Economic value of bush meat and poverty alleviation in the Amazonian region

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This presentation by Sarah Hernandez, PhD., Pierre Rialland
Maria Paula Quiceno, Daniel Cruz Nathalie Van Vliet and Robert Nasi given during the ATBC 2014 in Australia presents a study on bush meat and poverty alleviation.

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Economic value of bush meat and poverty alleviation in the Amazonian region

  1. 1. Economic value of bush meat and poverty alleviation in the Amazonian region Sarah Hernandez, PhD., Pierre Rialland Maria Paula Quiceno, Daniel Cruz Nathalie Van Vliet, Robert Nasi Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services of bushmeat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia
  2. 2. Outline • Rational of the study • Presentation of the methodological aspects • Results • Issus for discussion Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bushmeat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia
  3. 3. Rational of the study (I) • Contribute to the debate on the economic value of ecosystem services provided by tropical forest – Role of bush meat as part of ecological process (regulating services) – Bush meat as a contributor to human well-being (provisioning services). • Bring some insights on the economic role of bush meat (provisioning services, market organisation, economic growth) • Provide the basis for good management practices Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bushmeat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia
  4. 4. Methodological aspects: Main questions (III) • What is the total production of bush meat in the study area? • What is the contribution of self-consumption of bush meat? • What is the contribution of (illegal) trade of wild meat at the regional level? • What is the net profit from the illegal trade at the regional and at the individual level? • What are the main factors of wealth generation in the region? Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bush meat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia
  5. 5. Methodological aspects (II) Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bushmeat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia Utility function (hunters, market sellers, restaurants) πj= b Σ Pi Qi + (1-b) Σ Pi Qi – Σ C (Qi ) Economic rent from bush meat trade Economic value of subsistence Cost associated with Wild meat activities Semi structured interviews 55 hunters (48%) 15 market sellers (44%) 28 restaurants (61%) 115 hunters 34 market sellers 46 restaurants
  6. 6. Total production of bush meat Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bush meat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia (55 hunters) 6 tons per month 114 kg per hunter per month (115 potential hunters)13 tons per month US$ 26,000 per month US$ 55,000 per month % of total value: Brazil 42% Colombia 22% Peru 36% Armadillo (Dasypus sp) Giant (Priodontes maximus) Paca (Cuniculus paca) Tapir (Tapirus terrestris) Collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) White lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) Amazonian tortoise (Chelonoidis carbonaria) Curassow (Crax globulosa) Perdix (Crypturellus sp. Tinamou) Grey brocket deer (Mazama americana) Red brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) Grey-winged Trumpeter (Psophia crepitans) Black agouti (Dasyprocta fuliginosa) Yellow-spotted River Turtle (Podocnemis unifilis) Spix's guan (Penelope jaqcuacu) Red howler monkey (Aloautta seniculus)
  7. 7. Economic value of hunters’ self-consumption 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 Brazil Colombia Peru Brazil Colombia Peru Value of self- consumption (US$) 1435.4 2583.6 1806.3 Value of hunting activities (US$) 11041.56 5871.82 9506.78 Brazil: 13% Colombia 44% Peru 19% Total value of the region US$6,000 per month (55 hunters) US$109 per hunter per month Self-consumption (1,4 tons or 25kg per hunter per month) = Upper threshold admitted by law. By law subsistence = feed the family ≠ the surveys showed subsistence = poverty alleviation 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Brazil Colombia Peru Brazil Colombia Peru Total production dedicated to self- consumption (Kg) 340 652 419 Total production (Kg) 2618.05 1481.2 2203.3
  8. 8. Hunters economic rent from illegal trade of wild meat Brazil Colombia Peru Economic Rent from trade (US$) 9606 3288 7700 20595 Total production dedicated to trade (Kg) 2277.7 829.5 1784.7 4891.8 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 Brazil Colombia Peru Net profit per month Costs associated with hunting activities per month, dollars Economic rent (per month, dollars) Brazil 87% Colombia 56% Peru 81% Total Biomass dedicated to trade: 5 tons US$21,000 per month (55 hunters) US$381 per hunter per month Total costs of hunting activities: US$3,000 per month Total net profit for the region US$18,000 per month
  9. 9. Summary economic value of wild meat for hunters Total revenue from forest exploitation and fishing activities : US$ 3,130 per month Illegal trade represents 7 times the revenues from legal activities Total costs of hunting activities: US$2,530 per month
  10. 10. Market sellers’ net profit Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bush meat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia Economic rent from trade US$33,000 per month 15 market sellers US$2,500 per market seller per month 0 10 000 20 000 30 000 40 000 50 000 60 000 70 000 Brazil Colombia Peru Brazil Colombia Peru Total Cost per month (US$) 55758 169 109 Total revenues per month (US$) 65186 3692 20694 Net profit per month (US$) 9 428 3 522 20 586
  11. 11. Restaurants’ economic rent Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bush meat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia 3914 4830 5,550.47 402.52 -1,161.13-2000 0 2000 4000 6000 Brazil Colombia Peru Net profit from wild meat per month (US$) Net profit from other economic activities (US$) Total economic rent: US$11,000 per month Total costs of acquisition of wild meat US$3,000 Total net profit : US$8,000 per month Net revenues from chicken’s plates Brazil: US$3,181 Colombia: (-)US$4,808 Peru (-) US$9,123 Net revenues from fish’s plates Brazil US$6,818 Colombia (-)US$3,415 Peru (-) US$8,260
  12. 12. Economic value of wild meat throughout the trade chain Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bush meat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia Hunters' rent per month (US$) Market sellers' rent, per month (US$) Restaurants' rent, per month (US$) Peru 7700 20694 6731 Colombia 3288 3692 4766 Brazil 9606 687 0 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000US$57,000 per month US$685,968 per year US$7,220 per stakeholder per year Gross domestic product Benjamin constant US$2,290 per capita(2011) Colombia Municipality of the amazon US$2,987 (2011) Peru US$268 per capita (2013)
  13. 13. Discussion • Wild meat has a direct contribution to poverty alleviation – Self-consumption – Trade • Wild meat has a direct contribution to wealth generation (income and investments) – Feed equally the shadow economy and the formal economy • Economic rent = cost of the externalities • Cost of illegality: high in Brazil, unseen in Peru and Colombia But need to be assessed. Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services provided by bushmeat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia Opportunity cost Sunk costs for hunting activities
  14. 14. Regulating services Provisioning services A B C Governance and institutions Incentives Knowledge base Source: T. Elmqvist et al. 2010 Rational of the survey (III) Potential trade-offs between provisioning and cultural services (bush meat) and regulating services (resilience and complexity of forest ecosystem)
  15. 15. Innovative ways for conserving the ecological services of bushmeat, ATBC 2014, Cairns, Australia www.cifor.org/bushmeat FORESTS, WILDLIFE & NUTRITION Thanks sarah-hernandez-p@hotmail.com

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