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G20 Initiative on Global Agricultural Monitoring
Se reunieron con los Ministros de Agricultura del G20 en Buenos Aires, Mayo 2011

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  • The Earth is a complex system of systems, and to understand it, data is required from multiple observation networks and systems. A Global Earth Observation System of Systems is required to meet the challenge
  • Based on observation made by Dept of Marine and Fishery (DMF) and National Coordination Survey and Mapping (Bakosurtanal)  average rise of sea level reaches 5 – 10 mm/year ; Climate change impact in Indonesia, especially in the coastal area, is complicated by tidal bore, storm surge, swell and coastal inundation; Geneva, WCC-3 01 Sep 2009
  • The right side of the cube portrays the architectural face of the GCI and on the left the public interfaces, I.e. the portals. The contributors register their resources and users discover and exploit resources.
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  • Geoss

    1. 1. GEOSS: A Global Earth Observations System of Systems to Inform Decisions © GEO Secretariat João SOARES GEO Secretariat consultant [email_address] WMO/Geneva In support to the: G20 Global Agricultural Geo-Monitoring
    2. 2. © GEO Secretariat Environmental Challenges for the 21rst Century
    3. 3. The origins of GEO...2002 <ul><li>Johannesburg WSSD called for a strengthened cooperation and coordination among Global Observations Systems and research programs for integrated global observations </li></ul><ul><li>G8 held in Evian that called for strengthened international cooperation on global observation for the environment </li></ul>© GEO Secretariat
    4. 4. © GEO Secretariat U.S. Department of State, Washington DC July 31, 2003 GEO, the Group on Earth Observations An Intergovernmental Organization with 87 Members and 61 Participating Organizations
    5. 5. © GEO Secretariat The Vision for GEOSS… … a world where decisions and actions are informed by coordinated, comprehensive and sustained Earth observations... Currently chaired by China, EC, South Africa and USA GEO is implementing GEOSS according to its 10 year Implementation plan established by its plenary in 2005
    6. 6. © GEO Secretariat
    7. 7. © GEO Secretariat IKONOS QuickBird SPIN-2 SPOT 4, 5 EROS A1 Toms-EP ACRIMSAT CBERS Orbview 2, 3 Radarsat ALOS DMC A space based Babel´s tower ? Envisat Aura/Aqua/Terra Grace QuikScat Sage SeaWinds TRMM UARS Landsat 7 SORCE SeaWiFS ERBS Jason
    8. 8. GEOSS Human capital Experience + qualification Informal + formal Develop talents Deliverables Information for supporting decision-making Instutional system Networking governance Political commitment to sustained data sharing Infrastructure Spatial + in situ instrumentation Architecture + Data management + Data portals Software + tools
    9. 9. Access to Data and Information © GEO Secretariat Contributors register observation systems, data sets and services Users discover and exploit resources contributed to GEOSS
    10. 10. <ul><li>Data and Products at Minimum Time delay and Minimum Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free of Charge or minimal Cost for Research and Education </li></ul>© GEO Secretariat GEO Data Sharing Principles <ul><li>Full and Open Exchange of Data, recognizing Relevant International Instruments and National Policies </li></ul>
    11. 11. © GEO Secretariat Free and Open Access to Satellite Images: CBERS (China/Brazil), LANDSAT (USA) data use increased by a factor of 100+
    12. 12. FCT National Demonstrators <ul><li>From 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Guyana </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia (Borneo) </li></ul><ul><li>Australia (Tasmania) </li></ul><ul><li>Cameroon </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul>From 2011 onwards Progressive inclusion of countries from UN-REDD & World Bank FCPF is being planned. <ul><li>From June 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>DR Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Peru, and </li></ul><ul><li>adding Sumatra to Indonesia </li></ul>
    13. 13. time-series product from various sources of satellite data Systematic Satellite Data Acquisitions Optical SAR 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 … .. … . … … 2003 2012 … … 1991 1992 1995 … . 2003 2012 … Common Processing Forest Conversion Forest Inventory or Carbon Model Accounting Rules and International Reporting Time series consistency Is critical Verification
    14. 14. FCT main components <ul><ul><li>A scientific component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A “pre-operational” component, ensured today by CEOS on behalf of its member space agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A national component, seeking commitment to the activities and involvement of the national technical institutions (inventories done at national levels). </li></ul></ul>© GEO Secretariat
    15. 15. An Overview of the GEO Agriculture Monitoring initiative
    16. 16. <ul><li>Agriculture has an established global monitoring community </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple operational agricultural monitoring systems - most of them use satellite data in some way </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non coordinate using available data - no standardized methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different countries have different capabilities for monitoring their agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>differing quality of reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improving satellite and in-situ observations would enhance our ability to effectively monitor agriculture </li></ul>The Agriculture COP of GEO
    17. 17. GEO Agricultural Monitoring COP Building on existing systems
    18. 18. Agricultural Monitoring Systems Contributing to the GEO Agriculture Monitoring Task
    19. 19. UN-FAO GIEWS Provides global information on food supply and demand provides early warnings of impending food crises in individual countries
    20. 20. USAID FEWS Famine Early Warning System <ul><li>Focus on access to food (Africa, Central America & Afghanistan) </li></ul><ul><li>Geographically characterizes vulnerability and interprets hazards to food insecurity through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Routine monitoring of rainfall, vegetation, crops, and market prices </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. MARS-FOOD Crop Monitoring System European Commission Joint Research Center (JRC) Crop Assessment Process Data collection & retrieval Earth Observation Data Meteorological Data Agronomic Database WEB Information European Media Monitor Processing & Analysis C-NDVI Crop GMS WS Index Dissemination <ul><li>EU Delegations </li></ul><ul><li>National EW Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Int. Institutions (FAO, …) </li></ul>Bulletin Dissemination Data Dissemination Reporting
    22. 22. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
    23. 23. <ul><li>Crop condition monitoring (monthly) </li></ul><ul><li>Production Forecast (season) </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring 26 countries </li></ul>China Crop Watch <ul><li>作物长势监测 - 每月 </li></ul><ul><li>主要作物作物产量监测 - 每季 </li></ul><ul><li>全球 26 个国家 </li></ul>CropWatch website
    24. 24. GEO´s coordination role in support of agricultural monitoring <ul><li>Help establishing an operational and sustained system of satellites with optimal requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Networking of institutions across the globe working with key partnership and membership. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster the development of capacity at national and regional levels to incorporate Earth Observation data into their monitoring systems. </li></ul>© GEO Secretariat
    25. 25. Thank you! © GEO Secretariat