming more relevant?• Inclusion of this perspective in a wider media philosophy?

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