Companion Planting: A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants

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Companion Planting: A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants

Companion Planting: A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants

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  • 1. Companion Planting– A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants by Julie Villani Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 1 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 2. This book is dedicated to all the ancestral lovers of gardening who have contributed to the collective knowledge that is Companion Planting Legal Information You do not have resell rights or giveaway rights to this e-Book. Only customers that have purchased this material are authorized to view it.ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.No part of this report may be reproduced or transmitted in any formwhatsoever, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, orby any informational storage or retrieval system other than for the purchaserspersonal use without the expressed written, dated and signed permission fromthe author.LIMITS OF LIABILITYThe author and publisher of this book have used their best efforts in preparingthis material. The author and publisher make no representation or warrantieswith respect to the accuracy, applicability, or completeness of the contents ofthis program.The author and publisher shall in no event be held liable for any loss ordamages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, orother damages. The author reserves the right to make changes and assumesno responsibility or liability whatsoever on behalf of any purchaser or reader ofthese materials. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 2 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 3. ContentsCover Page 1Legal Information Page 2Introduction Page 4Fruits Page 6Herbs Page 10Vegetables Page 26Layout guide Page 37Layout examples Page 38Other combinations Page 39How much do I plant? Page 41 Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 3 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 4. IntroductionWelcome to your complete guide to growing Companion Plants. This guideis set out into three user-friendly sections so that you can quickly and easilyfind what you are looking for.The main sections are Fruits, Herbs and Vegetables. At the end of this e-book you will find a layout guide and examples along with a summary of goodplant combinations and how much to plant.Companion planting has been practiced by generations of gardenersthroughout the ages. Over this time gardeners noticed that some plantsperformed well next to certain plants and poorly close to others. Mostgardeners not only love to share information, but for centuries it was a matterof survival, so their knowledge has been handed down through gardening folklore and tradition.Allelopathy (companion planting) is all about determining which plants growbest together, and just as importantly, those which don’t like each other.Experimentation and accidental combinations have shown that certain plantsdeter specific pests and weeds on the land close to them. Mixed plantingshelp keep pests and predators in balance. The greater the variety of herbsused amongst food crops, the less problems with insects.If you take a look around your own garden you might see companionplanting happening without you even knowing it. The knowledge we havetoday has come mostly through accidents – astute gardeners recognised thatseveral plants grew exceptionally well together; or that certain plants dislikedbeing with their neighbours, with disappointing results.Good record keeping and the sharing of information is how today’s insightsinto companion planting have developed. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 4 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 5. What makes a plant a good companion?Some plants are good companions because one is a tall and robustplant which protects a shade-loving, fragile plant.Some plants have long roots which break up the soil for theircompanions, giving them more room for their roots to spread and grow.Some plants provide particular nutrients in the soil that a companionneeds.Some plants repel insects that attack their companions.Some plants even self-sacrifice by attracting insects to themselves andaway from their companions.Others simply grow well together and we don’t really know why. Now that many gardeners are moving away from chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides we can again embrace the organic solutions and wisdom of our gardening ancestors to create healthy, balanced nutritious food gardens. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 5 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 6. FruitsAPPLE (Malus pumila): Planting nasturtiums under apple trees will help torepel aphids. Planting clumps of chives or onions close to the trunk candeter apple scab. Growing grass under your apple tree may suppress thetree’s growth. Apple trees are not self-pollinating. They must have acompatible tree of a different variety planted nearby. Choose a varietywhich flowers at the same time to ensure good cross-pollination.Good Companions: Nasturtium; OnionBad Companions: PotatoesBLACKBERRY (Rubus fruticosus): Blackberry is a very vigorous andaggressive plant. In some states of Australia it has become such a problemthat it is a declared noxious weed.Good Companions: TansyBad Companions: RaspberriesCITRUS (Citrus): Citrus trees are shallow-rooted evergreen trees. They donot like to compete with other plants, particularly grasses.Good Companions: Coffee; PepperBad Companions: GrassFIG (Ficus carica): Give a lot of consideration when planting figs as somegrow to great heights and most have vigorous, invasive root systems.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: Rue Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 6 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 7. FRUIT TREES: Plant garlic and onions near stone fruit trees as theycontain powerful anti-bacterial agents which will help destroy diseases thatdamage stone fruits.Other good companion plants for most fruit trees are chives, nasturtiumsand horseradish (keep horseradish contained).Good Companions: Chives; Garlic; Horseradish; Nasturtiums; OnionsGRAPES (Vitus vinifera):Planting Hyssop near grape vines will increase the grape yields.Good Companions: Alfalfa; Geraniums; Hyssop; Mulberry: OreganoBad Companions: Cabbage; RadishMELONS (Cucumis melo): This genus includes most of the melons (exceptwatermelon, which is Citrullus), scrambling vines with large, lobed leaves.Do not rotate with squash or cucumber as they all belong to the samefamily. Do not grow melons near potatoes.Good Companions: Corn; Peanut; SunflowerBad Companions: PotatoMULBERRY (Morus nigra): Grape vines trained to grow on mulberry treesseem to produce bumper crops of grapes, free from disease. This makesthe task of picking them a little more difficult though.Good Companions: GrapesBad Companions: none known Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 7 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 8. PEACHES (Prunus persica): Garlic planted next to the trunk of your peachtree will protect it from borers. Feed your tree with nitrogen rich compost ifit has peach leaf curl.Tansy planted around the tree will help repel fruit fly. Never plant a youngpeach tree where an old one has grown as the soil under peach trees istoxic to peach saplings.Good Companions: Asparagus; Corn; Garlic; Grape; Onion; Strawberries;TansyBad Companions: Young peach treesPEAR (Pyrus communis):Good Companions: CurrantBad Companions: none knownQUINCES (Cydonia oblonga): Planting garlic around your quince trees willimprove the flavour of the fruit.Good Companions: GarlicBad Companions: none knownRASPBERRY (Rubus idaeus): Raspberries and blackberries should not begrown together. Potatoes may succumb to blight if grown near raspberries.Good Companions: TansyBad Companions: Blackberry; PotatoesSTRAWBERRY (Fragaria): Strawberries love to grown together withborage, bush beans, lettuce and spinach. They dislike members of theBrassica (cabbage) family. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 8 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 9. If you want your strawberries to take on the flavour of wildstrawberries, try using a mulch of pine needles.Good Companions: Borage; Bush beans; Lettuce; Nectarine;Peach; Pyrethrum; SpinachBad Companions: Broccoli; Brussels sprouts; Cabbage;Cauliflower; GladioliTOMATOES (Lycopersicon lycopersicum): Tomatoes like to grow in thesame space year after year. Tomatoes and asparagus are mutuallybeneficial.Tomatoes also like growing near basil, carrots, celery, chives, marigolds,nasturtiums, onions and parsley. Nettles growing nearby will prevent mouldon tomatoes.Kohlrabi and fennel both inhibit the growth of tomatoes. Tomatoes producea root extraction that inhibits the growth of apricot trees.Good Companions: Asparagus; Basil; Cabbage; Carrot; Celery; Marigold;Nasturtium; Nettles; Onion; Parsley; Peas; SageBad Companions: Apricot trees; Fennel; Kohlrabi; Potato Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 9 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 10. HerbsANISE (Pinpinella anisum): Liquorice flavoured herb; a good host forbeneficial wasps which prey on aphids and it is also said to repel aphids.Anise deters pests from brassicas by camouflaging their odour. It improvesthe vigour of any plants growing near it. Use in ointments to protect againstbug stings and bites.Good Companions: Beans; Brassicas; CorianderBad Companions: CarrotUses: Culinary; Household; MedicinalBASIL (Ocimum basilicum): Plant with tomatoes to improve growth andflavour of both. Basil can be helpful in repelling thrips. It is said to repelflies and mosquitoes. Do not plant near rue as they inhibit each other’sgrowth.Good Companions: Apricots; Asparagus; Beans; Cabbage; Parsley;TomatoesBad Companions: RueUses: Culinary; Household; MedicinalBAY LEAF (Laurus nobilis): A fresh bay leaf in each storage container ofbeans, rice or grains will deter weevils and moths. The tree itself is rarelyattacked by pests or disease, so plants situated nearby will gain someprotection from it.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownUses: Craft; Culinary; Household; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 10 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 11. BORAGE (Borago officinalis): Companion plant for tomatoes, squash andstrawberries. Borage deters tomato hornworms and cabbage worms. It isone of the best bee and wasp attracting plants.Adds trace minerals to the soil and a good addition the compost pile.Borage may benefit any plant it is growing next to by increasing resistanceto pests and disease.After you have planted this annual once it will self-seed.Good Companions: Kohlrabi; Squash; Strawberries; TomatoesBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; MedicinalCARAWAY (Carum carvi): Good for loosening compacted soil with itsdeep roots, so it’s good to grow near shallow-rooted plants. It can be trickyto establish. The flowers attract a number of beneficial insects.Good Companions: PeasBad Companions: FennelUses: Craft; Culinary; MedicinalCATNIP/CATMINT (Nepeta cataria): Deters flea beetles, aphids, chewingbeetles, darkling beetles, Japanese beetles, squash bugs, ants andweevils.Cats really love to sniff and rub against this herb. It also attracts bees andwasps.Good Companions: Potato, Squash – most vegetablesBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 11 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 12. CHAMOMILE (Chamaemelum nobile): Grown as an annual. Improves theflavour of cabbages, cucumbers and onions.It accumulates calcium, potassium and sulphur, later returning them to thesoil. Increases essential oil production in nearby herbs.It is host to hoverflies and beneficial wasps. Leave some flowers unpickedand German chamomile will reseed itself. Roman chamomile is a lowgrowing perennial that will tolerate almost any soil conditions. Both like fullsun.Growing chamomile of any type is considered a tonic for anything you growin the garden.Good Companions: Cabbage; Cucumber; Mint; OnionBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Household; MedicinalCHERVIL (Anthriscus cerefolium): Carrots and chervil both grow well andtaste good together. Companion to radishes for improved growth andhotter flavour. Keeps aphids off lettuce.Chervil also grows well with dill as it needs the shade provided by the tallerplant. It attracts hoverflies and beneficial wasps.Good Companions: Carrots; Dill; RadishesBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; MedicinalCHIVES (Allium schoenoprasum): Considerably improves growth andflavour of carrots and tomatoes.Chives may drive away Japanese beetles and carrot rust fly. Plantedamong apple trees it may help prevent scab.A tea of chives may be sprayed on cucumbers to prevent downy mildew. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 12 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 13. Good Companions: Apple trees; Carrots; Grapes; Parsley; Roses;TomatoesBad Companions: Beans; PeasUses: Cosmetic; CulinaryCOMFREY (Symphytum X uplandicum): Accumulates calcium,phosphorous and potassium. Likes damp spots to grow in. Deep roots helpbreak up heavy soils.Comfrey leaves are high in nitrogen, so is an excellent activator in yourcompost. Comfrey is a traditional medicinal plant. Good trap crop for slugs.Good Companions: Most vegetable cropsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalCORIANDER (Coriandrum sativum): Repels aphids, spider mites, chewingbeetle and potato beetle. A tea from this can be used as a spray for spidermites.A great partner for anise – grown together both seeds will germinate faster.The leaves and seeds are used extensively in Asian cooking.It is a very attractive plant with pretty white flowers. It hinders fennel seedformation.Good Companions: Anise; Cabbage; Carrots; Potato;Bad Companions: FennelUses: Culinary; Household; MedicinalDANDELION (Taraxacum officinale): The dandelion plant exhales ethylenegas which restricts the growth of plants near by. It also brings about theearly maturing in the fruiting and flowering of nearby plants, which can beadvantageous. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 13 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 14. Dandelions also have the added benefit of having very long roots, bringingnear to the surface minerals – particularly calcium. Grow them near fruittrees and they will ripen your fruit both quickly and naturally.Good Companions: Fruit treesBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalDILL (Anethum graveolens): Improves growth and flavour of cabbage.Best friend for lettuce. Attracts hoverflies and predatory wasps. Repelsaphids, squash bug and spider mites to some degree (scatter some goodsize dill leaves on plants that are suspect to squash bugs, ie. squashplants).Dill goes well with onions and cucumbers. Dill does attract the tomato hornworm so it would be useful to plant it somewhere away from your tomatoplants. Do not plant near carrots. If planted near fennel they may crossfertilize.Good Companions: Cabbage; Cucumbers; Lettuce; OnionBad Companions: Carrot; Fennel; TomatoUses: Craft; Culinary; MedicinalFENNEL (Foeniculum vulgare): Fennel needs to be grown far from beans,caraway, kohlrabi, tomato and wormwood. Rub the crushed leaves on yourpets and their bedding to repel fleas. It may cross-fertilize with dill.Good Companions: Most vegetablesBad Companions: Beans; Caraway; Dill; Kohlrabi; Tomatoes; WormwoodUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 14 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 15. FEVERFEW (Chrysanthemum parthenium): Feverfew is a pretty perennialherb that is rarely attacked by insects. Give other plants in the garden thebenefit of its insect-repelling properties.Good Companions: Most other plantsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Household; MedicinalGARLIC (Allium sativum): Plant near roses to repel aphids. Accumulatessulphur: a naturally occurring fungicide which will help with diseaseprevention in the garden.Has value in offending codling moths, Japanese beetles, root maggots,snails, and carrot root fly. It is also effective against borers if grown aroundfruit trees. It will help to protect peach trees from leaf curl and apple treesfrom apple scab.Concentrated garlic sprays have been observed to repel and kill whiteflies,aphids and fungus gnats among others with as little as a 6-8%concentration! It is safe for use on orchids too.Good Companions: Carrots; Fruit trees; Roses; TomatoBad Companions: Bean; Cabbage; Pea; StrawberriesUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; MedicinalHOREHOUND (Marrubium Vulgare): Attracts bees and butterflies.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownUses: Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 15 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 16. HORSERADISH (Armoracia rusticana): Plant in containers (use abottomless pot to keep it contained) near potatoes to keep away Coloradopotato bugs.Dig up the horseradish plants each season to prevent spreading. There aresome very effective insect sprays that can be made with the root. Alsorepels Blister beetles. Horseradish tea fights monilia in fruit trees.Good Companions: Fruit Trees; PotatoBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; MedicinalHYSSOP (Hyssopus officinalis): Companion plant to cabbage as it deterscabbage moths and flea beetles. It helps increase the yield of grapes whengrown near a vine.Do not plant near radishes.Hyssop tea, made by covering the young dried leaves with water, bringingto the boil and diluting with four parts water, will help control plant diseasescaused by bacteria.Good Companions: Grape; Cabbage; plants in generalBad Companions: RadishUses: Culinary; Household; MedicinalLAMIUM or DEAD NETTLE (Lamium album): This will repel potato bugs.It also improves growth and flavour.Good Companions: Potatoes; CerealsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 16 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 17. LAVENDER (Lavandular): Repels fleas and moths. Prolific floweringlavender nourishes many nectar feeding and beneficial insects.Use dried sprigs of lavender to repel moths. Start plants in winter fromcuttings, setting out in spring.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownUses: Craft; Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalLEMON or BEE BALM (Melissa officinalis): Plant with tomatoes toimprove growth and flavour. It is great bee fodder. Pretty perennial thattends to get powdery mildew.Sprinkle throughout the garden in an herbal powder mixture to deter manybugs. Lemon balm has citronella compounds that make this work: crushand rub the leaves on your skin to keep mosquitoes away.Good Companions: TomatoBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalLEMON VERBENA (Aloysia triphylla): Deters midges and other flyinginsects.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalLOVAGE (Levisticum officinale): Improves flavour and health of mostvegetable crops when planted nearby. Good habitat for ground beetles.Can become a large plant – use one planted as a backdrop. It is similar inflavour to celery. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 17 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 18. Good Companions: Beans; most vegetable cropsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; MedicinalMARIGOLD • French Marigold (Tagetes patula): has roots that exude a substance which spreads in their immediate vicinity, attracting nematodes and preventing them from breeding. For nematode control plant densely. There have been some studies done that prove this nematode killing effect lasts for several years. These marigolds also help to deter whiteflies when planted around tomatoes and can be used in greenhouses for the same purpose. It is also host to the beneficial hoverflies. • Mexican Marigold (Tagetes minuta): is the most powerful of the insect repelling marigolds and may also overwhelm weed roots such as bind weed. It is said to repel the Mexican bean beetle and rabbits. Be careful as it can have an herbicidal effect on some plants like beans and cabbage.Good Companions: Potato; TomatoesBad Companions: Beans; CabbageUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Household; MedicinalMARJORAM (Origanum majorana): As a companion plant Marjoram is anall-rounder – it improves the flavour of vegetables and herbs. It benefitsany plant it is grown near and is an effective insect repellent. Sweetmarjoram is most commonly grown. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 18 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 19. Good Companions: Plants in general; vegetable cropsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Household; MedicinalMINT (Mentha): Mint is an excellent repellent. It deters white cabbagemoths, ants, rodents, flea beetles, fleas, aphids and improves the health ofcabbage and tomatoes.Use cuttings as a mulch around members of the Brassica (cabbage)family. It attracts hoverflies and predatory wasps. Earthworms are quiteattracted to mint plantings.Be careful where you plant it as mint is an incredibly invasive perennial.We have found that placing mint (fresh or dried) where mice are a problemis very effective in keeping them at bay.In cupboards or wardrobes, dried mint will keep moths away.Good Companions: Cabbage; TomatoesBad Companions: ParsleyUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Household; MedicinalNASTURTIUMS (Tropaeolum majus): Plant as a barrier around tomatoes,radishes, cabbage, cucumbers, and under fruit trees. Deters woolly aphids,whiteflies, squash bug, cucumber beetles and other pests of the cucurbitfamily.Great trap crop for aphids (in particular the black aphids) which it doesattract, especially the yellow flowering varieties. It tolerates poor soil withlow moisture and no fertilizer. The leaves, flowers and seeds are all edibleand wonderful in salads!Good Companions: Apple trees; Broccoli; Cabbage; Cucumber; Melon;Potatoes; Radish; SquashBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 19 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 20. PARSLEY (Petroselinum crispum): Plant among and sprinkle on tomatoes,and asparagus. Use as a tea to ward off asparagus beetles.Attracts hoverflies. Let some go to seed to attract the tiny parasitic wasps.Parsley increases the fragrance of roses when plantedaround their base.Good Companions: Asparagus; Carrots; Chives; Roses;TomatoBad Companions: MintUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalPENNYROYAL (Mentha pulegium): Repels fleas and ants. Many peopleare now using pennyroyal as an alternative to lawn.The leaves when crushed and rubbed onto your skin will repel chiggers,flies, gnats, mosquitoes and ticks. Fresh or dried leaves can be rubbed intoyour dog or cat’s fur as a flea repellent.Good Companions: Broccoli; Brussels sprouts; CabbageBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Household; Medicinal WARNING: Pennyroyal should not be consumed at any time during pregnancy. It can also be toxic to anyone if used to excessPOT MARIGOLD (Calendula officinalis): Given a lot of credit as a pestdeterrent. Deters asparagus beetle and tomato hornworms.Plant freely throughout the garden. Calendula must be a scented varietyfor them to work as a companion plant.Good Companions: Asparagus; Tomato; plants in generalBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Household; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 20 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 21. ROSEMARY (Rosmarinus officinalis): Companion plant to cabbage,beans, carrots and sage. Deters cabbage moths, bean beetles, and carrotflies. It helps repel mosquitoes.Use cuttings to place by the crowns of carrots for carrot flies.Good Companions: Bean; Cabbage; Carrots; SageBad Companions: Potato; RueUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Household; MedicinalRUE (Ruta graveolens): Deters Japanese beetles in roses and raspberries.To make it even more effective with Japanese beetles: crush a few leavesto release the smell. It is an excellent fly repellent.Some say you should not plant it near cabbage, basil or sage. A prettyperennial with bluish-grey leaves. Rue can cause skin irritation.Good Companions: RoseBad Companions: Basil; Cabbage; Rosemary; SageUses: Household; MedicinalSAGE (Salvia officinalis): Use as a companion plant with broccoli,cauliflower, rosemary, cabbage, and carrots to deter cabbage moths,beetles, black flea beetles and carrot flies. Do not plant near cucumbers orrue.Allowing sage to flower will also attract many beneficial insects and theflowers are pretty. There are some very striking varieties of sage withvariegated foliage that can be used for their ornamental value as well asgood companion plants.Good Companions: Broccoli; Cabbage; Carrot; Cauliflower; Marjoram;Rosemary; Strawberry; TomatoBad Companions: Cucumber; RueUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 21 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 22. SOUTHERNWOOD (Artemisia abrotanum): Plant with cabbage, andamongst the garden. Deters cabbage worms. Plant southernwood nearfruit trees to repel fruit fly.Wonderful lemony scent when bruised or brushed in passing. Roots easilyfrom cuttings. Does not like fertilizer.It is a perennial that can get quite bushy. You can cut it back every spring –it will come back in no time. A delightful plant that is virtually pest free.Good Companions: Cabbage; Carrot; Fruit treesBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalSTINGING NETTLES (Urtica dioica): The flowers attract bees and manybeneficial insects. Invigorating for plants and improves their diseaseresistance.Nettles also strengthen the growth of tomatoes and increase the essentialoil content in valerian, marjoram, sage and peppermint.Cut up any nettles you ‘weed’ and cover with water. Let it sit for 3 weeks tomake an excellent liquid fertilizer. Use it to promote plant growth and giveplants more resistant to lack of water and other unhealthy conditions.The leaves and stems of nettles rot to an ideal humus – so put them on thecompost heap or cut them up and lay them on the soil. Hairs on the nettlesleaves contain formic acid which "stings" you.Good Companions: Tomato; herbs for essential oilsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; MedicinalSUMMER SAVORY (Satureja): Plant with beans and onions to improvegrowth and flavour. Discourages cabbage moths and deters bean beetles.Honey bees love it. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 22 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 23. Good Companions: Beans; OnionsBad Companions: none knownUses: Culinary; MedicinalTANSY (Tanecetum vulgare): Plant with fruit trees (to repel borers), rosesand raspberries keeping in mind that it can be invasive and is not the mostattractive of plants.Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squashbugs, ants and mice. Tie up and hang a bunch of tansy leaves indoors as afly repellent. Use clippings as a mulch.Dont be afraid to cut the plant up as tansy will bounce back from almostany abuse! It is also a helpful addition to the compost pile with its highpotassium content.Good Companions: Blackberry; Fruit trees; Grapes; Raspberries; RosesBad Companions: none knownUses: Craft; Culinary; Medicinal WARNING: You do not want to plant Tansy anywhere that livestock can feed on it as it is toxic to many animals. Do not let it go to seed either as it may germinate in livestock fields.TARRAGON (Artemisia dracunculus): Plant throughout the garden; it is anall-purpose garden helper – not many pests like this one. Recommendedto enhance the growth and flavour of vegetables.Good Companions: Plants in generalBad Companions: none knownUses: CulinaryTHYME (Thymus): Attract bees and deters the cabbage worm. Thyme iseasy to grow from seeds or cuttings. Older woody plants should be divided Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 23 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 24. in spring. It seems to have a beneficial effect on all plants it is situatednear.Good Companions: Cabbage; plants in generalBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Culinary; Household; MedicinalVALERIAN (Valeriana officinalis): Earthworms love valerian, so this is anexcellent reason to grow it. It stimulates the phosphorous activity in the soiland helps most vegetables growing nearby.Good Companions: most vegetable cropsBad Companions: none knownUses: MedicinalWORMWOOD (Artemisia): Keeps animals out of the garden- includingmice and other rodents - when planted as a border. An excellent deterrentto most insects.A tea made from wormwood will repel cabbage moths, slugs, snails, blackflea beetles and fleas effectively.It inhibits the growth of plants growing nearby with poisonous secretions,so is best to be grown alone – with the exception of currant bushessusceptible to rust disease which wormwood prevents.Good Companions: Currant bushesBad Companions: most plantsUses: Household; Medicinal Note: As wormwood actually produces a botanical poison do not use it directly on food crops. Also, earthworms vacate the soil where it is grown, so it must not be used in compost. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 24 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 25. YARROW (Achillea): Yarrow has insect repelling qualities and is anexcellent natural fertilizer. A handful of yarrow leaves added to thecompost heap really speeds things up.It also attracts predatory wasps and ladybugs. It may increase theessential oil content and aromatic qualities of herbs when planted amongthem.Planted as a border, yarrow will help most vegetables.Good Companions: Plants in general; Vegetable and Herb cropsBad Companions: none knownUses: Cosmetic; Craft; Culinary; Household; Medicinal Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 25 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 26. VegetablesALFALFA (Medicago sativa): It is a legume with very deep roots. Most ofus know it as alfalfa sprouts, but it makes a quite valuable plant in thegarden as it fixes the soil with nitrogen, accumulates iron, magnesium,phosphorous and potassium.It can withstand drought with its long taproot and can improve just aboutany soil. Alfalfa has the ability to break up hard clay soil and can even sendits roots through rocks! Alfalfa is practically pest and disease free.It is excellent as a compost activator.Good Companions: shallow rooting plants; Fruit trees; Grape vinesBad Companions: all members of the onion familyASPARAGUS (Asparagus officinalis): Plant tomatoes near asparagus toprevent weeds from overgrowing the asparagus bed. Asparagus andtomatoes have a reciprocal effect on each other – they both thrive whenplanted together.Both basil and parsley also do very well when planted near asparagus, andtomatoes for that matter.Good Companions: Basil; Parsley; TomatoBad Companions: OnionsBEANS (Phaseolus vulgaris; Vicia faba): All beans enrich the soil withnitrogen fixed from the air. In general they are good company for carrots,brassicas, beets, and cucumbers.Great for heavy nitrogen users like corn and grain plants. French Haricotbeans, sweet corn and melons are a good combo. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 26 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 27. Keep beans away from all members of the Allium family (onions, garlic,leeks, chives, shallots).Good Companions: Cabbage; Carrots; Cauliflower; Corn; Cucumbers;Potatoes (with Broad Beans); Squash; Strawberries (with Bush Beans);TomatoesBad Companions: Onions; FennelBEETROOT (Beta vulgaris): Good for adding minerals to the soil. Theleaves are composed of 25% magnesium. Grow beetroot near kohlrabi,onions and dwarf beans, but not with runner beans.Good Companions: Cabbage; Dwarf Beans; Kohlrabi; Lettuce; Onions;SilverbeetBad Companions: Runner beansBROCCOLI (Brassica oleracea): Broccoli will benefit by being plantedclose to aromatic plants such as dill, celery, chamomile, sage, peppermintand rosemary. Don’t plant it near tomatoes or strawberries.Good Companions: Beans; Dill; Celery; Chamomile; Onion; Oregano;Peppermint; Potato; Rosemary; SageBad Companions: Lettuce; Strawberry; TomatoBRUSSELS SPROUTS (Brassica oleracea): Brussels sprouts grow wellnear sage, hyssop, thyme, wormwood, rosemary and potatoes. Theydislike strawberries.Good Companions: Beans; Celery; Sage; Hyssop; Thyme; Wormwood;Rosemary; Potatoes; PennyroyalBad Companions: Strawberries Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 27 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 28. BUCKWHEAT (Fagopyrum esculentum): Accumulates calcium and can begrown as an excellent cover crop.It has an extensive and vigorous root system. Good for acid soils. Attractshoverflies in droves, which are predators of greenflies and blackflies.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownCABBAGE (Brassica oleracea): The white cabbage moth can becontrolled by planting near aromatics such as sage, mint, thyme, hyssop orwormwood.Like most brassicas, cabbage dislikes growing nearstrawberries and tomatoes, but grows well with beetroot.Early potatoes and late cabbage work well together.Potatoes and cabbages help to break up the soil with their deep roots andhelp keep the soil free from weeds.Good Companions: Bean; Beetroot; Celery; Chamomile; Dill; Hyssop; Mint;Nasturtium; Onion; Oregano; Potato; Sage; RosemaryBad Companions: Grape; Strawberry; TomatoCAPSICUM (Capsicum): Basil and capsicum require similargrowing conditions and grow well together. Capsicum canbe used as a general insect repellent.Good Companions: BasilBad Companions: none knownCARROTS (Daucus carota): Onions, leeks, rosemary, sage or wormwoodplanted near carrots will repel the carrot fly whose larva often attack theroots of young carrots. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 28 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 29. They also grow well with lettuce, tomatoes, chives and peas. Do not grownear dill.Good Companions: Chives; Leeks; Lettuce; Onions; Peas; Rosemary;Sage; Tomatoes; WormwoodBad Companions: DillCAULIFLOWER (Brassica oleracea): The white cabbage moth will begreatly deterred from cauliflowers and cabbages if celery is growing closeby.Growing strawberries or tomatoes near cauliflowers will inhibit each other’sgrowth.Good Companions: Beans; Beetroot; Celery; Chamomile; Dill; Hyssop;Mint; Nasturtium; Onion; Oregano; Potato; Radish; Rosemary; Sage;TansyBad Companions: Strawberries; TomatoesCELERIAC (Apium graveolens): Celeriac is closely related to celery, with asimilar taste, but it is the swollen base that is eaten.It needs rich, friable soil with plenty of potassium. Leeks are a goodcompanion for celeriac, planted in alternating rows.Good Companions: Bean; Cabbage; Leek; Onion; TomatoBad Companions: none knownCELERY (Apium graveolens): Leeks and tomatoes growwell with celery. Cabbage will also benefit if grown togetherwith celery.Good Companions: Bean; Cabbage; Leek; Onion; TomatoBad Companions: none known Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 29 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 30. CLOVER (Trifolium): Good nitrogen fixer, with good top growth for a greenmanure plant. Deters cabbage root flies.Attracts ground beetles and parasites of woolly apple aphids.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownCORN (Zea mays): Many plants benefit from growing close to corn.Melons, squash, pumpkins and cucumber benefit from the shade itprovides.Beans and peas grown in the same plot as corn will replenish the soil withnitrogen that the corn has used. Potatoes also grow well near corn. Dillhelps to produce healthy corn.Good Companions: Artichokes; Cucumber; Dill; Lupins; Melons; Potatoes;Pumpkin; SquashBad Companions: none knownCUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus): Cucumbers grow best with some shade,so plant them with tall plants like corn or sunflowers. Cucumbers andbeans planted together will produce healthy plants.Cucumbers also like to grow with peas, kohlrabi and lettuce. Radishesprotect cucumber from the cucumber beetle.Good Companions: Bean; Broccoli; Celery; Chinese cabbage; Kohlrabi;Lettuce; Peas; Radish; TomatoBad Companions: Rue; SageEGGPLANT / AUBERGINE (Solanum melongena): To repel caterpillars,sprinkle eggplant with cayenne pepper in the morning while it is still wetwith dew. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 30 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 31. Growing beans with eggplant will help keep beetles away. A chilli andgarlic spray makes the leaves less palatable to the fleabeetle, but must be applied regularly.Good Companions: Beans; Peas; Tarragon; ThymeBad Companions: none knownJERUSALEM ARTICHOKES (Helianthus tuberosus): They are goodcompanions to corn. Unfortunately the edible tubers contain very little foodvalue.Good Companions: CornBad Companions: none knownKOHLRABI (Brassica oleracea, Gonylodes Group cultivar): A member ofthe cabbage family, this root vegetable resembles beetroot. It can be eatenraw or cooked.It grows well with beetroot and onions. However, it has a harmful effect ontomatoes and beans have a harmful effect on it.Good Companions: Beetroot; OnionsBad Companions: Beans; Capsicum; TomatoesLEEKS (Allium porrum): Use leeks near carrots, celeriac, celery andonions which will improve their growth. Goat and pig manure, both high inpotassium, will increase the yield of both leeks and celery.Leeks also repel carrot flies.Good Companions: Carrot; Celeriac; CeleryBad Companions: Broad beans; Broccoli Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 31 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 32. LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa): Lettuce grows well with cucumbers,strawberries and carrots. Growing them near radish makes themsucculent.Growing lettuce, cabbage and beetroot together will help them all thrive.To protect your lettuce from bugs, grow a few French Marigolds in thepatch.Good Companions: Beetroot; Cabbage; Carrots; Clover; Cucumber;Marigolds; Peas; Radish; StrawberriesBad Companions: none knownLUPINS (Lupinus angustifolius): Lupins are a deep rooting plant that addsnitrogen and phosphates to the soil. Lupins are mostly grown as a greenmanure crop – dig into the soil just as the flower buds form.They are helpful to the growth of many vegetable crops, particularly corn.Good Companions: Corn; most vegetable cropsBad Companions: none knownONIONS (Allium cepa): Grow onions near any member of the cabbagefamily, beetroot, lettuce, tomatoes, summer savory and strawberries.Carrots deter insects from onions and onions deter insects from carrots sogrow them together as much as possible.The perfume from roses is stronger with onions growing close by.Onions will also keep apple-scab from apple trees. Never grow onions nearpeas or beans.Good Companions: Apple trees; Beetroot; Broccoli; Cabbage; Carrot;Lettuce; Potato; Roses; Strawberry; Summer savory; TomatoBad Companions: Beans; Peas Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 32 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 33. PEAS (Pisum sativum): Since peas are legumes they fix nitrogen to thesoil. Plant next to corn (a heavy feeder) and they will provide extranitrogen.Most plants will benefit from being grown in soil that peas have justvacated. Always dig spent pea vines into the soil or put them on yourcompost heap.Never grow peas near any member of the onion family – Alliums.Good Companions: Carrot; Corn; Cucumber; Eggplant; Lettuce; Radish;Spinach; Tomato; TurnipBad Companions: Chives; Garlic; Leeks; Onion; ShallotsPEPPERS, HOT (Capsicaum): Chili peppers have root exudates thatprevent root rot and other Fusarium diseases.Plant anywhere you have these problems. Teas madefrom hot peppers can be useful as insect sprays.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownPOTATOES (Solanum tuberosum): Plant potatoes near beans, corn,cabbage and peas and all will grow well. Marigolds will benefit your potatocrop, as will a few horseradish plants (take care not to let them escape intoyour garden).Eggplant is a useful trap crop as it will lure the Colorado beetle from yourpotatoes. Potatoes do not do well growing near tomatoes, squash,cucumbers, pumpkin or raspberries.The growth of potatoes can be stunted growing near sunflowers.Growing potatoes around apple trees makes them more susceptible toPhytophthora blight (the fungus that caused the Irish potato famine). Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 33 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 34. Good Companions: Beans; Cabbage; Corn; Lettuce; Onion; Petunia;Marigold; Radish;Bad Companions: Apple trees; Cucumber; Pumpkin; Tomato; Squash;Sunflowers; RaspberryPUMPKIN (Curcurbita moschate): Corn and pumpkin grow well together.However, potatoes and pumpkin have an inhibiting effect oneach other.Good Companions: Beans; Corn; Mint; Nasturtium; RadishBad Companions: PotatoesRADISH (Raphanus sativus): Radishes are in general very helpful to otherplants. Plant radishes with your cucumber, melon and squash plants – theyhelp keep the cucumber beetle away.Chervil and nasturtiums are said to give radishes a hotter, more pungentflavour. They grow well with peas and kohlrabi.Good Companions: Beans; Cabbage; Cauliflower; Chervil; Cucumber;Kohlrabi; Lettuce; Nasturtium; Peas; Squash; TomatoBad Companions: Grape; HyssopRHUBARB (Rheum x cultorum): Only the stalks of this plant can be eatenas the leaves contain oxalic acid which is poisonous. The leaves can bemade into a spray to deter aphids.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: none knownSILVERBEET (Beta vulgaris): This includes the coloured chards.Silverbeet grows well with onions and beetroot. Silverbeet is quite a heavy Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 34 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 35. feeder, requiring additional nitrogen, so is best planted where a nitrogenfixer (legumes) has just vacated.Good Companions: Beetroot; OnionsBad Companions: none knownSOYBEANS (Glycine max): They add nitrogen to the soil making them agood companion to corn. They deter corn earworms and corn borers.They repel Japanese beetles. They are also a host plant to the predatorytrichogramma wasp.Good Companions: CornBad Companions: none knownSPRING ONIONS / SHALLOTS (Allium cepa): These onions grow wellnear most garden vegetables, but inhibit the growth of beansand peas.Good Companions: most vegetable cropsBad Companions: Beans; PeasSPINACH (Spinacia oleracea): Spinach and Strawberries both benefit fromgrowing together.Spinach develops a long tap root, so is useful in breaking up heavy soils.Good Companions: Cabbage; Celery; Onion; Peas; StrawberriesBad Companions: none knownTOMATOES (Lycopersicon lycopersicum): Tomatoes like to grow in thesame space year after year. Tomatoes and asparagus are mutually Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 35 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 36. beneficial. Tomatoes also like growing near basil, carrots, celery, chives,marigolds, nasturtiums, onions and parsley.Nettles growing nearby will prevent mould on tomatoes. Kohlrabi andfennel both inhibit the growth of tomatoes.Tomatoes produce a root extraction that inhibits the growth of apricot trees.Good Companions: Asparagus; Basil; Cabbage; Carrot; Celery; Marigold;Nasturtium; Nettles; Onion; Parsley; Peas; SageBad Companions: Apricot trees; Fennel; Kohlrabi; PotatoTURNIPS (Brassica rapa): Turnips and peas each performbetter when grown together.Good Companions: Nasturtium; PeasBad Companions: none knownZUCCHINI / COURGETTES (Curcubita pepo): Zucchini grows best whenplanted near nasturtiums. They keep away aphids and look stunningtogether.Grow sunflowers with zucchinis – they attract bees that also visit zucchiniflowers, pollinating them.Zucchinis will starve lettuce and cabbage of nutrients and water, so best toplant them away from your zucchinis.Good Companions: Beans; Corn; Mint; Nasturtium; Radish; SunflowersBad Companions: Cabbage; Lettuce; Potatoes Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 36 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 37. Companion Planting Layout Guide A…………………………. [----------------------------] 50cm C------------------------------ [-------------][------------][------------] 50cm 1m B++++++++++++++++++ [---------------------------] 2m 50cm C------------------------------ 50cm 1m A…………………………. 2m 50cm C------------------------------ 50cm 1m B++++++++++++++++++ 50cm C------------------------------ 50cmA rows – plant 2metres apart. In early spring you can plant with a frost-resistant green manure crop such as field beans or mustard in preparationfor the growing season. From late spring until the end of the growingseason, plant with tall or spreading crops.B rows – plant 2metres apart. These rows should yield two full crops in boththe first and second halves of the growing season.C rows – plant 1 meter apart (twice as many rows as A or B rows). This row isfor species with a short vegetation time and compact growth. Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 37 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 38. Layout examples for good Companion PlantingThe combinations below are used in-conjunction with the diagram above.They have been chosen and placed in relation to each other to get the bestadvantage for protection from pests and diseases.You can repeat them or alternate them in rows, but don’t separate or dividethem up.Example 1 Example 2C:- Carrots B:- Celery & Cauliflower or otherB:- Onions early greensC:- Carrots C:- Lettuce with RadishA:- Tomatoes, Mustard or field Beans A:- Cucumbers, Mustard or fieldC:- Parsnip Beans C:- Lettuce with Radish B:- Celery & Cauliflower or other early greens C:- Carrots & LettuceExample 3 Example 4A:- Early peas, followed by Corn Salad, A:- Runner BeansPre-sown field Beans or Mustard C:- Cabbage, Lettuce & RadishC:- Beetroot & Lettuce B:- Early Cabbage or MarigoldB:- Red Cabbage & Celeriac C:- Cabbage, Lettuce, other saladsC:- Beetroot & Lettuce including Endives & KohlrabiA:- Peas or late CabbageC:- Beetroot & LettuceB:- Cauliflower & CeleriacC:- Early LettuceExample 5 Example 6A:- Tomatoes, Broad Beans A:- Early Potatoes, followed by CornC:- Carrots & Parsley SaladB:- Young Onions (for winter) C:- Early Lettuce & SpinachC:- Parsnips B:- after potatoes have been earthedA:- Zucchini up – Brussels Sprouts & otherC:- Carrots or Parsnips Brassicas for autumn & winter useB:- Onions grown from seed C:- Endive Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 38 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 39. Some other good combinations!Apples Chives, Garlic, Nasturtiums, Onions. WallflowersApricots Basil, Southernwood, TansyBasil Asparagus, Apricots, Tomatoes, ParsleyBeans Cabbage, Carrots, Cucumbers, Lettuce, Peas, Parsley, Cauliflower, SpinachBeetroot Cabbage, Dwarf Beans, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Onions, SilverbeetBorage Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumbers, Squash, Strawberries, TomatoesCabbage Beans, Beetroot, Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Mint, Onions, Oregano, Nasturtiums, Potatoes, Rosemary, Sage, Southernwood, ThymeCarrots Chives, Lettuce, Onions, Radish, SageCauliflower Celery, Beans, Nasturtiums, TansyCeleriac Beans, Brassicas, Marjoram, Peas, TomatoesCelery Cabbage, Cauliflower, Dill, Leeks, TomatoesChives Apples, Carrots, Parsley, TomatoesCoriander Cabbage, Carrots, Chervil, DillCorn Cucumbers, Melons, Potatoes, Squash, Tansy, TomatoesCucumbers Beans, Celery, Corn, Lettuce, Nasturtiums, (early)Potatoes, Savoy Cabbage, SunflowersDill Cabbage, Carrot, Coriander, Fennel, TomatoesEggplant Beans, Marjoram, PotatoesFruit Trees Chives, Feverfew, French Marigold, Garlic, Horseradish, Lemon Balm, Nasturtium, TansyGarlic Apples, Peaches, RosesGeraniums GrapevinesGrapevines Basil, Geraniums, Hyssop, MulberriesGuava CitrusHorseradish Fruit Trees, Potatoes Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 39 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 40. Kohlrabi Beets, Cucumber, French Marigold, Lovage, MarjoramLavender Cabbage, Garlic, Roses, SilverbeetLeeks Carrots, CeleryLettuce Beetroot, Cabbage, Carrots, Marigolds, Onions, Radish, StrawberryMarigolds Beans, Lettuce, Potatoes, Roses, TomatoesMint Cabbage, ChamomileNasturtium Apple, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumbers, Radish, Turnips, ZucchiniOnions Beetroot, Carrots, Chamomile, Lettuce, SilverbeetOregano CabbageParsley Asparagus, Chives, Roses, TomatoesParsnip Beans, Garlic, Peppers, Potatoes, RadishesPeaches Basil, Garlic, Southernwood, TansyPeas Carrots, Potatoes, Radish, TurnipsPotatoes Beans, Cabbage, Corn, Eggplant, Foxgloves, Horseradish, Marigolds, Nasturtium, PeasPumpkins Corn, Lovage, MarjoramRadish Chervil, Lettuce, Nasturtium, PeasRaspberry French Marigolds, Rue, TansyRosemary Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Garlic, Parsnip, SageRoses Garlic, Marigolds, Onions, ParsleySage Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, StrawberriesSilverbeet Beetroot, Lavender, OnionsSpinach Broad Beans, Fruit Trees, StrawberriesSquash Borage, Corn, SunflowersStrawberries Borage, Lettuce, Pyrethrum, Sage, SpinachSunflowers Apricot, Bush Beans, Cucumbers, SquashTansy Cabbage, Grapes, Peaches, Raspberries, RosesThyme Cabbage, RosesTomatoes Asparagus, Basil, Carrots, Celery, Chives, Foxgloves, Garlic, Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 40 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 41. Marigolds, ParsleyTurnips Nasturtium, PeasYarrow Apple, Apricot, Grapevine, Mulberry, TansyZucchini Corn, Lovage, Nasturtium, Sunflowers How much do I plant?This section is intended as a guide as our food needs are so varied,depending on how many there are in your family, how many meals you eatat home, how much you like to eat, how many visitors you get. Thenthere’s your families personal taste preferences to consider.There’s not much point in growing 10 eggplant vines if only one personlikes it. But if you like to make your own batch of tomato sauce to see youthroughout the year, you’ll want to grow extra tomatoes, onions and garlicto provide your own delicious ingredients.The following plant numbers are roughly based on the needs of a family oftwo adults and two children (assuming your children eat vegetables!), soadd or take to suit your own requirements.Some seasons you’ll end up with an excess of some things. I’ve neverfound it to be a problem when there are so many great recipes for pickles,preserves or sauces – not to mention my friends and family who are thrilledwhen I turn up a box of goodies for them! Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 41 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 42. Beans We usually grow several types – climbing and bush varieties. A seed packet in spring, then another in summer when the last lot is flowering. Grow more if you want to dry some for winter.Beetroot 12 – 20 plants early spring, the same late spring, and again mid-summerBroad Beans Plant blocks of about 2 square meters late autumn / early winter. Grow more if you want to dry someBroccoli Twenty or so plants in mid-summerBrussels Sprouts Twelve plants mid-summerCabbage 12 cabbages and red cabbage in spring, plus 20 – 30 small cabbages late summerCapsicum (peppers) One dozen plants in springCarrots Plant about a square meter per month, during springCauliflower 20 – 30 plants in late summerCelery Around 15 plants, 30 plants if you want a lot for saladsChilli 2 or 3 plants every other yearCorn 30 – 50 plants (in blocks) in spring, then more throughout summerCucumbers 6 plants in spring, then another 6 plants mid-summerEggplant 2 – 6 bushesLeeks 50 – 100 plants, depending on what you use them forLettuce If you eat a lot of salad 6 plants every week most of the year, except mid-winter. Plant extra late in summer for winter lettuces or grow cut & come again lettuceMelons 6 plants or more! You can grow them among your flowersOnions About 400 seedlings + spring onions + chives + garlicParsley A dozen flat leaf & a dozen curly leaf plants – feed wellParsnips Parsnip seed only germinates if it is really fresh, so you may have to sow a lot of seed your first time. But then if you let one go to seed and self-sow you’ll always have enough Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 42 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved
  • 43. Peas At least 3 packets in autumn and 3 in spring – more if you want to freeze some Potatoes You’ll need about 200 kg a year. Plant a large sack of seed potatoes. You’ll find you miss gathering some and they will produce some of your next years crop Pumpkins 10 or 12 vines, include several bush varieties Radish Sow a packet of seeds every other month throughout the year Silverbeet/Spinach 10 – 20 plants, a combination of Silverbeet, spinach & chard Tomatoes 12 plants (double if you make sauce), 2 grafted plants, a cherry tomato, an egg tomato & a climbing yellow or heirloom variety Zucchini 2 - 4 plants in spring, 2 mid-summerAgain I must emphasise that good record keeping is essential in all aspects oforganic gardening, and this is particularly true for companion planting. Someplants produce different result when grown in different areas and conditions.The best way to get the most from your companion planting efforts is to keepa keen eye on your garden, making notes on what works well for you andwhat doesn’t.I wish you all the best in your organic garden.Warmly,Julie Villaniwww.1stoporganicgardening.comwww.1stoporganicgardening.com/blog Companion Planting – A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 43 Copyright © 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved