Deaf culture


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Deaf culture

  1. 1. deaf<br />culture<br />Christine Sharkey<br />Teacher of the Deaf/HH<br />Deaf Culture<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Deaf – Active in the Deaf culture, any degree of hearing loss
  3. 3. deaf – Not active in Deaf culture, profound hearing loss
  4. 4. Hearing – Hearing within normal limits
  5. 5. Hard of Hearing – mild to profound degree of hearing loss
  6. 6. Race/ethnicity – varies
  7. 7. Click here for an ABC News article about identity</li></ul>Identity<br />
  8. 8. Official language used by people in the Deaf culture<br />A true language, not a shortcut of spoken English<br />No written form and not universal<br />ASL Interpreters are available to bridge communication between hearing and d/Deaf people<br />Currently popular with hearing babies and their hearing parents<br />Value: American Sign Language<br />
  9. 9. My identity is ______________________.<br />My language is _____________________.<br />True or False: <br />All people who are deaf feel that ASL is very important.<br />Respond:<br />How would using ASL make life easier?<br />How would using ASL make life difficult? <br />Stop and Think!<br />
  10. 10. Eavesdropping – By hearing, by deaf<br />Well-lit areas - for easier communication<br />Getting attention – taps, stomps, lights<br />Animated discussions – Body and facial expressions<br />Space – near for attention and far to communicate<br />People who are Deaf are upfront about appearance<br />Visiting unannounced – Accepted based on history<br />Interpreters – ADA supports, but expense $$$ is an issue<br />Etiquette (Manners)<br />
  11. 11. This is a law that makes sure people with disabilities are not discriminated against, and are provided with equal rights.<br />The government says that a person has a disability if there is a physical or mental impairment, and the impairment makes it difficult to do daily life activities, such as; see, hear, walk, eat, etc.<br />Because of this law, colleges, stores, hotels, airports, etc. need to accommodate people with hearing loss.<br />Note: <br />People who are deaf/hh are not expected to pay for interpreters in public places such as their work, hospital, doctor, or lawyer appointments. <br />Americans with Disabilities Act<br />
  12. 12. Video Phones and relay for communication from home<br />Sorenson Video Relay Service*<br />Mobile Relay Services for communication “on the go”<br />Sprint Relay Services<br />Lights, vibrations, and extra loud devices<br />Harris Communications<br />*Specific companies listed provide examples. Please note that there are numerous service and product providers available and can be found on the internet.<br />Technology Examples<br />
  13. 13. True or False:<br />If you know ASL, it’s okay to eavesdrop on other signers.<br />People who are Deaf stand close together when chatting.<br />People who are deaf or hard of hearing are disabled.<br />People who are Deaf are disabled.<br />It is easy for hearing and deaf people to communicate now, but wasn’t in the past.<br />Stop and Think!<br />
  14. 14. ASL Poetry reflects on shared Deaf experience<br />Classifier Stories use one or more classifiers to tell a story<br />Handshape Rhymes use one handshape and incorporate meter or rhythm<br />ABC Stories use letters of the alphabet to tell a story<br />Watch an ABC Story - Look for the alphabet in the signs!<br />Number Storiesuse numbers or number patterns <br />Watch an ASL Number Story - Look for numbers 1-10!<br />Narratives relate to aspects of shared Deaf experiences, often humorous or highlight triumphs<br />Value: Literature<br />
  15. 15. William Hoy – Deaf baseball player introduced hand signals<br />Football huddle – First used by Gallaudet University’s football team so opponent would not see them discussing the play<br />Dr. I. King Jordan was the first Deaf president of Gallaudet University after the “Deaf President Now” march in Washington D.C.<br />Gallaudet University is the only college in the WORLD for people who are deaf/hard of hearing.<br />Famous Deaf People & Trivia<br />
  16. 16. The “soup” story was an example of __?<br />Deaf poetry DOES/DOES NOT have rhythm.<br />Which school started the football huddle?<br />Where do you think would be a good place or time to use ASL instead of talking?<br />Stop and Think!<br />
  17. 17. Residential Schools – <br /> Children sleep in dorms and may see their parents only on the weekends. This is where many Deaf children learned ASL. Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf<br />Day schools –<br /> Schools for the deaf/hh without dorms. Students live at home and must have a hearing loss to attend. Pennsylvania School for the Deaf<br />Self-contained classrooms/Resource rooms – <br /> Classes for students with hearing loss inside a public school.<br />Mainstream/Inclusion –<br /> Students attend their neighborhood public schools with hearing peers, and use educational interpreters when necessary.<br />Education<br />
  18. 18. 90% of people who are deaf have hearing parents<br />Many people who are Deaf enjoy time to use ASL with others who are fluent, sharing experiences and struggles in the hearing world.<br />Some cities have a building for the club, others organize in restaurants or public places.<br />DINGO is a card game often played at the private events. <br />CODAs are Children Of Deaf Adults and (hearing or deaf) can learn Deaf culture through the Deaf Club.<br />Deaf Clubs<br />
  19. 19. Controversial topic – Some enjoy, dance and play instruments, others have no interest at all<br />Signed songs – More accepted when interpreted into ASL by a person who understands the culture<br />D-PAN music videos Deaf sign to music<br />Official Chase ASL Interpreter signs to music<br />Music<br />
  20. 20. Reflect…<br />Imagine that you are young, with no language. Your parents drop you off at a new school and leave you there. The teachers want you to learn to speak, but you can’t hear your voice or theirs. You make friends in the dorms and learn to sign secretly. <br /> Has there been a time when you didn’t understand what was happening? How did you feel? Who did you go to? What did you do? How could you stop this from happening again?<br />Stop and Think!<br />
  21. 21. “A deaf person can do anything a hearing person can, except hear.”<br />Dr. I. King Jordan<br />Keep an Open Mind…<br />
  22. 22. Ladd, P. (2003) Understanding Deaf Culture: In Search of Deafhood Multilingual Matters LTD, Clevedon, England<br />Moore, M.S. & Levitan, L. (2003) For Hearing People Only Third Edition. Deaf Life Press, Rochester, NY<br />Zinza, J. (2006) Master ASL! Sign Media Press, Burtonsville, MD<br />Resources<br />
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