Companion Planting and Wildcrafting


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Companion Planting and Wildcrafting

  1. 1. COMPANION PLANTING & WILDCRAFTING. NOTE: This author(s) take no responsibility for eating plants you have picked in the wild or grown yourself and become ill from.NOTE: Companion Planting is what you do yourself so that you dont have to use chemicalsin your garden.Companion planting is based on the idea that certain plants can benefit others whenplanted in near proximity. The scientific and traditional basis for these plant associationsare discussed. A companion planting chart for common herbs, vegetables, and flowers isprovided, as is a listing of literature resources for traditional companion planting.Generally, companion planting is thought of as a small-scale gardening practice. However,the term here is applied in its broadest sense to include applications to commercialhorticultural and agronomic crops.Trap CroppingSometimes, a neighboring crop may be selected because it is more attractive to pests andserves to distract them from the main crop. An excellent example of this is the use ofcollards to draw the diamond back moth away from cabbageSymbiotic Nitrogen FixationLegumes—such as peas, beans, and clover—have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen fortheir own use and for the benefit of neighboring plants via symbiotic relationship withRhizobium bacteria. Forage legumes, for example, are commonly seeded with grasses toreduce the need for nitrogen fertilizer. Likewise, beans are sometimes interplanted withcorn. On request ATTRA can provide additional information on Rhizobium inoculation.Biochemical Pest SuppressionSome plants exude chemicals from roots or aerial parts that suppress or repel pests andprotect neighboring plants. The African marigold, for example, releases thiopene—anematode repellent—making it a good companion for a number of garden crops. Themanufacture and release of certain biochemicals is also a factor in plant antagonism.Allelochemicals such as juglone—found in black walnut—suppress the growth of a widerange of other plants, which often creates a problem in home horticulture. A positive use ofplant allelopathy is the use of mow-killed grain rye as a mulch. The allelochemicals thatleach from rye residue prevent weed germination but do not harm transplanted tomatoes,broccoli, or many other vegetables.
  2. 2. Physical Spatial InteractionsFor example, tall-growing, sun-loving plants may share space with lower-growing, shade-tolerant species, resulting in higher total yields from the land. Spatial interaction can alsoyield pest control benefits. The diverse canopy resulting when corn is companion-plantedwith squash or pumpkins is believed to disorient the adult squash vine borer and protectthe vining crop from this damaging pest. In turn, the presence of the prickly vines is said todiscourage raccoons from ravaging the sweet corn.Nurse CroppingTall or dense-canopied plants may protect more vulnerable species through shading or byproviding a windbreak. Nurse crops such as oats have long been used to help establishalfalfa and other forages by supplanting the more competitive weeds that would otherwisegrow in their place. In many instances, nurse cropping is simply another form of physical-spatial interaction.Beneficial HabitatsBeneficial habitats—sometimes called refugia—are another type of companion plantinteraction that has drawn considerable attention in recent years. The benefit is derivedwhen companion plants provide a desirable environment for beneficial insects and otherarthropods—especially those predatory and parasitic species which help to keep pestpopulations in check. Predators include ladybird beetles, lacewings, hover flies, mantids,robber flies, and non-insects such as spiders and predatory mites. Parasites include a widerange of fly and wasp species including tachinid flies, and Trichogramma and ichneumonidwasps. Agroecologists believe that by developing systems to include habitats that draw andsustain beneficial insects, the twin objectives of reducing both pest damage and pesticideuse can be attained. For detailed information on establishing beneficial habitats, request theATTRA publication Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control.Security Through DiversityA more general mixing of various crops and varieties provides a degree of security to thegrower. If pests or adverse conditions reduce or destroy a single crop or cultivar, othersremain to produce some level of yield. Furthermore, the simple mixing of cultivars, asdemonstrated with broccoli in University of California research, can reduce aphidinfestation in a crop.
  3. 3. PLANT GUIDEALFALFA: Perennial that roots deeply. Fixes the soil with nitrogen, accumulates iron,magnesium, phosphorous and potassium. Withstands droughts with its long taproot and canimprove just about any soil! Alfalfa has the ability to break up hard clay soil and can even sendits roots through rocks! Now that is a tenacious plant! Alfalfa is practically pest and diseasefree. It needs only natural rainfall to survive.AMARANTH: A tropical annual that needs hot conditions to flourish. Good with sweet corn,its leaves provide shade giving the corm a rich, moist root run. Host to predatory groundbeetles. Eat the young leaves in salads.ANISE: Licorice flavored herb, good host for predatory wasps which prey on aphids and it isalso said to repel aphids. Deters pests from brassicas by camouflaging their odor. Improves thevigor of any plants growing near it. Used in ointments to protect against bug stings and bites.Good to plant with coriander.ASPARAGUS: Plant with Tomato, Parsley, Basil . Sprinkle parsley leaves onto the asparaguswhile it is growing.ARTEMISIAS: See WormwoodBASIL: Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor. Pepper, Marigold .Basil can behelpful in repelling thrips. It is said to repel flies and mosquitoes. Incompatible with or nearrue.BAY LEAF: A fresh leaf bay leaf in each storage container of beans or grains will deter weevilsand moths. Sprinkle dried leaves with other deterrent herbs in garden as natural insecticidedust. A good combo: Bay leaves, cayenne pepper, tansy and peppermint.  For ladybug invasions try spreading bay leaves around in your house anywhere they are getting in and they should leave.BEANS: All bean enrich the soil with nitrogen fixed form the air. In general they are goodcompany for carrots, celery, chards, corn, eggplant, peas, potatoes, brassicas, beets, radish,strawberry and cucumbers. Great for heavy nitrogen users like corn and grain plants. FrenchHaricot beans, sweet corn and melons are a good combo. Summer savory deters bean beetlesand improves growth and flavor. Incompatible with: alliums.BUSH BEANS: Irish Potato, Cucumber, Corn, Strawberry, Celery, Summer Savory - Notcompatible with OnionsPOLE BEANS: Corn, Summer Savory, Radish - Not compatible with Onions, radish,sunflower, Beets, Kohlrabi,BEE BALM (Oswego, Monarda): Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor. Great forattracting beneficials and bees of course. Pretty perennial that tends to get powdery mildew.
  4. 4. BEET: Good for adding minerals to the soil. The leaves are composed of 25% magnesiummaking them a valuable addition to the compost pile if you dont care to eat them. Companionsare lettuce, kohlrabi, onions and brassicas. Garlic improves growth and flavor. They are alsobeneficial to beans with the exception of runner beans. Runner or pole beans and beets stunteach others growth.BORAGE: Companion plant for tomatoes, squash, strawberries and most plants. Deterstomato hornworms and cabbage worms. One of the best bee and wasp attracting plants. Addstrace minerals to the soil and a good addition the compost pile. The leaves contain vitamin Cand are rich in calcium, potassium and mineral salts. Borage may benefit any plant it isgrowing next to via increasing resistance to pests and disease. It also makes a nice mulch formost plants. Borage and strawberries help each other and strawberry farmers always set a fewplants in their beds to enhance the fruits flavor and yield. Plant near tomatoes to improvegrowth and disease resistance. After you have planned this annual once it will self seed. Borageflowers are edible.BRASSICA: Benefit from chamomile, peppermint, dill, sage, and rosemary. They need richsoil with plenty of lime to flourish.BUCKWHEAT: Accumulates calcium and can be grown as an excellent cover crop. Attractshoverflies in droves. (Member of the brassica family.)CABBAGE: Celery, dill, onions and potatoes are good companion plants. Aromatic Herbs,Beets, Onion Family, Chamomile, Spinach, Chard - Incompatible with: dill, strawberries,tomatoes and pole beans.CARAWAY: Good for loosening compacted soil with its deep roots so its also compatible nextto shallow rooted crops. Tricky to establish. The flowers attract a number of beneficial insectsespecially the tiny parasitic wasps. Incompatible with: dill and fennel.CARROTS: Their pals are leaf lettuce, radish, onions and tomatoes. English Pea, Rosemary,Sage, Incompatible with: dillCATNIP: Deters flea beetles, aphids, Japanese beetles, squash bugs, ants and weevils. We havefound it repels mice quite well: mice were wreaking havoc in our outbuildings, we spreadsprigs of mint throughout and the mice split! Use sprigs of mint anywhere in the house youwant deter mice and ants. Smells good and very safe.CELERY: Companions: cabbage family, tomato., Onion, Bush Beans, NasturtiumCHAMOMILE, GERMAN: Annual. Improves flavor of cabbages, cucumbers and onions. Hostto hoverflies and wasps. Accumulates calcium, potassium and sulfur, later returning them tothe soil. Increases oil production from herbs. Leave some flowers unpicked and Germanchamomile will reseed itself. Roman chamomile is a low growing perennial that will toleratealmost any soil conditions. Both like full sun. Growing chamomile of any type is considered atonic for anything you grow in the garden.
  5. 5. CHARDS: Companions: Bean, cabbage family and onion.CHERVIL: Companion to radishes for improved growth and flavor. Keeps aphids off lettuce.Said to deter slugs. Likes shade.CHIVES: Improves growth and flavor of carrots and tomatoes. Keeps aphids help to keepaphids away from tomatoes, mums and sunflowers. Chives may drive away Japanese beetlesand carrot rust fly. Planted among apple trees it helps prevent scab and among roses itprevents black spot. You will need patience as it takes about 3 years for plantings of chives toprevent the 2 diseases. A tea of chives may be used on cucumbers and gooseberries to preventdowny and powdery mildews. See chive tea on disease page.CHRYSANTHEMUMS: C. coccineum kills root nematodes. (the bad ones) Its flowers alongwith those of C. cineraruaefolium have been used as botanical pesticides for centuries. (i.e.pyrethrum) White flowering chrysanthemums repel Japanese beetles.CLOVER: Long used as a green manure and plant companion. Attracts many beneficials.Useful planted around apple trees to attract predators of the woolly aphid.COMFREY: Accumulates calcium, phosphorous and potassium. Likes wet spots to grow in.Traditional medicinal plant. Good trap crop for slugs. More on comfrey.CORIANDER: Repels aphids, spider mites and potato beetle. A tea from this can be used as aspray for spider mites. A partner for anise.CORN: Irish Potato, Beans, English Pea, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Squash Not compatible withtomatoCOSTMARY: This 2-3 foot tall perennial of the chrysanthemum family helps to repel moths.CUCUMBERS: Cucumbers are great to plant with corn and beans. The three plants like thesame conditions warmth, rich soil and plenty of moisture. Let the cucumbers grow up and overyour corn plants. A great duet is to plant cukes with sunflowers. The sunflowers provide astrong support for the vines. Cukes also do well with peas, beets and carrots. Dill planted withcucumbers by attracting beneficial predators. Nasturtium improves growth and flavor.Incompatible with: sage, Irish Potato, Aromatic HerbsDAHLIAS: These beautiful, tuberous annuals that can have up to dinner plate size flowersrepels nematodes!DILL: Improves growth and health of cabbage. Do not plant near carrots or caraway. Bestfriend for lettuce. Attracts hoverflies and predatory wasps. Repels aphids and spider mites tosome degree. Also may repel the dreaded squash bug! (scatter some good size dill leaves onplants that are suspect to squash bugs, like squash plants, yeah thats the ticket.) Dill goes wellwith onions, cabbage, sweet corn and cucumbers. Dill does attract the tomato horn worm so itwould be useful to plant it somewhere away from your tomato plants to keep the destructivehorn worm away from them. We like to plant it for the swallowtail butterfly caterpillars to
  6. 6. feed on. Even their caterpillars are beautiful.EGGPLANT: Beans, MarigoldELDERBERRY: A spray (see insect treatments) made from the leaves can be used againstaphids, carrot root fly, cuke beetles and peach tree borers. Put branches and leaves in moleruns to banish them. Yes, it works!FLAX: Plant with carrots, and potatoes. Flax contains tannin and linseed oils which mayoffend the Colorado potato bug. Flax is an annual from 1-4 feet tall with blue or white flowersthat readily self sows.FOUR-OCLOCKS: Draw Japanese beetles like a magnet which then dine on the foliage. Thefoliage is pure poison to them and they wont live to have dessert! It is important to mentionthat Four Oclock are also poisonous to humans. Please be careful where you plant them if youhave children. They are a beautiful annual plant growing from 2-3 feet high with a bushygrowth form.GARLIC: Plant near roses to repel aphids. Accumulates sulfur: a naturally occurringfungicide which will help in the garden with disease prevention. Garlic is systemic in action asit is taken up the plants through their pores and when used as a soil drench is also taken up bythe roots. Has value in offending codling moths, Japanese beetles, root maggots, snails, andcarrot root fly. Researchers have observed that time-released garlic capsules planted at thebases of fruit trees actually kept deer away! Hey, worth a try! Concentrated garlic sprays havebeen observed to repel and kill whiteflies, aphids and fungus gnats among others with as littleas a 6-8% concentration! It is safe for use on orchids too.  Try concentrated Garlic Barrier Insect Repellent!Geranium: -Repels cabbage worms and Japanese beetles, plant around grapes, roses, corn, andcabbage.GOPHER PURGE: Deters gophers, and moles.GRAPES: Hyssop is beneficial to grapes as are beans, peas, or blackberries. Keep radishes andcabbage away from grapes. Planting clover increases the soil fertility for grapes. Chives withgrapes help repel aphids. Plant your vines under Elm or Mulberry trees!HORSERADISH: Plant in containers in the potato patch to keep away Colorado potato bugs.There are some very effective insect sprays that can be made with the root. Use the bottomlesspot method to keep horseradish contained. Also repels Blister beetles. We have observed thatthe root can yield anti-fungal properties when a tea is made from it. (See: Horseradish:Disease)HOREHOUND: (Marrubium Vulgare) like many varieties in the mint family, the many tinyflowers attract Braconid and Icheumonid wasps, and Tachnid and Syrid flies. The larval formsof these insects parasitize or otherwise consume many other insects pests. It grows where many
  7. 7. others fail to thrive and can survive harsh winters. Blooms over a long season, attractingbeneficial insects almost as long as you are likely to need them. For best results use horehounddirectly as a companion plant. Stimulates and aids fruiting in tomatoes and peppers.HYSSOP: Companion plant to cabbage and grapes, deters cabbage moths and flea beetles. Donot plant near radishes. Hyssop may be the number one preference among bees and somebeekeepers rub the hive with it to encourage the bees to keep to their home. It is not as invasiveas other members of the mint family making it safer for interplanting.KELP: When used in a powder mixture or tea as a spray, this versatile sea herb will not onlyrepel insects but feed the vegetables. In particular we have observed that kelp foliar sprayskeep aphids and Japanese beetles away when used as a spray every 8 days before and duringinfestation times. If you have access to seaweed, use it as a mulch to keep slugs away.LAMIUM: This will repel potato bugs- a big problem for many gardeners!LARKSPUR: An annual member of the Delphinium family, larkspur will attract Japanesebeetles. They dine and die! Larkspur is poisonous to humans too!LAVENDER: Repels fleas and moths. Prolific flowering lavender nourishes many nectarfeeding and beneficial insects. Use dried sprigs of lavender to repel moths. Start plants inwinter from cuttings, setting out in spring.LEEKS: Use leeks near carrots, celery and onions which will improve their growth. Leeks alsorepel carrot flies.LEMON BALM: Sprinkle throughout the garden in an herbal powder mixture to deter manybugs. Lemon balm has citronella compounds that make this work: crush and rub the leaves onyour skin to keep mosquitoes away! Use to ward off squash bugs!LETTUCE: Carrot, Radish, Strawberry, CucumberLOVAGE: Improves flavor and health of most plants. Good habitat for ground beetles. A largeplant, use one planted as a backdrop. Similar to celery in flavor.MARIGOLDS: (Calendula): Given a lot of credit as a pest deterrent. Keeps soil free of badnematodes; supposed to discourage many insects. Plant freely throughout the garden. Themarigolds you choose must be a scented variety for them to work. One down side is thatmarigolds do attract spider mites and slugs.Note that within one night after planting marigold plants, all the leaves were already eaten off,though the flowers were still on. Blamed it on geckos, but probably is slugs or snails. yuck.Slugs and snails love marigolds.  French Marigold (T. patula) has roots that exude a substance which spreads in their immediate vicinity killing nematodes. For nematode control you want to plant dense areas of them. There have been some studies done that proved this nematode killing effect lasted for several years after the plants
  8. 8. were These marigolds also help to deter whiteflies when planted around tomatoes and can be used in greenhouses for the same purpose. Whiteflies hate the smell of marigolds.  Mexican marigold (T. minuta) is the most powerful of the insect repelling marigolds and may also overwhelm weed roots such as bind weed! It is said to repel the Mexican bean beetle and wild bunnies! Be careful it can have an herbicidal effect on some plants like beans and cabbage.MARJORAM: As a companion plant it improves the flavor of vegetables and herbs. Sweetmarjoram is the most commonly grown type.MELONS: Companions: Corn, pumpkin, radish and squash. Other suggested helpers formelons are as follows: Marigold deters beetles, nasturtium deters bugs and beetles. Oreganoprovides general pest protection.MINT: Deters white cabbage moths, ants, rodents, flea beetles, fleas, aphids and improves thehealth of cabbage and tomatoes. Use cuttings as a mulch around members of the brassicafamily. It attracts hoverflies and predatory wasps. Earthworms are quite attracted to mintplantings. Be careful where you plant it as mint is an incredibly invasive perennial. Placingmint (fresh or dried) where mice are a problem is very effective in driving them off!MOLE PLANTS: (castor bean plant) Deter moles and mice if planted here and therethroughout the garden. Drop a seed of this in mole runs to drive them away. This is apoisonous plant. See Moles: Critter TroubleMORNING GLORIES: They attract hoverflies. Plus if you want a fast growing annual vine tocover something up morning glory is an excellent choice.NASTURTIUMS: Plant as a barrier around tomatoes, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers, andunder fruit trees. Deters wooly aphids, whiteflies, squash bug, cucumber beetles and otherpests of the cucurbit family. Great trap crop for aphids (in particular the black aphids) whichit does attract, especially the yellow flowering varieties. Likes poor soil with low moisture andno fertilizer. It has been the practice of some fruit growers that planting nasturtiums everyyear in the root zone of fruit trees allow the trees to take up the pungent odor of the plants andrepel bugs. It has no taste effect on the fruit. A nice variety to grow is Alaska which hasattractive green and white variegated leaves. The leaves, flowers and seeds are all edible andwonderful in salads!Try our recipe for: Nasturtium SaladNETTLES, STINGING: The flowers attract bees. Sprays made from these are rich in silicaand calcium. Invigorating for plants and improves their disease resistance. Leaving themixture to rot, it then makes an excellent liquid feed. Comfrey improves the liquid feed evenmore. Hairs on the nettles leaves contain formic acid which "stings" you.ONIONS: Planting chamomile with onions improves their flavor. Other companions aresavory, carrot, leek, beets, kohlrabi, strawberries, brassicas, dill, lettuce and tomatoes.Intercropping onions and leeks with your carrots confuses the carrot and onion flies! Beets,
  9. 9. Carrot, Lettuce, Cabbage Family, Onions planted with strawberries help the berries fightdisease. Incompatible with: Beans, English Peas and summer savory.OPAL BASIL: An annual herb that is pretty, tasty and said to repel hornworms!OREGANO: Can be used with most crops but especially good for cabbage. Plant near broccoli,cabbage and cauliflower to repel cabbage butterfly and near cucumbers to repel cucumberbeetle. Also benefits grapes.PARSLEY: Plant among and sprinkle the leaves on tomatoes, and asparagus. Use as a tea toward off asparagus beetles. Attracts hoverflies. Let some go to seed to attract the tiny parasiticwasps and hoverflies. Parsley increases the fragrance of roses when planted around their base.Rose problems? See: Rose Rx for answers.PEAS: Peas fix nitrogen in the soil. Plant next to corn and they will provide extra nitrogen.Corn is a heavy feeder so this is a great combination! Companions for peas are bush beans,Pole Beans, Carrots, Celery, Chicory, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Parsley, Early Potato,Radish, Spinach, Strawberry, Sweet pepper and Turnips. Incompatible with: onions,Gladiolus, Irish Potato.PEPPERMINT: Repels white cabbage moths, aphids and flea beetles. It is the menthol contentin mints that acts as an insect repellant. Bees and other good guys love it.PEPPERS, BELL (Sweet Peppers): Plant peppers near tomatoes, parsley, basil, and carrots.Onions make an excellent companion plant for peppers. They do quite well with okra as itshelters them and protects the brittle stems from wind. Dont plant them near fennel orkohlrabi. They should also not be grown near apricot trees because a fungus that the pepper isprone to can cause a lot of harm to the apricot tree. Peppers can double as ornamentals, sotuck some into flowerbeds and borders. Harvesting tip: The traditional bell pepper, forexample, is harvested green, even though most varieties will mature red, orange, or yellow.Peppers can be harvested at any stage of growth, but their flavor doesnt fully develop untilmaturity.PEPPERS, HOT: Chili peppers have root exudates that prevent root rot and other Fusariumdiseases. Plant anywhere you have these problems. Teas made from hot peppers can be usefulas insect sprays. Hot peppers like to be grouped with cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, tomato,okra, Swiss chard and squash. Herbs to plant near them include: basils, oregano, parsley androsemaryPENNYROYAL: Repels fleas. The leaves when crushed and rubbed onto your skin will repelchiggers, flies, gnats, mosquitoes and ticks. Warning: Pennyroyal is highly toxic to cats. It shouldnot be planted where cats might ingest it and never rubbed onto their skin.PETUNIAS: They repel the asparagus beetle, leafhoppers, certain aphids, tomato worms,Mexican bean beetles and general garden pests. A good companion to tomatoes, but planteverywhere. The leaves can be used in a tea to make a potent bug spray.
  10. 10. POACHED EGG PLANT: Grow poached egg plant with tomatoes, they will attract hover fliesand hover flies eat aphids.POTATO: Companions for potatoes are bush bean, members of the cabbage family, carrot,celery, corn, dead nettle, flax, horseradish, marigold, peas, petunia, onion and Tagetesmarigold. Protect them from scab by putting comfrey leaves in with your potato sets atplanting time. Horseradish, planted at the corners of the potato patch, provides generalprotection. Dont plant these around potatoes: cucumber, kohlrabi, parsnip, pumpkin,rutabaga, squash family, sunflower, turnip and fennel. Keep potatoes and tomatoes apart asthey both can get early and late blight contaminating each other.POTATO- IRISH: Beans, Corn, Cabbage Family, Marigolds, Horseradish Incompatible with:Pumpkin, Squash, Tomato, Cucumber, SunflowerPUMPKINS: Pumpkin pals are corn, melon and squash. Marigold deters beetles. Nasturtiumdeters bugs, beetles. Oregano provides general pest protection. Incompatible with: IrishPotatoPURSLANE: This edible weed makes good ground cover in the corn patch. Use the stems,leaves and seeds in stir-frys. Pickle the green seed pod for caper substitutes. If purslane isgrowing in your garden it means you have healthy, fertile soil!RADISH: Companions for radishes are: radish beet, bush beans, pole beans, carrots, chervil,cucumber, lettuce, melons, nasturtium, parsnip, peas, spinach and members of the squashfamily. Why plant radishes with your squash plants? Radishes may protect them from squashborers! Anything that will help keep them away is worth a try. Chervil and nasturtiumimprove growth and flavor. Planting them around corn and letting them go to seed will alsohelp fight corn borers. Chinese Daikon and Snow Belle are favorites of flea beetles. Plant theseat 6 to 12 inch intervals broccoli. In one trial, this measurably reduced damage to broccoli.Incompatible with: hyssop plants, cabbage, cauliflower, brussel sprouts and turnips. Plantingan early row of radishes may lure flea beetles away from susceptible plants.ROSEMARY: Companion plant to cabbage, beans, carrots and sage. Deters cabbage moths,bean beetles, and carrot flies. Use cuttings to place by the crowns of carrots for carrot flies.Zones 6 and colder can overwinter rosemary as houseplants or take cuttings.RUE: Deters aphids, fish moths, flea beetle, onion maggot, slugs, snails, flies and Japanesebeetles in roses and raspberries. Companions for rue are roses, fruits (in particular figs),raspberries and lavender. To make it even more effective with Japanese beetles: crush a fewleaves to release the smell. Has helped repel cats for us. You should not plant rue nearcucumbers, cabbage, basil or sage. A pretty perennial with bluish-gray leaves. May be grownindoors in a sunny window. Rue may cause skin irritation in some individuals. Remedy: Seecats and dogs: Rue spray.RYE: An excellent use of plant allelopathy is the use of mow-killed grain rye as a mulch. Theallelochemicals that leach from the rye residue prevent weed germination but do not harm
  11. 11. transplanted tomatoes, broccoli, or many other vegetables.SAGE: Use as a companion plant with broccoli, cauliflower, rosemary, cabbage, and carrots todeter cabbage moths, beetles, black flea beetles and carrot flies. Do not plant near cucumbers,onions or rue. Sage repels cabbage moths and black flea beetles. Allowing sage to flower willalso attract many beneficial insects and the flowers are pretty. There are some very strikingvarieties of sage with variegated foliage that can be used for their ornamental as well aspractical qualities. More on sage.SOUTHERNWOOD: Plant with cabbage, and here and there in the garden. Wonderfullemony scent when crushed or brushed in passing. Roots easily from cuttings. Does not likefertilizer! It is a perennial that can get quite bushy. We have started to cut it back every springand it comes back in not time. A delightful plant that is virtually pest free.SOYBEANS: They add nitrogen to the soil making them a good companion to corn. They repelchinch bugs and Japanese beetles. Soybeans are so good for you! They are many ways toprepare them.SPINACH: Strawberry, Faba BeanSQUASH: Companions: Corn, cucumbers, icicle radishes, melon and pumpkin. Helpers:Borage deters worms, improves growth and flavor. Marigolds deters beetle. Nasturtium deterssquash bugs and beetles. Oregano provides general pest protection. Incompatible with: IrishPotatoSTRAWBERRY: Friends are beans, borage, lettuce, onions, spinach and thyme. Foes:Cabbage. Allies: Borage strengthens resistance to insects and disease. Thyme, as a border,deters worms.SUMMER SAVORY: Plant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. Discouragescabbage moths, Mexican bean beetles and black aphids. Honey bees love it.SUNFLOWERS: Planting sunflowers with corn is said by some to increase the yield. Aphids aproblem? Definitely plant a few sunflowers here and there in the garden. Step back and watchthe ants herd the aphids onto them! We have been doing this for years and it is remarkable.The sunflowers are so tough that the aphids cause very little damage and we have nice seedheads for our birds to enjoy! Talk about a symbiotic relationship!SWEET ALYSSUM: Direct seed or set out starts of sweet alyssum near plants that have beenattacked by aphids in the past. Alyssum flowers attract hoverflies whose larva devour aphids.Another plus is their blooms draw bees to pollinate early blooming fruit trees. They will reseedfreely and make a beautiful groundcover every year.TANSY: Plant with fruit trees, roses and raspberries keeping in mind that it can be invasiveand is not the most attractive of plants. Tansy which is often recommended as an ant repellantmay only work on sugar type ants. These are the ones that you see on peonies and marchinginto the kitchen. At least for us placing tansy clippings by the greenhouse door has kept them
  12. 12. out. Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, ants andmice! Tie up and hang a bunch of tansy leaves indoors as a fly repellent. Use clippings as amulch as needed. Dont be afraid to cut the plant up as tansy will bounce back from any abuseheaped on it! It is also a helpful addition to the compost pile with its high potassium content.  Tansy Warning: You do not want to plant Tansy anywhere that livestock can feed on it as it is toxic to many animals. Do not let it go to seed either as it may germinate in livestock fields.TARRAGON: Plant throughout the garden, not many pests like this one. Recommended toenhance growth and flavor of vegetables.THYME: Deters cabbage worms. Wooly thyme makes a wonderful groundcover. You maywant to use the upright form of thyme in the garden rather than the groundcover types. Thymeis easy to grow from seeds or cuttings. Older woody plants should be divided in spring.TOMATOES: Tomato allies are many: asparagus, basil, bean, carrots, celery, chive,cucumber, garlic, head lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, pepper, marigold,pot marigold and sow thistle. Basil repels flies and mosquitoes, improves growth and flavor.Bee balm, chives and mint improve health and flavor. Borage deters tomato worm, improvesgrowth and flavor. Dill, until mature, improves growth and health, mature dill retards tomatogrowth. Enemies: corn and tomato are attacked by the same worm. Kohlrabi stunts tomatogrowth. Incompatible with: potatoes, cabbage and cauliflower. Keep Irish Potato, Fennel,Cabbage Family apart from tomato as they both can get early and late blight contaminatingeach other.TURNIP: English Pea , Incompatible with Irish PotatoWHITE GERANIUMS: These members of the pelargonum family draw Japanese beetles tofeast on the foliage which in turn kills them.WORMWOOD: Keeps animals out of the garden when planted as a border. An excellentdeterrent to most insects. A tea made from wormwood will repel cabbage moths, slugs, snails,black flea beetles and fleas effectively. The two best varieties for making insect spray are SilverKing and Powis Castle. Adversely Powis castle attracts ladybugs which in turn breed directlyon the plant. Silver Mound is great as a border plant and the most toxic wormwood. Note: Aswormwood actually produces a botanical poison do not use it directly on food crops.See More on wormwood. for more details.For insect spray: See wormwood sprayYARROW: Yarrow has insect repelling qualities and is an excellent natural fertilizer. Ahandful of yarrow leaves added to the compost pile really speeds things up. Try it! It alsoattracts predatory wasps and ladybugs to name just two. It may increase the essential oilcontent of herbs when planted among them. Yarrow has so many wonderful properties to itand is an ingredient in our own Golden Harvest Fertilizer.
  13. 13. CRITTER CONTROL PLANT DISEASE WEEDS, FRIEND OR FOE? AN OLD FASHIONED FARMSee: for more informationSee: for more informationORGANIC GARDENING TECHNOLOGIESINCREASING Plant Yields by over 400 PERCENT your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dust Rock Dust added to soil can double plant or lawn growth.SoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM) Tea Making: For Organic Healthier Vegetables, Flowers, Orchards, Vineyards, Lawns; byMarc Remillard Kindle book
  14. 14. ~Companion Planting INCREASES Food Production by 250 PercentOne of the goals of research in South Africa is to look at ways to boost food production with thepractice of intercropping (companion planting, or growing crops together) a cereal grain crop, likesorghum, with bean crops. We have been intercropping sorghum with legumes planted in row of zaipits.Why grow beans? Being legumes, bean crops can improve soils by converting nitrogen from the airinto forms that crops can use.The crops we are working with are quite tolerant of dry conditions and produce vines that cover theground, protect6ing it from the intense tropical sun and creating an environments in which soilmicroorganisms, can thrive.Moreover, the legumes provide the farmer with a harvest of dried, edible beans.What are zai holes? The zai system originated in West Africa as a way to cope with drought and hardencrusted soil. Drought tolerant grain crops such as sorghum or millet are planted in pits about 12inches, 6 inches deep.With the excavated soil thrown to the downhill side, the pits act as tiny water catchment basins,making maximum use of what little rainfall is received. Several handfuls of manure are traditionallyplaced in each pit, concentrating nutrients near the crop roots.Have we seen any benefits? The results we have so far are from year one of a sorghum-legumesintercropping strategy within the zai system. Most of the legumes we have tried have grown verywell, but cowpea produced the most dried beans.It increases total grain production by 1,000 kilograms from 400 kilograms per hectare whengrown sorghum alone to about 1,400 kilograms per hectare when grown together with cowpeas.It also increased soil nitrogen as well as nitrogen taken up by the sorghum plants.All of this is very encouraging from the perspective of the smallholder farmer, because it means theyhave a way to improve their soils while greatly increasing food production.
  15. 15. ~NATURAL SOLUTIONS in Africa by Using Companion PlantingAcross East Africa, thousands of farmers are planting weeds in their maize fields (CompanionPlanting). Bizarre as it sounds, their technique is actually raising yields by giving the insect pestssomething else to chew on besides maize.It is better than pesticides and a lot cheaper, said Ziadin Khan, whose idea it is.And it has raised farm yields by 60-70 Percents.In East Africa, maize fields face two major pests, and Khan has a solution to both. The first is aninsect called the stem borer. True to its name, it s larvae eat their way through a third of the regionsmaize most years.But Khan discovered that the borer in even fonder of a local weed, napier grass. By planting napiergrass in their fields , farmers can lure the stem borers away from the maize and into a honey trap. Forthe grass produces a sticky substance that traps and kills stem borer larvae.The second major pest is Striga, a parasitic plant that wrecks 10 billion dollars worth damage onmaize crops every year, threating the livelihoods of one hundred million Africans.Weeding Striga is one of the most time consuming activities for millions of African women farmers,says Khan.But he has an antidote: another weed, called Desmodium. It seems to release some sort of chemicalthat Striga does not like. At any rate, where farmers plant Desmodium between rows of maize, Strigawill not grow.Khans cheap fixes for Striga and stem borer are spreading like wildfire through the fields of EastAfrica.Trials on more than 2,000 farms are finished. It is out of our hands now, says Khans boss HansHerren , who is the director of the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology in Nairobi.The ideas are being taken up by framers in countries such as Ethiopia where we have never worked.Khans novel way of fighting pests is one of the host of Low-Tech Innovations boostingproduction by 100 percent or more on millions of poor Thirds World farms in the pastdecade.This Sustainable Agriculture just happens to be the biggest movement in Third World Farmingtoday, dwarfing the tentative forays in genetic manipulation. It seems peasant farmers have a longway to go before they exhaust the possibilities of traditional agriculture
  16. 16. ~COMPANION PLANTING BOOKS(Intercropping Gardening, Mixed Vegetables Gardening, Polycultures Gardening):Carrots Love Tomatoes and Roses Love Garlic: Secrets of Companion Planting for SuccessfulGardening; by Louise Riotte booksprice.comA-Z of Companion Planting; by Pamela Allardice booksprice.comA Crash Course on Companion Planting; by Ralph Cummings~ Nook book yahoo.comBobs Basics Companion Planting; by Bob Flowerdew booksprice.comBiological Pest Control, including: Bird, Bacillus Thuringiensis, Predation, Companion Planting,Disease Resistance In Fruit And Vegetables, Biocide, Parasitoid, Pyrethrum, Beetle Bank, Scoliidae,Pyrethrin, Fire Ant, Integrated Pest Management, Tansy; by Hephaestus Books Gardening in New Zealand: Working with Mother Nature; by Judith Collins Planting; by Jeannine Davidoff - South African Organic Gardener
  17. 17. ~Companion Planting; by Margaret Roberts Planting; by Richard Bird booksprice.comCompanion Planting and Intensive Cultivation; by Nancy Lee Maffia booksprice.comCompanion Planting Boost Your Gardens Health, Secure It From Pests And Grow More Vegetables ;by Ephraim Acre Kindle book yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Australian Gardens; by Kelly Morris Planting For Beginners; by Wendi Eaton~ Kindle book yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Successful Gardening; by Louise Riotte Planting for Veggies; by Annette Welsford Planting Guide; by Julie Villani
  18. 18. ~Companion Planting In Australia; by Brenda Little booksprice.comCompanion Planting in New Zealand; by Brenda Little booksprice.comCompanion Planting Made Easy; by Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comCompanion Planting: Successful Gardening the Organic Way; by Gertrud Franck booksprice.comCompanion Plants and How to Use Them: A Guide to Planting the Right Plants to Ward off PlantDiseases; by Helen Louise Porter Philbrick booksprice.comComplete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer booksprice.comGarden Companion to Native Plants. Selecting, Planting and Caring for over 400 Australian NativePlants; by Allan Seale
  19. 19. ~Good Companions: A Guide to Gardening with Plants that Help Each Other; by Bob Flowerdew booksprice.comGood Neighbors: Companion Planting for Gardeners; by Anna Carr booksprice.comGreat Garden Companions: A Companion-Planting System for a Beautiful, Chemical-Free VegetableGarden; by Sally Jean Cunningham booksprice.comGrowing Together: the A to Z of Companion Planting; by Susan Tomnay booksprice.comHow to Grow World Record Tomatoes: a Guinness World Record Holder, Reveals HisAll-Organic Secrets. His organic methods work with other crops; by Charles Wilber booksprice.comIntercropping: A Step Towards Sustainability; by Haseeb ur Rehman Frenchs Guide to Companion Planting in Australia and New Zealand; by Jackie French
  20. 20. ~List of Companion Plants; by Frederic P Millerhttp://www.alibris.com Garden Companion: A Complete Guide for the Beginner, With a Special Emphasis on UsefulPlants and Intensive Planting in the Wayside, Dooryard, Patio, Rooftop, and Vacant Lot ; by JamieJobb booksprice.comOrganic Gardening Books, Eco Farming Books, DVDs, Newsletter and Much Morehttp://www.acresusa.comPlanting The Future: Saving Our Medicinal Herbs; by Rosemary Gladstar booksprice.comPrimer of Companion Planting: Herbs and Their Part in Good Gardening ; by Richard B. Gregg booksprice.comPrinciples and Practice of Plant Conservation; by David R. Given booksprice.comRodales Successful Organic Gardening: Companion Planting; by Susan McClure
  21. 21. ~Sharing the Harvest: A Citizens Guide to Community Supported Agriculture; by Elizabeth of Companion Planting: Plants That Help, Plants That Hurt; by Brenda Little booksprice.comSoil Mates: Companion Plants for Your Vegetable Garden; by Sara Alway booksprice.comSouth African Planting and Companion Planting Guide; by Jeannine Davidoff Gardening, including: Raised Bed Gardening, Energy-efficient Landscaping,Permaculture, Masanobu Fukuoka, Companion Planting, Biological Pest Control, Leaf Mold, SpentMushroom Compost, Green Roof, Agroecology, Wildlife Garden, Mulch; by Hephaestus Books The Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of Californias NaturalResources; by M. Kat Anderson booksprice.comThe A-Z of Companion Planting; by Jayne Neville
  22. 22. ~The Best Gardening Ideas I Know: Foolproof way to start any seed, Compost piles that work,Practical companion planting, More vegetables in less space, Succession planting chart, Naturalweed controls, Mulching with weeds, Midsummer feeding; by Robert Rodale booksprice.comClimate Change, Intercropping, Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms ; by Eric Lichtfouse And The Scientific Basis Of Traditional Agriculture; by Donald Quayle Innis Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Cultivating, Drying, and Cooking With MoreThan 50 Herbs; by Emma Callery booksprice.comThe Complete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer booksprice.comThe Cook and the Gardener: A Year of Recipes and Writings for the French Countryside; by AmandaHesser
  23. 23. ~The Ecology of Intercropping; by John H. Vandermeer booksprice.comThe Huge Book of Organic Gardening and Companion Planting; by Billie Rex Natural Garden: A New Zealanders Guide to Companion Gardening, Natural Pest Control andSoil Health; by Michael Crooks Backyard Herb Garden: A Gardeners Guide to Growing Over 50 Herbs Plus How to Use Themin Cooking, Crafts, Companion Planting and More; by Miranda Smith booksprice.comSWAP your Books with Other People
  24. 24. ~ORGANIC GARDENING TECHNOLOGIESINCREASING Plant Yields by over 400 PERCENT your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dust Rock Dust added to soil can double plant or lawn growth.Compost Tea Making: For Organic Healthier Vegetables, Flowers, Orchards, Vineyards, Lawns; byMarc Worm Tea Primer: how to make and use worm tea for a vibrant organic garden; by CassandraTruax~ Kindle book yahoo.comhttp://vermico.comSoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM) Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganism
  25. 25. ~ORGANIC GARDENING and Eco Gardening~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy PeopleAdvanced Aeroponics; by Chad Peterson~ Kindle book yahoo.com20 Best Small Gardens: Innovative Designs for every Site and Situation ; by Tim Newbury booksprice.com101 Ideas for Veg from Small Spaces: Delicious Crops from Tiny Plots; by Jane Moore booksprice.com101 Organic Gardening Tips; by Sheri Ann Richerson Kindle book yahoo.com300 of the Most Asked Questions About Organic Gardening; by Charles Gerras; Rodale OrganicGardening Magazine booksprice.com365 Down-To-Earth Gardening Hints and Tips; by Susan McClure,001 Old-Time Garden Tips: Timeless Bits of Wisdom on How to Grow Everything Organically,from the Good Old Days When Everyone Did; by Roger Yepsen
  26. 26. ~A Beginners Guide to Organic Vegetable Gardening: Introduction to Composting, Worm Farming,No Dig Raised and Wicking Gardens Plus More; by Mel Jeffreys Kindle book yahoo.comA Brief Guide to Organic Gardening; by Irish Seed Savers Associationhttp://www.irishseedsavers.ie Childs Organic Garden: Grow Your Own Delicious Nutritious Foods, Australia; by Lee Fryer booksprice.comA Guide to Organic Gardening in Australia; by Michael J. Roads Patch of Eden: Americas Inner-City Gardeners; by H. Patricia Hynes booksprice.comA Treatise on the Management of Peach and Nectarine Trees: Either in Forcing-Houses, or on Hotand Common Walls. Containing an Effectual and Easy Process for Preventing Them from BeingInfected with Any Species of Insects; by Thomas Kyle Year on the Garden Path: A 52-Week Organic Gardening Guide; by Carolyn Herriot
  27. 27. ~Adobe and Rammed Earth Buildings: Design and Construction; by Paul G. McHenry booksprice.comAdvanced Organic Gardening (Rodales Grow-It Guides); by Anna Carr booksprice.comAdvancing Biological Farming: Practicing Mineralized, Balanced Agriculture to Improve Soils andCrops; by Gary F. Zimmer in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba; by Maria Caridad Cruz booksprice.comAgricultural Options of the Poor: A Handbook for Those Who Serve Them; by Timothy N. Motts Best Gardening Secrets; by the Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comAllergy-Free Gardening: The Revolutionary Guide to Healthy Landscaping; by Thomas Leo Ogren
  28. 28. ~Allotment Gardening: An Organic Guide For Beginners; by Susan Berger, the Organic Centre, Ireland Kindle book yahoo.comAlternatives to Peat; by Pauline Pears to Zai Holes: Ideas for Growing Food Under Difficult Conditions; by Laura S. Meitzner booksprice.comAn Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganism booksprice.comAny Size, Anywhere Edible Gardening: The No Yard, No Time, No Problem Way to Grow YourOwn Food; by William Moss Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAnything Grows: Ingenious Ways To Grow More Food In Front Yards, Backyards, Side Yards, InThe Suburbs, In The City, On Rooftops, Even Parking Lots; by Sheryl London
  29. 29. ~Apartment Gardening: Plants, Projects, and Recipes for Growing Food in Your Urban Home; byAmy Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAquaponic Gardening: A Step-By-Step Guide to Raising Vegetables; by Sylvia Bernstein Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAsphalt to Ecosystems: Design Ideas for Schoolyard Transformation; by Sharon Gamson Danks booksprice.comAttracting Native Pollinators: The Xerces Society Guide Protecting North Americas Bees andButterflies Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAustralia and New Zealand Guide to Compost Gardening: A Guide to Gardening Without Digging:by David Hornblow booksprice.comBackyard Farming: Growing Your Own Fresh Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs in a Small Space; by LeeFoster booksprice.comBack to Eden; by Jethro Kloss - he was curing cancer in the Kindle book ~ Nook book
  30. 30. ~Backyard Organic Gardening in Australia; by Brenda Little booksprice.comBackyard Bounty: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Organic Gardening in the Pacific Northwest;by Linda A Gilkeson Kindle book ~ Nook book booksprice.comBalcony Gardening : Growing Herbs and Vegetables in a Small Urban Space; by Jeff Haase Kindle book yahoo.comBasic Book of Cloche and Frame Gardening; by W E Shewell-Cooper Book of Natural Gardening; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper booksprice.comBasic Vegetable Gardening: Small-Scale Vegetable Production in Tropical Climates; by E.D. Adams Ideas for Organic Vegetable Growing; by Glenn F. Johns
  31. 31. ~Best Methods for Growing Fruits and Berries; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comBetter Vegetable Gardens the Chinese Way: Peter Chans Raised-Bed System; by Peter Chan Plants for American Gardens; by Eleanor Anthony King booksprice.comBig Ideas for Northwest Small Gardens; by Marty Wingate booksprice.comBiodynamics for the Home Garden, New Zealand; by Peter Proctor booksprice.comBiofertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture; by Arun K. Sharma Transmutations; by C. Louis Kervran booksprice.comBioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm; by Darrell Kindle book ~ Nook book
  32. 32. ~Botanicas Organic Gardening: The Healthy Way to Live and Grow; by Judyth McLeond. booksprice.comBreaking Through Concrete: Building an Urban Farm Revival; by David Hanson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comBuilding and Using Cold Frames; by Charles Siegchrist Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comBuilding Soils Naturally: Innovative Methods for Organic Gardeners; by Phil Nauta With Cob: A Step-by-step Guide; by Adam Weismann Kindle book bookfinder.comBush-Fruits: A Horticultural Monograph of Raspberries, Blackberries, Dewberries, Currants,Gooseberries, and Other Shrub-Like Fruits; by Fred W. Card Nook book yahoo.comCharles Dowdings Vegetable Course; by Charles Dowding
  33. 33. ~Chicos Organic Gardening and Natural Living; by Frank Bucaro booksprice.comCity Bountiful: A Century of Community Gardening in America; by Laura J. Lawson booksprice.comCity Peoples Book of Raising Food; by Helga Olkowski booksprice.comCity Permaculture, Volume 1: Sustainable Living in Small Spaces; by Earth Garden Publication Permaculture, Volume 2; by Earth Garden Publication Soil Gardening - Australasian Edition; by Michael Carr~ Kindle book yahoo.comCold-Climate Gardening; by Lewis Hill booksprice.comComfrey: Fodder, Food and Remedy, United Kingdom; by Lawrence Donegan Hills
  34. 34. ~Comfrey Report: The Story of the Worlds Fastest Protein Builder and Herbal Healer; by Lawrence D.Hills booksprice.comCommonsense Gardening in Australia: Organic Growing for All Gardeners ; by Panorama Books booksprice.comCommon Sense Organic Gardening; by Warner Fremont Bower Gardening, New Zealand; by Stephen Trinder Organic Gardening: A Comprehensive Guide to Better Gardening and Increased SelfSufficiency; by Jonathan Sturm booksprice.comCompost and Mulch Gardening; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comCompost Gardening: A New Time-Saving System for More Flavorful Vegetables, Bountiful Blooms,and the Richest Soil Youve Ever Seen; by by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper
  35. 35. ~Compost, Vermicompost, and Compost Tea; by Grace Gershuny Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comComposting: The Ultimate Organic Guide to Recycling Your Garden, Australia; by Tim Marshall booksprice.comComposting for Manure Management; by The Staff of BioCycle Inside And Out: The Comprehensive Guide To Reusing Trash, Saving Money AndEnjoying The Benefits Of Organic Gardening; by Stephanie Davies Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comCountry Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need To Know to Live Off the Land; by StoreyPublishing Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comContour Farming with Living Barriers; by World Neighbors to Organic Farming; by Nicolas Lampkin
  36. 36. ~Converting to Organic Farming; by David Younie to Organic Farming; by Hartmut Vogtmann Sustainable Gardening for the Twenty-First Century, New Zealand; by Diana Anthony Vegetable Gardening; by Joy Larkcom booksprice.comCrop Rotation and Cover Cropping: Soil Resiliency and Health on the Organic Farm; by Seth Kroeck Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comCultivating Community: Principles and Practices for Community Gardening as a Community-Building Tool; by Karen Payne booksprice.comDesert Gardening for Beginners: How to Grow Vegetables, Flowers and Herbs in an Arid Climate; byCathy Cromell
  37. 37. ~Desert Gardening: Fruits and Vegetables; by George Brookbank booksprice.comDesert Harvest: A Guide to Vegetable Gardening in Arid Lands; by Jane Nyhuis booksprice.comDigging Deeper: Integrating Youth Gardens into Schools and Communities, A ComprehensiveGuide; by Joseph Kiefer booksprice.comDont Throw It, Grow It: 68 Windowsill Plants From Kitchen Scraps; by Millicent Selsam Kindle book ~ Nook book booksprice.comDown to Earth: The Absolute Beginners Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables, New Zealand; byDavid Prosser booksprice.comDr. Shewell-Coopers Basic Book of Fruit Growing, United Kingdom; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper
  38. 38. ~Drip Irrigation for Every Landscape and All Climates: Helping Your Garden Flourish, WhileConserving Water; by Robert Kourik booksprice.comEarthbag Building: The Tools, Tricks and Techniques; by Kaki Hunter Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEasy Garden Projects to Make, Build, and Grow: 200 Do-It-Yourself Ideas to Help You Grow YourBest Garden Ever, by Barbara Pleasant booksprice.comEasy Organic Gardening and Moon Planting; Lyn Bagnall Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEat More Dirt: Diverting and Instructive Tips for Growing and Tending an Organic Garden; by EllenSandbeck booksprice.comEat the Weeds; by Ben Charles Harris
  39. 39. ~Eat Your Garden: Organic Gardening for Home and Schools; Leonie Shanahan Appropriate Technologies Book; by ECHOhttp://www.echobooks.orgEco-Farm, An Acres U.S.A. Primer: The definitive guide to managing farm and ranch soil fertility,crops, fertilizers, weeds and insects while avoiding dangerous chemicals; by Jr. Charles Gardening: Your Path to a Healthy Garden; by Marjorie Harris Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEdible Flower Garden; by Rosalind Creasy Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEdible Flowers Hydroponic Kit; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comEdible Forest Gardens; by Dave Jacke Nook book yahoo.comEdible Landscaping in the Desert Southwest: Wheelbarrow to Plate; by Catherine Crowley Nook book
  40. 40. ~Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening; by Pauline Pears, UK Garden Organic, Henry DoubledayResearch Assoc. booksprice.comEnhanced Composting for Cold-Climate Biodegradation of Organic Contaminated in Soil; by JamesD. Berg booksprice.comEssiac: A Native Herbal Cancer Remedy; by Cynthia B. Olsen Kindle book booksprice.comExtreme Gardening: How To Grow Organic In The Hostile Deserts; by David Owens Kindle book booksprice.comFall and Winter Gardening: 25 Organic Vegetables to Plant and Grow for Late Season Food; by R.J.Ruppenthal Kindle book yahoo.comFall and Winter Vegetable Gardening in the Pacific Northwest; by Oregon State University City: The Education of an Urban Farmer; by Novella Kindle book ~ Nook book
  41. 41. ~Farmers of Forty Centuries: Organic Farming in China, Korea, and Japan; by F. H. King Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFarming Gods Way, Trainers Reference Guide; by Grant W. Drydenhttp://www.echobooks.org Me Right: Nutritional Know-How and Body Science; by Dee Pigneguy booksprice.comFeed Me Right Teachers Resource: Nutritional Know-How and Body Science; by Dee Pigneguy without Fertilizers: A Basic Approach to Organic Garden; by Lawrence D. Hills booksprice.comFletcher Sims Compost; by Charles Walters booksprice.comFood, Not Lawns: How to Turn Your Yard into a Garden And Your Neighborhood into aCommunity; by Heather Coburn Flores Kindle book ~ Nook book
  42. 42. ~Food From Dryland Gardens: An Ecological, Nutritional, and Social Approach to Small-ScaleHousehold Food Production; by David Arthur Cleveland booksprice.comFood Growing without Poisons; by Meta Strandberg booksprice.comFoods Jesus Ate and How to Grow Them; by Allan A. Swenson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFour-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long; by Eliot Coleman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFresh Food from Small Gardens, United Kingdom; by Brian George Furner Food from Small Spaces; by R.J. Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFresh Start Kit for Simple Hydroponics; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comFruit and Vegetables for Scotland: What to Grow and How to Grow It; by Kenneth Cox
  43. 43. ~Fruits and Vegetables Under Glass; Apples, Apricots, Cherries, Figs, Grapes, Melons, Peaches andNectarines, Pears, Pineapples, Plums, Strawberries; by William Turner Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFruit for Australian Gardens: A Practical Guide to Growing Fruit at Home, Organic MethodsIncluded; by Paul Baxter booksprice.comFruits of Warm Climates; by Julia Frances Morton booksprice.comFruit Trees in Small Spaces: Abundant Harvests from Your Own Backyard ; by Colby Eierman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGaias Garden: A Guide To Home-Scale Permaculture; by Toby Hemenway Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGarden Anywhere: How to Grow Gorgeous Container Gardens, Herb Gardens, Kitchen Gardens; byAlys Fowler
  44. 44. ~Garden My Heart: Organic Strategies for Backyard Sustainability; by Cecil Bothwell Kindle book yahoo.comGarden Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need to Know to Plant, Grow, and Harvest; byEditors of Rodale Books booksprice.comGardening Answers (Storey Country Wisdom Bulletin, Vol. A-49); by Storey Publishing Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening by the Foot: Mini Grow-Boxes for Maxi Yields; by Jacob R. Mittleider booksprice.comGardening Down-Under: A Guide to Healthier Soils and Plants; by Kevin Handreck booksprice.comGardening for Health and Nutrition; by John Philbrick Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening for Planet Earth, New Zealand; by Dee Pigneguy
  45. 45. ~Gardening for the Faint of Heart; by Robin Wheeler, Canadian Organic Growers booksprice.comGardening in Clay Soil; by Sara Pitzer Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening Naturally: Getting The Most from Your Organic Garden, Australia ; by Ann Reilly booksprice.comGardening the Organic Way: A Central Minnesota Truck Gardener Offers Ideas and Observations ; byDavid J. Schonberg Under Cover: A Northwest Guide to Solar Greenhouses, Cold Frames, and Cloches ; byWilliam Head booksprice.comGardening When It Counts: Growing Food in Hard Times; by Steve Solomon Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening with Cloches, United Kingdom; by Louis N Flawn
  46. 46. ~Gardening with Earthworms: A Manual for New Zealanders; by John Stemmer with Green Manures; by Pauline M. Pears With SPROUTS: A How-to Guide to Understanding Organic Gardening and Design; byDaniel A Atlas without Peat: The Friends of the Earth Guide to Peat Alternatives ; by Graham Howell Without Chemicals: Grow Untreated Natural Vegetables And Fresh Garden Produce AllYear Round In Your Own Organic Garden Using These Homemade Recipes For Organic FertilizerAnd Natural Pesticides; by Henry Q. Wilson~ Nook book yahoo.comGardener to Gardener: 1,001 Greatest Gardening Tips Ever, the Best Hints and Techniques from thePages of Organic Magazine booksprice.comGaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World; by Alan Weisman Kindle book ~ Nook book
  47. 47. ~Getting the Most from Your Garden: Using Advanced Intensive Gardening Techniques; by DanWallace, Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comGetting Started in Permaculture: 50 Practical Projects to Build and Design Productive Gardens; byRoss Mars Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGolden Gate Gardening: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Food Gardening in the San FranciscoBay Area and Coastal California; by Pam Peirce Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGreat Garden Gadgets: Make-It-Yourself Gizmos and Projects; by Fern Marshall Bradley booksprice.comGreen Harvest: A History of Organic Farming and Gardening in Australia; by Rebecca Jones, Cloches and Frames; by Peter McHoy Gardeners Companion; by Shane Smith Kindle book ~ Nook book
  48. 48. ~Greening of the Revolution: Cubas Experiment with Organic Agriculture; by Peter Rossett booksprice.comGrow Anything Anywhere with the Garden Doctor; by Jacob R. Mittleider booksprice.comGrow Fruit Naturally: A Hands-On Guide to Luscious, Homegrown Fruit; by Lee Reich booksprice.comGrow Great Grub: Organic Food from Small Spaces; by Gayla Trail booksprice.comGrow It, Eat it: Simple Gardening Projects and Delicious Recipes; by Royal Horticultural Society booksprice.comGrow Organic: Fruit and Vegetables Fresh from Your Garden; by Nick Hamilton booksprice.comGrow Organic: A Simple Guide to Nova Scotia Vegetable Gardening; by Elizabeth Peirce
  49. 49. ~Grow Organic, Cook Organic: Natural Food From Garden to Table, with Over 1700 Photographs ; byYsanne Spevack booksprice.comGrow Organic, Eat Organic: A Practical Activity Book for Beginners; by Lone Morton booksprice.comGrow Organic, Eat Organic: Creative Activities; by Susan Martineau booksprice.comGrow Your Food for Free (well almost); by Dave Hamilton Kindle book yahoo.comGrow Your Own: Be an Organic Farmer, Grow Vegetables in Your Back Garden, United Kingdom;Thompson Yardley Your Own Pizza: Gardening Plans and Recipes for Kids; by Constance Hardesty booksprice.comGrow Your Own Vegetables; by Joy Larkcom