Germany under


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Germany under

  1. 1. Hitler becoming aChancellorHe became aChancellor in 1933• July 1932 elections. Nazislargest party but not demayority one.•Hitler wanted to become aChancellorHindenburg refused andchose Von papen•Von papen resigned.•December 1932 VonSchleicher become the newChancellor• January 1933, Hitler wasofered to become Chancellor.Hindenburgthought that ifHitler was aChancellor hecould be undertheir control
  2. 2.  Once Hitler was in office he immediately beganstrengthening his position. He called for new elections and burned down theparliament building the day before, but blamed it on thecommunists. Hitler and his allies won the majority in parliament. Once Hitler had parliament under his control he passeda bill that essentially made him a dictator. He bannedpolitical opponents and had them arrested. In 1934 Hitler created an elite black uniformed unitcalled the Schutzstaffel or the SS. They were loyal only toHitler and arrested anyone who opposed him.Hitler Seizes Power
  3. 3.  The Reichstag burnt down in February 1933 Van de Lubbe (Dutch Communist) was found inside– admitted responsibility Hitler convinced people that the communists weretrying to take power by terrorism Thus communists banned from ReichstagThe Reichstag Fire
  4. 4.  March 1933 Communists banned means Hitler can pass theEnabling Act “Hitler can rule alone for four years. There is noneed to consult the Reichstag”The Enabling Act
  5. 5. Nazi contorl ofGermany.The SS.The Gestapo.ConcentrtationCamps.The policeand thecourts.
  6. 6.  August 1934 Hitler combines roles of Reich Chancellor and ReichPresident Now called “Der Fuhrer” All soldiers swore a personal oath of loyalty to HitlerDeath of Hindenburg
  7. 7. Nazis believed in superiority of the Arian racePersecution of minortiesThey persecute membersof other races gypseshomosexualsMentallyhandicappedpeople
  8. 8. Goebbels was chosen to takecharge of Nazi propaganda.Hitler and Goebbels believed thebest way to reach the masses wasby appealing to their feelingsrather than by rational argument:posters, leaflets, films and radiobroadcasts.However, the prosperity of theStresemann years andStressmann’s success in foreignpolicy made Germansuninterested in extreme politics.
  9. 9.  The Nazis’ 25 points were attractive to those morevulnerable to the Depression: The unemployed The eldery The middle class Nazi campaign methods were modern and effective: Slogans German people united behind one leader Tradicional valuesNAZI CAMPAIGNING
  10. 10.  The aim of the Nazis was to create a totalitarian state where could no be rival parties or political debate. The Nazis had a powerful range of organizations and weapons to control Germany:NAZI CONTROL OF GERMANYConcentration campsUltimate sanctionagainst their ownpeople. These campswere run by SS Death’sHead units. Prisionerswere forced to do hardlabour and food wasvery limited.The Gestapo(secret state police)They could arrestcitiziens onsuspicion and sendthem toconcentrationcampsThe police and thecourtsThe Nazis controlledmagistrates, judgesand the courts, whichmeant that opponentsof Nazis rarelyreceived a fair trialThe SSAryans veryhighly trainedand totallyloyal to Hitler