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The tentacles of urban sprawl

Keynote address for Common Purpose workshop on Urban Sprawls in Dubai.

Urban sprawls have made cities unliveable. Despite the high costs of sprawls they have grown like cancer across the world.

What are the drivers that make cities sprawl? Can we regulate the sprawl? How can we ensure cities do not grow for ever?

How does the speed of urban transportation drive the urban sprawl? What is the role city nervous systems have to ensure liveable cities?

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The tentacles of urban sprawl

  1. 1. The tentacles of urban sprawl @AnupamSaraph
  2. 2. 2015 Anupam Saraph
  3. 3. The cellular information system ensures changes that result in normal development 2015 Anupam Saraph
  4. 4. Shanghai 1902 2015 Anupam Saraph
  5. 5. Shanghai 1914 2015 Anupam Saraph
  6. 6. Shanghai 1944 2015 Anupam Saraph
  7. 7. Shanghai 1973 2015 Anupam Saraph
  8. 8. Shanghai 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  9. 9. Mexico 1910 2015 Anupam Saraph
  10. 10. Mexico 1929 2015 Anupam Saraph
  11. 11. Mexico 1950 2015 Anupam Saraph
  12. 12. Mexico 1970 2015 Anupam Saraph
  13. 13. Mexico 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  14. 14. Lagos 1900 2015 Anupam Saraph
  15. 15. Lagos 1920 2015 Anupam Saraph
  16. 16. Lagos 1952 2015 Anupam Saraph
  17. 17. Lagos 1978 2015 Anupam Saraph
  18. 18. Lagos 2000 2015 Anupam Saraph
  19. 19. Lagos 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  20. 20. LA 1907 2015 Anupam Saraph
  21. 21. LA 1937 2015 Anupam Saraph
  22. 22. LA 1957 2015 Anupam Saraph
  23. 23. LA 1978 2015 Anupam Saraph
  24. 24. LA 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  25. 25. London 1914 2015 Anupam Saraph
  26. 26. London 1929 2015 Anupam Saraph
  27. 27. London 1978 2015 Anupam Saraph
  28. 28. London 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  29. 29. Paris 1900 2015 Anupam Saraph
  30. 30. Paris 1928 2015 Anupam Saraph
  31. 31. Paris 1955 2015 Anupam Saraph
  32. 32. Paris 1979 2015 Anupam Saraph
  33. 33. Paris 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  34. 34. Sao Paulo 1905 2015 Anupam Saraph
  35. 35. Sao Paulo 1929 2015 Anupam Saraph
  36. 36. Sao Paulo 1949 2015 Anupam Saraph
  37. 37. Sao Paulo 1974 2015 Anupam Saraph
  38. 38. Sao Paulo 2015 2015 Anupam Saraph
  39. 39. Cities grow without a cellular information system and lack a developed nervous system Santiago Dhaka 2015 Anupam Saraph
  40. 40. Cities grow without a cellular information system and lack a developed nervous system Buffalo, NY, USA 2015 Anupam Saraph
  41. 41. Cities grow without a cellular information system and lack a developed nervous system Sanas city/Yemen 2015 Anupam Saraph
  42. 42. 2015 Anupam Saraph Source: Cesare Marchetti, IIASA
  43. 43. 2015 Anupam Saraph
  44. 44. We Live in an Growth Era Source: Alan Atkisson and Junko Edahiro, Life Beyond Growth, ISIS Academy 2012 2015 Anupam Saraph
  45. 45.  Deterioration in renewable resources - surface and ground water, forests, fisheries, agricultural land.  Rising levels of pollution.  Growing demands for capital, resources, and labor by military and industry to secure, process, and defend resources.  Investment in human resources (education, shelter, health care) postponed in order to provide immediate consumption and security demands.  Rising debt; eroding goals for health and environment.  Growing instability in natural ecosystems.  Growing gap between rich and poor - between the powerful and the weak. Meadows, et. al. pp 176-177. Some Indicators of Overshoot 2015 Anupam Saraph
  46. 46. The first system to develop is the nervous system 2015 Anupam Saraph
  47. 47. 2015 Anupam Saraph
  48. 48. The nervous system detects changes in the internal and external environment and triggers mechanisms to respond 2015 Anupam Saraph
  49. 49. The sympathetic nervous system ensures life by maintaining homeostasis 2015 Anupam Saraph
  50. 50. Emergent behavior from cellular, tissue, organ and organism’s information systems together ensure life by maintaining homeostasis organismorganism organsorgans tissuestissues cellscells 2015 Anupam Saraph
  51. 51. Does your city have a nervous system? 2015 Anupam Saraph
  52. 52. Cities without nervous systems are not able to have a coordinated response to changes to their internal and external environment sometimes they cannot even detect changes 2015 Anupam Saraph
  53. 53. Behavior of cities without a designed nervous system fragmented: multiple independent interaction points; no unity of direction; no shared practices schizophrenic: different response at different times; no integral principle or purpose; no clarity of purpose non-collaborative: attention deficient, indifferent, exclusive 2015 Anupam Saraph
  54. 54. Experiences in cities without a designed nervous system information disarray: inability to identify citizens or business; inability to track missions and projects; self destruction through environmental decay and unsustainable practices lack of trust: failure to trust citizens and businesses; failure to be trusted by citizens and businesses long delays: projects off schedule and cost; planning out of phase with reality inability to commit: government and ngos can give little guarantee on outcomes, performances and results 2015 Anupam Saraph
  55. 55. City with good-governance has information systems that are: integrated, simplified, mission focused, open, inclusive, persistent IT plays the key role in designing the nervous system and managing a city Individual, social, economic and administrative information systems together bring life to cities city admincity admin social and economic communitiessocial and economic communities familiesfamilies residentsresidents 2015 Anupam Saraph
  56. 56. The nervous system shapes the character of the city and decides its happiness index 2015 Anupam Saraph common bond that connects us
  57. 57. Dr. Anupam Saraph works with today's most imaginative, entrepreneurial leaders to mentor organizations in leadership, innovation and strategy in order to accomplish missions and achieve business goals. Together they pioneer breakthrough practices to address complex problems, design innovative strategies and create enduring value. http://anupam.saraph.in email: anupam.saraph ‘at’ saraph.in 2015 Anupam Saraph

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