Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Innovative ways for conserving the ecosystem services provided by bushmeat
SYMPOSIA
ATBC 2014
Cairns, Australia
PARTICIPAT...
 Bushmeat is still fundamental for the subsistence of rural and
urban communities in the Amazon, even in contexts of rapi...
Research questions
 Study case in a frontier region
 Why is data on urban bushmeat trade so scarce in the
Amazon?
• Is t...
Study area
Methods
 Diversity of approaches to describe and quantify the
bushmeat market chain:
Participatory observation
Informal a...
What did we find?
Results
113
23
8 22 11 10
26
HUNTERS MARKET SELLERS RESTAURANTS
(FORMAL)
RESTAURANTS
(INFORMAL)
Numberofusers
Men Women
Stakeholde...
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
Santa Rosa (Pe)
Caballococha & Atacuari River (Pe)
Islandia (Pe)
Puerto Nariño & Loretoyacu ri...
Surveillance
(30% of users
reported to be
penalized)
Catchment area and trade routes
 Flows are limited by control operations and costs of
transportation and supplies, and va...
Species composition and quantities of bushmeat
 Hunters (8)
• Mammals
60%, birds
26%, reptiles
14%.
• 485 individuals
and...
Species composition and quantities of bushmeat
 Market places
(8)
• Mammals 74%,
birds 16%,
reptiles 10%.
• 6,7 tons in 2...
Discussion & Conclusions
 Bushmeat trade contributes to people´s livelihoods, local
economy and well-being: complete mark...
 Opportunity to legalise and regulate the market of resilient
species, while monitoring the effect of the trade on more
v...
 Market data can provide valuable information for policy makers
and managers to formulate strategies for the sustainable ...
Participatory Monitoring of the Bushmeat Trade in the Amazonian Trifrontier (Columbia, Peru, Brazil)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Participatory Monitoring of the Bushmeat Trade in the Amazonian Trifrontier (Columbia, Peru, Brazil)

787 views

Published on

This presentation by Daniel Cruz-Antia, María Paula Quiceno, Nathalie van Vliet, Lindon Jonhson Neves & Robert Nasi during the ATBC 2014 in Caims, Australia, focuses on bushmeat and the rural to urban transition, why the data on urban bushmeat trade is so scarce in the Amazon and it describes the structure and function of the bushmeat market chain.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Participatory Monitoring of the Bushmeat Trade in the Amazonian Trifrontier (Columbia, Peru, Brazil)

  1. 1. Innovative ways for conserving the ecosystem services provided by bushmeat SYMPOSIA ATBC 2014 Cairns, Australia PARTICIPATORY MONITORING OF THE BUSHMEAT TRADE IN THE AMAZONIAN TRIFRONTIER (COLOMBIA, PERU & BRAZIL) Daniel Cruz-Antia, María Paula Quiceno, Nathalie van Vliet, Lindon Jonhson Neves & Robert Nasi
  2. 2.  Bushmeat is still fundamental for the subsistence of rural and urban communities in the Amazon, even in contexts of rapid socioeconomic transformations  push rural livelihoods away from the dependency on forest products.  Rural hunting: 150 000 tons/year (Nasi, Taber & van Vliet, 2011)  Lack of information for urban bushmeat marketsilegallity  Insignificant: Because of availability and prices of domestic sources of protein (Rushton et al, 2005) • Iquitos, Loreto - Peru (Bodmer and Lozano 2001, Claggett 1998) • Abaetetuba, Pará-Brazil (Baía et al 2010) Bushmeat and the rural to urban transition
  3. 3. Research questions  Study case in a frontier region  Why is data on urban bushmeat trade so scarce in the Amazon? • Is the trade insignificant? • Is it invisible and difficult to assess because it occurs in hidden markets? • Is it because public institutions and research have provided little efforts in quantifying its importance?  Describe the structure and function of the bushmeat market chain
  4. 4. Study area
  5. 5. Methods  Diversity of approaches to describe and quantify the bushmeat market chain: Participatory observation Informal and semi-estructured interviews Participatory monitoring
  6. 6. What did we find? Results
  7. 7. 113 23 8 22 11 10 26 HUNTERS MARKET SELLERS RESTAURANTS (FORMAL) RESTAURANTS (INFORMAL) Numberofusers Men Women Stakeholders in the bushmeat market chain  195 users (115 hunters, 34 market sellers, 18 formal restaurants and 28 informal restaurants)
  8. 8. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Santa Rosa (Pe) Caballococha & Atacuari River (Pe) Islandia (Pe) Puerto Nariño & Loretoyacu river (Col) Leticia (Col) Atalaia do Norte (Bra) Benjamin Constant (Bra) Tabatinga (Bra) Number of users Restaurants (Informal) Restaurants (Formal) Market sellers Hunters Stakeholders in the bushmeat market chain
  9. 9. Surveillance (30% of users reported to be penalized)
  10. 10. Catchment area and trade routes  Flows are limited by control operations and costs of transportation and supplies, and vary according to the availability of fish and the demand from coca workers
  11. 11. Species composition and quantities of bushmeat  Hunters (8) • Mammals 60%, birds 26%, reptiles 14%. • 485 individuals and 13 tons in 60 days • 5,24 tons Low level • 7,75 tons High level 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Pecari tajacu Aburria sp. Dasypus sp Mazama americana Tayassu pecari Dasyprocta fuliginosa Crypturellus sp. Lagothrix lagothricha Tapirus terrestris Crax sp Podocnemis unifilis Cuniculus paca Number of individuals High-level waters Low-level waters
  12. 12. Species composition and quantities of bushmeat  Market places (8) • Mammals 74%, birds 16%, reptiles 10%. • 6,7 tons in 20 days • 3 tons Low level • 3,7 tons high level 0 5 10 15 20 25 Mazama gouazoubira Chelonoidis denticulata Podocnemis unifilis Tayassu pecari Crax globulosa Dasypus sp. Mazama americana Pecari tajacu Tapirus terrestris Cuniculus paca Number of reports Low level waters High level waters
  13. 13. Discussion & Conclusions  Bushmeat trade contributes to people´s livelihoods, local economy and well-being: complete market chains (US$686,000 year=2286 monthly min. wage=190 people)  Clandestinity provides the erronous idea that the volumes traded are insignificant6,7 tons (8 traders/20 days)  Then bushmeat trade in Amazonian towns is not insignificant, is instead insufficiently studied 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 Tabatinga (Brazil) - 56,21tons/52272 hab Abaetetuba (Brazil) - 128tons/130.000hab Franceville (Gabón) 45tons/40,000hab kg of bushmeat/per cápita/year
  14. 14.  Opportunity to legalise and regulate the market of resilient species, while monitoring the effect of the trade on more vulnerable ones (and regulating in accordance). • Paca (LC): widely distributed, large population, unlikely to be declining. • Collared peccary: widely distributed, habitat loss and over-hunting (LC), requires monitoring • Tapir: VU, habitat loss, illegal hunting and competition with livestock • Red brocket deer: Data Deficient Discussion & Conclusions Innovative monitoring tools based on local participation
  15. 15.  Market data can provide valuable information for policy makers and managers to formulate strategies for the sustainable use of wildlife  Participatory approaches are worth trying: • It is possible to work together with the stakeholders of the trade chain to study the activity and put in place monitoring mechanisms. • Trust  Cooperation Discussion & Conclusions

×