Reichstag fire COMMUNIST Bloody purge (Night of Long Knives) Enabling Act
In 1933 Hitler became Chancellor. This position had enable him to eliminate democracy in Germany.Hitler wanted the Nazi party to gain full control of the Reichstag without getting approval from the Reichstag or President.Hitler dissolved the Reichstag and called for fresh elections in March 1933.
However, a week before the elections, the Reichstag caught fire and Hitler blamed his political rival, the communist. Therefore, 4000 communists leader were arrested. With his enemies removed, it made it easier for Hitler to win election in 1933.
Hitler claimed that the country is in grave danger and convince President Hindenburg to grant him emergency power to deal with communist threat.This act require the Reichstag agreement. Hitler then uses his SS and SA to pressure the Reichstag to agree with the act.Hitler was then granted the enabling Act with gave him a lot of power.Hitler uses his power to ban all opposition parties.Thus, Germany become a police state and people lost much independence. Hitler became the most powerful person in Germany
Ernst Rohm, leader of Sturmbteilung(SA, Storm troopers). Under Rohm’s leadership the SA grew into a powerful organisation in Germany. Hitler was worried about the growth of SA and Rohm’s growing influence and believe the Rohm was a potential threat. Hitler had Rohm and other SA leader arrested and executed in a campaign known as Night of Long Knives by Hitler’s Schutzstaffel(SS, personal/elite guard) men.
Religious Control Anti-Semitism Education Censorship
In schools, students was influenced with Nazi beliefs. - Students were not taught to think for themselves. - Instead, they were indoctrinated with Nazi ideas. Young people were expected to join Youth Organisations. . This was to allow Nazis to further control the minds of the young. . . Hitler Youth spend time participating activities to toughen them. . Eg, Hiking, route marches and camping expedition. . Boys was taught to play important role in building a militarily strong Germany. . Girls, on the other hand, was prepared to take their roles as mothers and child givers.
Hitler’s anti-Semitism law were targeted at getting rid of the Jews. This is because of his personal hatred for Jews. Hitler saw the Jews as selfish, materialistic and an inferior race. In order to justify his action, he blamed the Jews for German’s economic problems as many Jews were wealthy and ran its own business. Thus through successful propaganda, Hitler blinded the German of all his fault and ill-doings.
Nazi party took control of churches as Hitler had believed that government is the one that controlled every aspect of life and not god, thus, people should be devoted to their Fuhrer, Hitler. The schools & organisations ran by churches were closed down. Whoever opposed Hitler would be arrest & send to concentration camps. A new religion was promoted by Hitler known as National Socialism . It emphasized unquestioned loyalty to him. The worshippers were forced to listen to readings from Mein Kempf and bowed before the Swastika in churches. Hitler also wrote a book named My struggle. People that attended church were brainwashed to obey the Nazis.
Censorship was rampant(unrestrained) throughout Nazi Germany. Censorship ensured that Germans could only see what the Nazi hierarchy(those in authority.) wanted people to see, hear what they wanted them to hear and read only what the Nazis deemed acceptable. The prime mover in censorship was the Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels. He took responsibility in the material that is going to be published to Nazi state. Newspapers, radio and all forms of media were put under control of Nazis too. Rallies were used to show German and foreigners how successful Nazi policies were in creating a powerful German race and state. Therefore, people were brainwashed into believing and trusting that Hitler was a great leader who had done wonders for Germany.