<ul><li> </li></ul>The Definition: <ul><li>Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder </li></ul><ul><li>It is a mood disorder characterized by mood changes between depression and mania (hyperactive, wildly optimistic, impulsive). </li></ul>DEPRESSION MANIA
Mania (manic phase): People in the Manic Phase of the bipolar disorder are easily agitated and irritated. Little things that would usually not be a problem now become very annoying and problematic.
Continued: <ul><li>Less NEED for sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperactive, a lot of energy, no self-control, racing thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>- Easily distracted </li></ul>
Continued: <ul><li>Binge eating, drinking, </li></ul><ul><li>drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Poor temper control </li></ul>
DEPRESSION <ul><li>The depressed phase involves very serious symptoms of major depression, including suicidal thoughts. </li></ul>
Continued: <ul><li>Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions </li></ul>
Continued: <ul><li>-Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and/or guilt </li></ul><ul><li>-Loss of self-esteem </li></ul>
Continued: <ul><li>- Loss of appetite and weight loss, overeating and weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>-Excessive sleepiness, inability to sleep </li></ul>
Continued: <ul><li>-Withdrawal from friends </li></ul>
The Facts: <ul><li>Many people with bipolar disorder have successful careers, happy family lives, and satisfying relationships. Living with bipolar disorder is challenging. But with treatment, healthy coping skills, and a solid support system, you can live fully while managing your symptoms. </li></ul>
Fact is: <ul><li>Some people alternate between extreme episodes of mania and depression, but most are depressed more often than they are manic. Mania may also be so mild that it goes unrecognized. People with bipolar disorder can also go for long stretches without symptoms. </li></ul>
Sadly: <ul><li>Bipolar disorder has been linked to anxiety, substance abuse, and health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, migraines, and high blood pressure. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Therapy and self-help strategies help greatly. You can help control your symptoms by exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, eating right, monitoring your moods, keeping stress to a minimum, and surrounding yourself with supportive people. </li></ul>
Bipolar I Disorder (mania or a mixed episode) – The classic manic-depressive form of the illness, characterized by at least one manic episode or mixed episode. Usually—but not always—Bipolar I Disorder also involves at least one episode of depression.
Bipolar II Disorder (hypomania and depression) – In Bipolar II disorder, the person doesn’t experience full-blown manic episodes. Instead, the illness involves episodes of hypomania and severe depression.
Cyclothymia (hypomania and mild depression) – Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder. It consists of cyclical mood swings. However, the symptoms are less severe than full-blown mania or depression.
Bipolar disorder is a complex condition. Diagnosis can be tricky and treatment is often difficult. For safety reasons, medication should be closely monitored. A psychiatrist who is skilled in bipolar disorder treatment can help you navigate these twists and turns.
- Thyroid disorders -Corticosteroids -Antidepressants -Adrenal disorders (e.g. Addison’s disease, Cushing’s syndrome) Medical conditions and medications that can mimic the symptoms of bipolar disorder: - Antianxiety drugs -Drugs for Parkinson’s disease -Vitamin B12 deficiency -Neurological disorders (e.g. epilepsy, multiple sclerosis)
Indicators of bipolar (not jus depression): <ul><li>You’ve experienced repeated episodes of major depression. </li></ul><ul><li>You had your first episode of major depression before age 25. </li></ul><ul><li>You have a first-degree relative with bipolar disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>When you’re depressed, you oversleep and overeat. </li></ul><ul><li>You’ve lost contact with reality while depressed. </li></ul><ul><li>Your antidepressant stopped working after several months. </li></ul><ul><li>You’ve tried 3 or more antidepressants without success. </li></ul>
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