Introduction to important satellites in context of ENVI 4.7


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Brief introduction about important satellites and their parameters in context of ENVI 4.7

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Introduction to important satellites in context of ENVI 4.7

  1. 1. 3/17/2014 Important Remote Sensing Satellites and Sensors Brief Description and Resolutions in context of Envi V 4.7 Submitted By: Atiqa Ijaz Khan Roll No: Geom-02 Submitted To: Dr. Arifa Lodhi Subject: Environmental Modelling and Spatial Simulations
  2. 2. Page 1 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Table of Contents 1. ADS40 2. ALOS 3. ATSR 4. AVHRR 5. CARTOSAT-1 6. DMSP (NOAA) 7. ENVISAT 8. EOS 9. EROS 10. FORMOSAT-2 11. GeoEYE-1 12. IKONOS 13. IRS 14. KOMPSAT-2 15. Landsat 16. OrbView-3 17. Quick Bird 18. RapidEye-1 19. Sea WiFS 20. SPOT 21. World View
  3. 3. Page 2 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Brief Intro to ADS40 Air-borne Digital Sensors are high-tech push-broom sensors with in-track stereo imaging satellites. Due to its radio-metrically stable construction the ADS40 sensor is capable of making images for cartography as well as remote sensing applications. While satellite push-broom sensors provides resolutions ranges from 60-30 cm for mapping purposes, the ADS40 has resolution range from 05-01 cm.  ADS40 is designed to incorporate the benefits of both aerial camera and satellite push- broom sensors.  One of the reason is that, their data is on time, location, image type and resolution. And never on fixed orbit like space-borne satellite systems.  The other benefit is that they are free-of clouds.  Data can be collected in near temporal windows, which is not possible with satellites. Brief Intro to ALOS The Japanese Earth observation satellite ALOS (Advanced Land Observing Satellite) has been successfully launched on January 24, 2006. On October 24, nine months after orbital testing, the satellite started to operate at full throttle. The Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" (ALOS) has been developed to contribute to the fields of mapping, precise regional land coverage observation, disaster monitoring, and resource surveying. It enhances land observation technologies acquired through the development and operation of its predecessors, the Japanese Earth Resource Satellite-1 (JERS-1, or Fuyo) and the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite (ADEOS, or Midori). Serial No. Sensors Spectral Range (nm) Spatial Resolution (m) Radiometric Resolution Temporal Window 01. PAN (PRISM) 480-710 2.5 08 bits 46 days
  4. 4. Page 3 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 02. Multi-spectral (ANVIR-2) 420-890 10 08 bits - 03. Optical and Radar Data (PULSAR) 7-100 08 08 bits - 04. Series List ALOS- 1, 2, 3 - - 05. Operational ALOS-2 - - 06. Future Mission ALOS-3 In 2016 - - ᴥ PRISM ((Panchromatic Remote-sensing Instrument for Stereo Mapping), ANVIR (Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer type-), PULSAR (Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) The ATSR (Along Track Scanning Radiometer) instruments produce infrared images of the Earth at a spatial resolution of one kilometer. The data from these instruments is useful for scientific studies of the land surface, atmosphere, clouds, oceans, and the cryo-sphere. The first ATSR instrument, ATSR-1, was launched on board the European Space Agency's (ESA), European Remote Sensing Satellite (ERS-1) in July 1991, as part of their Earth Observation Program. The ATSRs are designed to meet the AATSR Scientific Requirements. TSR consists of two instruments:  An Infra-Red Radiometer (IRR) and  A Microwave Sounder (MWS). Serial No. Channels Ranges (µm) 01. Visible 0.55 , 0.67 02. Near Infrared 0.87 03. Thermal IR 3.7, 11, 12 04. Reflected IR 1.6 Brief Intro to ATSR
  5. 5. Page 4 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 05. Spatial Resolution (km) 1km (IR) & 20 (Microwave) 06. Status Non-operational The AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) is a radiation-detection imager that can be used for remotely determining cloud cover and the surface temperature. This scanning radiometer uses 6 detectors that collect different bands of radiation wavelengths. The first AVHRR was a 4-channel radiometer, first carried on TIROS-N (launched October 1978). This was subsequently improved to a 5-channel instrument (AVHRR/2) that was initially carried on NOAA-7 (launched June 1981). The latest instrument version is AVHRR/3, with 6 channels, first carried on NOAA-15 launched in May 1998. AVHRR data are acquired in three formats:  High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT)  Local Area Coverage (LAC)  Global Area Coverage (GAC) HRPT: Data are full resolution image data transmitted to a ground station as they are collected. The average instantaneous field-of-view of 1.4 milli-radians yields a HRPT ground resolution of approximately 1.1 km at the satellite nadir from the nominal orbit altitude of 833 km (517 mi). LAC: Are full resolution data that are recorded on an on board tape for subsequent transmission during a station overpass. The average instantaneous field-of-view of 1.4 milliradians yields a LAC ground resolution of approximately 1.1 km at the satellite nadir from the nominal orbit altitude of 833 km (517 mi). GAC: Data are derived from a sample averaging of the full resolution AVHRR data. Four out of every five samples along the scan line are used to compute one average value and the data from only every third scan line are processed, yielding 1.1 km by 4 km resolution at the sub- point. Brief Intro to AVHRR
  6. 6. Page 5 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Channel Number Resolution at Nadir (km) Spectral Range (µm) 1 1.09 0.58-0.68 2 1.09 0.725-1.00 3A 1.09 1.58-1.64 3B 1.09 3.55-3.93 4 1.09 10.30-11.30 5 1.09 11.50-12.50 CARTOSAT-1 is a state-of-the-art remote sensing satellite built by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) which is mainly intended for cartographic applications in India. The 1560 kg satellite was launched by the PSLV on May 5, 2005 from the newly built second launch pad at Sriharikota, and is the eleventh satellite to be built in the Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite series. Weighing 1560 kg at lift-off, CARTOSAT-1 is launched into a 618 km high polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO) by PSLV-C6. Serial No. Characteristics 01. Spatial Resolution (m) 2.5 02. Temporal Window (days) 116 03. Spectral Ranges (µm) Visible & PAN 04. Series List CARTOSAT 1,2, 2A, 2B, 3 05. Operational Satellite CARTOSAT 1, 2 06. Next to Launch CARTOSAT-3 ( in 2014) Brief Intro to CARTOSAT-1
  7. 7. Page 6 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Since the mid-1960's, when the Department of Defense (DOD) initiated the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), low, earth-orbiting satellites have provided the military with important environmental information. The DMSP satellites "see" such environmental features as clouds, bodies of water, snow, fire, and pollution in the visual and infrared spectral. The National Polar-orbiting Observing Satellite System (NPOESS) was a joint program of the Department of Defense, Department of Commerce and NASA to replace less sophisticated weather satellites that are expected to fail over the next several years. It would help develop 3- 7 day weather forecasts for civilian and military purposes, including weather like hurricanes, tornadoes, etc. Unfortunately, the program ended up billions over budget, and 6 or more years late. Brief Intro to Envi-Sat Envi-sat was ESA's successor to ERS. Envi-sat was launched in 2002 with 10 instruments aboard and at eight tons is the largest civilian Earth observation mission. More advanced imaging radar, radar altimeter and temperature-measuring radiometer instruments extend ERS data sets. This was supplemented by new instruments including a medium-resolution spectrometer sensitive to both land features and ocean color. Envi-sat also carried two atmospheric sensors monitoring trace gases. The Envi-sat mission ended on 08 April 2012, following the unexpected loss of contact with the satellite. Serial No. Sensors Resolution(m) Bands 01. ASAR(Advance Synthetic Aperture Radar) 400000 C-band 02. MERIS(Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) 300 Spectral Bands (15) Brief Intro to DMSP (NOAA)
  8. 8. Page 7 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 03. Revisit Time (days) 03 - 04. Total Sensors 10 - 05. Important Sensors AASTR, ASAR, MERIS, RA-2, SCIAMACHY - 06. Status Non-operational - Earth Observation satellites vary according to the type of orbit they have, the payload they carry, and, from the point of view of imaging instruments, the spatial resolution, spectral characteristics and swath width of the sensors. All these parameters are designed at the beginning of the mission definition depending on the application the satellite mission is targeting. Terra is a multi-national, multi-disciplinary mission involving partnerships with the aerospace agencies of Canada and Japan. Managed by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, the mission also receives key contributions from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Langley Research Center. Terra is an important part of NASA’s Science Mission, helping us better understand and protect our home planet. Characteristics ASTER (Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) Serial No. Spectral Range Spatial Resolution No. of Bands 01. Visible + IR 0.5-0.9 µm 15 m 03 02. SWIR 1.6-2.43 µm 30 m 06 03. TIR 08-12 µm 90 m 05 - - - - Total = 14 04. Temporal Window 16 days 05. No. of Products 8 Brief Intro to EOS (TERRA)
  9. 9. Page 8 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Serial No. MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer) Spectral Range (µm) & No. of Bands No. of Bands & Spatial Resolution 01. 0.4-3.0 µm 21 02 250 m 02. 3.0-14.5 µm 15 05 500 m 03. 21 1 km 04. Total No. of Bands 36 - - 05. Temporal Window 1-2 days Brief Intro to EROS EROS A (Earth Resources Observation Systems) is the first in a constellation of sun- synchronous, polar-orbiting satellites that Image Sat plans to deploy during this decade. EROS A owned by Image-Sat International, which belongs to Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and Electro-Optics Industries of Israel. EROS (Earth Remote Observation System) A1 was launched in December 2000 as the first constellation of eight high-resolution imaging satellites to be launched between year 2001 and 2005. EROS satellites are high performance, low cost, light, and agile and have been designed for low earth orbit (LEO). The satellites are owned and operated by Image-Sat International. This Cyprus-based company was established in 1997 by a consortium of leading satellite, sensor and information management companies and information producers around the world. Serial No. Mode Spectral Bands (µm) Spatial Resolution (m) Radiometric Resolution (bits) Temporal Window 01. EROS-A (PAN) 0.50-0.90 1.8 11 1.8 02. EROS-B (PAN) 0.50-0.90 01 08 1.8
  10. 10. Page 9 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 The first remote sensing satellite developed by National Space Organization (NSPO), FORMOSAT-2, successfully launched on May 21, 2004 with a high resolution. The main mission of FORMOSAT-2 is to conduct remote sensing imaging over Taiwan and on terrestrial and oceanic regions of the entire earth. The images captured by FORMOSAT-2 during daytime can be used for land distribution, natural resources research, forestry, environmental protection, disaster prevention, rescue work, and other applications. The FORMOSAT-2's Image Processing System (IPS) is independently developed by NSPO. It is designed to process images by tasking the satellite according to the user's needs. Serial No. Characteristics 01. Channels Spatial and Spectral Resolution Temporal Resolution Pan 0.45- 0.90 (µm) 08 m 1 day Visible + IR 0.45-0.69(µm), 0.76-0.90(µm) 02 m - 02. Radiometric Res. 08 bits - GeoEye-1, the world’s highest-resolution commercial color imaging satellite, was launched on September 6, 2008 from Vandenburg Air Force Base in California. The satellite offers extraordinary detail, high accuracy and enhanced stereo for DEM generation. GeoEye-1 will simultaneously collect panchromatic imagery at 0.41m and Multispectral imagery at 1.65m. Due to U.S. Government Licensing, the imagery will be made available commercially as 0.5m imagery. GeoEye-1 has the capacity to collect up to 700,000 square kilometers of panchromatic imagery (and up to 350,000 square kilometers of Pan-Sharpened Multispectral imagery) per day. Brief Intro to FORMOSAT-2 Brief Intro to GeoEye-1
  11. 11. Page 10 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Serial No Channels Spectral Range (nm) Spatial Resolution Temporal Window 01. PAN (450-900) 0.41 1 day 02. Multi-spectral + IR (450-695) + (760-900) 1.65 - 03. Radiometric Resolution (bits) 11 - Brief Intro to IKONOS IKONOS-1 was launch in April 1999, and IKONOS-2 was launch in September 1999.Its applications include both urban and rural mapping of natural resources and of natural disasters, tax mapping, agriculture and forestry analysis, mining, engineering, construction, and change detection. It can yield relevant data for nearly all aspects of environmental study. IKONOS images have also been gained by SIC (satellite imaging cooperation) for use in the media and motion picture industries, providing aerial views and satellite photos for many areas around the world. Its high resolution data makes an integral contribution to homeland security, coastal monitoring and facilitates 3D Terrain analysis Serial No. Characteristics 01. Spatial And Spectral Resolution Visible 3.2 m IR 3.2 m Pan 0.82 m 02. Radiometric Resolution 11 bits 03. Temporal Window 3 days Brief Intro to IRS Following the successful demonstration flights of Bhaskara 1 and Bhaskara 2 launched in 1979 and 1981, respectively, India began development of an indigenous IRS (Indian Remote Sensing
  12. 12. Page 11 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Satellite) program to support the national economy in the areas of "agriculture water resources, forestry and ecology, geology, water sheds, marine fisheries and coastal management". The first two IRS spacecraft, IRS-1A (March' 1988) and IRS-1B (August, 1991) were launched by Russian Vostok boosters from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. IRS-1A failed in 1992, while IRS- 1B continued to operate through 1999. From their 22-day repeating orbits of 905 km mean altitude and 99 degrees inclination, the two identical IRS spacecraft hosted a trio of Linear Imaging Self-Scanning (LISS) remote sensing COD instruments working in four spectral bands: 0.45-0.52 µm 0.52-0.59 µm, 0.62-0.68 µm, and 0.77-0.86 µm. The 38.5-kg LISS-I images a swath of 148 km with a resolution of 72.5 m while the 80.5-kg LISS-IIA and LISS- IIB exhibit a narrower field-of-view (74-km swath) but are aligned to provide a composite 145- km swath with a 3-km overlap and a resolution of 36.25 m. Serial No. Platform Life Time Sensors 01. IRS – 1A, 1B 1A: 1988-1995 1B: 1991- 1994 LISS- 1, 2 02. IRS- 1C, 1D 1995-2000 LISS-3, WiFS, PAN 03. Resourcesat-1 2003-2008 LISS-4,5, AWiFS Serial No. Spatial Resolution (m) Channles Spectral Ranges (µm) LISS-1 72 Visible + IR 0.45-0.68, 0.77-0.86 LISS-2 36 LISS-3 23 Visible 0.52-0.86 50 MIR 1.55-1.70 LISS-4 5.8 Visible + NIR 0.52-0.68 , 0.77-0.86 WiFS 188 Red + NIR 0.62-0.68, 0.77-0.86 AWiFS 56-70 Green, Red, NIR, MIR 0.52-0.68, 0.77-0.86, 1.55- 1.70
  13. 13. Page 12 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Brief Intro to KOMPSAT-2 The Kompsat program was initiated in 1995 as a major space investment in Korea. Its objective was the development of a national space segment in Earth observation along with an efficient infrastructure and ground segment to provide valuable services to remote sensing users in various fields of applications The very high resolution satellite KOMPSAT-2 was launched on the 28th of July 2006 and belongs to the Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI). This satellite offers imagery in black and white (panchromatic band) at a spatial resolution of 1 m and in color (multispectral bands) across 4 bands in the visible (red, green, blue and near-infrared) at a resolution of 4 m. Besides having a tolerated cloud cover which never exceeds 10%, KOMPSAT-2 images are affordable. Serial No. Resolution (m) Spectral Range (µm) 01. PAN 01 0.50-0.90 - 02. Multi-spectral 04 0.45-0.90 Visible + NIR 03. Radiometric Resolution 10 bits - - 04. Temporal Window 14 days - - Brief Intro to Landsat The Landsat program offers the longest continuous global record of the Earth's surface; it continues to deliver visually stunning and scientifically valuable images of our planet. The Landsat Program is a series of Earth-observing satellite missions jointly managed by NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey. Since 1972, Landsat satellites have collected information about Earth from space. The mission of the Landsat Program is to provide repetitive acquisition of high resolution multispectral data of the Earth's surface on a global basis. Landsat represents the only source of global, calibrated, high spatial resolution measurements of the Earth's surface that can be compared to previous data records. The data
  14. 14. Page 13 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 from the Landsat spacecraft constitute the longest record of the Earth's continental surfaces as seen from space. It is a record unmatched in quality, detail, coverage, and value. Serial No. Name Description 01. Launching Years 1999 & 2013 02. Series List Landsat 1 – 8 03. Altitude (km) 705 04. Sensor Name ETM + (7) , OLI & TRI (8) 05. Spatial (m) and Spectral (bands) Resolutions 30 Visible 60 & 100 Thermal 15 Panchromatic 06. Spectral Range (µm) 0.45 – 12 (ETM+),0.43-1.39(OLI), 10.6- 12.5(TRI) 07. Number of bands 08 (ETM +), 09(OLI), 02 (TRI) 08. Temporal Resolution (days) 16 09. Operational Satellites ( in 2014) Landsat 5 (non-working MSS), 7 (non-working SLC), 8 ᴥ OLI (Operational Land Imager), TRI (Thermal Infrared) Brief Intro to Orb-View-3 Orb-View® is the name of an imaging satellite series of Orbital Image Corporation (ORBIMAGE) of Dulles, VA, an affiliate of Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC). The objective of this commercial satellite series is to acquire affordable high-quality imagery of the Earth for a variety of customers that include local governments, telecommunication companies, architects, civil engineers, real estate managers, farmers and environmental monitoring agencies. Launched in 2003 by ORBIMAGE, OrbView-3 acquired an 8-kilometer-wide swath. It was bought by Geo-Eye in 2005, who took over the operation and distribution of the satellite and
  15. 15. Page 14 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 its data. On April 23, 2007 Geo-Eye announced that its OrbView-3 satellite is permanently out of service. Archive products are now retained at the USGS. Serial No. Resolution (m) Spectral Range (µm) 01. PAN 01 0.50-0.90 - 02. Multi-spectral 04 0.45-0.90 Visible + NIR 03. Radiometric Resolution 11 bits - - 04. Series List OrbView- 1,2,3,4 - - 05. Sensor Name OHRIS - - ᴥ OHRIS (Orb-View High Resolution Imaging System) Brief Intro to Quick-Bird Because of our relationship with Digital Globe, developer and owner of the Quick Bird Sensor, Satellite Imaging Corporation (SIC) acquires Quick Bird Satellite Imagery worldwide for our customers seeking high-resolution, digital aerial photographs. Quick Bird is a high resolution satellite owned and operated by Digital Globe. Using a state- of-the-art BGIS 2000 sensor, Quick Bird collects image data to 0.61m pixel resolution degree of detail. This satellite is an excellent source of environmental data useful for analyses of changes in land usage, agricultural and forest climates. Quick Bird's imaging capabilities can be applied to a host of industries, including Oil and Gas Exploration & Production (E&P), Engineering and Construction and environmental studies Serial No. Characteristics 01. Spatial And Spectral Resolution Visible 2.44 m IR 2.44 m Pan 0.61 m 02. Radiometric Resolution 11 bits 03. Temporal Window 1-3 days
  16. 16. Page 15 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 04. Status Operational Brief Intro to RapidEye-1 Rapid-Eye was successfully launched from the DNEPR-1 Rocket on August 29th, 2008 at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Rapid-Eye built by MacDonald Dettwiler, Ltd. (MDA) will offer image users a data source containing an unrivaled combination of large-area coverage, frequent revisit intervals, high resolution and multispectral capabilities. Rapid-Eye's imaging capabilities can be applied to a host of industries, including Agriculture, Forestry, Insurance, Exploration, Power and Communication, Governments, Cartography, Visualization, and Simulation. The Rapid-Eye constellation of five satellites stands apart from other providers of satellite- based geospatial information in their unique ability to acquire high-resolution, large-area image data on a daily basis. The Rapid-Eye system collects an unprecedented 4 million square kilometers of data per day at 6.5 meter nominal ground resolution. Each satellite measures less than one cubic meter and weighs 150 kg (bus + payload), and has been designed for at least a seven-year mission life. All five satellites are equipped with identical sensors and are located in the same orbital plane. Rapid-Eye's satellites include the Red-Edge band, which is sensitive to changes in chlorophyll content. Serial No. Characteristics 01. Spatial Resolution 05-6.5 m 02. Radiometric Resolution 12 bits 03. Temporal Window 1-5.5 days 04. Senor Type Multi-spectral push-broom
  17. 17. Page 16 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Brief Intro to Sea WiFS The purpose of the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (Sea-WiFS) Project is to provide quantitative data on global ocean bio-optical properties to the Earth science community. Subtle changes in ocean color signify various types and quantities of marine phytoplankton (microscopic marine plants), the knowledge of which has both scientific and practical applications. The Sea-WiFS Project will develop and operate a research data system that will process, calibrate, validate, archive and distribute data received from an Earth-orbiting ocean color sensor. Serial No. Characteristics 01. Spatial Resolution (km) 01 (LAC), 04 (GAC) 02. Radiometric Res. (bits) 10 bits 03. Temporal Window 1 day 04. No. of bands 08 05. Spectral Range (nm) 402-885 06. Senor Type Cross-track Rotating Scanner ᴥ LAC (Local Area Coverage), GAC (Global Area Coverage) Brief Intro to SPOT The SPOT program is a series of Earth observing satellites launched by the French Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), in cooperation with Belgium and Sweden. Since 1986, five SPOT satellites have been launched and three are still currently operational. It is particularly valuable for studying agriculture, deforestation, and other vegetation changes on a broad scale. A new High Resolution Geometry or HRG imaging instrument is developed by CNES to be carried on-board SPOT 5. The HRG instrument promises a higher ground resolution than that of the HRV/HRVIR on SPOT 1 - 4 satellites: 5 m, and 2.5 m by interpolation in panchromatic mode, and 10 m in all 3 spectral bands in the visible to near infrared ranges.
  18. 18. Page 17 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 Brief Intro to World View The WorldView-1 satellite, which launched on Sept. 18, 2007; and the WorldView-2 satellite, which launched on Oct. 8, 2009. The company is currently building the WorldView-3 satellite, set to launch in 2014. The high-spatial-resolution, multispectral satellite imagery from the World-View satellites is used for civil government mapping, land-use planning, disaster relief, exploration, defense and intelligence, visualization and simulation environments, and navigation technology such as Google Maps. It is 8-band imagery in visible portion of EMR, 8 Multispectral: (red, red edge, coastal, blue, green, yellow, near-IR1 and near-IR2) 400 nm - 1040 nm 8 SWIR: 1195 nm - 2365 nm. Serial No. Satellite No. Channels Resolution (m) Spectral Range (µm) Radiometric Range (bits) Temporal Window 01. Spot – 5 PAN Visible MIP 2.5 or 5 10 20 0.48-0.71 0.50-0.89 1.58-1.75 08 26 days 02. Spot – 4 Mono- spectral Visible MIP 10 20 20 0.61-0.68 0.50-0.89 1.58-1.75 08 - 03. Series List Spot- 1,2,3,4,5 - - - - Serial No. Satellite No. Channels Resolution (m) Spectral Range (µm) Radiometric Range (bits) Temporal Window
  19. 19. Page 18 of 18 Institute Of Geology, University of the Punjab Session: 2013-2015 01. WorldView- 1 PAN 0.5 0.4-0.90 11 1.7-4.5 days 02. WorldView- 2 PAN Visible 0.5 1.84 0.45-0.80 0. 11 1.1-3.7 days 03. Series List WorldView- 1,2,3 - - - - 04. Operational WorldView- 1,2 - - - - 05. Future Mission WorldView- 3 In 2014 - - -