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Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management
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Conflict Between Resettlement Policy and Customary Regulations of Indigenous People in Natural Resources Management

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Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy. 2012. Presentation from Session 6: Hydropower Governance and its Implications on Negotiations and Resettlement

Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy. 2012. Presentation from Session 6: Hydropower Governance and its Implications on Negotiations and Resettlement

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  • 1. L/O/G/O Conflict between resettlement policy and customary regulations of indigenous people in natural resources managementCase study in A Luoi hydropower resettlement area, Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. Hoang Dung Ha, fellow of 3th call www.themegallery.com
  • 2. Contents 1 Background 2 Summary objectives 3 Preliminary findings 4 Preliminary conclusionswww.themegallery.com
  • 3. 1.Background• In 2007, the A Luoi hydropower was deployed at the upstream of A Sap river - the international name is Sekong.• This is the largest hydroelectric project in Thua Thien - Hue province, Vietnam.• A Luoi hydropower has taken up 4,200 ha of 6 communes of A Luoi district, more than 1,800 households were affected (almost are Pa Ko and Ta Oi ethnic minority people) www.themegallery.com
  • 4. Problem statement• There were 106 households must move to the resettlement area (Name is Can Tom resettlement area) to give their land for this project.• There are many policies of Thua Thien Hue province relating to the resettlement, compensation and livelihood support for local people but almost them were not based on the local community demand. www.themegallery.com
  • 5. 2.Summary of objective• Analysis the inadequacies between resettlement policies and traditional custom of indigenous community in order to contribute to better management of natural resources and sustainable community development in A Luoi hydropower resettlement area.www.themegallery.com
  • 6. 3. Preliminary findingConflicts in resettlement and compensative policies• A Luoi hydropower reservoir is very complex topography, lakes interspersed in five communes with 820ha of water surface.• The hoarding up water of A Luoi hydropower reservoir has caused flooding in agricultural areas, industrial trees and crops lands, roads so that affect to the traditional production methods of the local people. www.themegallery.com
  • 7. Management network A Luoi HP HP Financial company dept Province Local government Technical dept District Commune• The participation of stakeholders is still limited.• Between A Luoi DPC and hydropower company have no uniform grid in solving peoples problems related to hydropower.www.themegallery.com
  • 8. • Conflict in the compensation policies and decisions of local governments, according to the TT Hue’s PPC of issued the Decision 11 (issued on 10.04.2011) instead of Decision 928.• Contradiction here is that Decision 11, the value of compensation for affected land is three times higher than the old Decision, thus lead to complaints from the recipients of compensation.• This conflict leads to people constantly claim and does not accept relocation to a new place. www.themegallery.com
  • 9. Conflict on the livelihoods of the local community• In the affected communes, almost 100% of peoples lands were submerged in water, all other crops such as coffee, industrial trees… also flooded.• High water, mountainous people have year-round livelihood associated with the forest, now they must change to ... fishermen. www.themegallery.com
  • 10. • Before resettlement, on average, each household has 2 “sào” (1000 m2) of cultivated land, the average annual harvest of 10 million VND/ sào. But the water storage of the hydroelectric dam has engulfed the entire land.• Some households returned to exploit forest products to maintain their livelihoods. This way leads to a large of forest area were destroyed.• Local people have petitioned to the Government and Hydropower company to deal with the consequences, however, the situation has not improved. www.themegallery.com
  • 11. 4. Preliminary conclusions• After one year live in the new resettlement area, almost local people have no income; their livelihoods are more and more difficult, most people have not received compensation and productive land. Supporting to develop production and local livelihood do not meet people’s need.• The natural resource, especially forest resource has been destroying by the overexploitation of local people to remain their livelihood, the natural forest has been clearing for cultivation and seeks food.• The resettlement and compensation policies of Thua Thien - Hue province are inconsistent, overlapping, such as applying both land compensation decisions and assistance of stakeholders, it leads to the prolonged complaints of local community www.themegallery.com
  • 12. L/O/G/O Thank You! www.themegallery.com

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