Which Games Approaches will work for you? one size does not fit all
Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy  </li></ul><ul><li>Conside...
Who is Caspian <ul><li>Europe's leading developer of simulations and games for education and training: </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Thinking Worlds – Unique Engine <ul><li>Browser Based Delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3D Thin Client Approach </li></ul></u...
Background <ul><li>Defence Academy commissioned first ever  UK MoD whitepaper on “serious games” </li></ul><ul><li>Aims: <...
Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy  </li></ul><ul><li>Conside...
Many types of video game
Many types of learning requirement <ul><li>Learning Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Planning  </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li...
Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy  </li></ul><ul><li>Conside...
A Useful Taxonomy  <ul><li>Egocentric Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Branching Story Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Real Time Strategy Sim...
EgoCentic http://www.thinkingworlds.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=3
Branching Story http://www.thinkingworlds.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=3
Exocentric
Real Time Strategy
Episodic
Construction & Management
Virtual Worlds
Device based
Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy  </li></ul><ul><li>Conside...
Considerations <ul><li>Objectives sought </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Budgetary Realities </li...
Which Games Approaches will work for you? Questions
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Taxonomy of Serious Games

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Confused about Serious Games? How and where to use them in your learning? Well, one size does not fit all. Serious Games and simulations come in many different shapes and sizes. Each will be more or less approriate depending upon your objectives etc.

This presentation from Caspian Learning clearly describes different types of Serious Game. It gives examples of each one, how they differ and where and when they can be used to achieve your learning objectives.

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  • Who are Caspian……
  • We have been able to achieve this as a result of our technology Thinking Worlds………….
  • Ultimately, the report should enable better informed and more robust decision making on where and how to utilise a ’learning through games’ strategy to deliver enhanced learning benefits.
  • Many different types of games (entertainment), Console, Casual, Mobile, Sociasl, many difft’ genres - FPS, Driving, Strategy, Turn Based, MMORPG, etc etc
  • As designers and procurers of serious games, the type of game that we will develop will depend upon requirements and situational practicaliteis. What type of learning objective is the focus? Then consider this through the filter of real constraints on the training.. We udnertook research with personnel across industry, education and military around deverlopment of SG.
  • Our classification is motivated by differences in what users will be able to see and do and how they may interact with the learning methods. These will include: method of presentation, player controls, user interface and gameplay mechanics (turn based, real time, etc). Variations in these characteristics produce ILS that look, feel and perform very differently. Each type of ILS may also lend itself to different application to different learning challenges, content areas, user profiles and training conditions. In developing this taxonomy we have only considered the use of ILS for learning and training.
  • An Egocentric Performance Sim sees a player playing an individual character in the game space. The player will view the action as through the eyes of an individual character. This may be in a first person of third person view. The player controls the avatar and ‘performs’ actions within the 3D world to influence events and to achieve learning goals. • Excellent for real time scenario driven application of knowledge and skills (human to human skills, health and safety) • High levels of presence for context relevant training • Controls are simple to master and intuitive • ‘ Life-like’ therefore easy to design scenarios based on real world needs • Real time interactivity and user control provides data rich environment for measurement and feedback Weaknesses Real time interactivity can make it difficult to engage planning and deliberation skills into the users performance Non player characters must be scripted or have AI
  • This genre of sims engages the user in an unfolding sequence of animated scenes within a story or event. The user is able to influence and even determine the flow of the story by making choices and decisions at different points. At these points the flow of the story will follow different branches. • Simplicity – to understand and navigate • Easy to deploy and debug • Often recommended for entry level and inductees • Works well blended with classroom for tutor driven reflection and feedback Restrictions • Highly scripted with relatively simple choices • Hard to edit content
  • Using an Exocentric Sim, the player views an angled overhead view of the 3D world in which the learning takes place. Typically, this type of sim will involve human situations and events where the player controls characters and objects in the scenario. The player control will most often be ‘point and click’ using the computer mouse. For example, the player clicks on a character in theworld and points to another location, to which the character will move. The action unfolds in real time – characters and events will be ongoing, the player can intervene and make decisions. • User movement controls are intuitive • The variety of situations which can be created is large • Action is real time for time based strategy level skills • Time jumps are possible Restrictions • Immersion and presence is lower than egocentric for example • Tactical interactions have limited realism • Variety of interface control options can be complex for users • There is a suspension of disbelief as we await to see what results our actions create Screengrab is from the sims
  • In this type of sim a player is given control over a range of resources and units to manipulate and deploy within an evolving scenario. The player is typically given a top-down view of the world which could, for example, be a map that has units of resources displayed upon it. The action occurs in realtime, which distinguishes it from its popular cousin – turn based strategy – in which a player assesses a situation, submits the actions and then observes the consequences. • Excellent for real time resource allocation decision making • Strategic level skill application – ‘Big picture’ training • Time based can add realism and pressure for critical training applications Restrictions • Low levels of Presence • Complex gameplay • Can be difficult to design and develop • Usually restricted to ‘commander’ or ‘God’ roles in the Sim Screengrab is from “Ground Truth from Uni of Southern california
  • Another, but distinct type of resource management and decision making genre, Episodic Sims differ from Real Time Strategy Sims in that they are ‘turn based’. An episode of action and events will occur and then the player is given their ‘turn’ to make a response. Typically, the player will have unlimited time in which to consider and formulate a response. Events in the 3D Simulation will not progress while the player deliberates. The player can then deploy resources, specify actions etc before ‘pulling the lever’ to submit the chosen actions. The simulation assimilates these actions, calculates the consequences and modifies the scenario in response. Integrate periods of reflection and deliberation directly into the learning application Target strategy level skills Restrictions Controls and interface can be complex to master Time consuming – can take many hours to progress through, which translates into months of training time Screen grab is from making history and educational game from muzzy lane (civilisation is similar to this)
  • Construction and Management Simulations (CMS) are games about processes. A player must build, expand or manage an entity or project with limited resources. The interface and controls associated with CMS are often similar to Turn Based or Real Time Strategy genres, but their focus is different. The tools within a CMS are focused upon two activities: ¨ Building ¨ Managing • Highly versatile in creating options for strategy level simulations • Can be used for skills such as negotiation Restrictions • Low feeling of presence • Limited control over the ‘game shape’ • Development time and complexity can be high screen grab from sim city 4
  • The online virtual world is a new entrant into the sim developer’s toolset. Virtual worlds come in many shapes and forms but share some recognisable properties: Multiplayer – virtual worlds can be populated by tens or many thousands of other human representations, ¨ Synchronous communication - if one player changes something then other players will recognise this Egocentric perspective – most virtual worlds will offer the player a third person perspective with a personal avatar • Excellent for collaborative and human team building exercises • Highly suited to informal learning experiences and virtual meetings • High degree of presence Restrictions • Synchronous – training can only take place at a given time and date with mass attendance • Replication – it is difficult to set up and re-run simulation scenarios and get the same outcomes • Structure – virtual worlds often lack embedded learning methods and activities for learners • Automated measurement mechanisms are difficult to implement
  • As the name implies, Device Based Sims provide the player with realistic operating control over various kinds of vehicles. Well known examples of this type include flight simulators and driver simulators • High end psychological and physical fidelity • High degree of presence • Detailed performance diagnostics Restrictions • Cost and development time can be prohibitive Screen grab from MS flight sim
  • Our classification is motivated by differences in what users will be able to see and do and how they may interact with the learning methods. These will include: method of presentation, player controls, user interface and gameplay mechanics (turn based, real time, etc). Variations in these characteristics produce ILS that look, feel and perform very differently. Each type of ILS may also lend itself to different application to different learning challenges, content areas, user profiles and training conditions. In developing this taxonomy we have only considered the use of ILS for learning and training.
  • Taxonomy of Serious Games

    1. 1. Which Games Approaches will work for you? one size does not fit all
    2. 2. Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations </li></ul>
    3. 3. Who is Caspian <ul><li>Europe's leading developer of simulations and games for education and training: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delivering programs for organizations such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense/Policing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Thinking Worlds – Unique Engine <ul><li>Browser Based Delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3D Thin Client Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Browsers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure Architectures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Designer Centered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Focused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trainer Friendly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enables Rapid Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy & Flexible authoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Template designs </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Background <ul><li>Defence Academy commissioned first ever UK MoD whitepaper on “serious games” </li></ul><ul><li>Aims: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capture and assess existing evidence for serious games in education and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Options in Serious Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Match learning tasks to an ILS taxonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the DCMT learning landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend optimal projects </li></ul></ul>www.caspianlearning.co.uk/corporate/menu.php?id=29
    6. 6. Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations </li></ul>
    7. 7. Many types of video game
    8. 8. Many types of learning requirement <ul><li>Learning Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Team skills </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial </li></ul><ul><li>Motor </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Cash </li></ul><ul><li>Development Time </li></ul><ul><li>Training time </li></ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul>
    9. 9. Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations </li></ul>
    10. 10. A Useful Taxonomy <ul><li>Egocentric Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Branching Story Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Real Time Strategy Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Exocentric Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Episodic Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Device Based Sims </li></ul>
    11. 11. EgoCentic http://www.thinkingworlds.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=3
    12. 12. Branching Story http://www.thinkingworlds.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=3
    13. 13. Exocentric
    14. 14. Real Time Strategy
    15. 15. Episodic
    16. 16. Construction & Management
    17. 17. Virtual Worlds
    18. 18. Device based
    19. 19. Session Flow <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Broad Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations </li></ul>
    20. 20. Considerations <ul><li>Objectives sought </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Budgetary Realities </li></ul><ul><li>Urgency </li></ul>
    21. 21. Which Games Approaches will work for you? Questions
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