Assignment 8 - Narrative Theory
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Assignment 8 - Narrative Theory

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    Assignment 8 - Narrative Theory Assignment 8 - Narrative Theory Presentation Transcript

    • Assignment 8:Narrative Theory Fatou Panzout
    • Part A:Todorov (1&2)
    • Todorov
    •  Todorov suggests that there are 5 main stages of narrative (with 3 major stages) ◦ Equilibrium (Normality) ◦ Disequilibrium (conflict of equilibrium by action or event) ◦ Recognition of Disequilibrium (conflict/disruption) ◦ Attempt to repair disequilibrium ◦ New Equilibrium (New Normality)Todorov
    • 1.EQUILIBRIUM 2. DISRUPTION 5. NEW OF EQUILIBRIUMEQUILIBRIUM Todorov‟s Narrative Theory 4. AN ATTEMPT 3. RECOGNITION TO REPAIR THE OF THE DAMAGE DISRUPTION
    •  The disturbance of the equilibrium pushes the effect/cause chain of events that makes the plot of the film. Stages 2,3,4 can sometime s be repeated over and over again before we can reach the final stage of new equilibrium (end). Thus, the anticipation („the edge of our seats‟) is maintained by the lack of resolution. The complete narrative structure builds the audiences pleasure and satisfaction that are met by the resolution: „Happy Ending‟. Quite often, the new equilibrium absorbs a new state of being, where not only has order been returned, but some kind of learning process or improvement to life has taken place. In the case of mainstream films (trilogies), each film leaves the audience with an unfinished aspect of the plot of the film, in order for the audience to get ready for the next sequel. Different types of genres will show the 5 stage process differently, capturing different typical disturbance and resolutionsTodorov
    • Todorov Task 1
    •  Equilibrium – White Chicks FBI doing there daily job, looking for whatever it is they need to look for.Todorov Task 2
    •  Disequilibrium They have two famous twins that they have to escort to a hotel, but get into a car crash.Task 2
    •  Recognition of Disequilibrium The two officers have to switch places with the twins, taking there place as them. Without telling anybody.Task 2
    •  Attempt to repair disequilibrium After everybody found out about the officers switching places with the twins, the villains get caught, one of the officers relationship gets fixedTask 2
    •  New Equilibrium The officers go shopping with their new found friends.Task 2
    • Claude Levi-Strauss
    •  He believed that our world is described as Binary Opposites. When we see into the themes that the stories and even real life consist of, we come to realize that they have differences, contradictions and conflict or opposites. ◦ Day/Night ◦ Good/Bad ◦ Light/Dark ◦ Female/Male We recognize that the essential conflict in relation to the narrative, which shows a familiarity in stories and films Strauss also believed that these oppositions are quite fundamental to our ability to make meanings of our own lives. For example, we understand the fact the good is an opposition of evil. He believed opposition brought more structure to text including things like stories, books, plays, and filmsLevi-Strauss
    • HERO VILLIAN GOOD EVIL NATIVE OTUSIDE LOVE HATE HANDSOME UGLYExample
    • SETTLERS NATIVE AMERICANS CIVILISED SAVAGE CHRISTIAN PAGAN ORDERED SOCIETY OUTSIDE SOCIETY TOWN WILDERNESS HANDSOME SCARREDExample – Western Genre
    •  However there is a problem with Strauss‟ theory Oppositions can essentially lead to a status of hierarchy, leaning on one side having to „win‟ the conflict; even though it is tied to the structure of the narrative But the audience are expected to favour the winning side. This may create a dangerous norm (e.g. ideal image of white, big muscles, strong, handsome, brave male hero).Problem
    • Film Opposite 1 Opposite 2 Explanation“Juice” The difference between the two is that one of them is good, knowing his rights from wrong and doesn‟t want to cause trouble, • Q is a member of “The • Bishop is also a whereas the other Wrecking Crew” but is the member of “The character seems to most sensible out of all. Wrecking Crew” but he do all things bad, He knows his right from is the most violent out of all of them. He seeks and seeks things wrongs and is also an to have power and that must be earned aspiring DJ. respect, even though and not forced. he doesn‟t really deserve it. For this causes him to kill a numerous amount of people to try and accomplish this missionGenre: Drama
    • Film Opposite 1 Opposite 2 ExplanationThe Unborn They‟re opposite to each other because we see that one of them is evil than the other character who is • Young unborn • Young girl who is a innocent and good child who is victim of the family seeking revenge curse. She is a good within the family girl throughout the curse movie as she in unaware of the family curseGenre: Horror
    • Films Opposite 1 Opposite 2 ExplanationSpiderman The differences between the two is that one seeks to have power and greed, than in contrast to the hero who wans to • Peter • The Green protect and save Parker/Spiderman Goblin is a villian those he loves. , two alter egos who seeks to meet as one, to take over the create a brave city, so that he and bold hero can rule under his own powers.Genre: Action