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Media key terms


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Media key terms

  1. 1. Media Key Terms Images and Definitions Fatou PanzoutI shall be showing and defining from my perspective of:1. Camera Shots2. Camera Angles3. Camera Movements4. Camera Composition
  3. 3. Part 1: Camera Shots• Camera Shot consists of such techniques such as:• Establishing Shot• Wide Shot• Long Shot• Mid/Medium Shot• Close Up Shot• Extreme Close Up• Over the shoulder• Two Shot• POV (Point of View)• Aerial Shot• Overhead Shot
  4. 4. Part 1: Camera Shots• Establishing Shot:• Its when it establishes a setting of a scenery, giving the audience/viewer the information of where the place is set. You can use a wide range of other techniques such wide/long shot of a city, house, town etc.
  5. 5. Part 1: Camera Shots• Wide Shot• This usually shows a lot of information within one picture, like a panoramic picture. Usually used for establishing shots, and on other occasions e.g. in a party or people in one room.
  6. 6. Part 1: Camera Shots• Long Shot• When you take a picture of somebody’s whole body or subject e.g. a table
  7. 7. Part 1: Camera Shots• Mid/Medium Shot• Usually a taking the picture of the upper half ( or lower part) of somebody or subject
  8. 8. Part 1: Camera Shots• Close Up Shot• Taking a shot of a particular of a body or object such as hand or face.
  9. 9. Part 1: Camera Shots• Extreme Close Up• A part of a body or object that shows extreme detail, giving more info to the viewer.
  10. 10. Part 1: Camera Shots• Over the Shoulder shot• When the shot is taken from behind the persons shoulders. Usually the person facing the subject takes up to about a third of the picture.
  11. 11. Part 1: Camera Shots • Two Shot • Where you see two people either engaging in a conversation, interacting with each other. Sometimes it can show the relationship between the two.Don’t watch my tongue lol
  12. 12. Part 1: Camera Shots• POV (Point Of View)• Is where you see a shot taken from the person’s perspective.
  13. 13. Part 1: Camera Shots• Overhead• When the camera is placed above the person or object.
  14. 14. Part 1: Camera Shots• Aerial Shot• Is when you take from a really far distance (like a helicopter). Mostly used for establishing photos to establish the place or city.
  16. 16. Part 2: Camera Angles• Camera Angles consists of such techniques such as:• Low• High• Canted/Oblique
  17. 17. Part 2: Camera Angles• Low• When you take the picture from a lower place, which makes the person or building appear to look more larger and dominant.
  18. 18. Part 2: Camera Angles• High• When you take a picture of somebody or an object from a higher angler, making it to appear small and vulnerable.
  19. 19. Part 2: Camera Angles• Canted/Oblique• When you take the picture to make it look tilted and disoriented to the viewer
  21. 21. Part 3: Camera Movements• Camera movements consists of such techniques such as:• Pan• Tilt• Track• Zoom/Reverse Zoom• Dolly• Crane• Stedicam• Vertigo
  22. 22. Part 3: Camera Movements• Pan• When the camera pivots in a horizontal movement from either left to right or right to left, giving the audience/viewer more information of the scenery. Its usually used to give a panoramic view, or to try and fit the scene in one.
  23. 23. Part 3: Camera Movements• Tilt• Its opposite to pan, in which it goes vertically from top to bottom or bottom to top. It gives the viewer/audience more information on either the object or the character or setting etc.
  24. 24. Part 3: Camera Movements• Track• When the camera moves from side to side without pivoting to follow the person moving or an object. It can turn out to be a smooth movement from side to side, frontwards, backwards etc.
  25. 25. Part 3: Camera Movements• Zoom/Reverse Zoom• When the camera goes in towards the subject, object or character.• Reverse Zoom is the opposite and goes outwards from the subject, object or character
  26. 26. Part 3: Camera Movements• Dolly• Is when the camera moves in out, not like zoom or track. It can either move backwards or forwards too, on an object or a person.
  27. 27. Part 3: Camera Movements• Crane• In filmmaking and video production a crane shot is a shot taken by a camera on a crane or Jib (camera).
  28. 28. Part 3: Camera Movements• Stedicam• Stedicam is a camera stabilizing mount for cameras that stabalizes it from the cameraman’s movement, allowing a smooth shot even when moving quickly over an uneven surface.
  29. 29. Part 3: Camera Movements• Vertigo• When you dolly and zoom both at the same time. For example dolly out, zoom in.
  31. 31. Part 4: Camera Composition• Camera Angles consists of such techniques such as:• Balance – Symmetry (symmetric balance) – Asymmetry (Asymmetric balance)• Rule of Thirds• Depth of Fields – Shallow Focus – Deep Focus – Focus Pulls
  32. 32. Part 4: Camera Composition• Balance• Its when the part of the elements seem overpowering or heavier than the other. There are three kinds of balance; Symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.
  33. 33. Part 4: Camera Composition• Symmetry• When it is equally balance on both sides, looking almost identical to each other.
  34. 34. Part 4: Camera Composition• Asymmetry• The opposite of symmetry; where it is unbalanced on both sides. Both looking fairly different to each other.
  35. 35. Part 4: Camera Composition• Rule of thirds• Its usually based in painting, photography, film and design. The rule is that you have to imagine that the imagery is divided into nine equal parts by two equally spaced horizantol line and two vertical.
  36. 36. Part 4: Camera Composition• Depth of field (DOF)• It’s a distance of what’s currently in focus, between the farthest and nearest in the picture become sharp.
  37. 37. Part 4: Camera Composition• Shallow focus• It is mainly used for photography; taking a small insight of depth of field
  38. 38. Part 4: Camera Composition• Deep Focus• It’s the opposite of shallow focus; the whole picture is focused on. The fore-gound, middle-ground and background.
  39. 39. Part 4: Camera Composition• Focus Pulls• Is a creative technique, by you just changing the focus during the shot. Usually done by changing the focus to one object to another