2010 12 26 Deaf Awareness seminar


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Things you should know about the Deaf world and their relation to the hearing world

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  • Why it Deaf Awareness important?
  • Ask the audience to share his/her opinion about this quote.
  • I would like to know your awareness regarding Deaf. No worries, I will haven’t graded you. 
  • Ask the audience to share his/her opinion about this quote.
  • Deaf-mute – This term refers a person who don’t hear and speak. Deaf-dumb – This term refers a person who cannot speak and who is intellectually inferior. Hearing-Impaired - This term often is used by the media and society in general to refer to people with a hearing loss. Hearing-impaired means “ears are broken or defective.”
  • deaf (lower case “d”) – This term refers to a person whose hearing in non-functional for the ordinary purposes of life. Focus is on medical condition as deafness. Hard of Hearing – which refers to people who are not totally deaf but have residual hearing in one or both ears, enough to hear sounds, listen to music and speak over the telephone that an auditory device (cochlear implant and hearing aids). Mostly they communicate orally with hearing people but the people who describe themselves as "hard of hearing" or "deafened" do not see themselves as members of the Deaf culture. Deaf – This term refers to members of the Deaf community who share common values, norms, traditions, language, and behaviors even if they can’t hear.
  • Many Deaf people will use a sign language interpreter. You should speak directly to the Deaf person, not to the interpreter, and maintain eye contact with the Deaf person. This will feel awkward because the Deaf person will be looking at the interpreter, not you, but it will be noticed and appreciated by the Deaf person.
  • 2010 12 26 Deaf Awareness seminar

    1. 2. Topics to be tackled: <ul><li>Deaf Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Pathological VS. Socio-Cultural Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing culture VS. Deaf culture </li></ul><ul><li>How to communicate with the Deaf </li></ul><ul><li>How to accommodate the Deaf </li></ul>
    2. 3. -Philosopher Aristotle
    3. 5. <ul><li>1# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Deaf people can read lips and understand everything. Answer: False
    4. 6. <ul><li>2# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Deaf people are not as intelligent as hearing people Answer: False
    5. 7. <ul><li>3# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Deaf people are all alike Answer: False
    6. 8. <ul><li>4# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: False Hearing aids and cochlear implants restore hearing to normal.
    7. 9. <ul><li>5# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: False Sign language is universal
    8. 10. <ul><li>6# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: False Filipino Sign Language is a written form
    9. 11. <ul><li>7# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: False Deaf people cannot drive.
    10. 12. <ul><li>8# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: True Deaf people use Tagalog and/ or Filipino.
    11. 13. <ul><li>9# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: False Deaf people can’t dance because they can’t hear music.
    12. 14. <ul><li>10# Quiz: True or False </li></ul>Answer: False Deaf people’s reading achievement are poor because they are Deaf.
    13. 15. -Philosopher Aristotle
    14. 16. Avoid to Use Terms <ul><li>Deaf–mute (“pipi”) </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf-dumb </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing–Impaired </li></ul>
    15. 17. Deaf Terminologies <ul><li>deaf (lower case “d”) </li></ul><ul><li>Hard of Hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf (with capital “D”) </li></ul>
    16. 18. Pathological Socio-Cultural Perspective Perspective <ul><li>Deaf people are sick. </li></ul><ul><li>They are intellectually inferior. </li></ul><ul><li>They have limited abilities </li></ul><ul><li>They are speech-impaired. </li></ul><ul><li>They are culturally deprived. </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf people are different </li></ul><ul><li>There is no difference in the mental abilities of Deaf and hearing people. </li></ul><ul><li>They have unlimited abilities. </li></ul><ul><li>They have indigenous sign language. </li></ul><ul><li>They belong to a unique culture. </li></ul>VS. Source: Cristal, Joy L. (2008). A Glimpse of Deaf culture.
    17. 19. Hearing Culture VS. Deaf Culture <ul><li>Visual-motor language </li></ul><ul><li>Non-written form </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrating alarm clock </li></ul><ul><li>Waving hands </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting places </li></ul><ul><li>Sign name </li></ul><ul><li>Oral-aural language </li></ul><ul><li>Written form </li></ul><ul><li>Sound alarm clock </li></ul><ul><li>Clapping </li></ul><ul><li>Dim places </li></ul><ul><li>Call name </li></ul>
    18. 20. Hearing Culture VS. Deaf Culture <ul><li>Pointing is allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Can “talk” with mouth full of food </li></ul><ul><li>Overstaying/long </li></ul><ul><li>good-bye </li></ul><ul><li>Long introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Pointing is rude </li></ul><ul><li>Eye contact is not necessary </li></ul><ul><li>“ Can’t talk” with mouth full of food; considered rude. </li></ul><ul><li>Short goodbye </li></ul><ul><li>Short introduction </li></ul>
    19. 21. Hearing Culture VS. Deaf Culture <ul><li>Use communication gadgets like mobile phones, email, and video phones. </li></ul><ul><li>Written communication </li></ul><ul><li>Doorbell with Flashing-light </li></ul><ul><li>Tap on the shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>Use communication gadgets like telephone, voice calling (speaker) and wavy radio. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal communication </li></ul><ul><li>Ring Doorbells </li></ul><ul><li>Call attention </li></ul>
    20. 22. Hearing people should know… <ul><li>Deaf people hate it when hearing people say “It is not important.” or “It’s nothing, I will tell you later.” </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf people felt they left out when hearing people are talking (no signing). </li></ul>
    21. 24. <ul><li>Taps on the shoulder, waves the hand, </li></ul><ul><li>stomps on wooden floor and flicks the lights. </li></ul><ul><li>Use e-mail, SMS, and written </li></ul><ul><li>communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Use body language and facial </li></ul><ul><li>expression. </li></ul><ul><li>Use gestures and pantomine. </li></ul>
    22. 25. How to Accommodate with the Deaf <ul><li>Provide an interpreter in a meeting group. </li></ul><ul><li>Guide the outline in an agenda. </li></ul><ul><li>May try rephrase or give examples when the deaf person don’t understand. </li></ul><ul><li>Give more time to communicate. </li></ul>
    23. 26. How to Accommodate with the Deaf <ul><li>Choose an environment that is conductive to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Give the Deaf person to sit in a front row seat. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain eye contact with the Deaf person. </li></ul>
    24. 27. References: <ul><li>Cristal, J. (2008). A Glimpse of Culture. Lecture Notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson, R.C. Erting, C. J., Smith, D.I. and Sander, B.D. [Eds]. (1994). The Deaf Way: Perspective from the International Conference on Deaf Culture. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Moore, M. and Levitan, L. (2003). For Hearing People Only. [3 rd Ed.] Rochester, New York: Deaf Life Press. </li></ul><ul><li>SDEAS Institution. (2009). Deaf Studies 101. Biwako Millenium Framework </li></ul>