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Transport and mobility
 

Transport and mobility

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Summary of policy recommendations and basis for inclusive, green and sustainable transportation for optimal mobility with India as an example

Summary of policy recommendations and basis for inclusive, green and sustainable transportation for optimal mobility with India as an example

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  • The rank for each transition between two places u and v is the number of places w that are closer in terms of distance to u than v is . Higher ranks: more places closer within that distance. Lower ranks: less places within that distance.

Transport and mobility Transport and mobility Presentation Transcript

  • Transport & Mobilityinclusive, green and sustainable Anupam Saraph, Ph.D., Future Designer
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r s e , k e mobility - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Distance a person travels h i s in a given period of time t l i s C o m m e r c i a o f  Demand for mobility and w o r k c o p y speed of travel increases with income i s a o n T h  Amount of time devoted w v i e t i o n - N r a p h . to travel is approximately T o constant across countries S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e . and incomes A n u p a m n s m o 13 m 0Data: GCEP Advanced Transportation Assessment Report - Spring 2006 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r s e , k e transport - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Globally 2.5 TW from carbon h i s based fuels used annually t l i s C o m m e r c i a  Contribution of global o f emission related energy use w o r k c o p y expected to grow from 24% to 33% i s a o n T h w  95% energy for transportation v i e t i o n - N r a p h . from comes from oil, 3% from T o gas and only 0.4% from S a A t t r i b u renewables L i c e n s e . A n u p a m  In USA 2/3 energy is used for people transportation, 1/3 for n s goods transport m o 13 m 0Data: GCEP Advanced Transportation Assessment Report - Spring 2006 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r s e , k e inclusive - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Inclusive: Proportion of nodes h i s in a private corridor that also t l i s C o m m e r c i a o f connect public corridors w o r k c o p y  A network is exclusive if any of the nodes connected by i s a o n T h its corridors are inaccessible w v i e t i o n - N r a p h . through other corridors T o  In India corridors are S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e . developed for private A n u p a m transport; public transport exists only on a subset of n s m o private corridors 13 m 0Data: BASIC ROAD STATISTICS OF INDIA: 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07 & 2007-08 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r s e , k e green - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Green transportation has h i s low road density (km t l i s C o m m e r c i a roads per square km) o f w o r k c o p y  High road density is red, low road density is white i s a o n T h  1.28 km per square km in w v i e t i o n - N r a p h . India is about twice of T o the USA, 4 times that of S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e . China and 25 times A n u p a m Australia and Canada n s m o 13 mData from World Bank 0 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r s e , k e sustainable - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Transportation is sustainable if h i s vehicles can continue to ply t on roads l i s C o m m e r c i a o f  High vehicle density (vehicles w o r k c o p y per km of road) makes transportation unsustainable i s a  India has 4 vehicles per km o n T h w road or 1/9th of USA, 1/5th of v i e t i o n - N r a p h . China, Canada and T o Australia S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e .  Congestion on Indian roads is A n u p a m a result of exclusive private networks and not road n s capacity m o 13Data from World Bank m 0 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r drivers of s e , k e mobility - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Mobility emerges from h i s the network t l i s C o m m e r c i a configuration in a city o f w o r k c o p y  People are more mobile when fewer nodes are i s a o n reachable within the T h w v i e t i o n - N same distance r a p h . T o  People are less mobile S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e . when many nodes are A n u p a mData: Noulas A, Scellato S, Lambiotte R, Pontil M, et al. (2012) A Tale reachable within theof Many Cities: Universal Patterns in Human Urban Mobility. PLoS same distance n sONE 7(5): e37027. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037027 m o 13 m 0 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r acceptable s e , k e mobility - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Passenger Km travel per h i s square Km that may not generate more pollution t l i s C o m m e r c i a o f than acceptable norms w o r k c o p y  Less the people per square Km, the more the i s acceptable mobility for a o n T h w the same mode of travel v i e t i o n - N r a p h .  Pollution free modes T o increase acceptable S a A t t r i b u mobility L i c e n s e . Dynamic flows can reduce A n u p a m Data: Saraph and Joshi (work in progress) or increase acceptable mobility n s m o 13 m 0 o 2 C ) c (
  • in Human Urban Mobility. PLoS ONE 7(5): e37027. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037027Noulas A, Scellato S, Lambiotte R, Pontil M, et al. (2012) A Tale of Many Cities: Universal Patterns ( c ) 2 0 1 3 A n u p a m S a r a p h . T h i s w o r k i s l i c e n s e d u n d e r t h e C r e a t i v e C o m m o n s A t t r i b u t i o n - N o n C o m m e r c i a l - S h a r e A l i k e 3 . 0 U n p o r t e d L i c e n s e . T o v i e w a c o p y o f t h i s l i c e n s e , v i s i t
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r regulating s e , k e mobility - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d  Contain city boundary h i s within maximum distance t l i s C o m m e r c i a for acceptable mobility o f w o r k c o p y  Create redevelopment plans (not development i s a o n plans) that ensure many T h w v i e t i o n - N nodes are reachable r a p h . within the short distances T o S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e . A n u p a m n sData: S. Mukherjee , Pramana – J. Phys., Vol. 79, No. 3, September 2012 m o 13 m 0 o 2 C ) c (
  • e v i d t a e e t r r o C recommendations p t h e U n v i s i t 3 . 0 u n d e r• Mobility audit or all cities every year based on s e , k e network configuration, population and modal splits - S h a r e A l i l i c e n l i c e n s e d• City’s to prepare redevelopment plans that ensure h i s many nodes are reachable within the short t l i s C o m m e r c i a o f distances w o r k c o p y• All road projects must be evaluated for the network i s a configuration they alter o n T h w v i e t i o n - N r a p h .• Public networks must be redesigned to be truly T o substitutable to private networks S a A t t r i b u L i c e n s e .• City boundaries redesign based on acceptable A n u p a m mobility standards n s m o 13 m 0 o 2 C ) c (