Polsc2 4 kinds of constitution

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Polsc2 4 kinds of constitution

  1. 1. Constitution
  2. 2. CONSTITUTION IS DEFINED AS:
  3. 3. WHY DO WE NEED CONSITUTION? To state how your association is to be structured To detail the safeguards needed to ensure that it operates fairly on behalf of the whole community As a basic requirement to apply for funding
  4. 4. Nature and Purpose of a Constitution
  5. 5. 1) It serves as a supreme or fundamental law • Charter that individual citizens and parts of the government together as one • The ; the law other laws must abide by by government officials
  6. 6. 2) Establishes the basic framework and underlying principles of the government of the system of government, and to the different department or branches, by which the government is founded the rights of the citizens against the powers of the state
  7. 7. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION ACCORDING TO FORM
  8. 8. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION WRITTEN CONSTITUTION UNWRITTEN CONSITUTION
  9. 9. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Written constitution • One which has been given definitive written form at particular time, usually by a specially constituted authority called a “constitutional convention”
  10. 10. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Unwritten Constitution • One which is entirely the product of political evolution, consisting largely of a mass of customs, usages and judicial decisions together with a smaller body of statutory enactments of fundamental character, usually bearing different dates.
  11. 11. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION
  12. 12. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Pros and cons of a written constitution
  13. 13. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION ACCORDING TO THEIR ORIGIN
  14. 14. KINDS Conventional or Enacted Cumulative or Evolved
  15. 15. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Conventional or Enacted Constitution One is enacted by a constituent assembly or granted by a monarch of his subject
  16. 16. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Japanese Constitution
  17. 17. Cumulative or Evolved One which is a product of long growth or a long period of development originating in customs, traditions, judicial decisions, etc., rather than from a deliberate and formal enactment.
  18. 18. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION ACCORDING TO MANNER OF AMENDMENT
  19. 19. Kinds •Rigid or inelastic •Flexible or elastic
  20. 20. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Rigid or Inelastic Constitution • One regarded as a document of “special sanctity” which cannot be modified in the same manner as other laws except by some special machinery, more burdensome than the ordinary legislative process.
  21. 21. KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Constitution Of the United States of America
  22. 22. Flexible or elastic • One which possesses no higher legal authority than ordinary laws and which may be altered or amended in the same way as other laws.
  23. 23. Exercise • Israel’s constitution is an accumulated body of documents and precedents, some of which date back to biblical times. Is the constitution of Israel enacted or evolved? Why? • In Sweden, constitutional amendments must be passed by two successive legislatures, with a general election in between. As to amendment, is their constitution rigid or flexible? Why? • The British Constitution consists of some laws passed by the Parliament and court decisions and no single document has been codified as constitution to set forth the basic principles of the organization of power. As to form, is the British Constitution written or unwritten? Why?

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