Aristotle, the Rhetoric, Book II - the Topics

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Aristotle, the Rhetoric, Book II - the Topics

  1. 1. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics
  2. 2. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated.
  3. 3. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  4. 4. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison: </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship: </li></ul><ul><li>Circumstances: </li></ul><ul><li>Testimony: </li></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  5. 5. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  6. 6. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole / Parts </li></ul></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  7. 7. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole / Parts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarity / Difference, or Degree </li></ul></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  8. 8. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole / Parts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarity / Difference, or Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationship: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause / Effect; Contraries; Contradictions </li></ul></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  9. 9. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole / Parts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarity / Difference, or Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationship: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause / Effect; Contraries; Contradictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Circumstances: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible / Impossible; Past Fact / Future Fact </li></ul></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  10. 10. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole / Parts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarity / Difference, or Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationship: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause / Effect; Contraries; Contradictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Circumstances: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible / Impossible; Past Fact / Future Fact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testimony: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorities; Witnesses; Maxims; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rumors; Oaths; Documents; etc. </li></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our first subject
  11. 11. The Rhetoric, Book II: The Topics <ul><li>Some topoi </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General / Specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole / Parts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarity / Difference, or Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationship: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause / Effect; Contraries; Contradictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Circumstances: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible / Impossible; Past Fact / Future Fact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testimony: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorities; Witnesses; Maxims; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rumors; Oaths; Documents; etc. </li></ul>TOPIC: from the Greek topos (plural: topoi ), meaning “place.” According to Aristotle, a topic is a general argumentative pattern out of which arguments about specific subjects can be generated. Our second subject

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