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Legalism 2011

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Legalism
    • 2. Han Fei
    • 3. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.
    • 4. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.* Han Fe Zi.
    • 5. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.* Han Fe Zi.* Lived during the late Warring States period.
    • 6. Han Fei* 280? - 233 B.C.E.* Han Fe Zi.* Lived during the late Warring States period.* Legalism became the political philosophy of the Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty.
    • 7. Major Legalist Principles
    • 8. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.
    • 9. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.
    • 10. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.
    • 11. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.4. The ruler must rule with a strong, punishing hand.
    • 12. Major Legalist Principles1. Human nature is naturally selfish.2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.4. The ruler must rule with a strong, punishing hand.5. War is the means of strengthening a ruler’s power.
    • 13. Authoritarian
    • 14. AuthoritarianOne who favors the principlethat individuals should obeya powerful authority ratherthan exercise individualfreedom.
    • 15. AuthoritarianOne who favors the principlethat individuals should obeya powerful authority ratherthan exercise individualfreedom.The ruler, therefore, “crackshis whip” on the backs of hissubjects!
    • 16. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)  Leviathan  Society = Lord of the Flies  People passionate, but reasonable.  Strong leader needed: keep order.