Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Urban culture and society (Topic 5th urban planning theory)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Urban culture and society (Topic 5th urban planning theory)


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The Minority-race Planner in the Quest for a Just CityJune Manning ThomasPublished in : SAGE Publications 2008Keywords : Diversity, Minority, Planning, Race, Social justiceARTICLES :Nurturing; Home, Mom and Apple PieDolores HaydenPublished in : Chapters 4rd and 6st from “Redesigning the American Dream” book. 2001Keywords : Nurturing, Domestic life, household, Women’s roles transformedPlanning as a Heterosexist ProjectMichael FrischPublished in : Journal of Planning Education and Research. 2002Keywords : heterosexist,Topic 5thUrban Culture and Society1/17
  • 2. Urban and Regional Planner(diversification of planning profession, planning history, and social equityin neighborhoods and urban revitalization)1. Present, An Urban and Regional Planning Professor of atArchitecture and Urban Planning department. TaubmanCollege University. Michigan2. Was a professor at Michigan State University3. Co-founder and Co-chair, Planners of Color Interest Group(ACSP) Association of Collegiate Schools Planning, 2008-10.4. Vice-President of (ACSP), 2011-135. Fellow in the American Institute of Certified Planners (2003)Books• Redevelopment and Race: Planning a Finer City in PostwarDetroit (1997) (Paul Davidoff Award from Association ofCollegiate Schools of Planning 1999)• Planning Progress: Lessons from Shoghi Effendi (1999)• Urban Planning and the African American Community: In theShadows (1997)• Race and Uneven Development (1987)The Minority-Race Planner in the Quest for a just CityJune ManningThomasAmerican2/17
  • 3. * INTRODUCTION ARTICLE1. Social divisions (race, ethnicity, religion, etc….modernsociety exclusion) is the reality of metropolis fragmentation2. The goal of “just city“ is “social justice” on the process andon results of planning (justice on distribution of its benefits)3. Planners must simply plan a “Just city” by recognizing thepresent of multiple publics through advocacy planning(people’s justice in accessing planning process)4. Planners is expected as a profession which contained ofmultiple public’s representatives (populations disadvantagedfrom societal context), and to find their responsibility towards“social justice” in “just city”5. Diversity in race and ethnic of planner profession’sdemographics is the reflection of social equity commitment(besides others advantages)The Minority-race Planner in the Quest for a Just CityJune Manning ThomasPublished in : SAGE Publications 2008Keywords : diversity, minority, planning, race, social justiceArticle’s section :1. Minority-race People2. The Ends3. The Mean4. The minority-race Planner5. Diversifying the Profession3/17
  • 4. Advantages of group diversity in -planner profession :1) Planners lives as minority in fragmented metropolis believed that attached withmilieu in the process of planning and decision-making2) Planners from minority somehow produce better outcomes for “just city”3) Possible to become a “ group’s representative” and change the injustice conditionin planning context (defend the minority’s interest)4) Serve as a bridge, to link communication between communities and planningagencies/goverment (high sensibility /sensitive ear, to others minority group(personal experience reflection as minority)4/17
  • 5. 1. Planner needs a clear understanding of“urban social diversity”2. The “clear understanding” is possible togenerate from “divisions diversity inplanning profession”To have “just city”,5/17Conclution
  • 6. Urban historian, Architect, author, and Poet(focused on the urban environment)1. Professor at architecture department, urbanism, andAmerican studies at Yale University.2. The founder of The Power of Place (Los Angeles basednon-profit arts and humanities group)3. B.A. in architecture from Mount Holyoke College4. Graduate school from CambridgeUniversity and Harvard Graduate School of DesignBooks :• A Field Guide to Sprawl, WW Norton, 2006• American Yard -- Poems• Building Suburbia: Green Fields and Urban Growth,1820-2000• The Power of Place: Urban Landscapes as Public History• Redesigning the American Dream: Gender, Housing, andFamily Life, WW Norton, 2002• The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of FeministDesigns for American Homes, Neighborhoods, and Cities• Seven American Utopias: The Architecture ofCommunitarian Socialism, 1790-1975Nurturing; Home, Mom and Apple PieDolores HaydenAmerican6/17
  • 7. * INTRODUCTION ARTICLENurturing; Home, Mom and Apple PieDolores HaydenPublished in : Chapters 4rd and 6st from “Redesigning the American Dream” book. 2001Keywords : Nurturing, Domestic life, household, Women’s roles transformedArticle’s section :1. Three models of home in 19th century• The Heaven Strategy• The Industrial Strategy• The Neighborhood Strategy2. Modifying Beecher’s Heaven Strategy3. Modifying Bebel’s Industrial Strategy4. Modifying Peirce’s Neighborhood Strategy7/17***Models of “home” and how it influences tospatial, social, economic structure in 19th century
  • 8. Better domestic sphere for traditionalhousewife (Catharine Beecher . 1870s)• Efficient home design• Adequate tools and supply(water/heating/ventilation)Architect and design solution(August Bebel .1883’s) – women under socialism (marxism)Industrialization’s effect to traditional household• Women would share in the gains and losses with men• Industry efficiency may turn women into interchangeable service worker• Spatial container for this “interchangeable” is required (child care, laundry,food factory…etc..)Woman employee (skill, income)Home = HeavenHousewife as spiritual and physical shelter8/17Home = IndustryHousewife as Labor in industrialization era
  • 9. 9/17(Harriet Melusina Fay Pierce. 1870’s)Capitalism system.• Woman economic power in neighborhood• Home economic (entrepreneur) – commerciallaundry, etc…….Woman Interpreneurship (skill, income, network)Home = NeighborhoodHousewife in economic independency
  • 10. 1. Modifying Beecher’s Heaven Strategy• Manufacture household appliances (1900)• Commercial service (1960s-70s. fast food, child care(low income left as Latch-key children), privatemaids /“life-management” assistance, internetshopping, etc….)• Employer benefits and state service (1993 USAfamily & medical leave act, paid maternity leave…………. (new culture of flex-time work for women :work at home on internet)• Swedish parent insurance (1974, female labor jointthe labor force and parent insurance)• Male participant (in household work, parentingspace for male—in public and private space)10/17Catharine Esther Beecher(September 6, 1800 – May 12, 1878)American educator known for her forthright opinionson female education
  • 11. 2. Modifying Bebel’s Industrial Strategy• More comprehensive planning in industrial developmentfor women (new service and new housing forms)……….multifamily housing with collectiveservices socialism power / Lenin-USSR. Russia• Soviet motherhood (provide day care for children foremployee mother)• Housewives’ factories in Cuba and China (employedwomen with special access. Located factory inneighborhood low income)11/17Ferdinand August Bebel(22/2. 1840 – 3/8.1913)A German Marxistbest known : one of the foundersSocial Democratic Party ofGermany.
  • 12. 3. Modifying Peirce’s Neighborhood Strategy• Service houses, collective houses, and cooperativequadrangles (starting in 1868, flourish in 30s-40s)……….Apartment hotel (3 meals a day, good lighting,child care, sitting room for elder……etc)……….rising the entrepreneurship in the community• Wages for housework12/17Harriet Melusina Fay(1836-1923. Cambridge)Social scientist, writer, feministAn idea of to overcome the isolating ofhousewives (lack of specialization andfinancial) by cooperative living forhousekeeping then become women’scooperative retailWOMEN LIBERATION :Melusina Pierce : two thing that women must do in the condition of future happinessand bare respectability and morality by :1. Women must earn their own living2. Women must organized among themselvesAbove all, will have strong implication to their living space form (house design,neighborhood, city, country, economic productivity system) …….. Thereflection of underlying ideas of “the nature of home”
  • 13. Urban Planner, urban designer, historian(regional planning and analysis methods, land use and environmentalpolicy, urban redevelopment, urban design and planning history)• Associate Professor, Urban Planning + Designat University of Missouri-Kansas City• A research associate at the National Center forNeighborhood and Brownfields Redevelopmentat the Bloustein School of Planning and PublicPolicy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NewJersey• Was, Assistant Professor at Dept. of Architecture,Urban Planning + Design. ResearchAssociate at National Center for Neighborhoodand Brownfields Redevelopment EnvironmentalResearch at Center for the Biology of NaturalSystems, Queens CollegePlanning as a Heterosexist ProjectMichael FrischAmerican13/17
  • 14. * INTRODUCTION ARTICLEPlanning as a Heterosexist ProjectMichael FrischPublished in : Journal of Planning Education and Research. 2002Keywords : heterosexist,14/17Article’s section :1. Heterosexist definition• Definition Heterosexual (1868 – Natural sex differences---Kraft-Ebbing : representing “normal” sex)• Definition The Closet (1980s - the homosexual – same sex-couple)• What is a heterosexist project (create/reproduces structures of domination base upon essentialistcategories of sex)………………..Planning discourse : zoning, housing, sense of public realm in heterosexual2. Conclusion : A Queer Inclusive PlanningUrban planning is “a conscious effort todirect social processes to attain goals”(Feinstein 1996)• May use in multiple ways• Rationalization produced by theExercise of power• A process of social control
  • 15. Spaces, Places, Institutions, RegulationsUrbanPlanningURBAN SPACE(A BETTER LIVING PLACE)Capitalism(labor’s strata inheterosexualExerciseofPOWERSocialCONTROLo Social process(collective goals)o Inclusiveness(comprehensive)Legacy of Geddes and Mumford (1889’s) inModern Planning (Land use/zoning)*70’s – 80’s --Apartment as “immoral space”--Single family-home for FAMILY?Heterosexistproject15/17Queer space• Capitalism in industrialization improves individualfinancial independent (D’Emilio 1993)• Industry city housed single/temporary migrant• Queer space (public/private) as the resistant ofheterosexist project
  • 16. “queer spaces”A communal solidarity (Richard Sennett 1970)16/17
  • 17. The Minority-racePlanner in the Questfor a Just CityJune ManningThomas2008Planning for Social justicethrough Planner’s diversityNurturing; Home,Mom and Apple PieDolores Hayden2001Planning for GenderPlanning as aHeterosexist ProjectMichael Frisch2002Planning for HeterosexistTheJust City17/17Richard FloridaAli MadanipourFrederic Stout(creative class)Daphne Spain(gender)Paul Davidoff(pluralism/diversity)
  • 18. XIE XIE NI